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of name, and nothing more. Besides this Farming Book, Mr. Best has left behind him an Account Book, which forms the First Appendix, and on page 83 he mentions "our allmanacke."
The Second Appendix contains the descent of the manor; various papers connected with its history and extent, and a brief account of the family of Best of Elmswell. The Manuscript whence the text of the present volume is transcribed, is in the possession of the elder coheiress of that house, and to the kindness of that lady the members of the Surtees Society are indebted for one of the most interesting of their publications; and she has conferred an additional favour upon them in allowing it to be illustrated by her accurate pencil.
CHARLES BEST ROBINSON.
July 21, 1857.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
OF SHEEPE. 1-31. How to know Tuppes from Wethers, 1 ; of Lambes, 2; how to
choose a Good Tuppe, 4; Signs of a Good Ewe, 6; usual Markes of an 11-thriv-
for Greasinge of Lambes, 29, 69; how to make Salve, 30; for Sellinge of Woll,
My Lord Finche's Custom at Watton for Clippinge, 96; concerning Sheepe, 97.
OF HARVEST WORKES, &c., AND FIRST OF SHEARINGE. 42-108. For Leadinge of
Winter Corne, 46; for Mowinge of Haver, 48; for Leadinge of Oates, 51; for
143; for Thatchinge, 138; of Thatchinge, 144; for Eizinge of a Wall, 146.
For MARKETING. 99-125. For Sellinge of Corne, 99; for sending of Cornc to the
Mill for the Ilowse-use, 103; for Buyinge of Butter, 105; for Businge of all
Fayres hereaboutes, 112; for Buyinge of Firre-deales, 125.
and Coupes from Wette, 137.
RURAL ECONOMY IN YORKSHIRE
Tuppes are eyther
Sheepe is not onely a common name for both sexes, but is likewise putt and taken for all generally, as when men say a flocke, a keepinge, or a folde of sheepe:
!Tuppes, i. e. Rammes.
Hunge tuppes are such as have both the stones in the cockle, and they onely are to bee kept for breeders; because of the experienced adage, omne anima1 generat sibi simi1e. Close tuppes are such as have both the stones in the ridge of the backe, and are therefore very difficult to geld. Riggon tuppes are such as have one stone in the codde, and the other in the ridge of the backe, and therefore the most dainger and difficidtie is in geldinge of these, beinge to bee cutt in two places before they can be made cleane weathers.
Howe To Knowe Tuppes From Wetheks.
If the tuppe be either close tuppe or riggon tuppe, yow may (if hee bee an horned tuppe) knowe him by the bignesse and greenesse of his hornes, whiche in a weather seeme deade, and are both smaller and shorter; but if hee bee a dodded tuppe, yow may knowe him best by the brantnesse of his foreheade, which appearith high and sharpe in the sj>ace l>etwixt eyebrow and the nose grissles; but in an ewe, or weather, seemeth low and flatte.