From Engineering Science to Big Science: The NACA and NASA Collier Trophy Research Project Winners
Pamela Etter Mack
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA Office of Policy and Plans, NASA History Office, 1998 - 427 Seiten
Within a short time of the first flight of the Wright brothers in 1903, the United States government recognized the importance of fostering development in the new and critical field of aeronautics. NASA's predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), was chartered by Congress in 1915 specifically "to supervise and direct the scientific study of the problems of flight, with a view to their practical solution". This became an increasingly important government research and development (R & D) activity for the next half century. The results of the NACA's research appeared in more than 16 000 research reports of one type or another, and many are still being used today. Since the creation of NASA in 1958, this critical aerospace R & D function has continued. "From engineering science to big science" consists of essays on individual aerospace R & D projects throughout the history of both the NACA and NASA. These R & D projects are unified by the fact that each received the coveted Robert J. Collier Trophy for their numerous advances in the performance, efficiency, or safety of flying vehicles. Throughout the life of the NACA and NASA the agency or its personnel have received awards, i.e., the NACA Engine Cowling in 1929, in addition to four awards by 1954, and fourteen awards for R & D since the NASA establishment.
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