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causes.

sailles, canons and doctorswhich

prouffyt of soulles, and godly pease to be had been previously forwarded to the in the Realme : hoc facite et vincitis, in Charter House, and proceed to an

Christo Jhesu, domino nostro. Pray for swer the objections which had been vs as we doo, have doon, and wyl doo, for raised against them. The second is as

youe to oure lord Jhesu, who blesse vs

alle. Amen." follows, " And though yt seme to youe that his

But the axe was already laid at the

root of the tree, and submission, Grace dothe in the spiritualte that other princes dyd not before, yete the trouth

whether feigned or conscientious, was ys, that in this doing he dothe not breke too late. Syon was one of the first of the lawe of God. For docters do graunte

the large monasteries which fell before that the bysshop of Rome may dyspence

the destroyer; seventy-three religious, and lycence a lay-man to be iuge in a who were its inhabitants at the time spiritual cause, which yf he maye, then of suppression, were turned adrift, and yt ys not against the lawe of God that our the crown acquired its revenue of prince so dothe as iudge directe spiritual 1731l. per annum, at the easy cost of For, yf yt were agaynst the lawe

paying annuities to the amount of of God, the bysshop of Rome might not

6571. to persons whose ages may be dispence in it: this knowen unto youe I

inferred m circumstance that thinke wil ease your consciences moche ; but, to fortefye this, the Scripture of tholde

only twenty-six of them were alive at testament dothe shew of Davyd, Josyas,

the end of thirteen years. (Aungier, Josaphat, Ezechias, that were of the most

89.) perfect Kynges, what ordres and ordy- Agnes Jordan, the Abbess of the disnaunces that [they?] set amonge the solved monastery, who was, probably, prestes and the levytes. And Cryste, in an aged woman, retired to Denham, the newe testament, dyd nothyng imbrige in Buckinghamshire, where she soon the autoryte, nor depresse, nor mynyshe

after died (ibid.) ; but the rest of the the power of Kynges. But warned his

sisters passed into Flanders, where apostles, that they shuld not looke for suche domynyon, nor

auctorite (vos autem they were received into a house of non sic), but to be ministers and servantes

their own order, at Dermond. They to all personnes. And Anthonye dothe

were there found by Cardinal Pole on graunte Kinges to be vicarii Christi, and,

his route to England in the reign of namely, Saull and David ; and the Scrip- Queen Mary, and, upon his arrival ini ture grauntithe Saull the hede of the peple this country, he suggested their restoand churche of God."

ration to their ancient residence, which They conclude by an appeal which

had escaped the common destruction will not easily be surpassed for the

by being granted to the Duke of So. simplicity and effectiveness of its

merset, who converted it into a resimanly, nervous English.

dence. Upon his death it passed to

the Duke of Northumberland, who “ Looke the xxxv. chapter of the ca- also occupied it in the same manner. nons of the Apostles ; looke the counsayl The restoration of the monastery of Nicene ; looke the VIth of Carthage ; looke the 99 dist. of the decrees; lookė lasted, comparatively, but for a moCrysostom, Jerome, Ambrose, Augus- ment. Upon the death of Queen Mary tyne, Gregorye; and ye shall see, that,

the nuns were again dispossessed, and, from the begynning whas no suche ponti

continuing united in a body, returned ficalytie geven to the bysshop of Rome, to their former residence in Flanders. and so ye shalle welle lerne, that it grow

Pursued in some places by poverty, ythe not of lawe and Scripture of God and, in others, by the progress of that such prelacye belongithe vnto hym, the Reformation, they migrated sucnor yet of no antique counsayll, nor cessively from Dermond, to Zurichzee counsayll receyved as a counsayll. There

in Zealand, to Meshagan, to Antwerp, for dye not for the cause ; salve yourselfes

to Mechlin, back again to Antwerp, and your house ; lyve long and lyve welle, to the honor of God, welthe, [?] by your remained about seven years, exposed

and thence to Rouen. There they prayer, and edyfying, by your lyf, to the people. Submitte your selfes to your

occasionally to considerable ill-will on noble prynce ; gette his gracyous favor by the part of the populace, and, ultiyour dewtey-doyng to his Grace ; and so mately, on the predominance of the brynge your selfes oute of troble and faction of the League, they once more ruine, to the quyet of your selfes, and set sail in search of a home, and are rived at Lisbon on the 2nd May 1594. ment, aided by many benevolent and There a new trouble awaited them. influential individuals, was not able They who had suffered almost to entirely to release them. The nuns martyrdom in defence of their faith, who remained behind at Lisbon were were suspected to be in some respects not less unfortunate. In the confusion heterodox. Their own protests, and of those disturbed times, their property the confirmations they had formerly was taken away from them, and their received from Rome, were disregarded; monastery converted into an hospital but an appeal to the Pope, and the for the English troops under the Duke friendly interference in their behalf of of Wellington; but upon the restoration Cardinal Allen, Father Parsons, and of peace, they regained some portion of other English emigrants, were ulti- their effects, together with their resimately successful. Upon their ar- dence, and, being rejoined by the rival at Lisbon they were sheltered sisters who had fled to England, their by some Franciscans, until the charity little community was once more reof several Portuguese ladies, aided by established. It still exists, and is now that of Philip II. enabled them to in comparatively easy circumstances, build a monastery of their own, and, although the number of the inmates is in process of time, they procured en- reduced to thirteen, of whom three are dowments of lands and houses. But lay-sisters. it seemed as if they were doomed to Mr. Aungier has been enabled to experience every description of mis- give the facts of this interesting tale chance that can befall humanity. In of misfortune with considerable mi1651 their church and monastery, nuteness, having been favoured by the which could not have been many years present community with the loan of a completed, were burnt to the ground. narrative of the earlier portion of their After another few years' sojourn with wanderings, compiled, if we underthe friendly Franciscans, they succeeded stand correctly, (p. 100, n.) by one of in again rearing a home for themselves, the chaplains of the house from inbut it stood only until the next great formation collected by Father Parsons. misfortune which visited Lisbon-the It forms a singular and striking porfatal earthquake of 1755. In that tion of the present work, and together frightful disaster the English nunnery with the constitutions of the order of St. -for so it was termed because no one Bridget, which he has printed at length was admitted who was not a born- from a MS. in the British Museum, subject of England-was involved in with additions of the parts relating to total destruction, and the Franciscans the brethren of the order, derived from and all their other friends being this another MS. lately recovered at St. time sharers in the common misery, Paul's, must give his book a value in the nuns were reduced to a want even the estimation of all persons interested of the very necessaries of life. In their in the history and fortunes of those destitution they looked towards the magnificent structures with which our land of their fathers, and subscrip- land was at

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one time

so thickly tions were solicited for their relief. studded. Whether by that means or by some We have devoted so much attention other, it does not appear, but a few to Syon that we have little space to years afterwards we find them again bestow upon the remainder of Mr. established in a new erection at Lisbon, Aungier's volume. The monastery is although in diminished numbers. Ca- now the princely residence of the Duke lamity, however, still pursued them. of Northumberland. It is distinUrged, either by poverty, or by the guished by its well-known gateway, oppressions and license incident to a designed by Robert Adam; a magmilitary rule, during the French occu- nificent vestibule, which is the admi. pation of P

ugal, at the commence- ration of every one who has seen it; ment of the present century, they sepa- gardens, originally laid out under the rated into two bodies.

superintendence of Turner, the author A portion of them, with the Abbess of the Herbal, and, from time to time, at their head, sought resuge in England, remodelled by Brown, and other men of and underwent pressing difficulties, eminence; and cedars, cypresses, pines, from which the charity of the govern- and a conservatory, which are the

:

wonder and delight of our botanical logarithims, he discovered several pafriends. Information upon all these sub- pers illustrative of the biography of jects is to be found in Mr. Aungier's Montrose. Archibald. first Lord Navolume. He then passes to the parish pier, married Montrose's sister; they of Isleworth; is full upon the monu- were connected by politics as well as ments, the descent of property,and by marriage, for both joined the moveother objects which claim the attention ment called the Covenant, and both of the topographer. Then follows an retraced their steps as conservative adaccount of the Chapelry of Hounslow, herents of the tottering monarchy: and where a hospital for friars of the order in his archives are preserved the papers of the Holy Trinity, the family of the which belong to the history of them Bulstrodes, and Spring Grove, formerly both. the residence of Sir Joseph Banks, and There was previously no life of now of Henry Pownall, esq. all receive Montrose, except the Latin history due attention. We have not left our- (since translated) by his chaplain selves space for extracts from these Wishart, which was hung about his portions of the work, but what we neck at his execution,-a decoration have said will, we hope, attract atten. which no insignia of any order could tion to it. It seems to have been com. equal in real value. The last edition piled with an anxious desire to bring was published in 1819, and though forward everything relating to the much less copious than Mr. Napier's subjects of which it treats, and is set- volumes, it may accompany them with off with many illustrative engravings. advantage, on account of its concise

ness and vividness of narrative. As, Montrose and the Covenanters, their Cha- however, it commences only with

racter and Conduct, illustrated from Montrose's change of sentiments, Mr. private letters and other original do- Napier begins earlier, with the con. cuments hitherto unpublished. By flict of parties in the reign of James I.

Mark Napier, esq. 8vo. 2 vols. Here the Napier papers are very valu. Montrose and his Times, illustrated from able. Lord Napier was some time

original MSS. By Mark Napier, Treasurer Depute to Charles I. and esg. With portraits and autographs,

whether in or out of office, deserves. I vol. post 8vo. pp. 537.

the character of “ Statesman, yet THESE volumes are valuable reposi- stowed on Craggs. A storm was

friend to Truth,” which Pope has betories of documents, facts, and infer

raised against him, which he has deences. That they should now be noticed

scribed in “A True Relation," priin connexion, is rather singular, but may be easily explained. The former vately printed in 1793 by Francis, work had been under our consideration, little known as manuscript, from its

seventh Lord Napier, but almost as and a review of was waiting its turn for insertion, when our attention was

rarity. The extracts form an excel

lent introduction to the history of the suddenly drawn to the announcement of the latter. On opening it, we find, pier's words, it discloses a curi

Covenant, for, to quote Mr. Na. that some modifications we had meant

ous tale of “petty, but distracting to advise, have actually been made al

factions.” And as evidence is conready, so that the remarks we were about to offer are partly anticipated.

tinually coming to light, that raises The former work was suggested, by Charles, so he appears most estimably

the character of the unfortunate some attacks which had lately been

in this narrative. When the Earl of made on the character of Montrose,

Mar fell on his knees, with his by democratic historians. Their statements might have been left to the gra, missal, the King answered, “my

crutches, to intreat Lord Napier's disdual confutation of time, or discussed in a pamphlet; but Mr. Napier, with

Lord, I would do you any favour, but

I cannot do injustice for you.” (vol. i. the ardent feeling of a relation, has

p. 40.) And there is something very undertaken a more laborious task.

noble in the King's act, on a paper Having previously had occasion to examine the Napier charter-chest, when being presented to him, tending to ex

clude his honest minister from his employed on a life of the inventor of

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presence, for he threw it away, saying, signs of the agitators. As his eyes this man hath suffered enough already. were opened to their real intentions,

he receded, not indeed so quickly, as Lord Napier seems to have had a to extricate himself at once from the mind politically prophetic, and to have fatal connexion, but the crisis was clearly seen the sources of future evil. hastened by their violence in treating Some of the papers which he drew up a conscientious hesitator as an apos. on public matters, and tendered to the tate. How fully convinced he became, King in the way of advice, are remark- in favour of the royal cause, is clear ably luminous. We much regret that from his encountering warfare, exile, we have not room for the quotations and death, in its service. If modern we would gladly insert. The author writers condemn him for changing had been gentleman of the bedcham- sides, it may be answered, that Capel, ber to James I, by whom he was com- Falkland, and Clarendon, began by mended on his death-bed to his son, opposing the king, yet became his deand accordingly he was the first voted followers, without their integrity Scotsman whom Charles raised to the being impeached. If his temporary peerage. We have dwelt the longer irresolution be blamed, the Earl of on his character, because in fact he Bedford pursued an equally wavering was Montrose's political preceptor.

Even the celebrated Baxter, “ Montrose (says Wishart) when he in his Life and Times, mentions it as the was a boy, looked upon this nobleman general opinion, that the King had the as a most tender father ; when he was best cause; and if he thought it worth a youth, as a most sage admonitor; recording, is Montrose to be denied when he was a man, as a most faith- a share in the conviction, however ful friend; and now that he died [in gradually acquired ? 1646] was no otherwise affected with

It argues great political ignorance, his death, than as if it had been his to expect that all who belong to a father's. This circumstance is of party should go the same lengths. great importance in estimating Mont- From an association to defend religious rose's conduct. What might have liberty, the covenanting movement bebeen inferred from Wishart, is now came a virtual abolition of the King's clearly established in these volumes authority, which was reduced to a that as long as Lord Napier lived, name at his departure from Scotland Montrose acted in concert with that in 1641. But as there was a clause in upright and experienced statesman. the Covenant, for upholding that auThose writers, therefore, who accuse thority, a small party, namely, Nahim of inconstancy or treachery, pier, Montrose, Sir George Stirling of should bring the charge against the Kein, and Sir Archibald Stewart of Mentor instead of the pupil. Many Blackall, &c. combined to maintain of Montrose's generous impulses were it, however ineffectually. Their prodoubtless his own, but the broad line jects, their abortive efforts, and their of his conduct appears to have been sufferings in consequence, are fully exmarked out by Napier, in whose hibited from the valuable papers of the handwriting are most of the papers Napier charter-chest. The King's which express their concurrent senti- visit to Scotland originated with their ments. Indeed the introduction of well-meant proposal, which failed of this nobleinan into Montrose's his

the expected result. By the time that tory affords it a light which it has hi- he arrived, the advisers of his journey therto wanted.

were in prison as conspirators; and, Mr. Napier rejects the current story, unhappily, the incident made matters that Montrose received a commission considerably worse. The subsequent in the royal guard of Louis XIII. scramble for offices, as our author justly He has carefully traced his hero's calls it, is one of the most extraordicourse, during the early part of the nary chapters in Scotish history, for civil wars, when to a superficial or a they were all appropriated by the prejudiced observer, his conduct ap- King's enemies; nor can we read this pears unsteady. It is evident, however, account with an increased respect and that although he joined the movement, sympathy for the unfortunate Charles. he did not commit himself to the de- Montrose's motives and conduct

most.

Kings.

will best be described in his own would have spared the author some words, while in prison, the day before labour, and his readers some disaphis execution, when he was charged pointment. Besides, in ordinary cases, with having broken the covenant. and when the subject is of higher in" The Covenant I took; I own it, and

terest, we doubt the utility of collect. adhere to it. Bishops, i care not for ing and republishing vast masses of them. I never intended to advance their anecdotes, stories, and obscure meinterest. But when the King had granted moirs, picked out from contemporary you all your desires, and you were every pamphlets, or dusty and oblivious one sitting under his own vine and under manuscripts, by way of illustrating his fig-tree, that then you should have the character either of persons, or the taken a party in England by the hand, and times in which they lived. In the first entered into a league and covenant with place, a great proportion of these may them against the King--was the thing I be presumed to be utterly false, like judged my duty to oppose to the utter

the diurnal lies of our present newsThat course of yours ended not but in the King's death, and overturning papers ; secondly, many of them were the whole of the Government." (Vol. ii.

misapplied and misunderstood ; lastly, pp. 208 and 539.)

they may be referred to if wanted, in

their original form. To this we are to According to this explanation, add, that one or two circumstances Montrose was a conservative Conve.

well selected and applied, will illusnanter. This, observes our author in

trate a character, a temper, a disposia note, was precisely the opinion of tion, as well as a whole galaxy of his friend Lord Napier, who wrote

them; and, after all, the only rational against “ Churchmen’s greatness," use that can be made of them is to and yet maintained the divine right of draw just reasonings and inferences

from them. When enough has been In deferring to another opportunity collected for that purpose, the rules of our further notice of these volumes, good composition require the author we cannot withhold our testimony to

to forbear loading his pages with fresh Mr. Napier's industry and ability. If illustrations. In the annals of a conthe former of his two productions temporary writer, much may be justly seems overloaded to general readers,

inserted, that would reluctantly find it is because the documents he has

its way into the pages of the later discovered scarcely admitted of abridge- historian; partly, because the object ment, and their novelty is an excuse for the copious use he has made of belongs to it is of more importance;

depicted being closer to the eye, what them.

and partly, because the writer being

too near to his subject to see it disMemoirs of the Court of England. tinctly in all its parts, and perhaps in By S. H. Jesse. Vols. 3, 4.

the true light and proportions, does THE present volumes differ from wisely as well as modestly in leaving those which preceded them, not so to future inquirers to examine and much in the manner of execution, as arrange the evidence, which he has in the nature of the materials; and been content to accumulate, by the

doubt is, whether the clearer light which time has thrown greater part of the subject, parti- upon it. From what we have said, it cularly that which is included in the would appear that we think Mr. Jesse, last volume, was at all worth the trou. whose talents and acquirements and ble which the author has taken to- industry we esteem, should have wards its illustration. It is not only chosen a subject more worthy of him. to be considered whether a work is Who is there in the present day, we well done, but whether it was worth would ask, who cares about Barbara doing at all; and we must say, that Villiers or Louise de Querouaille, or if instead of reviving the faded bloom Lucy Walters, or Mary Davis, or and perished graces of the ladies whose Mary Knight's habit of swearing, or images Mr. Jesse has preserved in his Miss Wells's singular mishap; or the museum, they had all been left to intrigues of Miss Warmester, and Lord perish, and their memory become (at Taaffe ? Or, if they do, would grudge least to the general world) extinct, it the pleasing toil of referring to the

our

own

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