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Capt. Henry Lancaster, R.N., departed Mr. Final, of Pulteney-terrace, Islinginto the eternal world, Feb. 25th, in the ton, London, aged 65, was removed into 71st year of his age. He embraced the the spiritual world, having suddenly dedoctrines of the New Church in 1818; parted this life, February 27th, 1862, they were introduced to his attention by almost without previous intimation, on a gentleman then a clerk in his employ, sitting down to supper. He had been a and his frank and straightforward consistent and respected New Churchmanner led him heartily to adopt them mán for upwards of 20 years. His life when he saw their truth. They had wås a model of order, gentleness, incontinually grown upon him, and influ- tegrity, and peaceableness. He was a enced his life more and more thoroughly member of the Argyle-square Society, as age wore on; and they were his and was beloved by all who knew him. solace in sickness and in death. He attended Argyle-square church when his health permitted, which, of late years, was not often, except on Sacrament Mrs. Louisa Sharpe, widow of the occasions; and in the last year of his late Benjamin Sharpe, of Derby, delife, the Communion was generally admi- parted this life on March 4th, 1862, nistered to him at home, and these aged fifty-four years. She had been for occasions were always seasons in which many years an earnest member of the he took great delight. He was a liberal society, and we fully trust an humblesupporter of the institutions of the minded and devoted member of the church, and his contributions were Lord's Church above. generally given in the name of “ Nautus.'
“ It was not much, I wot, Almost his last act was giving a cheque
That lowly, patient wife for ten guineas, to liquidate the debt of Could make of her poor lot, the church in Argyle-square, in aid of
Or hidden angel-life.
Yet might she claim the prizo the generous support being made by a
In meekness, as she stood, few friends for that purpose. He was Of the loving Saviour wise, fully sensible of his approaching depar
She hath done whate'er she could.' ture for several days, but spoke com
M. A. C. fortably of the change, and evidently had full reliance on the mercy of the Lord and the teachings of the New Mrs. George Sheppard, aged 41, died Church. Captain Lancaster was son of at her uncle's residence, James Adamthe Vicar of Merton, and at Lord Nel- son, Ely-place, March 18th.
She reson's request went out with him on ceived the doctrines of the New Church board the “Victory," on the last cruise through the instrumentality of her of that great commander, only six weeks uncle, and guided her life by them. before the battle of Trafalgar. He was She died of disease of the heart, which engaged in that dreadful encounter, and was apparently hereditary, as her mother after that took an active part throughout left this life from a similar complaint. the war. He was often noticed for his Her life had many alternations, but her intrepidity and daring, both in battle end was perfect peace. and in saving the lives of men who fell overboard, of which several instances occurred. After he became a New Churchman, he was vigorous in aiding, Departed this life, on the 21st March, by letters and in conversation, every aged fifty-five years, Mr. Joseph Skeaf, symptom of improvement in the Church of Liverpool. Our friend was born in of England. He corresponded with Lord Edinburgh, in the year 1806, and reEbury, and pressed upon him the neces- ceived the doctrines of the New Church sity of omitting the Athanasian Creed, through the instrumentality of the late and everything tending to a divided Mr. Tuting. He joined the society in God, from the Prayer-book. We have that city at an early age, when under no doubt he was diligently fighting the the leadership of the laté Mr. Parker. battles of his salvation within, and pre- In his eighteenth year, our late friend paring for that victory which is followed was appointed the secretary of his by a never ending peace.
society, and frequently conducted the public worship. In his native city, Mr. Skeaf was the founder of the Mechanics' interests. Instead of raising a difficulty Library, and for some time was presi- when he saw anything was required, he, dent of that institution. In the year with a bearty good will, immediately 1833 he came to Liverpool, where he attempted its realisation. Until the year found the society in a very low state, 1860, he was a member of the choir ; meeting in a room in Gerard-street. at this time, however, a stroke of paraSoon after he joined this little band lysis deprived the church of his useful they elected him their secretary; and services in that capacity. he, in conjunction with several of his Possessed of a genial and peaceable colleagues, not wholly acquiescing in nature, combined with a high order of the management of the society's affairs, intellect, he was uniformly beloved by as then conducted, withdrew from all who knew him. Of liberal and exmembership, and to the number of tended views, he was never known to twelve ladies and gentlemen, com- cherish ill feeling, or to quarrel with menced a society in Clare-street, in others who might entertain opposite 1835,--this was the beginning of the opinions, in whatever capacity of life he present society in Bedford-street North. met them. Always looking above the Again Mr. Skeaf was entrusted with the personalities of differences, he sought secretaryship, and he took a very active the good of all, and has left this world part in the conduct of affairs. Soon beloved and respected, having been after, the Gerard-street congregation enabled, by a merciful Providence, to dissolved, and joined the new society at bear with fortitude and serenity the Clare-street, bringing with them their various trials of life. His connection library, &c. After the society had some- with the Adelphi Hotel for upwards of what improved its position and become twenty-nine years, in a responsible more consolidated, they rented a church capacity, is evident testimony to his in Russell-street, which, after several honesty of purpose and indefatigable years' experience, being found too large discharge of incumbent duty. Here and expensive, they ceased to occupy, he frequently met with our American there being a growing desire that a brethren, many of whom knew him well, suitable place of worship should be and have been greeted by his openerected. The society now met for wor- hearted spirit. Those who are left beship in the Concert Hall, Lord Nelson. hind will, no doubt, long feel his restreet, as a temporary place, until they moval acutely. The church will miss could complete the necessary arrange- his cheerful happy face, ever encouments for their new building. These raging, ever hopeful. Pious without preliminaries occupied a much longer pretension, generous but not proud, time than was at first anticipated, con- earnest but cautious, he was a pillar of sequently their sojourn in Lord Nelson- the church militant; and has now been street lasted several years. During this called “up higher” into the church period Mr. Skeaf frequently conducted triumphant, there to perform heavenly the service. In 1857, the new church uses in a more extended sphere with in Bedford-street North was erected, those who love the Lord Jesus and live in and opened for public worship on the mutual love. The Rev. J.B. Kennerley, 21st of June.
of Salford, read the funeral service Shortly afterwards Mr. Skeaf resigned over his earthly remains, and also delithe office of secretary, which he had vered an impressive discourse on the held in Edinburgh and Liverpool, almost Sunday morning following, from the without intermission, for the long period words, “Friend, go up higher," which of thirty-four years. He was, however, was listened to by a numerous and still an active member of the committee, sorrowing congregation. The following and a trustee; and it was chiefly by his notice is from the Liverpool Mercury of exertions and encouragement, in con. the 22nd March :junction with one or two other zealous “March 21, aged 55, Mr.Joseph Skeaf, members, that the commodious school of the Adelphi Shades. Deceased was room under the church was completed. a native of Edinburgh, and he possessed The church was at once his delight and the best and most abiding qualities of recreation. Ardently attached to her his countrymen. He was well known holy cause, he devoted his time, often from his connection, for more than a at great personal inconvenience, to her quarter of a century, with the Adelphi
Hotel, in this town. Upright in all his society very many years, and was ever dealings, and of a genial and unsus. anxious to promote its welfare, and picious nature, he secured the esteem keenly alive to its success; doing his of all by whom in business or in social part heartily in the good work; leading life he was known or associated.” his family, by his example, to become
active members of the society, and enWhen by a good man's grave I muse alone, Methinks an angel sits upon the stone,
deavouring thus to fulfil the noblest Like those of old, on that thrice-hallowed night, duty of every parent-the training of Who sat and watched in raiment heavenly bright, their families to become, by lives of Says, pointing upwards—* He is risen, not here.” active usefulness, pillars in the temple
of the Lord.
Departed this life, March 23rd, in the
Mr. Robert Ward, of Derby, departed 75th year of his age, at Accrington, Mr. Henry Heap, an old and much-respected this life March 24th, aged eighty. The member of our church. The deceased feebleness of a life protracted beyond had enjoyed excellent health almost up upon him, and he calmly sank to sleep.
our common period pressed heavily to the last hour of his life; having re. tired to rest on Saturday evening in his His widow, and children, and grandusual health. He was, however, sud. children, sorrow not as without hope." denly taken ill, medical aid was called They realise the consoling fact that he in, and he passed out of this world bas but passed from the plane of labour calmly and peaceably, shortly after one
to the more glorious plane of reward. o'clock on Sunday morning, to join the loved ones who had gone before, and whom he confidently hoped to meet in that better land “where the wicked Mrs. Elizabeth Cheetham, wife of cease from troubling, and the weary are John Cheetham, on March 27th, aged at rest.” Our lamented friend had been fifty years. She had been suffering singularly fortunate in obtaining the from congestion of the brain, which good opinion of everyone with whom he terminated in apoplexy. A numerous came in contact; the breath of envy was circle of relatives and friends mourn never heard in connection with him, and their loss, and rejoice in her gain. She the voice of calumny never dared to busy has gone to her rest. Anticipating itself with one whose disposition was so death, she felt willing and ready to die, gentle, so charitable, and so peaceful, confident in the assurance that “ Death that it seemed to win the kind feeling is the gate of life.”
H. and warm-hearted friendship of all, whether among his fellow-workmen, his fellow members of the New Church, or in society generally; thus enabling him Departed this life, on the 31st of to realise, to a much greater extent than March, aged 51 years, Ellen, the beloved is often the case, a foretaste of that wife of Mr. John Bancroft. Deceased glorious heaven above to which we all was a member of the Salford society. aspire. It deserves to be recorded of An earnest and duty-doing woman, truly him, that he was with one firm, at Broad religious and devout, without ostenOak, as a block cutter, 68 years, and that tation, she had lived for her partner during this long term, he was only ab- and her children. During a long and sent a fortnight through sickness. The painful affliction, her mind was serene, funeral cortege, which was one of the her hope unwavering, and her faith unmost numerous and respectable ever swerving. She at times had spontaneous seen in this town, shewed
the esteem in transports of internal felicity and joy, which the deceased was held, and the when some portions of the Psalms gave universal good feeling towards him her tongue utterance, corresponding which prompted this last token of res- with the inward delight. “The good pect. He was connected with this alone are great."
CAVE and SEVER, Printers by Steam Power, Hunt's Bank, Manchester.
To all who believe, with one of the greatest philosophers the world has yet seen—it is almost superfluous to add, for our readers, the name of Swedenborg-that “universal nature is but a theatre representative of the Lord's kingdom," the progress of science in its every branch cannot fail to offer a field of the deepest and most lively interest. To such the physical sciences no longer treat of objects alien to their spirits' life and necessities, except in so far as they may nourish and subserve the needs of the spirit's fleshly instrument, the body. The living links of correspondence unveil a relationship between the soul
every object in its world of nature, which leaves these no longer to be dealt with as mere agglomerations, or even organizations, of dead matter; but endows each with a share of spiritual life and plasticity, proportionate to its rank in the scale of creative uses. The same holds good with all those branches of external knowledge which are classed as natural or physical sciences; and which embody, for the use of the intellect, all the results of human experience and observation in the various departments of nature of which they respectively treat. And precisely as every natural object requires to attain a given phase of development before it becomes capable of subserving the specific use to which man, the lord of nature, can apply it, so must each science in its turn achieve a certain phase of development, before it becomes adapted to the use and accessible to the light of the spiritual intellect, which alone is true regent—under Divine guidance of the whole vast realms of human knowledge. [Enl. Series.—No. 102, vol. ix.]
For all physical sciences present, as Professor Müller observes, in the interesting work to which we here invite attention,* “ three marked periods or stages in their history," which he designates as “the Empirical, the Classificatory, and the Theoretical.” (p. 5) Now the first of these three stages in the development of science may be otherwise designated as the Sensual stage. Its facts are such as the senses report, and these are collected and valued mainly, if not solely, in proportion to their so-called practical utility,—their utility, that is, in relation to man's bodily, or sensual, comforts and requirements. The second, or Classificatory, may with equal propriety be termed the Intellectual stage, which is never attained till, the pressure of bodily wants being lightened in the progress of civilization, the mind begins to assert an independent activity, and ceasing to collect facts for application to external use alone, begins to seek out, sift, and compare them, for their own sake, and the sake of the intellectual delight and improvement thus enjoyed. The third, or Thesretical, may in its turn be classed as the Rational stage, being that in which the human mind, having first gathered, and then duly weighed, compared, and digested facts, arrives at the point of rationally appreciating and comprehending them. Too often, indeed, this Theoretical only merits the name of the Irrational stage instead, but this is simply owing to a perversion of the rational powers, over-ridden by the blind materialism which is the offspring of man's misplaced self-love and confidence. It is at this Rational or highest stage in the development of natural science that, unless subject to such perversion, it becomes accessible to spiritual light, and subservient to the needs of the spiritual man. For it is at this point that the process of inductive reasoning—as the process of reasoning upwards from the facts and phenomena of the external world is called, should meet the process of deductive reasoningor reasoning downwards from those great “first principles” which, whether he ascribe their origin to revelation or intuition, belong to man's internal or spiritual world, the former confirming, the latter illustrating and vivifying. For inductive science is as a body, of which deductive science can alone supply the soul; and, as Mr. Buckle has justly remarked, in the second volume of his “History of Civilization,” till deduction and induction do thus meet and confirm each other in any science, that science is somewhere at fault, and does not deserve to be considered a true and perfect science. This is an irrefragable truth to all who believe the world of spirit and the world of nature to be framed by one Divine Hand, and to be ruled alike by divine laws, in harmony, and not at
* " Lectures on the Science of Language. By Max Müller, M. A., &c." London: Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts. 1861.