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PREFACE. We have acted, however, with the strictest impartiality ; and have been guided, as we ever shall be guided, by the sole idea of producing a mass of Miscellaneous matter, from which the Studious may be improved, the General Reader satisfied, and all, if not instructed, gratified and amused. We might indeed assert higher claims to praise and encouragement ; as we are conscious that profound subjects in Theology, that critical intricacies in the Greek and Latin Classicks, and that various subtleties in the other branches of Science, have been illustrated and explained in our progressive pages. We leave these, however, to speak for . themselves, presuming on the continuance of that indulgence, which seems to have grown with the growth of our

, Publication. With confidence, therefore, which such long experience justifies and inspires, we invite our Friends and Correspondents to continue to us their kind assistance. Such labours and exertions as these our pages record and perpetuate, afford a pleasing relief and repose, from the tumult, the din, and the discord of Political concussions. Here then let our peaceful efforts be directed and exercised; and whilst

"the Fiend of War, That now relentless o’er Europa's plains Roams uncontroul'd, and drives his iron car

Through scenes of horror and o'er heaps of slain *,'Let us address ourselves to Genius and to Science, and implore them to sooth and harmonize the disturbed and angry passions of mankind, by their protectịon, and their influence.

May a succeeding year unfold a more propitious prospect, and our Countrymen be blessed with the return of Happiness and Peace!

“Haste, happier hours !"

* From Roscoe's translation of the Greek Verses addressed by Musuaris to Leo X

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METEOROLOGICAL DIARY for June, 1810. By Dr. POLE, Bristol.

O Days. Mo.

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60 72 90- 3 clear
61 71 SO-3 ditto
58 69

90- 3 mostly clear
61 70 30- 3 ditto

55 58 30- 4 mostly cloudy
6
58 72
30-4

ditto
59 70
SO. 1

mostly clear
30-0 Pitto
56 74 29-18 eloudy at times, some light rain in the evening
60 66 29-15

cloudy
61 67 29-15 cloudy at times, windy
32

56 66 29-18 cloudy, some light rain 13

57 60 29-16 mostly cloudy, frequent heavy rain, with hail

58 65 30- 1 clear most of the day 15 59 70 30- 3

elear 16 58 67 29-18 cloudy at times 17 56 68 29-18

ditto 18 64 71

29.18 mostly eloudy 19

63 69 29-18 cloudy, some light showers 20 63. 68 29-18 morning cloudy, light rain, afternoon clear, windy 21 65 74 30- 2

cloudy at times 22 67 79 SO

clear 23 67 74 S0- 5 ditto 24 62 73

30-3

ditto 25 67 75 30- 1 mostly clear, evening cloudy 26 62 70 30-0 cloudy at times, some light rain 27 54 65 29-18

mostly cloudy, one heavy shower 28 60 68 29-18

mostly clear 29 60 72 29-18 ditto SO 64 72 30-0 cloudy at times.

The average degrees of Temperature as noted at 8 o'clock in the morning, are 60 53-100ths ; thuse of the corresponding month in the year 1809, were"58 85-100ths; in 1808, 59 90-100ths; in 1807, 59 45-100ths ; in 1806, 01 80-100ths; ju 1805, 57 50-100ths; and in 1804, 62.

The quantity of Rain fallen this month, is equal to 1 inch 55-700ths ; that of the corresponding month in the year 1809, was 1 inch 75-100ths ; in 1808, 1 inch 75. 100ths; in 1807, 15-100ths of an inch; in 1806, 1 inch 32-100ths in 1805, 2 inches 58-100ths; and in 1904, 25-100ths of an inch.

METEOROLOGICAL 'TABLE for July 1810. By W. CARY, Strand. Height of Fahrenheit’s Thermometer. Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer.

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THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,

For JULY, 1810.

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Mr. URÐAR,

July 20. ther he is wrong in this, of whether “ Constant READER,” p. 303, b. the Church of Rome, in a work reously disappointed" and "astonished,” Rome, has belied the Council, in say. because I have attributed to the Coun- ing these rules were published" by cil of Trent "a rule which, he says, the command of the Council of Trent," did not exist at the time of that Coun. when, in fact, they never did command cil.” When or by whom the rule in them to be published; these are points question was actually drawn up, I which I leave to your Correspondent shall not ‘now inquire. In common to investigate and settle as truth may and fair construction, a General, or lead him; and will only add, that if other person in authority, is said to he can prove that the Council of Trent perform the exploit, whether laŭdable never did make themselves responsible or otherwise, which he orders to be for these rules by injoining them to be done ; and it must be evident to any published, he is then perfectly wel. candid reader, that in this sense only, come to substitute " the Church of I said (Life of Nowelt, p. 152,) the Rome” for “ the Council of Trent" Council of Treut " prohibited the in the passage which has given him reading of the Scriptures in the ver- so much trouble. Dacular tongue,” as I distinctly re

Yours, &c. R. CHurton." ferred to “ Rutes, &c. by order of the P.S. One point I had nearly overCouncil of Trent. Index Libror. Pro- looked. Your Correspondent (p. 303,) hibit. 1758, p. ii." So the book itself speaks with astonishment on finding expressly exhibits these rules: "Re- himself referred for proof of the whole gulæ Indicis sacrosanctæ Synodi Tri- to a rule of the Index Expurgatorius." dentinæ Jussu edite:” “ Regulas ip- This is a mistake. I referred to that. sias Indicis sacrosanctæ Synodi Tri- rule only for what it relates to, the dentinæ jussu editas-præmisimus." reading of Scripture. For what is said We leară from Father Paul's History respecting Catechisms, distinct auof the Council of Trent *, that a Com- thorities are given in the note on the mittee, consisting of four archbishops, passage; Lise of Nowell, p. 152. R. C. nine bishops, and others, was appointed, to frame this famous Index Libro- Mr. URBAN,

July 22. rum Prohibitorum ; and Du Pin him

N the course of the Vaccine contest, self, before the Council ended,

says

it has often been asserted, that expressly of this Committee, " they loveulation for Small-pox is a thing have now set their fast hand to the

$o safe as to induce no danger; and work f.” Whether therefore he else- wonderful stories have been circulated where mis-states the fact, in saying, of practitioners having performed this “ This Index "contained as yet no operation even on thousands without fules” (though he admits the rules the loss of a single patient. If the #ere published, with the Index, a few doodgates of prejudice are still to be months afterwards by Pius IV.) and kept open; and a torrent of filth to that the rules “ ought not to be flow through them against Vaccinalooked upon as the Council of Trent's, tion, the most important of modern or made by their authority ;" whe- discoveries, it were to be wishod that P. 446, Enyish edition.”

this boasted method of security under Eccles. Hist. Fel. 1692, &c. p. 389: Variolous Inoculation might be gene

Can. of Script. vol. i. 1696, p.255. rally known and followed. That there The Council ended in Dec. 1563, and the is danger from it, as it is commonly index, Du Pin says, was published in 1564, performed, danger to the organs of

hearing

4 Fatal Instances of Variolous Inoculation.--Rural Deans. (July, hearing and sight, and danger to life first place, that the disease in the itseif, the observation of every one Harpenden cases had not been caught will, I believe, readily convince him. previously to inoculation ; for the In confirmasion of this remark, I send usual period elapsed after this before you three cases which have lately oc- the children sickened : and it may curred in one family, at Harpenden, therefore be averred that “the deaths near St. Alban's: an inhabitant of this of these three infants were in consevillage named Downes, the Keeper of quence of Small-pox Inoculation, perthe l'ost-office, had five children, two formed in the customary method by of which were vaccidated about three a regular medical mau. Think of years since; but the Small-pox bejng this, all parents! think of this, all who lately in the neighbourhood, the pa- are interested either for your own rents were unhappily persuaded to families, or your neighbours! and eshave their other three children ino: pecially think of this, all medical culated with that disorder. Of these practitioners! Rely not on your former two were twins, aged two years and success, even if it have been comparseven months, and she third an infant'atively great. What has happened to only eight' months old : 'nor did their another, may happen to you! but if ages only appear favourable for the mischief less serious than what has operation; they were all fine healthy been detailed should accidentally rechildren ; indeed, so much so as fre- sult from Small.pox Inoculation under quently to attract observation from your care; some at least is to be aptheir more opulent neighbours. Iņ prehended' to those on whom you pursuance of the parents' determina- operate, and to others; bow can you tion, these victions were inoculated for answer for the effects of the contathe Small-pox by a regular profes- gion which you have excited: Grant, sional man; they all took the disease, that your own immediate patients rewhich becoming confluent, one of the cover, may not many others through twins (it is really melancholy to relate your act be prematurely spatched it) died on the 11th, the other on the away? Most of you, I believe, are 12th, and the third child on the 14th friendly to Vaccination ; but you de day from the commencement of the not appear to

to recommend it with sufvariolous fever, in the paroxysm of ficient zeal, nor do you object to ino: which one of them suffered so much culating variolously at the first repain that he literally tore his flesh quest of uninformed people, who, misfroin his arm. When the disease as- led by the “ fabulæ aniles,” which sumed alarming appearances, a second self-interest or obdąrate prejudice medical gentleman of established re- propagate, prefer that manichean idol, putation and extensive practice was Small Pox, to the security aud blesscalled in ; but the efforts of science ings of Vaccination. were vain: it is only fair however lo Yours, &c. HERTFORDIENSIS. add, that, from minute inquiry, no blaine seems imputable to the original Inoculator, respecting either the

Mr. URBAN,

July 23, mode of communicating the disease. 1 Animation in a note

(vol

. LXXIX, AM

to or the subsequent treatment. The two eldest children of the family, whohad P: 1202,) where the office of Dean bien vaccinated three years before, Nurai is explained *: Perhaps some were exposed in all possible ways to of your Correspondents will bave the the infection, even 'sleeping in the goodness to state how far the duties same room with the other three, till of so vesy usefut an office are still the stench became insupportable; and exercised, and whether in any dioceses it is only one of ten thuasand similar besides that of Exeter. facts to say, that they wholly resisted Bishop Atterbury was Archdeacon infection. Though no other instance of Totness, and the account of the so remarkable bas occurred, these are Dean Rural constitutes his Charge to not the only lives which have been lost the Clergy of that District 1708. pear St. Alban's in the course of the lo a late publication by Dr. Words Spring and Summer, through Small- porth he is styled Dean and Rector of pox inoculation.

Indulge me, Mr. Urban, with only * See Atterbury's Epistolary Corre, a few remarks. It is obvious, in the spondence, vol. II. 1783, p. 234.

Bocking i

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