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subject of Mary of Burgundy, for Until 1622, under Louis XIII. the whom he had determinatedly defended see of Paris was suffragan of that of his native Arras against Louis ; but, Sens: it was then raised to the metroon the surrender of the town in 1477, politan rank, and its possessors made he attached his fortunes to the French Dukes and Peers of France, of whom King, by whom he was much esteemed, the ecclesiastical number continued, and in 1483 advanced to the high until the Revolution, to be seven. station of First President of the Par- François de Rochechouard liament of Paris.

ancestor of Madame de Montespan,-of · François Seigneur de Luxembourg, the Mortemars, generally so celebrated Vicomte (not Viconte) de Martiga, for their wit-and of the Dukes of or rather Martigues, the grandson of Vivonne, &c. Pierre Comte de Saint Pol, who died “ Nicolas de Neuville' in 1435, by his second son Thibault, founder of the Villeroys, previously whose brother, the eldest son and suc- almost unknown. cessor of Pierre, was Louis de Lux- Omitting several intervenient and embourg, the famous Constable de uninteresting, or sufficiently known Saint Pol, executed for treason in names, I must observe, that in 1537 1475, and whose grand-daughter, Ma- “ Gaspard de Châtillon, Comte rie de Luxembourg, carried the unfor. Coligny, afterwards Admiral of feited estates of the Constable into the France," born in 1517, was only house of Vendôme, on her marriage twenty years old; rather premature with François de Bourbon, ancestor of for encountering our bluff Henry VIII. Henry IV. of France. (See Comines. The authority for his mission must, iv. 504.)

therefore, be strong to make it credi“ Robert Gaguin” was general of ble. He was the most conspicuous the monastic order of the Mathurins, victim, I need scarcely say, of the and employed by Charles VII. and massacre of St. Bartholomew. Louis XI. in various missions. He 1553-1559. François and Gilles wrote a history of France in Latin, de Noailles," &c. Relative to these (Lugd. 1525, folio,) with other works. brothers, see the Gentleman's Maga

1514. “ Louis d'Orléans, Duke of zine for Nov. last, page 470, where Longueville.” He was grandson of it is necessary to correct a mistake Dunois, the bastard of Orleans, son of similar to that which I have here to Louis Duke of Orleans, the brother note of Mr. Holmes, who says of Charles VI. It was therefore with their negotiations were printed by the his great-grandfather that, according Abbé de Vertot in 1763 ;' for this Abbé to Mr. Holmes, he was confounded had ceased to live in 1735. He had in the Cottonian Catalogue. The only prepared the papers for the press, family became finally extinct in 1694, to which they were not committed, or on the demise of its last male repre- rather they were not published until sentative, an ecclesiastic; but it was 1763, in five volumes 12mo, and not virtually so on the premature death of quarto, (I believe,) as stated by Mr. Louis de Longueville, in June 1672, so

Holmes. deplored by Madame de Sévigné, (see 1560. “ Jean de Montluc," &c.-Gent. Mag. for Sept. 1840, p. 269,)

For a short advertence to the variegatand whose mother, the sister of the ed fortunes of this singular personage, Grand Condé, was certainly one of the see Gent. Mag. for August 1837, page most remarkable characters of her 151. period.

1562. " The Vidame de Chartres." 1518. “Guillaume Gouffier, Seig Vice-Dominus. Originally the title neur de Bonnivet." See Robertson's of the temporal representatives of the Charles V. and Brantome's Hommes bishops in the execution and adminisIllustres, (tome ix. des Euvres.) The tration of justice, and commanders of present Duke of. Choiseuil is of the their forces, (see Ducange, Gloss. ad same family.

vocem,) but latterly, on the prelates · Etienne Poucher, Bishop of Paris, being stripped of their temporal power, afterwards Archbishop of Sens.”. the dignity, denuded of its early spe

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cific functions, may be assimilated to in France had their several agents at that of the Scotch lairds, inferior to the Court of Elizabeth, as indeed the lords, as the Vidames were to the succeeding list shows; for the HugueCounts, or even Viscounts. Our Irish

nots, acting as an independant StateKnights of Kerry, and of Glin, &c. a truly imperium in imperio--were as may offer a similar ground of parallel, regularly represented as the Frenchi as well as the nominal Barons of Gal- monarch; nor were the discontented trim, Loughmoe, and other titular of Scotland, or the persecuted of Bellords, not of royal creation, p. 238. gium, less countenanced; while the (See Smith's Kerry.)

Queen's own subjects, who, on any 1566."Nicolas d'Angennes," great- occasion, appealed to a foreign potengrandfather of Julie, wife of the Duc tate, were mercilessly banded and exde Montausier, who derived from this ecuted as traitors. marriage the Hôtel de Rambouillet, 1568-1575, Bertrand de Salignac,' in the rue St. Thomas du Louvre, that &c. He was great-grand-uncle to the celebrated nursery and hot-bed of af- author of Telemachus.* (See Vie fectation and literary conceit, shortly before introduced by the followers of

* The respect paid to this accomplishthe Queens Catharine and Mary of

ed prelate in 1709, by Marlborough and Medicis. Of these, one of the most

Eugéne, in forbidding all injury to his influential in propagating these false

diocese during that victorious campaign

and disastrous season, reflects equal hocanons of taste, fully exemplified in

nour on them and him. It is recorded in his own writings, was “ Il Cavaliere his epitaph:

:-“Exteris perinde carus ac Marino (or Marini), author of L’Adone suis, Gallos inter et hostes cum esset me. (Elzev. 1678), and other works, in dius : Hos et illos ingenii famâ et comiwhich he thus defines the object and tate morum sibi devinxit." As Fénélon's merits of poetry :

Latin compositions were few, though he

possessed ample command of the lan" E del poeta il fin la mariviglia ; guage, the following extract from an eu. Parlo dell' eccellente e non del golfo, logy on La Fontaine, at this poet's death, Chi non fa stupir vada à la striglia.” in 1695, intended as a lesson for his royal But, fortunately for the fame of their

pupil, the Duke of Burgundy, then thir, country, Molière and Boileau inter

teen years old, may not be unacceptable. It is not in his published works.

6 Heu ! posed the arms of ridicule and satire,

Æsopus alter.

per quem brutæ ani. battered in breach this citadel of viti

mantes, vocales factæ, humanum genus ating taste, and succeeded in substi

edocuêre sapientiam · interiére simul tating the natural for the extravagant. joci dicaces, lascivi risus, gratiæ de"La Guirlande de Julie," or Wreath centes, doctæ camoenæ Lugete muof Sonnets, by all the wits of the day, sarum alumni: vivunt tamen, æternumin honour of this lady, now preserved

que vivent carmini jocoso commissæ ve. in the Royal Library of Paris, is es- neres, dulces nugæ, sales attici, suadela teemed the most perfect piece of pen

blanda," &c. One of his urgent exhortamanship in existence. It was executed

tions to his country, as expressed in his

manuscript • Plan of Government," is by N. Jarry, and in 1769, at the Gaignat sale, (Catalogue, No. 1867,)

perfectly applicable to France at this mo,

ment_i. Jamais de guerre générale contre only produced 780 livres, while a few

l'Europe: RIEN A DEMELER AVEC LES years after, in 1783, it sold at the Duc

ANGLOIS." (Histoire de Fénélon par le de la Vallières' auction (Cat. No. Cardinal de Bausset, tome iii. 474.) 3241) for the large sum of 14,510 This Cardinal's Biography of the two livres. It is described in De Bure's great ornaments of the Gallican Church, Bibliographie Instructive, No. 3153. may be presented as models of composi. Nicolas d'Angennes was again am

tion in that line. From his Life of Bos. bassador to Elizabeth in 1578.--De suet, (tome i. 435,) I borrow the ensuThou (lib. 106) bestows marked ing most useful admonition, one which it

is desirable all writers should attend to praise on him ; but the widow of the Duke of Guise accused him of having

On peut reprocher à l'auteur du Siécle

de Louis XIV. (Voltaire,) d'avoir privé been accessary to her husband's (Le l'histoire de ses appuis, et de lui avoir Balafré's) murder.

ôté tout droit à la confiance publique, en 1568. Mr. Holmes here remarks se dispensant toujours de citer ses garanthat, at this time, the different parties ties, et ses autorités. Exemple funeste,”

:

one.

de Fénélon," by Cardinal de Bausset, of Henry IV. He died of poison, for tome i. Appendix.)

which his widow, Charlotte de la 1571, "François de Montmorency.” Tremoüille, was tried and acquitted The son and successor of the Constable in 1596. His posthumous son, Henri Anne, and, together with his father, a (II.) was father of the Grand Condé. Knight of the Garter, among the very The generation became extinct in few foreign noblemen who have en 1830. joyed that honorary title; but the

Barnabé Brisson” is a person combat of his affections and ambition, of historical fame-at first the idol, or obedience to his father, who com. and afterwards the victim, of popular pelled him to repudiate the wife of his passion. He was hanged by order of choice and love, “ Jeanne de Halluin, 'the Sixteen Chiefs of the Holy League, demoiselle de Pienne,” in order to es- four of whom were subsequently conpouse the daughter of Henri II. and demned, for this act, to the same Dianne de Poitiers, widow of Ercule death. Brisson's execution is miFarnese, has shed around his name an nutely related by De Thou (15 May, interest beyond his public history, 1591). His writings are numerous. (See Bayle, art. De Pienne.) He died 1586. " Philippe de Mornai, Seigwithout issue in 1579.

neur de Duplessis Mornai.But this 1573. “ Albert de Gondi, Maréchal last name I find constantly written de Retz,” to which Mr. Holmes pa- Marly, which, I presume, is the proper renthetically, as a distinction, sub

This eminent man joins “brother of the Cardinal de "Non moins prudent ami, que philosophe Retz." So few general readers are at

austère, all aware that there existed two Car- Mornai sut l'art discret de reprendre et dinals of this name, that to almost

de plaire.every oneit will appearan anachronism,

Henriade, ix. 262. and no other will occur than the re

the friend and counsellor of Henry IV. nowned author of the Memoirs, the

the sage of Voltaire's Epic, the (by hero of the Fronde and Barricades, al.

many) reputed author of the Vindiciæ together a protagonist character in

contra Tyrannos, (Gent. Mag. for some of the most agitating scenes of March 1840,) and above all, the arhis country's history; while the Car

dent enemy of Catholic Rome ---" Fier dinal alluded to by Mr. Holmes, ennemi de Rome, et de Rome estimé,” Pierre de Gondi, who died in 1616, is (Henriade, i. 156,) can demand no elucomparativelyof little historical noto

cidation from me that will not be de. riety. The more celebrated Cardinal, rived from books of general use and Jean François de Gondi, born in 1614,

easy access; but I may observe that, was the other's great-nephew, and as the head of the Huguenots, whose grandson of Albert, who followed his Pope he was called, he has been sucpatroness and countrywoman, Catha

ceeded by a regular series of chosen rine of Medicis, to France, and who, chiefs in that body, until the last, in conjunction with the sanguinary Rabaud de St. Etienne, fell a sacrifice, Tavannes, (Brantôme, vol. xii.) was in December 1793, to the revolutionary reputed the principal adviser of the

cause, which he had fervently embraced. massacre of St. Bartholomew. The De Mornai was maternal grandfather elder Cardinal, as Mr. Holmes, to pre. of the Marquis de Dangeau, whose vent misconception, should have called Memoirs have been published, and to him, is generally named de Gondi, and whom Boileau addressed his fifth sa. not de Retz, by De Thou, and L'Etoile; tire, “Sur la Noblesse,” though St.

designation which would also Simon (tome xviii. p. 260,) describes have sufficiently discriminated them

that of Dangeau as of no remote date here.

(fort courte”). 1581. « The Prince of Condé."

1590. “ Henri de la Tour d' AuHenri de Bourbon, the cousin german vergne,” &c. This nobleman's second

son was the great Turenne, by his se&c. None, except an eye-witness of a

cond wife, the daughter of William the fact, has, in truth, a right to demand con- first, Prince of Orange. Her predefidence for any statement, unless sup- cessor, Charlotte de la Marck, brought ported by an authentic reference,

him the titles, with a large proportion

a

of the estates of that princely house, rine of Medicis to abandon the new though he had no issue by her. His religion, she enthusiastically replied, successors, consequently, had no claim “Madame, si j'avais mon royaume of descent from the family ; but Baluze (Navarre) et mon fils à la main, je les fabricated, it was asserted, or, at least, jeterois tous les deux au fond de la admitted into their genealogy, (2 vol. mer plutôt que d'aller à la messe :" folio, 1708, other princely claims, pretty much as we learn from Dr. much, as St. Simon alleges (tome v. M'Crie, (Life of Knox, vol. ii. p. 24,) 242), to his discredit. Bouillon was that, to the great Scotch reformer, again in 1596, I find, despatched one mass was more fearful than ten by Henry IV. to Elizabeth, with thousand armed enemies.” This zeal, whom, on the twenty-sixth of May, however, of Jeanne d'Albret, if we are he concluded an alliance, defensive and to credit Brantome, who knew her offensive, which has been overlook. well, had not always been so fervent ; ed by Mr. Holmes. Subsequently, in for, speaking of her immediately after 1612, he appeared for the third time her marriage with Antoine de Bourbon, at the English Court, on a special mis- Duke of Vendôme, then far more imsion, to announce to our James the passioned in the cause of reform, which marriage of Louis XIII. wilh Anne of he subsequently relinquished, the old Austria; a very youthful union, for quaint biographer says, “ La reine de the King was only eleven, and his Navarre, qui étoit jeune, belle, et très consort not more than ten years old. honnête princesse, et qui aimoit bien This last embassy will no doubt ap- autant une danse qu'un sermon, ne se pear in Mr. Holmes's promised con- plaisoit point à cette nouveauté de retinuation ; but that of 1596 is an ligion,”&c.(Dames Galantes-uvres, omission. In 1602, Bouillon was in. tome. iv.) volved in Biron's conspiracy,-of A little anecdote, connected with which hereafter.

this embassy of Sancy, will not be 1592. “ Nicolas Harlay de Sancy,” here displaced. In a private audi. a prominent character in his day, but ence granted by Elizabeth, he took now principally known by D’Aubi. the liberty of uncovering, and, on gné's (Madame de Maintenon's grand- his knees, kissing her withered arm father) rough satire" La Confession (she was then nearly sixty) : at which Catholique de Sancy,”-usually form. act of boldness she expressed displeaing part of the Journal de Henri III. sure, genuine or feigned, which, howwith Duchat's notes. His conversion ever, soon yielded to his prompt apoto the Catholic faith from Calvinism, logy,—"Madam, I have only done what roused D’Aubigné's wrath; but Sancy's the King, my master, whom I reprereligion was very variable. Nor, 'in sent, would not fail to do, were he that æra, did the ardour of religious happy enough to be in your Majesty's feeling, that is, an exclusive assertion of truth and intolerance of dissent, by 1593. “ Le Commandeur de Kaevery party, preclude, on either side, ranton," probably Charenton, the loosest indulgence of thought, or Paris, at that time the principal loimpurity of expression, as not only cality of the Huguenots, where they had this coarse invective of D’Aubigné, or a college, &c. now a lunatic asylum. the poems of Marot, Beza, and others, 1593 “M. de Mouy.” This was but the Heptameron, or Nouvelles, &c. Isaac Vaudré-See Mémoires de Sully, of a royal female and reformer, Mar- tome i. p. 200, ed. 1763 ; and, for his guerite de Valois, Queen of Navarre father and brother, Claude and Arthur, and mother of Jeanne d'Albret, to see De Thou, lib. 46; also Confession whom, indeed, the second and com- de Sancy, p. 490. plete edition (1559, 4to.) is dedicated, 1595. Antoine de Lomenie,” the will redundantly prove.

These tales creator of the family of Lomenie de are scarcely less free in language than Brienne, one of the last of whom was those of Boccaccio; though this Queen, the Cardinal Archbishop of Sens, the refuge of the reformers against the Prime Minister in 1788, who died, persecution of her brother, Francis I. whether of apoplexy or by suicide is had so anxiously impresseá her prin- uncertain, in 1794. Iam in possession ciples on her daughter, the mother of of a curious little volume of a northern Henry IV. that, when urged by Catha. journey by one of his ancestors, grand

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son of Antoine," Lud. Henrici Lo- and Virgil (Æneid, xii. 952) say's of menii Itinerarium,” &c. 1662; and the vanquished Turnus, " Vitaque cum this same Count's Memoirs were pub- gemitu fugit indignata sub umbras." lished in 1828, by M. Barrière, pre- The lines of Homer are a literal receded by an interesting Essay on the petition of those descriptive of the Seventeenth Century. Napoleon men- death of Patroclus, in book xvi. v. tions with feeling a visit paid to the 856 ; and they are adduced by Plato, School of Brienne by the Cardinal's (De Republicâ, lib. iii.) to justify his brother, the Comte de Brienne, in his proscription of poetry from his comboyish days. The original house of monwealth. “Ταύτα δε τα τοιαύτα Brienne was one of the most illustri- πάντα, παραιτησόμεθα Oμηρόν τε και ous in France-Emperors of Constan- τους άλλους ποιητάς μη χαλέπαινειν.tinople, &c. but it is long extinct, (k. T. 1.) My edition of Plato (the and the new one had little to boast of Bipontine) was purchased at the sale nobility of descent. Antoine's father, of Mr. Jephson, author of Jeptha, Martial, was one of the victims of the &c. but, though long in his possession, massacre of 1572.

it remained nearly uncut. Not so my 1597, 1598. Paul Hurault, Seig-- copy of Homer, which bears evidence

de Maisse.” The only Paul of having been read by its former Hurault that I can discover at that owner, Mason the poet, at whose sale period was Archbishop of Aix; but I bought it in 1799, when Lord Spenwho, previously to taking orders, had cer purchased the unique copy (I filled various civil functions. He was believe) of the Book of St. Alban's. grandson to the celebrated Chancellor, The report of Biron's trial for having Michel de l'Hôpital, by maternal de. hearkened to the seductions of the scent. (See Journal de Henri IV. par Duke of Savoy and the Spanish AmL'Etoile, tome iii. 163.) And the bassador, Fuente, is in the Collection Seigneur de Maisse at the same time, of Canaye, Seigneur de Fresne's papers, was André Hurault. The Chancelier Paris, 1635, 3 vols. folio; and, in an de Cheverny, who died in 1599, was abridged form, in Thuanus, lib. 128. Philippe Hurault. L'Hôpital directed His reception by Elizabeth is in Leti, that all the children of his daughter tom. ii. p. 495. should assume his name by his will, Your correspondent Mr. Holmes has which is in the Divers Mémoires, set a good example, and rendered no inservant à l'Histoire du Temps,” (Paris, considerable service by this publication; 1623, p. 207. Cheverny's Memoirs for the influence exercised by ambassahave also been published.

dors in various most important conjunc1601. “Charles de Gontaut de tures must have been felt by the readers Biron.” His execution, in 1602, ex- of history; and every personal circumposed his sovereign to the reproach of stance associated with them will neingratitude, as to none more than to cessarily tend to enlighten our view of Biron and his father was Henry the the transactions in which they have been Fourth indebted for his crown, while engaged. We know with what discrihis fellow conspirators, the Duc de mination Elizabeth directed her diploBouillon, (see ante,) and the Comte matic missions, and, on the other d'Auvergne, natural son of Charles hand, how our weakJames was swayed IX.afterwards Duc d'Angoulême (Gent. by Gondomar-a contrast of capacity, Mag. Sept. 1840, p. 255,) received the fully verifying the characteristic lineroyal pardon. Biron betrayed in his " Rex fuit Elizabetha ; sed est Regina last moments the most violent intem.

Jacobus.' perance of speech and demeanour.

All great sovereigns have been corre" Bestemmiando fuggi l'alma sdegnosa, spondently represented abroad-Henry Che fu si altera al mondo, e si orgogliosa.” IV. of France, by D'Ossat at Rome, Ariosto, Orl. Fur. Xxxxvi. 140

and, occasionally, at our court, by or, as Homer sings of the expiring Hec. Sully; while James preferred his fator,

vorites Carlisle (Hay) and Bucking. "Vuxn 8 é pébéw atauévn äidóo de ham (Miss Aikin's James I. vol. ii.) βεβήκει,

though Herbert is entitled to a more ον πότμον γοόωσα, λιπουσανδροτητα advantageous commemoration.* The και ήβην.

(Iliad. xxii. 363.) * Perhaps the most characteristic por

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