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cargo for transshippiog to England and thousands of manufacturers at or elsewhere, and pursue her object home; and save an advance of capiinstantaneously again ; whilst the nu- tal in the purchase of the first article merous islands in the Southeru Arche- of necessity, of millions of pounds pelago would find an easy and con- sterling yearly. stant intercourse to and from, with Permit me, Sir, to entreat your their various commodities ; for the Readers to consider the bearing of the time seems fast approaching that will business in every way, politically as send them from their Spanish con- well as beneficially, for the support of nexions. The field for commerce multitudes; and for such high aod maopens prodigiously bere.

nisest advantages to our country : and I would, however, still wish to be members of Parliament, I trust, will understood, that the first and firmest investigate the subject fully, and rebasis to colonize is Agriculture, and cominend it powerfully, T. W. a proper encouragement to seltlers, to persons of good character, but of

*** We have to apologize to T. W. for small means; to persons of this de

our having accidentally delayed the inser

tion of this Communication. Since it was scription, grants of land should be

received, some part of his suggestions have made, subscriptions raised; whilst in

been adopted. See p. 357.-Edit. return they should pay a proper acknowledgment balf-yearly, after a certain period. We read daily of the


Dec. 8. of to America to Canada; to us, as a nation, and PERMOT me to advert to your

last Obituary, p. 459 ; where that Cape would be better; and in pro- admirable man, whom I always reportion as valuable settlers were en- verenced, Dean Jackson, has greater couraged, trade would be wanted, credit given him for reducing Christ shipping required. I do not mean to Church under salutary discipline, than encourage the wild speculations that, he merited. Dr. Bagot, Dean in my unfortunately for us, have so much time, and just raised to the Episcotaken place of late; nor merely the pacy when I was leaving college, was settlement of persons on the coast and himself an excellent disciplinarian. in towns; but as the country is gra. Collections at the end of every Term, dually covered with agriculturists, so when we were all most strictly exatheir wants would require supplies, mined, precisely as your Correspondand the inhabitants of the towns in. ent describes, existed before I be.

We are too forward in the came a member of Christ Church, present day to rush onward in under. and I believe long before ;—and the takings of every description ; if of a regular themes and declamations every Religious dature, we almost expect Saturday, and the prize exercises,conversion by holding up a Bible, and the public and private lectures, the same as the Mouks who preceded in Mathematicks, Logick, Rhetorick, the Spanish troops in America, in and Poeticks, &c. &c. all existed carly days of its discovery, held up long before Jackson! To Dean Bagot a Cross. In Civil matters we are (whom our King thanked more than equally ardent; the crowding of goods once for his exemplary conduct as into distant parts, and its fatal conse- head of a College) all ihe rules aod quences, have afforded glaring proofs. regulations, ascribed to Jackson, are I do not want to use the beautiful attributable. -- Yet Jackson (then melaphor of a venerable characler of Canon of Christ Church), having the our Church) the “ lava of the times" way paved be!ore him, entered on to overflow, and crowd objects of all that road, and pursued his route con descriptions to the Cape, load ships amore. Little inferior to his prede. on speculation to its ports ; but i cessor, they were both estirnable chawould earnestly entreat a cool, dis. racters ;-Bagot the most amiable

. passionate consideration of the idea Bagot was puble in family, and noble suggested, and a cool steady encou- in deportment; generous, affable, and ragement given towards the selile- courteous; and in the true sense of ment of a Colony, whose capacities the word,' a Christian. I could tell are so great as to produce a means of many anecdotes of. Bagot, with eyes existence for millions, when peopled, overflowing with tears! -employment for hundreds of ships, presses, and I must drop my, peo..


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But time


Evils of Vagrancy.

437 Apropos, however, when Jackson re- Grant, however, that the constable tired from the world, some beautiful was willing to undertake the task, lines (Latin) were in circulation among and could tiod a proper place to per. his friends, which he had written form it, would not his shoulders be some years before, in prospect of such in great danger of feeling the lash, a seclusion. I recollect one or two instead of those of the Beggar, from . only, and should be much obliged to the humane ioterposition of Mr. John any one in possession of them, for the Bull, who seldom fails to take part coinmunication of them to you, as with the sufferer, and would make they would embellish your pages. no scruple to effect an exchange of Yours, &c.

ACADEMICUS. situation between the vagrant and the

minister of justice. I am told, indeed, Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 9. that this punishment of whipping is THI THE great number of Beggars inflicted by the City Magistrales, and

who still infest our streets, not. with good effect. I have no doubt of withstanding the labours of the Men- the effect as to the City ; that is, it dicity Society, and the great number drives the Beggars into Westininster that are daily apprehended and pass- and the out.parishes; but if the pued, is a proof either that the Vagrant vishment is inflicted in prison, it is Act is inefficient, or that it is not not according to law; and the wortby acted upon with sufficient vigour. Alderman who orders it, and the worThe latter is the case, not owing to thy gaoler who ipflicts it, subject veglect on the part of the Magistrates, themselves to an action, as the worbut to that increasiog refinement in the Mayor of two years celebrity did, our mappers, which renders any pu- when he omitted to whip a man, and nishment savouring of cruelty repul- only imprisoned bim, when the law sive to our feelings ; and the provi. required him to do both. sions of our ancestors for inflicting The system of passing Beggars to such punishments, if not expressly their parishes is worse than useless ; repealed, have, from disuse, become it has cost the county of Middlesex a dead letter. The punishment di- no less than 21221. 6s. 10d. in the last rected by the Act for a Beggar is year. If the settlement is in Middleeither whipping, or imprisonment for sex, the Vagrant is.conveyed tbither at least seven days, but not both. by the passmaster; he is examined The application of the former to by the overseer, whom he informs sturdy Beggars, who follow that way that he can get his own living, and of life by choice, and not by necessity, wants nothing from him; and he is would surely have an excellent effect ; accordingly sent about his business, but how is it to be administered ? and directly returns to his lucrative The Law says by the hands of the occupation. If the Vagrant's parish constable, and in a public place in is in a distant county, he is delivered the parish ;-and here comes ihe diffi- by the Middlesex passmaster to the cully; the constable is perhaps some constable of the first parish of the spruce tradesman, who thioks be is

next county, in the direct road to the doing a favour to his parish, by sery• place where he is to go, and he is to ing the office in his own person and forward him through his county to not by deputy, and he would pro. the next, and so on till he arrives at bably femur a little to the order of his place of destination. But the the Magistrale, if the ungracious county constable bas other fish to fry task of whipping a dirly Beggar in than to travel 20, 30, or 40 miles the public street was imposed upon with a lot of miserable Beggars in a him. But where is he to find the cart; he therefore gives them their proper place to inflict the punish- passes and a few pence, and tells them ment? În couotry villages we still to proceed on their journey in their see the stocks and the whipping-post own custody; or he puts ihem into kept up as a bugbear to the rustic the first stage-waggon that passes, tippler or .wandering gipsey, as good the driver of which has neither inte. mothers keep a rod for their children rest nor authority to prevent their to look at, not to feel; but where leaving him as soon as they please. shall we find these necessary conve- This they accordingly do (except a niences in London ? we are too polite very few who may wish to get to even to bear the sight of them.- their settlemeols); they return in a


day or two to their old begging sta- less useful) establishments, called tions ; are again taken up, are inain. “ Penny Clubs." This Club is formtained for seven days, and sent their ed of children subscribers, of both usual airing to the confines of the sexes, belongiog to the parish school, county, at the expence of the publick, and of a corresponding number of and the beadle gets another ien shil. subscribers of a higher class ; every lings as a reward for taking them ; child who is admitted a member, pays and so it goes on ad infinitum. one penny weekly, which sum is Yours, &c.

CORRECTOR. brought every Monday morniog to

the Treasurer of the Club; and in Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 10. default thereof, a forfeit is incurred

of one additional penny, to be paid harsh in his censure of Dr. Lind for on the following Monday. At the not quoling Baptista Porta and Lord expiration of every six or twelve Bacon, in his Process of rendering months, the sum which has been col. Sea-waler fresh and fit for drinking. lected is alloited to the children ; but If he revived the experiment, and by is not given to them in money, but making it public, rendered so essen- expended for them by the Treasurer, tial a service to that class of his fel- in the purchase of articles of cbeap low-subjects to whom the kingdom is and useful clothing *, which they so deeply indebted for their patiently have the privilege of choosing, proenduring the greatest hardships and vided the expense does not exceed privations, our Seamen ; let us ac- the value of their respective share in cept the good, and not too harshly the general stock. The subscribers censure the author of it, for merely of the higher class are particularly omilting to quote antient authors requested not to advance the weekly who knew the fact, if he really had subscriptions for those to whose adread them, but whose writings hadvantage such subscriptions are made, not produced the practical effect as one great object in the formation which his was calculated to do, and of the Club is to promote in the chil. probably has done. It would be sa- dren habits of

economy and prudence. tisfactory to hear, from any of your Regularity in the weekly payments is nautical friends, whether ships in insisted on. The subscribers of the general are furnished with this ap- higher class are called on for their paralus.

A. subscriptions (which are at the same

rate with those of the children) half. Mr. URBAN,

Ottery St. Mury, yearly. The subscriptions thus af

Devon, July 24. forded, together with any voluntary The plan of Saving Banks

, now .. donations that may be made in aid of universally prevailing in this the Society, is the capital, to be excountry, are admirable institutions pended as above mentioned. F.G.C. for the purpose of promoting habits of frugality and prudence in early Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 21. life, and of obtaining, through their R.WATKINS (p.429), has forgot means, the enjoyment of consolation and respectability in sickness and old omitted to notice, a circumstancewhich age.

With a view to a reform in our occurred in the late Queen's journey Poor system, I think they will be froin Harwich to London. Her voyage found very inslrumental; and I am to Harwich had been a stormy one, sure that the honest feeling of pride and it was thought necessary that she and independence which induces 80 should rest one night on the road many to lay up their savings in them, from thence to London. Wm. Mildcannot be sufficiently encouraged and may, Esq. of Mvulsham Hall near recommended.

Chehnsford, had prepared his house It is parily with this inlent, and for the reception of the Princess, but partly that another reason may be she was taken to the unprepared held out to induce parents of the house of a Scotch nobleman ai Wi. lower classes to avail themselves of tham. Some time after Mr. Mildınay the opportunities afforded of edu- was created a Baronet.

L. G. cating their children in the principles of the Established Church, that I pro- * The rough material is purchased for ceed to recommend to your notice the female children, and made up by them the humble (but not on that account in the School.



Gent. Mag.Dec.1819. Pl.I.p.489.

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Mile End Road,Whitechapel.

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