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abate. In spite of every discouragement and every obstacle, treason has pursued its purposes. Happily, this country has been shielded from the calamities of French principles and French treasons, by the well tempered vigour of its government, and the prevalent aetive loyalty of its people. Yet, against all this opposition conspiracy has struggled. Vigilance and energy are still requisite to secure the blessings so firmly maintained. Upon every occasion it has been the honourable character of parliament to have exerted a vigour limited to the necessity of the case. It has kept up to the urgency of the danger, and never overstepped the bounds of moderation. Preserving the liberties of the country sacred and unimpaired, it has displayed an energy proportioned to the magnitude of the crisis; and, guided by the same principles, I trust it will continue to pursue that course which has secured the constitution, the liberties, the prosperity, and the happiness of this country. I shall now move, Sir, “ That it is the opinion of this committee, that a bill be brought in to renew and amend the bill passed in the thirty-eighth of bis present Majesty, for securing and detaining persons accused of treason and sedition; and that a bill be brought in to suppress seditious societies and seditious prac


The resolutions were passed without a division,

June 7, 1799.

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The House having resolved itself into a Committee of Supply, his Majes. ty's message, which had been referred to the committee the preceding day, acquainting the House with the engagements entered into between bis Majesty and the Emperor of Russia,' was read.

MR. PrtT then rose, and in a short speech moved that the sum of 825,0001. be granted to his Majesty, to enable his Majesty to fulfil his engagements with Russia in such a marner as may be best adapted to the exigencies of the case

Mr. Tierney opposed the motion.on the ground of its object being undefined. He called upon ministers to declare what was the common cause, they talked of, and what was meant by the deliverance of Europe ; asserting, that he woula

not vote any sums for a purpose which he did not understatid, and in aid of a power whose object he did not know, which might be appropriated

to her own views exclusively, and to the injury, instead of the welfare of England.

MR, PITT. I wish, Şir, to offer such an explanation om some of the topics dwelt upon by the honourable gentleman" who just sat down, as will, I think, satisfy the committee and the honourable gentleman. The nature of the engagement to which the message would pledge the house is simply, that, Ist, for the purpose of setting the Russian army in motion, we shall advance., to that country 225,000l. part of which, by instalments, to accompany the subsidy to be paid when the army is in actual service. And I believe no one, who has been the least attentive, to the progress of affairs in the world, who can appreciate worth, and admire superior zeal and activity, will doubt, the sincerity of the sovereign of Russia, or make a question of his integrity in any compact. The 2d head of distribution is 75,000l. per; month, to be paid at the expiration of every succeeding month of service; and, lastly, a subsidy of 37,5001, to be paid after the war, on the conclusion of a peace by common consent. Now, I think it strange that, the honourable gentleman should charge us with want of prudence, while it cannot be unknown to him that the principal subsidies are not to be paid until the service has been performed, and that, in one remarkable instance the present subsidy differs from every other, in as much as a part of it is not to be paid until after the conclusion of a peace, by common consent. I think, gentlemen would act more consistently if they would openly give their opposition on the principle that they cannot support the war under any circumstances. of the country and of Europe, than in this equivocal and cold , manner, to embarrass our deliberations, and throw, obstacles in the way of all vigorous co-operation. There is no reason, no ground to fear that that magnanimous, prince will act with infidelity in a cause in which he is, so sincerely engaged, and which he knows to be the cause of all good government, of religion and humanity, against a monstrous medley of tyranny, injustice, vanity, irreligion, ignorance, and folly. Of such an ally there

* Mr. Tierney.

can be no reason to be jealous; and least of all have the honourable gentlemen opposite me grounds of jealousy, considering the nature and circumstances of our engagements with that monarch. As to the sum itself, I think no man can find fault with it. In fact, it is comparatively small. We take into our pay 45,000 of the troops of Russia, and I believe, if any gentleman will look to all former subsidies, the result will be, that never was so large á body of men subsidized for so small a sum. This fact cannot be considered without feeling that this magnanimous and powerful prince has undertaken to supply at a very trifling expense a most essential force, and that for the deliverance of Europe. I still must use this phrase, notwithstanding the sneers of the honourable gentleman. Does it not promise the deliverance of Europe, when we find the armies of our allies rapidly advancing in a career of victory at once the most brilliant and auspicious that perhaps ever signalized the exertions of any combination ? Will it be regarded with apathy, that that wise and vigorous and exalted prince has already, by his promptness and decision, given a turn to the affairs of the continent? Is the house to be called upon to refuse succours to our ally, who, by his prowess, and the bravery of his arms, has attracted so much of the attention and admiration of Europe?

The honourable gentleman says he wishes for peace, and that he approved more of what I said on this subject towards the close of my speech, than of the opening. Now what I said was, that if by powerfully seconding the efforts of our allies, we could only look for peace with any prospect of realizing our hopes, whatever would enable us to do so promptly and effectually would be true economy. I must, indeed, be much misunderer stood, if generally it was not perceived that I meant, that whether the period which is to carry us to peace be shorter or longer, what we have to look to is not so much when we make peace, as, whether we shall derive from it complete and solid security; and that whatever other nations may do, whether they shall per• severe in the contest, or untimely ahandon it, we have to look to ourselves for the means of defence, we are to look to the

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means to secure, our constitution, preserve our character, and; maintain our independence, in the virtue and perseverance of the people. There is a high-spirited pride, an elevated loyalty, a generous warmth of heart, a nobleness of spirit, a hearty, manly gaiety, which distinguish our nation, in which we are to look for the best pledges of general safety, and of that security against an aggressing usurpation, which other nations in their weakness or in their folly have yet no where found, spect to that which appears so much to embarrass certain gentlemen-the deliverance of Europe. I will not say particularly, what it is. Whether it is to be its deliverance from that under which it suffers, or that from which it is in danger; whether from the infection of false principles, the corroding cares of a period of distraction and dismay, or that dissolution of all governments, and that death of religion and social order which are to signalize the triumph of the French republic, if unfortunately for mankind she should, in spite of all opposition, pre-, vail in the contest ;- from whichsoever of these Europe is to be delivered, it will not be difficult to prove, that what she suffers, and what is her danger, are the power and existence of the French government. If any man says thạt the government is not a tyranny, he miserably mistakes the character of that body. It is an insupportable and odious tyranny, holding within its grasp the lives, the characters, and the fortunes of all who are forced to own its sway, and only holding these that it may at will measure out of each the portion, which from time to time it sacrifices to its avarice, its cruelty, and injustice. The French republic is

: dyked and fenced round with crime, and owes much of its pre sent security to its being regarded with a horror which appals men in their approaches to its impious battlements.

The honourable gentleman says, that he does not know whether the Emperor of Russia understands what we mean by the deliverance of Europe. I do not think it proper here to dwell much at length on this curious doubt. But whatever


be the meaning which that august personage attaches to our phrase “ the deliverance of Europe," at least he bas shewn that he

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is no stranger to the condition of the world; that whatever be the specific object of the contest, he has learnt rightly to consider the character of the common enemy, and shews by his public proceedings that he is determined to take measures of more than ordinary precaution against the common disturbers of Europe, and the common enemy of man. Will the honourable gentle. man continue in his state of doubt? Let him look to the conduct of that prince during what has passed of the present campaign. If in such conduct there be not unfolded some solicitude for the Jeliverance of Europe from the tyranny of France, I know not, Sir, in what we are to look for it. But the honourable gentleman seems to think no alliance can long be preserved against France. I do not deny that unfortunately some of the nations of Europe have shamefully crouched to that power, and receded from the common cause, at a moment when it was due to their own dignity, to what they owed to that civilized community of which they are still a part, to persevere in the struggle, to reanimate their legions with that spirit of just detestation and vengeance which such inhumanity and cruelty might so well provoke. I do not say that the powers of Europe have not acted improperly in many other instances; and Russia in her turn; for, during a period of infinite peril to this country, she saw our danger advance upon us, and four different treaties entered into of offensive alliance against us, without comment, and without a single expression of its disapprobation. This was the conduct of that power in former 'times. The conduct of his present Majesty raises quite other emotions, and excites altogether a different interest. His Majesty, since his accession, has unequivocally declared his attachment to Great Britain, and, abandoning those projects of ambition which formed the occupation of bis predecessor, he chose rather to join in the cause of religion and order against France, than to pursue the plan marked out for bim to humble and destroy a power, which he was taught to consider'as his common enemy. He turned aside from all hostility against the Ottoman Porte, and united his force to the power of that prince, the more effectually to check the progress

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