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in 1607, stated by him to have been done once stood on a bank or hill, 141 yards " iam olim” (a long time, or good while, westward from the circle." ago). Opposite to the highest stone, at
Among the Roman remains described the part of the circle between south and
in the work, those discovered in 1810 southeast, are the remains of some large
at Beaconsfield farm, in the village of stones, which were originally set together
Great Tew, are peculiarly worthy of in that part just within the circle. The
notice ; they consisted of a sepulchral entrance seems to have been on the northeast, nearly in the direction of the King's crypt, over which was the tessellated Stone. This stone is 83 yards distant
floor of a temple. The crypt confrom the outer edge of the circle, in the tained unburnt bodies, ranged from direction marked (646) in the ground east to west in compartments, formed plan, and is now (after considerable mu- of flat Roman tiles. The ashes mingled tilations) eight feet six inches in height with the soil surrounding the building and five feet three inches in breadth. showed that it had been destroyed by Such large stones · placed singly in the
fire; a ball, supposed the ornament of vicinity of Druidical temples have been
the dome of the temple, lay among the by some imagined to have served as pe
rubbish. An altar stood about twenty destals for idols. About 390 yards nearly due east of the circle in the direction (cc) feet south of the edifice, which had a are five large stones, called the Five Whis- circular apsis to the north, near which pering Knights, which stand together,
were indications of that constant apleaning towards each other, with an open- pendage of a Roman villa, a bath. ing from the west. The
This, then, was the site of a villa and tallest of these is now ten
family tomb. That the bodies had not feet ten inches in height.
undergone cremation might be from They are most probably
the surrounding country not affording the remains of a Crom
sufficient wood for the funeral piles, lech, or altar for the idola
and is 'no decided proof that the detrous sacrifices; but the
which upper or table stone has FIVE KNIGHTS. posits were of the Christian
the existence of a sacrificial altar would fallen or been removed. On the opposite side of
seem to contradict. the circle to that occupied by the Knights At Wiggington, another village (in the direction d-d), a large stone near Banbury, extensive remains of
a Roman hypocaust have been dis before him ; and in later days, Mr. covered. In the flues of this building, John Dunkin, author of the History some perfect pieces of minerul coal of the hundreds of Bicester and were found ; a proof that the Romans Ploughley, has shewn him how much were acquainted with this kind of may be done by untired perseverance fuel. The small copper coins found and research-a virtue, by the by, on the spot indicated the period of which redeems Mr. Dunkin's two Victorinus, Constantine, &c. Indeed quarto and highly illustrated volumes it might be expected, that Romano- from the touches of an anti-church British vestiges would be plentiful and sectarian spirit, which in one or in this part of England, since the two passages deface his pages. This Romanized Britons maintained their first number of the history of Banbury ground there until about the middle is interspersed with several wood cuts, of the sixth century: more than a giving ground plots of camps, maps century after the final departure of of Roman roads and trackways, plans the Roman Legions from Britain. In and views of the Rollrich stones, of a the year of our Lord 556 was fought fine old English dwelling, with its the great battle at Banbury, between pointed gables, pinnacles, &c., and the Britons and the Saxons : so with a view of the mounds of the vigorously contended on either side, Roman amphitheatre at Banbury. that the event appears to have been This important vestige surely marks undecided. Not until the year 571 or the place as a Roman station of conthereabouts, were the Britons driven sequence, for their castrensian arenæ from their very
camps always indicate the presence of a and strongholds on this part of garrison : witness the amphitheatres England, which still remain to testify at Richborough, Silchester and Dorthe resistance which they made to chester, &c.; why, then, may we ask, the Saxon arms.
is the assertion of Stukeley, that it Banbury and its vicinage were the Branavis or Brinavis of soon subjected to the Norman yoke; Richard of Cirencester, so summarily and probably about 1084, the Domes- dismissed as an error ? (p. 63,) for day census was effected in this part we are told at p. 1. that Baranbyrig of Oxfordshire. The castle at Banbury was one of its Saxon names ; and, as appears to have been founded about to discrepancy of distance, all antithe beginning of the 12th century— quaries know how very elastic and it is conjectured on a Roman site; conforming the miles of a Roman and here our author's first number Itinerary are generally considered, breaks off, as he approaches that accommodating themselves with the period in which ancient charters, easy retraction or extension of a court-rolls, inquisitiones post mortem, piece of caoutchouc to the hypothesis and ecclesiastical registers, offer their of the topographer, but here is an authentic aid to enlighten his future amphitheatre, and a real coincidence progress. A fair and goodly blank of name, defeated by written numbers lies before him, which we would of admeasurement, not much to be commend him most industriously to depended on. fill up, and thus to give his work We have perused this incipient that permanent value as a section portion of Mr. Beesley's account of of a county history which it is in his Banbury with pleasure, and shall be power to obtain for it. He has the glad to resume our notices as the example of the learned Bishop Kennett, work may proceed. author of the “ Parochial Antiquities,”
Dictionnaire Grec-Français, composé tions, and has been for some time on our sur l'ouvrage intitulé Thesaurus Lingua shelf, which has given us ample opportuGræce de Henri Etienne, par Jos. nity to ascertain its value. It is, as the Planche, Professeur de Rhétorique title states, an abridgement of the celeau Collége Royal de Bourbon. 8vo. pp. brated Lexicon of Henry Stephens. We 1259.--We do not mention this as a new give the editor praise for the idea of conbook, for it has gone through several edi- densing a work of established character, in preference to compiling a new one, in God ; and he writes in an easy and famiwhich he would have found great difficulty liar style, well adapted to juvenile readers. in deciding what words should be admitted Occasionally we think he is more familiar or rejected. All the French terms, into than suits the dignity of history or the which the Greek words are translated, are nature of his matter : but this is a compaauthorized by the Dictionary of the Aca- ratively slight fault when both the facts demy. As we have had it in use for some are correct and the principles sound. time, we have no hesitation in pronouncing it one of the very best Lexicons of the Agathos, and other Sunday Stories. By smaller size. It has, of course, all the a Clergyman. 12mo.-Intended to convey advantages which are to be derived from religious instruction to children under the its being a condensation of Stephens. It form of stories and allegories. They may is copious in technical phrases, and oftenen- please the imaginative mind, and raise up ters into particular passages of authors, a new generation of admirers for the exthough the editor has not thought fit to pressive visions of John Bunyan. give so many references as some other Lexicographers. We have an instance in Sermons, by the late Rev. Thomas our mind at this moment, namely, the Webster, B.D. Rector of St. Botolph's, late Mr. Jones, who rarely gives a signifi. Cambridge, and Vicar of Oakington. 8vo. cation, without referring to a writer who pp. 404.—This volume, we regret to say, uses the word in that sense. Had his is posthumous. The sermons were comLexicon been free from a Socinian bias posed, or rather revised during the auin Biblical terms, it would have borne a thor's illness, and about half of the volume greater value, and perhaps it may be was printed when his death took place. worth re-editing, to the exclusion of those The preface states the affecting circuminterpretations. To return, however, to stances under which they were prepared M. Planche : his Lexicon will be very use- for publication.
" About ten years ago ful to such as wish to acquire a know. (says the lamented author) I was attacked ledge of French, after their school-boy days by some painful affections of the chest, are over, since they can thus do so through which have gradually increased, and comthe medium of Greek. We would just pelled me to relinquish one species of exobserve, that under the word cu utos ertion after another, until, in October last, he omits the ense of ingrafted as subse-  I was completely laid aside and quent to birth, and only gives naturel, confined to my apartment by water in the inné. But this oversight is compensated chest, accompanied by violent spasms, by general copiousness. The pages, we and alarming affection of the lungs, which should add, are in three columns.
threatened immediate dissolution. During The opinion which prevails in France
the intervals of these attacks I have been concerning this work is clear from the endeavouring to review my ministry, and following passage, extracted from the pre- to revise some sermons which I thought face to the Dictionnaire Historique of M. might be published after my death, as a Beauvais. The writer (M. Nodier) speak. memorial to those amongst whom I have ing of the use of portable biographical dic- laboured." The editor (the Rev. Wil. tionaries, in addition to voluminous ones, liam Webster) expresses his thanks “to observes, “ Ces vastes Trésors des Esti. those friends who so promptly encouraged enne, dont le titre n'est vraiment trop the undertaking, and relieved the author fastueux, ne dispensent toutefois personne from all anxiety as to the pecuniary risk.” de recourir aux excellens dictionnaires de This, especially under such circumstanM. Planche et de M. Nöel."* Those ces, we are glad to learn. The sermons who are desirous of studying German are twenty-four in number, and when we through the medium of Greek, or the re
mention that the author was the reputed verse, will find the Greek and German Lex. editor of the Christian Guardian, we need icon of Schneider answer their purpose, as say no more to commend them to such it is a work of great reputation on the as can appreciate ability and piety. Continent.
Solutions of the principal questions of Outlines of Church History. By the
Dr. Hutton's Course of Mathematics. By Author of “ Early Recollections." 18mo. Thomas Stephens Davies, Esq. F.R.S. of
-A brief but clear summary. The author the Royal Military Academy. 8vo.--Probrings the actions and principles of histo- fessor Davies has accomplished in this rical characters to the test of the word of work an entire reformation of the old sys
tem of schoolmasters' Keys. The solu
tions throughout are the work of a master * M. Nöel is the author of a Latin and hand, and the style in which the work is French Dictionary.
written proves the author to possess the
rare combination of mathematical talent liked to carry away, and which, obliged to and literary taste. We most cordially leave behind, would have made a patrirecommend this work to our mathemati- arch's fortune. The ladies he was in the cal readers.
habit of exchanging, and on one occasion
he shocked the wives of some Missionaries A Catalogue of the Miscellaneous Ma- at Beirout, by mentioning, in their comnuscripts in the Library of the Royal pany, that he bartered one for a donkey. Society. By James Orchard Halliwell, In consequence of his services to the Eu. Esq. F.R. S. 8vo.—The greater part of phrates' expedition, who fell upon him in the manuscripts described in this cata- their wanderings, he was rewarded by the logue relate to scientific subjects, and are East India Company with a situation in of more interest to the mathematician Bagdad, to carry on the post to India, and than the antiquary. The Royal Society he proposed to save his 3001. a year pay, has set an example which ought to be living still in his clerical capacity ; but followed by every society possessing col- • thou canst not serve God and Mammon,' lections of manuscripts. The author ap- and the cholera took him off on his way pears to have performed his work care- to his appointment." The account in the fully and judiciously.
same volume of the Bibles of the Mis
sionary Society lighting for three months A few Notes on the History of the Dis- the kitchen fire of the Emir Beshir, and covery of the Composition of Water. By of the use made of our schools. by the J. O. Halliwell, Esq. F.R.S. 8vo.--This Greeks and Arabs, is worth attention. He pamphlet is a supplement to the memoirs says the boys learn English, and become of Arago and Brougham on the same subo dragomen to the consuls, and the girls ject, with a view to support the priority washing and needle-work, by which they of Priestley's claim to the discovery. gain a handsome income-preserving all
the while the most extreme jealousy of Church Music: a Selection of Chants, their own faith. Sanctuses, and Responses, together with the Litany and Versicles, as used in the History of Christianity in India, from Choral Service; also Psalm Tunes adapted the Commencement of the Christian Æra. to the authorised Metrical Versions, ar- By the Rev. J. Hough, Curate of Ham. 2 ranged and edited by Richard Redhead, vols.—These volumes contain only the Oryanist, Margaret Chapel, St. Maryle- first part of the work, which is to embrace bone.-This small volume contains a the general history of Christianity in Ingoodly collection of chants adapted to the dia. Though the author speaks with inuch Psalms for the successive days of the modesty of it, yet it is executed with great month, as well as others for the hymns and diligence and research. They contain the versicles, as used in cathedral service ; and history of the Syrian Church and the as the custom of chanting many portions Romish Missions, to the commenceof the church service is much gaining ment of the present century. The reground in our parish churches, such a maining two will give the history of the book as the present will doubtless be Protestant Missions. The most interestfound useful. Some Psalm tunes are ing part begins with the Missions of F. added, harmonized for four voices, with Xavier, then the inquisition at Goa, and the words of the old or new version, the history of the attempts of the Romish. proper for the festivals of the English Church on the Syrian Church of Malabar. Church.
The history of Don Alexio de Menezes,
Archbishop of Goa, is given at great length, The Real and Ideal, 2 vols.—There is as from its importance it deserved. This is much feeling for art in these volumes, followed by the history of the Church at a warm imagination and a poetical ta- Malabar, and of the Romish Missions at lent; but the author is not conversant Pondicherry. To which is added a valuwith antiquity, and his learning is often able Appendix, containing a diocesan inaccurate. Who can the author allude synod of the church and bishoprick of to at p. 311 of the second volume ? Diamper. No doubt but that the suc“ There was an Englishman in the East, ceeding volumes which the author pronow no more, who took up the profession mises will be of more interest, but the of a Dervish, sounded his horn when he present ones contain a great deal of va. approached a town, and the inhabitants luable research given in a clear and simfought among themselves to receive so
ple style. We trust that the characters holy a character under their roof; or in a of the missions of the Papal Church and less religious locality, danced in the mar- of the Protestant will appear in bright ket place till he got an invitation. Pre. contrast with each other, when the his. sents of money were given him, and as tory of the latter appears. many wives and head of cattle as he
Oriental Musings, and other Poems, by exploit in the transactions of the various Claude Scott, Esq.-There is much grace characters of this work ; mixed with of expression, and elegance and harmony much absurdity and extravagance, and with of versification in these Poems; the scenes of cruelty and terror that make too imagery is pleasing, and the conception painful demands on the feelings of the of the whole is truly poetical. We will
heart. The author possesses genius, but give one, not that it is the best, but that unsubdued by discipline, and unenlightbeing short it best suits our limits.
ened by taste. THE GRANDE CHARTREUSE.
Selections from Robert Hall, &c. by “ Presiding Spirit! that here
Charles Redburn. 18mo.--This voluine Dwellest in beauty, where the living wood deserves all the praise that can be bestowWaves its old honours, and the mountain ed on an excellent design, ably executed. flood
We have read it through twice, with Speaks thundering to the ear,
equal delight and instruction, and we Shed thy diviner influence on my breast, earnestly recommend it to all who would And calm each earth-born thought, each love to contemplate the picture of relilowly care, to rest.
gion, adorned, as far as she can be, with
all the splendour of eloquence, and de“ Mid rocky heights ne'er trod
fended and illustrated by learning and arBy step of man, where Nature's mould is
gument of a very high order. So rich cast
are the stores of Mr. Hall's mind, so Sublimely wild and beautifully vast, various the subjects on which he employs The omnipresent God
it, so clear his thoughts, so animated and Is visibly seen, or in the eloquent light, even overflowing with genius is his lanThat through the still grove sheds an guage, that, so far from thinking that this imitative night.
one volume has presented us with the “ The fretted ceiling, wrought
brightest flowers of his works, we should In all the prodigality of art,
be inclined to appeal to the editor's in
dustry and love of his author, to furnish Hath not such power to warm the glow
us with another of the same size. The ing heart,
entire collected edition of Mr. Hall's Or lift the mounting thought,
Works, though inestimable to his friends As the sublime of Nature, when we see
and valuable to the scholar and theoloIn his one mighty work, the mightier
gian, we are aware, are not adapted for Deity !
everyday hands ; but such a volume “But why, severely rude,
as this can find its way to many humWhy does my harder fate forbid my stay
ble hearts, and zealous and devout Among these scenes, and beckon me away
certain that it From this calm solitude
cannot be read without great profit : Into life's troubled sea, where every wave
we must add, that the notes by the
editor Rolls o'er the wreck of Hope, or Plea
very judiciously selected. sure's early grave ?
Since we wrote the above, we find Lord
Brougham bearing his high testimony of " Yet when the stream of life
Mr. Hall's genius. He says" In the Creeps down the vale of years with slow- eloquence of the pulpit, Hall comes er tide,
Massillon than either Cicero Oh I may not then some shelter be denied or Æschines to Demosthenes." See Far from th' enfeebling strife
Natural Theology Illustrated, vol. ii. Of human ills that darken to despair, From passion's madd’ning grasp, or iron tooth of care."
The Book of Illustrations; or, Scripture
Texts, exhibited by the aid of Similes, A Practical and Doctrinal Exposition fc. By Rev. H. G. Salter, A.M.-While of the Church Catechism, by a Member the author was meditating, or rather of St. John's College. -A very useful, forming, his work, he was informed of learned, and judicious exposition, con- the existence of an older one on the same taining in a small compass much im- subject, viz. Kalva kai Ilalaia --Things portant information, with much useful New and Old; or, a Storehouse of Simimatter in the notes.
les, &c. By John Spencer. 1658. Of
this he has very judiciously made large The Czar, a Romance of History, by use. The object of both authors is to the author of Manuella. 3 vols. There is enliven the exposition of Scriptural docmuch barbaric splendour in the descrip- trines, and the inculcation of religious and tions, much wild adventure and daring moral truths, by figures of speech, such as