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It is rather in compliance with a custom long established, than for the purpose of imparting any particular information to our readers, that we continue our addresses to them, at this portion of the year, on the subject of the Magazine: more especially, as we have fully communicated to them in our previous prefaces, the system which we have laid down for its management, and which we believe to be most conducive to the purposes for which it was established, and which it continues to promote. We think that nothing has occurred in the last half year, either connected with our literary or antiquarian departments, which demands any peculiar notice. Many valuable books have passed in review before us; and some points of literature, neither incurious nor unimportant, have been discussed either by ourselves, or by our correspondents. That in all cases we have satisfied authors, whose works we have reviewed, of the justice of our decisions, it would be vain to expect; for what parent can look with impartial eyes on his own offspring ? but we venture to assert, that while not forgetting that the public has a right to expect from us an opinion formed with care, and delivered with impartiality; we have also endeavoured to take the more favourable side in our critical judgments; and not retard the exertions, or repress the hopes of those, who from various motives, and with various success, are honourably engaged in the field of literature. These observations may apply more peculiarly to the youthful aspirants after fame, whose numbers, particularly of the gentler sex, we observe are rapidly increasing, and whose compositions form no inconsiderable portion of the productions of the press. On
then, who perhaps will listen to us more willingly than their elders, we wish earnestly to impress the great necessity, if they wish to be distinguished among their numerous competitors, of severely reviewing their own works, before they trust them to be reviewed by others. This plan, honestly pursued, will blunt the shafts of the severest criticism, and inspire them with a well-grounded confidence in the success of their publications. Let them recollect, that the character of a work is estimated not by its quantity, but quality; let them not be ambitious, juvenili levitate, of for ever filling the press with their name: the naturalists tell us, that the mouse, and other insignificant animals, produce a numerous progeny at a litter--the lioness but two; but then those two are LIONS. June, 1841.
E PLURIBUS UNUM.
POETRY:—Sonnet on Dr. Routh's entering his 50th year of office as President
The ingenious reviewer.of Dyce's edi. A. J. K. submits to the consideration tion of the works of Middleton is inform- of Mr. READER, (Dec. p. 616) whether ed that the etymology of atone from at the true derivation of the name Warwick one, bad neither Mr. Henley for its ori. is not hinted at by Camden from the ginal author, nor were the critics, to Britisha word Guarth or Garth, signifywhom the reviewer refers, indebted for it ing a fortified inclosure on a hill. Let the to a pun of Thomas Edwards. (See orthography of Guarth be altered to Gent. Mag. for Dec. p. 576.)
Warth, --Gu and W, in many old names viewer will find it in “ The Guide into and words, have the same power: as Guido, Tongues," by John Minshew, in the Wido, Guiscard, Wiscard, Gulielmus, Etymologicon of Skinner, and also in Willelmus, Guarantizare, Warrantizare, that of Junius. The quotations from to guarantee and to warrant, are synonythe writings of the early English writers mous, &c. Let this alteration, I say, be on religion, produced by Richardson, made, and of Guarth-wic we have leave no doubt that the etymology was Warth-wick - familiarly Warwick familiar to their minds; and it appears that the fortified place, or the hill place. Bp. Beveridge expressly adopted it. It may be observed that the defi.
In answer to the question in our nition he gives of the term as from last number on the etymology of the Wæring, a mound, and wick, a town, ap, name of a well-known suburban pa- proaches very nearly to the derivation I rish, “ Hackney," Q. submits à con- have proposed. A good deal might be jecture. Ac is in Saxon (from which said on the modifications of the word almost all our local habitations have their Guarth, alias Warth—of this I take Warnames) an oak, and ey, an isle, or isolated ren to be one; and that is, indeed, the place; thence we find Acken-ey, or Cock- very term which Mr. READER, following nicé, Hackney, the place of oaks, like the Saxon Chronicle, thinks is
compound Thorney (where St. Peter's, Westminster, ed into Warwick, 9. d. Warren-wick. stands), the place of thorn-bushes, and W. H. will feel obliged if any corresOseney (near Oxford), the place of oxen. pondent can inform him from what fa[Here we may remark that in the cases mily of Tonge, Dr. Tonge was descendabove-mentioned, and such others as we ed, who was concerned in the pretended can recollect, ey signifies absolutely an Popish plot in the reign of Charles II. island, not an isolated place.-Edit.]- and who procured the infamous Titus The same correspondent adds, Let me Oates as a witness against the Catholics. query whether the root given at p. 575, A member of the Barry family (at of your last, kok, foolish--for cuckoo, be Stockton-on-Tees) begs to correct an ernot too farfetched? It apparently belongs ror in his signature (Dec. p. 562.) He to that large class of words imitated by intended to sign himself" a Barry," meanman after the fashion of a mocking-bird, ing that he was “A member of the Barry and only mimics the cuckoo's note, cuc- family" only; and not that his Christian coo, just as hic-cough does the guttural name began with the letter A. The wife convulsion, or cough itself the noise of of Mr. William Barry whom he named coughing, bark of barking, quack of a was Susanna Burren, not Burrew. Her duck's quacking, &c. Guck-guck is the father, Mr. Anthony Burren, was a German form of cuckoo, and has no al. wealthy merchant in the parish of St. lusion to folly; while from guck comes Dunstan's-in-tbe-East. Her husband, the Scotch word gowk, a cuckoo, which Mr. Barry, resided in St. Dunstan’s-inhas received the secondary English mean- the-West. ing, silly, also. Perhaps Cuckfield, Cuck- Mr. J. G. NICHOLS requests to be famere, and such localities, are contractions voured with references to any topografrom cuckoo-field, cuckoo-mere, &c. phical or other works into which inventoNay, it is possible that the much deliti. ries of household furniture and other progated term, Cockney, might be derived perty, particularly of the time of Elizafrom the same simple source : Cuckeney beth and James I. have been introduced. is the name of several places in England We recommend Z. X. to address his (one in Notts, for example), and means remonstrances to some local periodical. the place of cuckoos, on my theory: In the review of Krasinski, Dec. p. London would thence be allusively nick- 626, col. 1, the words “ the Bishop first named Cuckney, or the place of simple. mentioned," should be," the Bishop just tons. Aristophanes would call it, not mentioned." • Cuckoo-cloudland,” but Cuckoo-fog- In Dec. p. 648, the respective numbers land, probably? It strikes me, that kok, of votes for Lord Lyndhurst and Lord foolish, is itself derived from cuckoo, Lyttelton should be 973 and 488. rather than vice-versa.
1. Tour in Sweden, fc. by Samuel Laing, Esq. 2. On the Moral State and Political Union of Sweden and Norway, in answer to Mr. Laing, 1840.
THE observations in this work appear to us to be those of aninquiring and informed mind: the view which Mr. Laing gives of a country so closely connected with our own, and yet so dissimilar both in its social system, its political institutions, and its natural character, must lead to an interesting comparison of their relative advantages and excellence ; while the inferences which he draws from certain apparent peculiarities and anomalies which he meets with in the course of his observations, and the conclusions he wishes to establish, if not generally admitted, will yet, we think, be found to be based upon something more than partial truth.
In the present state of political feeling, and in the struggle which is now maintaining between those who wish to preserve the ancient institutions which have grown venerable by time, and appear to be approved by the experience of mankind, and those who think the general happiness to be inseparably connected with a new and more popular form of government; it is to be presumed, that the great importance of the subject will force itself on all reflecting minds, and place them on one side or the other of the controverted question. Mr. Laing adopts what is called the more liberal view, and consequently the Norwegian constitution finds more favour in his eyes than the aristocracy of Sweden.
But as the value of facts is to lead to general conclusions, so it is most necessary that these facts should be established on wide and accurate observation; and as Mr. Laing, like other travellers in the present day, spends no more time in the country which he visits than enables him to take a panoramic view of its leading features, we think, that, whether right or wrong, his theories are of less importance than his observations; and no one who has read his work will deny that it presents, if not many finished and elaborate pictures, yet some pleasing sketches of the country and the people among whom he dwelt for a few summer-months. Different countries require travellers of different minds and acquirements : from him, who acquaints us that he has traversed the Italian Alps, gazed on the temples of Pæstum, and measured the gigantic sculpture of Girgenti, we expect a somewhat refined and artist-like knowledge of the principles on which the masterpieces of Italian art are formed; he who, like the late Mr. Douglas, plunges into the untrodden wilds of the western globe, and traverses in many a lone and moonlight journey the immense savanahs of California, will doubtless return laden, as he did, with the rich spoils of rifled nature, and adorn our landscapes with the new and exuberant foliage of a foreign clime; and as neither Medicæan Apollos, nor Doric temples, nor forms of beauty glowing with the hues of Titian's pencil, are to be found on the shores of the Baltic, or on the Scandinavian hills, Mr. Laing wisely directed his mind to the more useful inquiry concerning the constitutional system of the countries, the administration of the laws, the formation of the government, and the wellbeing of the inhabitants.