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and in doing so, he is countenanced of this work with considerable regret. by respectable writers, who have found There is such an evident good intenthemselves obliged to adopt the same tion in all the parties concerned, that

Clarendon, for instance, we cannot but lament the many imhas passed over the subject of the perfections in their several performEikon Basilike, and Burnet has for

A History of Holderness born to mention the French Prophets, appears to have been originally prowho excited such a sensation during jected by the late Mr. John Green. his time.

wood,* • draughtsman and engraver," The narrative is generally clear and of the good town of Hull.

He was an spirited, and exhibits research and re- artist who had evidently an affection flection. We doubt whether it was for subjects of antiquity, which only necessary to go into ecclesiastical required to have been directed by history, as Crevier has not done so; some patron of good judgment, to but on this point we shall merely ob- have been rendered serviceable: but serve, that the author principally fol- none of the specimens of his profeslows Mosheim, whilst his opinions sional skill in the book before us can concerning the growth of Popery are si- be considered successful, unless we milar to those of Mr. Isaac Taylor, except some fac-similes of charters in his Natural History of Enthusiasm, (and with them we cannot include the and Ancient Christianity. With re- seals). His etchings are not pleasing ; gard to Constantine's vision, and the the most ambitious plate, a view of the phenomena at Julian's attempt to re- fine church of Patrington, appears to build the Temple, we think Dr. W. C. have failed in the biting, or to have Taylor has treated them in a better prematurely worn out; and the woodspirit, in his Manual of Ancient His. cuts, though of the whole the best in tory, though both writers appear to their kind, and not ill suited to the regard them in the same way. The subjects they represent, yet it would vices of the Emperors are exhibited be absurd to praise in the present with too much of that unreservedness state of that art. To speak here of which Suetonius employs; and the the larger plates, originally prepared account of Zenobia includes particu. nearly sixty years ago for the proposed lars, which we think the author will History of Holderness by Mr. Dade, expunge, when his attention has been they are really not worth the paper drawn to them.

and printing bestowed upon them. As If we have seemed hypercritical in for representing objects in their former our remarks, it is that the second state, those objects have not so maedition may gain some improvement, terially changed as to make that plea however slight. We quote the con- valid; or, if any have, a copy on wood cluding sentence, as one which ably on a smaller scale would have been a closes the volume.

more pleasing and even more economiA new order of things was to arise

cal alternative than the insertion of out of the union of German energy with

these ungainly sheets. Roman civilisation, from which, after a To pursue, however, our account of series of many centuries, were to result the History itself. The next step to the social institutions of modern Europe, the conception of the design was the the colonisation of the most distant re. collection of materials. Mr. Green. gions of the earth, and the mighty politi. wood, we are told in the advertise. cal events which yet lie hidden in the ment, “had spent much time in womb of Time."

Holderness in making drawings," &c.

but it was probably not within the The History and Antiquities of the Seiyniory of Holderness, in the East further, and “it was 'not until the

scope of his abilities to proceed much Riding of the county of York, in

Dade Manuscripts were placed in the cluding the Abbies of Meaux and Swine, with the Priories of Nunkeeling and Burstall, &c. By George alittle volume, fully illustrated with wood

* Mr. Greenwood was the compiler o

of Poulson, Esq. Author of Beverlac, or

cuts, on Thornton Abbey, Lincolnshire, History of Beverley. Part I. 4to.

reviewed in our vol. V. p. 28%. He died WE have examined the first portion a few months ago.

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ners,

hands of the compiler of the following publisher, for “the spirited manner in pages, by the liberality and conde. which he has completed the arrangescending kindness of Sir T. A. Clifford ments for the work, and the style in Constable, Bart. that the slightest which it has been produced from his prospect existed of realising any such printing office at Hull :" and probably intentions."

Mr. Brown would be equally ready to The Rev. William Dade, F.S.A. return his congratulations to the author was Rector of Barmston within this on the skill and learning displayed on district, as well as of St. Mary's his part.. But we must somewhat cur. Castlegate, York, and Curate of St. tail their mutual compliments. The Olave's Moorgate, without that city. History of Holderness is a youngster He published, in 1783, proposals for a more forward than wise, and more gay History of Holderness, in folio ; but in his dress than correct in his mandied before it was printed, in 1790.* To speak less figuratively, the His plates, however, were prepared, Hull printing is mechanically fair as before noticed ; and his materials, enough, but wofully inaccurate; and it may be presumed, had been brought the Barrow-upon-Humber authorship into almost as perfect a state as lay externally zealous and plausible enough, within his power. His forte appears but ditto ditto. to have rested in personal records and We are not sufficiently enthusiastic genealogical facts; for we find that he to suppose, that the works of the Rehad formed from parochial registers, cord Commission, the distribution of &c. an " Alphabetical Register of which among provincial libraries we Marriages, Births, and Burials of con- have just alluded to, are very frequently siderable persons within the county of read or even consulted, by those within York : a very neat manuscript, well whose reach they have been placed ; bound in several volumes.

we well know that such readers are The acquisition of Mr. Dade's ma- not "plentiful as blackberries :” the terials was certainly a great step plan, however, has this merit, that if towards the formation of a History of any such students arise, if for every Holderness : but the half-century ten or twenty copies there shall be which has elapsed since that gentle- one such reader,-- one, we would say, man's death, has been an important who, like the late Mr. Blakeway of period to the topographer, not merely Shrewsbury, shall scan the records of in the additional æra it has added to the past in a sagacious and inquiring his labours, but in the vast accession spirit, and impart them with equal of materials of an earlier date which it intelligence and instruction to the has developed and brought within world, then the plan will have well the scope of his researches. Not the

answered its liberal design, and have least important of these are the public rendered material service to the adcations of the Record Commission, vancement of historical truth. which have been so liberally and ju- It would be our greatest pleasure to diciously distributed among the several welcome such students. But, alas ! public libraries throughout the king- the use we have more frequently dom,

observed as having been hitherto made This brings us to the execution of of the Record volumes by provincial the critical part, the painful part of writers, has stopped far short of this our present inquiry. The stalled ox desirable result. Some recent topo. has been slain, the domestic stores graphers have not attempted to underhave been brought forth, the achates stand more than the Indexes, conpurchased, the presents received-all

tented to take upon trust the Record things have been collected for the to- text,-itself in too many cases the pographical feast; but how have the

copy of a were imperfect Calendar. cooks performed their part? The au- It is consequently not surprising thor has felt bound to pay his complithat even the Indexes have somements to Mr. Brown, the printer and times baffled their powers of compre

hension. Yet they do not hesitate to A memoir of Mr. Dade

stretch forth their hand, make extracts be seen

may in Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, vol. viii. which they imagine to belong to the

subject before them, and place them in

p. 474..

a raw state before the public, whom statement that in 1216 King John conthey must either suppose to have an firmed to the Earl all the lands which intuitive faculty of performing the descended to him by his mother ; very tasks which these authors refuse, and leaves them to decypher from of decyphering, unravelling, explain his hieroglyphical extracts the addiing, and connecting; or else must deem tional information :-1. that the lands them so easy of deception, as to mis- were those she held in England ; 2.' take assumption for reality, and to be that they were restored on the condiready to give an author credit for deep tion of his taking to wife a lady antiquarian knowledge, upon the bare of the King's nomination, viz. Aveline display of a few scraps of unintelligible daughter of Richard Montfichet (a Latin, or rather hieroglyphics.

fact of some little importance in the The extracts from the printed records history of a family); 3. that there is a which have provoked these remarks, special saving to William's halfoccupy several pages of Mr. Poulson's sister, the daughter of Earl Baldwin, introduction, where he is relating the of the land which that Earl had given history of the Earls of Albemarle, for her, in promotion of marriage, as the which the close rolls, &c. undoubtedly custom of England enabled him to do ; afford very excellent materials. One 4. moreover that the King remitted the example, from p. 30, will be as much whole unpaid residue of the fine due as we can afford space to exhibit. We from William's mother on the recovery give the Latin literatim, preceded by of her lands after Earl Baldwin's death, the whole of the results which Mr. and also all the relief due from William Poulson has drawn therefrom.

for having them; 5. that the King

restored all the cattle and sheep that “ In the 16th King John, A.D. 1216;

had been taken from the land by his the King confirmed to him all the lands which descended to him by his mother :

bailiffs ; 6. and lastly, that, to crown “1. Dei grat Sciatis q'd reiddim'

the royal bounty, the King gave him, Will'o de Alba Mara totam t'ram suam

in marriage with Aveline, a rent or in Angl' que eum h'r'ditarie c'tingit pension of forty marks. This docuexp’te mat’is sue p' sic q' nich' de ear' ment is a good example of the valuable exitib' v'l p'fectib' recipiat pruisq'm ac

information which the Record Com. cepit in ux' Avelina' filia' Rici de Munfi. mission has made accessible, but chet et cu' ip'am despo'sav'it totam which authors like Mr. Poulson, and t'ram p’dcam cu' omnib' p'tin' suis ple

printers like Mr. Brown, instead of narie ei reddemus salva filie comit Baude.

developing, cover with an almost im win'q'id com'genuit [ex] mie ip'ius Willi' t'ra q' id B. dedit ei de ead' t’ra ad se

penetrable mist'of obscurity and error.

Had Mr. Poulson given his country maritandam q' ei dare potuit s'c'd’m c'suetudinem Angl’. Insup' et ip’m quietu cla

rcaders the particulars accurately in mavim'de toto residuo finis que mať sua plain English, a mere marginal refer. nob'cum fecit p't'ra sua h'nda p't obitu' ence to the Record would have been p'dc'i B. de & toto relevio q' nob’dare sufficient, and his printer would have debuit p' t'ra pred'ca h’nda. Omnes et been spared a task beyond his powers, boves vaccas 't oves quos balli n'r'i de that of imitating with his inadequate t'ra sua cep'u't p'q' tra illa in manus

types documentary evidence which n'ras devenit in usus

n'ros c'r'sum est ei reddi faciem et p’t’ea redditu xl.

had been already printed in facsimile

at the public expense. marc in maritagio cu' p'd'ca Avelina ei assignari faciemus."

It is not, however, in these docu

ments only, that we have to quarrel Now, we shall not stop to point out with the inaccuracy both of printer the almost numberless errors here

and author. The proper names are committed in the abbreviated Latin

perpetually misspeit, whether they words, which are to be carried to the

belong to the subjects discussed, or account of the Hull typographer: but, the authorities cited ; thus we have merely asking by the way, why Mr. Albermarle, Brever, de Rooss, HawiPoulson thought it desirable to make sia, Wann Fitz Gerold, Lady Ann a bad imitation of the Record contrac- Cleaves, &c. Among old authors, Odetions at all-We beg further to inquire ricus Vitalis, and Guil Gemetricen. of him, as an historian, why he starves sis; among modern, Du Carel, Madhis English readers with the general 'dox, Nicholas, Nicholls, Ayloff[e],

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Whittaker, Sir William Ellis, &c.; and · engraving of the monument, prepared as titles of books, Archæol, Liber for Mr. Dade in 1784, is by no means Niger Scaccaria, Vetusta testamenta, the worst of his plates; but the effigy 1780, Rymer's Feodera;-—of MSS., is sufficiently fine to have deserved a Cott. Claudius CV.; No. 6070, Har- careful front view. lein; Rubeus Liber Feoderum. All In p. 206 some doubt is expressed these continually repeated, with innu- with regard to the meaning of Domimerable misprints of other words, may nus prefixed to the names of the clergy be gathered from a few pages of the in former times; and after the quotaIntroduction.

tion of several discordant writers, it In proof that the same carelessness is concluded that “after all, perhaps extends through the work, we need it is merely synonimous with the term only refer to the mandate of the Lord Reverend used in the present day." High Admiral Buckingham in p. 201, We should say that without question and the epitaph of Sir Francis Boynton it was given to those who had not in p. 209.

attained the degree of magister, as it is In p. 33 our Magazine for June in the university of Cambridge at the 1836, is quoted respecting a very present day. We believe the title Sir curious piece of needlework, which prefixed to the names of priests in the “ Mr. Doubleday exhibited,” where poems of Chaucer, and in English doit is not mentioned. It should have cuments of still earlier date, to be been stated that the Society of Anti- equivalent with it. quaries have subsequently published a To part from the work with such facsimile engraving of this piece of commendation as we can bestow, it work in their Vetusta Monumenta, and may be said that materials of consi. that it is supposed to have part of a derable value are here for the first surcoat, or other housings, of the time presented to the world; and we Earl of Albemarle who lived in the trust that greater care will be exreign of Henry III,

pended in the editing of the subseBesides the preliminary matter, the quent portions of the volume. first part contains the parishes of We have not been favoured with a Atwick, Barmston, and Úlram, with .sight of the second part of this their dependent hamlets. At p. 241 History. we are sorry to observe a deficiency in that department in which Mr. Dade The History of Banbury (in Oxfordwas strongest. We allude to shire), including copious Historical pedigree of Osbaldiston, which, in- and Antiquarian Notices of the Neighstead of being brought down to the bourhood. By Alfred Beesley. 8vo. present day, is apparently in the same WE are always pleased when the state in which Mr. Dade left it.

history of any subdivision of a county At Barmston is a very fine sepul. is entered on with proper antiquarian chral effigy, which has been usually zeal, aided by industry, research, and ascribed to Sir Martin de la See, who competent education, and when the died in 1494 (Plate) or in 1497 (p. 210). author has an intimate local knowThe person intended is the same, we ledge of the district he describes. Such presume, who was knighted by the a one is likely to afford us a close and Earl of Northumberland, in Scotland, particular, not a bird's eye view of his in 1482 (Pedigree, p. 197), and who subject, nor should we quarrel with made himself conspicuous in attempt him if occasionally he dwelt on mi. ing to oppose the landing of Edward nutiæ to something like excess. The the Fourth at Ravenspurn in 1471. neighbourhood of Banbury comprises (Chronicle edited by Mr. Bruce for the northern portion of the county of the Camden Society.) The effigy, Oxford, bordering on Northamptonhowever, is not of this age, but of the shire, and is replete with vestiges of reign of Henry IV. resembling that of occupation by the Celtic tribe, Dobuni, William Phelip Lord Bardolph, K.G. in and by the conquering legions of ImStothard's Monumental Effigies.* The perial Rome.

* There erroneously attributed to Sir Robert Goushill, but corrected by the editor, Mr. Kempe, in our Magazine for Nov. 1832. GENT. Mag. VOL. XV.

K

а.

-a

a

The Greek writers call the Dobuni circle of the Druids, or from Roilig, Δοβουνοι and Boδoυνοι; we are bewil- in the old Irish, the church of the dered in the choice of etymologies Druids. Is it not, as we have conwhich are offered for this word, and sidered Banbury to be, a term comwould suggest that it is derived from pounded by the Saxons in reference to bôd, domus-and dunum, collis, two the ancient appropriation of the strucCeltic terms, which, when combined ture? and does not Rollrich imply, in the plural, would imply the dwell. Rhol, the circle or circular temple, Ric, ings among the hills- conjecture of the region or kingdom? it must not fully justified by the numerous earth. be forgotten that a detached rude obeworks which crown the eminences liscal stone is called the King Stone to about Banbury. We are little satis- this day. This stone was surely the fied with the derivatives which have altar; the five stones, called the five been suggested for Banbury itself. knights, a sepulchral cromlech. For We suspect that something of the just as we bury near our churches, old title of the district lurks in the these sacred inclosures were chosen word, and that of Bodunbyrig--Saxo- by the earliest worshippers as a proper nice--for the town of the Dobuni, or locality near which to inter their dead. Bodouvoi, a very easy metonymy may The sixth chapter of the first book have formed Banbury: we shall notice of Samuel affords us a striking example another derivation in the sequel. of a single stone forming a marked

Portions of the parish of Banbury place for sacrifice: "and the cart came are, it appears, in Northamptonshire into the field of Joshua the BethsheGrimsbury, and Nethercot; it is pro- mite, and stood where there was a bable that an ancient earth-work gave great stone, and they clave the wood to Grimsbury its name-such defences of the cart, and offered the kine, a have often the term Grim or Grime burnt-offering to the Lord.” applied to them. Stukeley observes We extract Mr. Beesley's interestthat the word implies the witches' ing account of the Rollrich stones :work. As many Roman roads and

". These stones are eleven miles southother great constructions are ascribed west from Banbury, on the top of the to the operation of the devil-we need range of hills just mentioned, which not remind our readers of the long- marks the boundary between the table drawn ancient trench and vallum on land of these parts of Oxfordshire and Newmarket Heath, the Devil's Dyke, the great Vale of Warwickshire, and as one of numerous examples of the formed the extreme frontier of the terapplication of that term-just in the ritory of the Dobuni towards that of the same way the Saxon gpima, venefica, a

Carnabii. The principal stones form a

circle, the diameter of which from north witch, is applied to various old de

to south is 107 feet, and that from east to fences, * and this we apprehend is the

west 104 feet. The area is now planted true origin of the name given to the

with fir trees. The original number of great Roman rampire between the

stones in this circle appears to have been forths in Scotland, Graham's Dike, about sixty. This very nearly correand not from one Graham, a valiant sponds with the present number, but Scot, who signalised himself by break- from mutilations and the effects of time, ing through it," or from the Grampian many of the stones are now almost levelHills in its neighbourhood. The Roll

led with the ground. There are at prerich stones, seated on a chain of hills sent only twenty-eight which rise more near Banbury, are a fine example of

than one foot above the soil; and of these that primitive style of temple building, only ten exceed four feet in height. The used by the Celtic tribes, of which highest stone (which is marked a in the

ground plan above) stands 23° west of Stonehenge, as we have elsewheret

the north point of the area, and is seven observed, presents but a more finished

feet four inches in height, and three feet specimen. Dr. Stukeley derives the two inches in breadth. The thickness of name from Rhol drwyg, the wheel or the stones is generally not more than fif.

teen inches. The best representation of * There is a Grims Ditch or Dyke in

them in a state less imperfect than that Hants, Wilts, and Dorset : see Sir R. C. in which they now are, is a print in the Hoare's Ancient Wilts.-Edit.

folio edition of Camden's Britannia, printed + Review of Archeolog. in Gent. Mag. for Dec. p. 630.

* 1 Sam. chap. vi. v. 13.

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