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for any ecclesiastical edifice in the modern monuments. In addition, it kingdom.
is more than probable that the effigies The decorative part of the restora- of the knights in the round church tion is confided to Mr. Willement, and will be arranged more appropriately.* in the extensive works which are in It is to be regretted that the chapel progress from his designs we may ex- of St. Anne on the south side of the pect to witness a revival of the ancient nave, so celebrated for its productive style of fresco painting, which will be powers, 7 destroyed during the inju. extensively applied to the vaulted roof rious alterations which the church and walls. Every one who recollects sustained in 1827, has not been prethe naked and cold appearance of the served, to share in the benefits of the choir will fully appreciate the value of present admirable restoration. E. I. C. the decorations introduced by Mr. Wil. lement, when the choir, completed and We are happy to have to append to resplendent in vivid colours, shall the preceding_general notice of the first meet his eye. In addition, appro- repairs of the Temple Church the folpriate painted glass from Mr. Willi- lowing communication from a distin. ment's designs will be introduced into guished architect, whose well-known the lancet windows at the east end, experience in ecclesiastical architecture and in other parts of the choir.* has occasioned his opinion and co
As an idea of the proposed restora- operation to be solicited on this imtions, it may be sufficient to observe, portant occasion. that the arches of communication be
Dec. 17. tween the round church and the choir
HAVING been requested by the have been opened, the effect of which
Societies of the Inner and Middle is very striking. In the former por- Temple to examine the whole fabric of tion of the building a circular window their church, and make a full report over the western doorway has been
to them of its condition, I com. uncovered, which is found to be nc
menced with the circular part, that cupied, by wheel-formed tracery, in
and was design greatly resembling that at Bar being the most
fortunate enough to discover, over the freston, Kent, and helping to fix the
western doorway, a very beautiful true date of that curious structure.
circular window, in a fine state of The marble columns of the church are
preservation : a drawing of which, from to be polished after the removal of the
actual admeasurement, I herewith send successive washes which have for
for insertion in your valuable Magamany years so greatly injured their
zine. (See the Plate.) appearance. The ancient level of the
This window was probably closed up floor is to be restored, and the choir
from view on the interior as well as entirely fitted up to correspond with
the exterior about the year 1700, when the architecture and age of the edifice. Ths organ will be placed in a separate
the ordinary brick buildings which
press like an unsightly incubus against chamber, built outside the main build.
the north side of this unique edifice, ing, and communicating with the interior by one of the windows of the wheel window, formed of Caen stone,
were erected. This Anglo-Norman, church, from which the glass has been removed. The external appearance of
is composed of eight spokes, which this chamber will be strictly in accord
are set at equal distances round the
inner rim of the felly and the ex-, ance with the architectural features
ternal rim of the nave; the wall in of the church ; and the ashler and
which it is inserted is three feet six mouldings will be constructed in Caen
inches thick. The window is doubly stone, imported for the occasion. A
recessed on the exterior, to the depth very fine piscina with several niches have been laid open in the choir by the removal of the wainscoting and
* See Gent. Mag. XC. part ii. p. 587
(where will be found some observations * At a future period we expect to be on the ancient position and mutations of able to give a more detailed account of these effigies). these works, with a particular description f Anecdotes and Traditions, published of the devices and other embellishments. by the Camden Society, p. 110.
of ten and a half inches, and the edges ble, that churches built and dedicated chamfered. The external diameter is to this Saint would have had this emeight feet three inches. The internal blem of her martyrdom invariably in. finishing is a plain splay, two feet troduced ; but such is not the case. I deep, the outer diameter of which is am therefore disposed to think, that, as nine feet, and the inner seven feet six the Norman architecture is undoubtinches. The small romanesque co- edly a rude imitation of the Roman, lumns composing the spokes of the this beautiful window might have sugwheel are three inches in diameter, gested itself to an architect from seeing and eight and a half diameters in its effect on some of the wheels of the height, including the base and capital; sculptured chariots which adorned there is a groove for the glass on cach the Roman buildings. I have a Roman side of the columns, which is con- bas-relief in my museum, representing tinued entirely round the circular in- a chariot, &c. the wheels of which are dents and cusps. The construction of in very high relievo, and so closely this beautiful window is a master piece imitated in some of our early circular of masonry. The indented felly con. windows, particularly that at the sists of eight pieces of stone, which Temple Church, as to make it at least are kept in their true position by eight a very remarkable coincidence. stone wedges, being one under the The circular window in the east front centre of the base of each column or of the Church at Castle Hedingham, spoke. The nave or centre of the Essex, is very like the one at the Temwheel consists of two stones, and the ple Church, but the situation of the tops and bottoms of the caps and bases bases and capitals of the spokes are of the spokes being portions of con. curiously changed; the lower ones centric circles, the whole would stand commencing with the bases attached alone without any lateral support. to the inner rim of the felly, and the The outer and inner wall arches are upper ones with the bases on the nave. composed of small stones from four to Barfreston Church, Kent, has a very eight inches in thickness and very beautiful Norman circular window; neatly jointed. I beg leave here to im. and the east window of the Bishop's press upon architectural draughts- Palace at St. David's; the Chaptermen, particularly those concerned in house, Margam Abbey ; Bridgewater Gothic works, the necessity of accu- Church ; and the west end of the rerately ascertaining the modes of con- mains of the great hall at the Bishop struction used by the ancient masons
of Winchester's Palace, Southwark, at different periods; it will stamp a are examples of a later period. The value on their works, and be a sure masonic three in one is very remarkstepping stone towards a correct re- able in this last specimen. vival of the architecture of the Middle As it is my intention (D.v.) to send Ages.
you some further account of the disco. Circular windows were used at a veries made in this most interesting very early period in civil as well as Church, with notices of the restoraecclesiastical buildings, and tion now in progress, under the able continued through every variety of direction of Mr. Savage, the Architect gothic architecture down to the time to the two Societies of the Inner and of Henry VII. and according to the Middle Temple, I shall conclude these pattern have been called Catharine. remarks by expressing the deep inwheel, Marigold, Rose, The masonic terest which the lovers of our national three in one, &c. Saint Catharine, architecture take in the works; and who lived in the fourth century, is how much the renewal of gothic archisaid to have been tortured upon an tecture will be indebted to these spiritengine made of four wheels, joined to- ed Societies, and the members of their gether and stuck with sharp pointed committee, for removing the clouds spikes, that when the wheels were which have so long darkened the mamoved, her body might be torn to jesty of this august pile, and restoring pieces; now, had the circular window to its legitimate character one of the been introduced in honour of this finest examples of pointed architecture Saint, it is probable we should have in the world. had
rude imitation of this Yours, &c. L. N. COTTINGHAM. horrid machine, and more than proba
GARSINGTON SCHOOL, OXFORDSHIRE. and plaster excrescences stuck in the
The appearance of this School re- slated roof, as an after thought, (which, minds us of some of the earliest free. in fact, has been often the case in grammar schools of former days; and domestic architecture,) form a kind of we hope it is destined to serve as high parapet to the front walls; their pedia purpose, though chiefly intended to ments being finished with stone corgive a Christian education to the responding with the rest of the walls. children of the poor within the pre- The doorcases and windows are furcincts of the parish. It consists of nished with labels, or dripstones; but two distinct Schools, one for each the archwork is in the plainest and
with an intermediate arrange- best Tudor style, suitable to the obment of rooms, above and below, for ject; being without foliation, though the residence of a superior master the arches are correctly struck from and mistress to superintend the whole four centres. Bath and Box stone have establishment. There is a spacious been used for the quoins, doorcases, cellar under each School; five bed- windows, and ornamental parts; the rooms, with corresponding rooms be- rest is from quarries in the parish and low; kitchen, scullery, and other of- neighbourhood ; with brick partitions fices, arranged in the best and most and linings in the interior, chimneyconvenient manner. Altogether it is pieces of Painswick stone, and steps of the collegiate or aularian character from the Haseley quarries. in point of style. It is finished by a The structure is raised on an elebeli-turret, of an octagon form, arising vated and healthy spot, commanding from the centre of the roof, with a more extensive and interesting view arched apertures at the sides for the than most parts of Oxfordshire can conveyance of sound, surmounted by produce; on the left, Newnbam and a cupola of an elegant ogee shape, Baldon, with the Roman station above terminating in a ball and cross. The Dorchester in the distance; on the ridge of the roof is also relieved, in- right, the vale of the Thames, or Isis, stead of being burthened, by two stacks with the towers and spires of Oxford of chimnies, four each; and the dor. within five miles; and the Wantage mer windows, instead of being lath Hills in the back ground, bounding