« ZurückWeiter »
supposed that the animal was slain on the executed about the latter part of the fifgrave of some warrior of that ancient city. teenth or beginning of the sixteenth cenThe bit is of iron, with cheek-rings of tury. The subject is “ The Genealogy of brass. The rings are in fine preservation, Our Lord Jesus Christ,” according to his but the iron is greatly corroded.
human nature, as derived from Jesse, Mr. Rugs, of Lapucing farm, between through the twelve kings of Judah preOakhill and Shepton Mallet, in digging vious to the Babylonian captivity. In the over a tumulus, lately came to some centre of the lower part is the figure of stones, in removing which he discovered Jesse seated; the roots of a vine are on a few sepulchral urns, of very rude work- his head ; on his right are Aaron and manship, containing bones and ashes. In Esaias ; on his left, Moses and Elias. digging further he discovered more, in all 12 or 14. The farm is situated on what is called the Beacon, near some very ex
FRENCH ANTIQUARIAN INTELLIGENCE. tensive ancient Roman entrenchments, PARIS.—Comité Historique des Arts called Masbury Camp, and there are seve- et Monuments. The second volume of ral other tumuli near.
the instructions of this Committee on the
external architecture of ecclesiastical edi. As workmen were lately digging a new fices has appeared, and completes this paint-pit at Llanlinna, near Amlwych, division of the subject. It is full of woodthey discovered within three feet of the cuts (some of which, however, are rather surface a stone urn or coffin, on opening feeble in execution), and, together with which they found a human skeleton in the first volume, forms a complete manual a high state of preservation, measuring or catechism of mediæval architecture. It the extraordinary length of seven feet six is understood to proceed from the pen of inches. The skeleton throughout was M. Albert Lenoir, and it fully sustains quite proportional to its length, and in the character of learned research for which very perfect condition. The urn appears to that gentleman is so deservedly known. have been made from the Aberdovey lime- Arrangements are making for the translastone, and had the appearance of being tion and publication of these interesting much corroded by time. From the rude volumes in England, by some of the Cor. nature of this urn, it seems probable that responding Members of the Committee.the body had been first laid in the grave, The ninth number of the Bulletin of the and liinestone placed round its sides and Committee, completing the transactions on the top only, which, from the length of of the session of 1840, has also appeared. time they had lain under ground, had be- It terminates with the account of the sitcome cemented together.
tings in June, the period at which the A few days ago, a farmer discovered in Committee adjourned till November, and, a bank in a bog, in the townland of Kin- as usual, is full of details of high interest nigo, near Armagh, a beautiful antique to the French antiquary. Numerous bulla. It is nearly the shape of a heart, reports are contained in it from correand is made of fine gold. The back and spondents in all parts of France, showing front are without ornament, but the sides
the great utility of the Committee, in are covered with fine twisted wire, ending keeping a watch over acts of Vandalic in loops at the top. Along with it he
mutilation, with which some of the most found a spear-head, having a socket and precious edifices of the country are from holes for livets ; a celt, with socket and time to time threatened, and also demonloop; and two rings of cast brass, a large strating the extended love for, and cultiva. ' and a small one, linked together. They tion of, antiquarian knowledge, which, by are all in high preservation, and have been
means of the organization of this Com. added to the collection of Mr. Corry, Ar- mittee, and the efforts of its members, are magh.
beginning to prevail throughout the naA silver seal, in fine preservation, has tion. It has been announced to the Comrecently been found on the grounds of mittee, that the Minister of Public Works W. Brown, esq. at Monkton Butleigh, So- was inclined to order the conventual merset, near the site of the Priory of St. church of the Abbey of St. Martin des Mary Magdalene. This relique is a pen- Champs at Paris to be cut into two horidant, having a female front face, deeply zontally, to make new rooms for storing cut and of exquisite workmanship (pro- away old machinery. The applications on bably Italian); the legend encircling the the subject made to the Minister of the Inhead, " CAPVT MARIE MAGDALENE.' terior, will, it is hoped, prevent his col.
An ancient stained glass window has league from being allowed to injure in been lately erected in the Church of St. this manner one of the finest relics of the George's, Hanover Square. It belonged 14th century remaining in the capital. formerly to a convent at Malines, and was This bulletin records the exertions of the
Committee to save the Hotel de la Tre- the Palais de Justice. A sum of 100,000f. moille, in the Rue des Bourdonnais, at (£4,000) per annum is now finally allotted Paris, from total demolition : and one of to the restoration of this in valuable relic the English corresponding members has of the 13th century, including its wonderdevoted two months of the past summer ful series of stained-glass windows, until in making accurate drawings and admea. the whole shall be completely terminated. surements of all the principal parts and The works will begin in the spring. details of that valuable edifice. It appears
Departments. that all efforts, however, have been unavailing : the Government has refused to AUBE.--M. Didron, Secretary to the interfere ; the Municipal Council, pre- Comité Historique des Arts et Monuvented by the opinion of one of its radical ments, during a late visit to Troyes, hüd members, M. Arago, has refused to vote the good fortune to preserve from destrucenough money to buy even the materials, tion the most ancient edifice of that city. and the whole of the chefs-d'oeuvre of It was the principal entrance to the castle sculpture with which it abounds will be of the Counts of Champagne, wherein the converted into lime for building early next vassals used to perform homage to their spring, unless some enlightened and liberal Seigneur, and it is now the only relic repatron of arts and architecture intervenes, maining of that monument. It was built and purchases the parts that admit of at the end of the 11th century, with the transportation. The destruction of this circular arches of the epoch, and forms edifice, in the capital itself, under the eyes the first link of the highly interesting of Government, and in the very teeth of series of monuments for which Troyes is the Committee, is a painful but striking so remarkable, including the Church of instance of the damage which faction and the Magdalene, the Cathedral dedicated political intrigue cause to art and science. to St. Urban, seven other churches, and
The two first numbers of the Statistique the Hotel de Ville, built under Louis XIII. Monumentale of Paris, executed by order In July last the gateway of the old forof the Committee under the superintend - tress, with the land adjoining, was put up ence of M. Lenoir, are ready for publi- for sale ; but, on the representation of M. cation. They are on a very large scale, Didron to the Prefect of the Department, and are splendid specimens of French an- the land alone was sold, and the monutiquarian skill. They contain the Roman ment kept by the town. A place is to be antiquities of Paris, and the churches of formed round it. Montmartre and St. Germain des Prés. CALVADOS.-In 1836 the Rector of
The Church of St. Germain l'Auxerrois Bénouville discovered several antiquities has now got all its principal restorations in that parish, beneath the soil near the road completely terminated, and reflects great from La Délivrande to the ferry. A conhonour on the taste and ability of M. siderable number of tombs or sarcophagi Lassus, under whose inspection, and have since been found at a foot or two from whose drawings, this difficult beneath the surface, without any inscripwork has been effected. It now forms tion. In them were discovered cuirasses, the best speciment of the flamboyant style broaches or clasps of various dimensions, in the capital. The woodwork of some of some exceedingly simple, the rest highly the chapels, and particularly of the Lady wrought, partly in bronze, partly in iron, Chapel, which is all new, deserves parti- and a few in silver. There were, besides, cular mention, it having been executed in several very short swords, strong and terall its mouldings and open tracery-work minating in a point; some small earthen by machinery, according to the new pro- vases ; a thimble and needle in bronze; cess of M. Calas. The effect is admirable, pincers, a stylet, several glass beads, the and it has all the appearance of some of remains of a baldric, and a coin of Conthe best sculpture of the 15th century. stantius. Upon the lids of some of the The iron work, lock fronts, &c. have all sarcophagi were found human skeletons been executed from the ancient patterns of with the faces turned downwards. To the what still exists in the church; and a foot of one of the sarcophagi was found a marble font of the date of the Baptistery, skeleton chained, and inside was the skein which it is placed, is not one of the leton of a warrior armed. Near these least remarkable ornaments of the edifice. sarcophagi were found tombs dug in the The British antiquary will be delighted rocks, in which were charcoal ashes, with the careful respect for the architec. poniards, broken' spears, lances, vases in, tural traditions of bygone days shown in glass and earthenware, several ornaments the reparation of this church.
in bronze, a zodiac, a gold coin of one of The same architect (M. Lassus), con- the Merovingian Kings, Roman coins in jointly with M. Duban, M. Viollet Leduc, bronze, rings of iron, and a small handand M. Albert Lenoir, is charged with mill.--Other searches carried on in the the restoration of the Sainte Chapelle in neighbourhood, where there seems to have
been a fortified station, have produced LOIRE.-The fine Chateau of St. Vin. numerous human bones, a medal of one cent de Boisset, near Roanne, has been of the Antonines, &c. A memoir has sold by the Duke de Cadore for 700,000f. been drawn up on this subject, and com- to the Abbé Lacordaire, who intends to municated to the Society of Antiquaries convert it into a house of religious inof Normandy.
struction. It is one of the grandest speThe Abbé Desroches has published a cimens of the early part of the last cenmost valuable History of Mont St. Mi. tury: and the pannels of the principal chel, and the ancient diocese of Avranche. apartments are most exquisitely painted. It is in 2 vols 8vo. and is indispensable to
LOIRE INFERIEURE. - At La Mothe the Norman antiquary.
Saint Heraye some recent excavations in GIRONDE. - M. Merimée, Inspector a tumulus have exposed to view a gallery General of Historical Monuments, recom- and cave, formed by nine stones placed mends the Palais Gallien at Bordeaux to upright, which support an enormous slab, the especial care of the authorities, and more than 24 feet long. The interior of urges that it should be completely sepa- the cave was filled with human skeletons rated from the adjoining buildings. He and bones. The head of each skeleton has also been to visit the Byzantine touched the side of the cave, and by each Church of St. Macaire, remarkable for were placed vases of baked earth that had its frescos and valuable architectural de. contained provisions, intended for the details, as well as the Church of Loupine, funct in the other world. Some nuts and the walls of Cadillac, and the remains of acorns were found quite entire in these the magnificent Chateau of the Dukes of vases. Two axe-heads and two flint knives, Epernon.
with some other small cutting instruments, The Fort du Ha, at Bordeaux, one of were found, as well as two necklaces, one the oldest and most considerable of the of which was made of shells, the other of municipal fortresses of France, has been baked earth; several boar's tusks, the lately demolished, in order to allow of a bone of a dog, and some fragments of an new Palais de Justice and prison being earthern plate, with rudely traced designs. erected on its site. This fort had itself Of the vases near the skeletons four were been constructed out of the remains of in good preservation, and one of these is the wall, which, after the time of the supposed to be the cup of a Druid. The Romans, had been erected round Bor- tumulus is about 200 feet in circumdeaux ; and this wall again had been ference, and 18 feet high. formed out of the wrecks of Roman tombs, MAINE ET LOIRE.-In one of the halls temples, and houses, that lined the high of the Bishop's palace at Angers, built by road leading from the city or the streets. one of the Counts of Anjou, M. Schmidt, The consequence has been that a consider- Inspector General of cathedrals and reliable quantity of fragments of altars, cippi, gious edifices, having ordered some plastombs, &c. have a second time come to ter work to be removed from the walls, light.-In making a well in the Rue De- has discovered a fine series of circularvise St. Catharine, at Bordeaux, the work- headed windows, the architraves resting men, at a little depth below the soil, came on small shafts, and in the best style of to some Roman statues, lying horizon- the 11th century. The hall is about 70 tally. These they cut through, left the feet by 20 feet, and should be visited by portions not in their cutting sticking in whoever passes through Angers. This the earth, and then walled them up, along district is one of the most remarkable in with the rest of the well, where they will France, not only for the monuments it remain for future ages to exhumel A contains, but also for the enlightened taste Roman column had formerly been found and public spirit of the principal inhabitclose to this spot.
ants, who have not only formed a very ILLE ET VILAINE.-An ancient canoe excellent museum of mediæval antiquities has recently been found in a marsh near at Angers, but have also done all in their St. James, in this department. In form it power to prevent the degradation of the resembles the Canadian canoe, and is remains of the middle ages scattered over formed out of a single piece of oak. It the surface of the country. is about 15 feet long, by 3 feet wide, and NORD.-The ancient Church of Verat the time of its discovery contained two linghem has been entirely destroyed by fire. skeletons. It is
perfect preservation, SEINE INFERIEURE.-The Church of and was so near the surface that one of Bourdun, near Rouen, has, to use the its extremities protruded from the ground. energetic language of an antiquary of The river Beuvron runs through the marsh that city, just been given over to “ l'igin which it was lying.
noble balai des badigonneurs.”
and 60,000 National Guards were in The Prince de Joinville arrived on the attendance. All passed off peaceably. 30th November at Cherbourg, with the Christina, the Dowager Queen of remains of the Emperor Napoleon, which Spain, has visited Louis-Philipe at Fonwere disinterred at St. Helena on the tainebleau, where she received an affec15th of October. It appears, by the re- tionate welcome. Her aunt, the Queen ports of the French and English Com. of the French, presented her_to the missioners, that they, on that day, ar- Duchess de Nemours and the Princess rived at the place called Napoleon's Val. Clementine. She has now, we underley, in St. Helena, where they found the stand, left France for Italy. tomb guarded by a detachment of the 91st regiment of English infantry. They The celebrated sea-port of Palestine, commenced operations at midnight, and St. Jean d'Acre, was taken by the allies, began by removing the iron railing which on the 3d of November. It appears that surrounded the tomb; they then removed Col. Smith, who commands the forces in three ranges of masonry, and came to a Syria, directed Omar Bey, with 2,000 vault eleven feet deep, nearly filled with Turks, to advance on Tyre, and occupy clay; a bed of Roman cement then pre- the passes to the northward of Acre ; in sented itself, and underneath was another the mean time Admiral Sir Robert Stopbed, ten feet deep, bound together with ford sailed from Beyrout Roads, having bands of iron. A covering of masonry on board 3000 Turks, and detachments of was then discovered five feet deep, form- English artillery and sappers. The forces ing the covering of the sarcophagus. The and fleet arrived off Acre at the same external coffin was found perfect; and on hour. At two o'clock p. m. a tremenopening the third by the doctor, the body dous cannonade took place, which was of Bonaparte was exposed to view. His maintained without intermission for some features were so little changed that bis hours ; the steamers lying outside throwface was recognised by those who had ing, with astonishing rapidity, their shells known him when alive; and the uniform, over the ships into the fortification. the orders, and the hat, which had been During the bombardment the arsenal and buried with him, were very little changed. magazine blew up, annihilating upwards The coffin was then closed, and having of 1,200 of the enemy, forming two enbeen placed on a funeral car, the corners tire regiments, who were drawn up on of the pall were held by Lieut. - General the ramparts. A sensation was felt on Count Bertrand, Lieut.-General Baron board the ships similar to that of an Gourgaud, Baron Las Cases, &c. Minute earthquake. Every living creature within guns were fired during the procession. the area of 60,000 square yards ceased The Governor then delivered the body to to exist. At two o'clock on the followthe Prince, who had it conveyed on ing morning a boat arrived from Acre, board the Belle Poule with royal ho. to announce that the remainder of the nours, viz. the firing of salutes and man- garrison were leaving the place, and ing the yards. On the following day a as soon as the sun rose, the British, funeral service was performed, and the Austrian, and Turkish flags were seen body was then lowered between decks. waving on the citadel. The town was On the 18th of October the Belle Poule found to be one mass of ruins—the bat. and her companion, the Favourite, set teries and houses riddled all over-the sail for France.
killed and wounded lying about in all Bonaparte's remains were removed directions. The defence of the place from Cherbourg to the church of the was entrusted to a Pole, who lost his Invalides in Paris, on Tuesday Dec. 15. arm, and is among the prisoners, which The funeral procession was splendid, the amount to more than 3,000 men. The coffin being conveyed on a car, and the slain are estimated at 2,500, and those number of people assembled is stated to who fled exceed 1,000; but the latter bave been 500,000. The King and the were hourly being brought in by the royal family attended at the ceremony, mountaineers, who dash on horseback
into the town by hundreds, seizing car- Governor, and steps were taken to render bines and cartridges, then fly to the it permanently a British possession. mountain passes, to intercept the fugi- Chusan is on the Chinese coast, and its tives. The loss of Lieut. Le Mesurier, capital, a walled city six miles in circumof the Talbot, is much regretted. In ference, is named Ting-bae-heen. The this attack, 17 were killed and 36 wounded great advantage of taking this place is, on board the fleet. The Turkish troops that it enables the Admiral to stop the were landed to garridon Acre, where a enormous trade which is carried on by the vast quantity of stores and materiel were rivers and ports, which he has placed unfound : there is also a park of artillery of der blockade. The mandarins along the 200 guns in first rate order, and a large coast showed no decided hostility to the sum in specie. Col. Smith remarks, English, yet none of them could be prethat the moral influence that will result vailed upon to carry Lord Palmerston's from the surrender of this formidable for- letter to the Emperor, as they declared tress is incalculable to the cause in which the certain penalty would be instant the allies are engaged.
The town con- death. Three magazines, containing guntained near 20,000 inhabitants. Three powder, shot, matchlocks, swords, bows days after the capture of the fortress a and arrows, steel helmets, uniform, clothpowder magazine unfortunately blew up, ing, &c. have been taken at Chusan. The by which accident nearly three hundred cannon are all small, ranging from two to persons, principally natives, were killed nine pounders. The Chinese had about and wounded.
25 men killed, and their admiral is also By accounts from Alexandria, dated said to be wounded. The English troops Nov. 26, it appears that the Egyptian escaped without any loss. question is probably settled. Mehemet
EAST INDIES. Ali has expressed his entire submission to Accounts have been received from the Sultan, and full assent to the demands India, which state that Dost Mahomed of the British Adnjiral. The Turkish had been defeated on the 18th of Septemfeet is to be immediately restored to the ber, on the northern frontier, by a small Sultan, and the hereditary government of force under Brigadier Dennie; and the Egypt secured to Mehemet Ali. Syria inhabitants of Affghanistan have, thereis to be abandoned, and other arrange- fore, not risen up in arms against us, as ments are instantly to be entered into. they would have done had the scales of
victory been inclined the other way. The Highly interesting intelligence has enemy were 10,000 strong, and left 500 been received from Admiral Elliot and men dead on the field, together with all Commodore Sir John Bremer, the officers their baggage, &c. Dost Mahomed fled, commanding the expedition against China. seriously wounded. Şinde was tranquil;
The forts and junks at Amoy have and Capt. Brown had evacuated the fort been destroyed. The city and island of of Kahun by treaty with the Murrees. It Chusan were captured on the 5th of July, appears that the Asiatic scourge, the cho. by Brig.-Gen. Burrell, after a very slight lera, had re-appeared at Candy. resistance. The latter was appointed
The Queen, having recovered from her vice, or in depôt, at the rate of 31. a com. accouchement, is gone with her Royal pany. Wherever it is possible, is in. Consort to Windsor Castle. Mrs. Kemp- tended that this situation shall be held by thorne, the widow of the late Rector of the wife of a non-commissioned officer of St. Michael's, Gloucester, has been ap- the regiment to wbich she is appointed. pointed, by her Majesty's direction, Su- Workmen have been employed in efperintendent of the Royal Nursery. fecting a great improvement to the en
Regimental Schoolmistresses. Her trance of the court-yard of St. James's Majesty has signed a warrant for the ap- Palace. The awkward building which pointment of a schoolmistress to every has for many years projected from the regiment of cavalry, and every regiment, wall of the residence of the King Hanbattalion, or depôt of infantry. Her du- over into Cleveland-row, generally known ties will be, to instruct the female children as the “ suttling house" for the military of soldiers in reading, writing, arithmetic, on duty in the Palace, is now razed to and plain needle-work. For this she is the ground, which will afford a much to receive a salary of 201. a-year, or where better entrance to the Park through the a regiment of infantry is on detached ser
Another great improve