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COMPOSITION AND RHETORIC

CHAPTER 1.

THE SIMPLE SENTENCE.

Composition is the art of combining ideas, or thoughts, and arranging them in order. As an art, it is regulated by the principles of Rhetoric.

Rhetoric, derived from a Greek verb meaning to speak, is the science that discusses the means whereby thoughts may be forcibly presented. Aristotle, the oldest writer on the subject, defines rhetoric as “the faculty of perceiving all the possible means of persuasion on every subject.” As its etymology suggests, it was originally limited to spoken discourse; but since the principles which apply to spoken discourse apply with equal force to written discourse, the meaning of the term has been so extended as to include both written and spoken composition.

Composition and Style.-The two important divisions of Rhetoric are Composition and Style.

A Simple Sentence consists of one independent proposition. It contains only one subject and one predicate; but an indefinite number of words and phrases may be brought into the sentence, and grouped about the subject and the predicate as modifiers of these elements.

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