« ZurückWeiter »
All thy remaining life should sunshine be ; The foolish sports I did on thee bestow,
Where once such fairies dance, no grass doth ever
When my new mind had no infusion known,
That ever since I vainly try l'pon the naked beach, upon the barren sand! To wash away th' inherent dye:
Long work perhaps may spoil thy colors quite , ** As a fair morning of the blessed spring,
But never will reduce the native white :
To all the ports of honor and of gain,
I often steer my course in vain;
By making them so oft to be
Whoever this world's happiness would see,
Must as entirely cast off thee,
As they who only Heaven desire
Do from the world retire.
Myself a demi-votary to make.
Thus, with Sapphira and her husband's fate,
That he would give them ev'n a Heaven of For all that I gave up I nothing gain,
And perish for the part which I retain
The court, and better king, t'accuse :
The heaven under which I live is fair,
The fertile soil will a full harvest bear: * The Rachel, for which twice seven years and more Thine, thine is all the barrenness; if thou
Thou didst with faith and labor serve, Mak’st me sit still and sing, when I should plow
Our patient sovereign did attend
His long misfortunes' fatal end;
How cheerfully, and how exempt frorn fear,
On the Great Sovereign's will he did depend ;
So distant, they may reach at length to me.
However, of all the princes, thou
And that too after death."
HYMN TO LIGHT,
From the old Negro's darksome womb! " Ah, wanton foe! dost thou upbraid
Which, when it saw the lovely child,
Thou tide of glory, which no rest dost know,
But ever ebb and ever fluw!
Thou golden shower of a true Jove!
Who does in thee descend, and Heaven to Earth
Her joy, her ornament, and wealth!
Hail to thy husband, Heat, and thee!
Say, from what golden quivers of the sky The ghosts, and monster-spirits, that did presume Do all thy winged arrows fly?
A body's privilege to assume, Swiftness and Power by birth are thine :
Vanish again invisibly, From thy great sire they came, thy sire, the Word And bodies gain again their visibility. . Divine.
All the world's bravery, that delights our eyes, "Tis, I believe, this archery to show,
Is but thy several liveries ; That so much cost in colors thou,
Thou the rich dye on them bestow'st, And skill in painting, dost bestow
Thy nimble pencil paints this landscape as thou Upon thy ancient arms, the gaudy heavenly bow. go'st. Swift as light thoughts their empty career run,
A crimson garment in the rose thou wear'st; Thy race is finish'd when begun;
A crown of studded gold thou bear'st; Let a post-angel start with thee,
The virgin-lilies, in their white, And thou the goal of Earth shalt reach as soon as he. Are clad but with the lawn of almost naked lighs. Thou in the Moon's bright chariot, proud and gay, The violet, Spring's little infant, stands Dost thy bright wood of stars survey!
Girt in thy purple swaddling-bands. And all the year dost with thee bring
On the fair tulip thou dost doat; Of thousand flowery lights thine own nocturnal Thou cloth`st it in a gay and party-color'd coal. spring
With flame condens'd thou do'st thy jewels fix, Thou, Scythian-like, dost round thy lands above
And solid colors in it mix:
Flora herself envies to see
Flowers fairer than her own, and durable as she The shining pageants of the world attend thy show.
Ah, goddess! would thou could'st thy hand withhold
And be less liberal to gold! Nor amidst all these triumphs dost thou scorn
Did'st thou less value to it give, The humble glow-worms to adorn,
of how much care, alas! might'st thou poor man And with those living spangles gild
relieve! (O greatness without pride!) the bushes of the field.
To me the Sun is more delightful far,
And all fair days much fairer are. Night, and her ugly subjects, thou dost fright,
But few, ah! wondrous few, there be, And Sleep, the lazy owl of night;
Who do not gold prefer, 0 goddess ! ev'n w thee Asham'd, and fearful to appear, They screen their horrid shapes with the black Through the soft ways of Heaven, and air, and sea hemisphere.
Which open all their pores to thee,
Like a clear river thou dost glide, With them there hastes, and wildly takes th’alarm, And with thy living stream through the close chanOf painted dreams a busy swarm:
nels slide. At the first opening of thine eye
But, wliere firm bodies thy free course oppose, The various clusters break, the antic atoms fly.
Gently thy source the land o'erflows; The guilty serpents, and obscener beasts,
Takes there possession, and does make Creep, conscious, to their secret rests :
of colors mingled light, a thick and standing lake Nature to thee does reverence pay, ni omens and ill sights removes out of thy way.
But the vast ocean of unbounded day,
In th' empyrean Heaven does stay. At thy appearance, Grief itself is said
Thy rivers, lakes, and springs, below, To shake his wings, and rouse his head :
From thence took first their rise, thither at lass
must flow. And cloudy Care has often took A gentle beamy smile, reflected from thy look.
At thy appearance, Fear itself grows bold;
HOPE! whose weak being ruin'd is, To the cheek color comes, and firmness to the Alike, if it succeed, and if it miss; knee.
Whom good or ill does equally confound,
And both the horns of Fate's dilemma wound: Ev'n Lust, the master of a harden'd face,
Vain shadow! which does vanish quite, Blushes, if thou best in the place,
Both at full noon and perfect right! To Darkness' curtains he retires;
The stars have not a possibility In sympathizing night he rolls his smoky fires.
Or blessing thee;
If things then from their end we happy call, When, goddess ! thou lift'st up thy waken'd head, "Tis hope is the most hopeless thing of all.
Out of the morning's purple bed,
Ilope! thou bold taster of delight,
[quite! And all the joyful world salutes the rising day. who, whilst thou should'st but taste, devour'st is
Thou bring'st us an estate, yet leav'st us poor,
Fruition more deceitful is By clogging it with legacies before !
Than thou canst be, when thou dost miss; The joys which we entire should wed, Men leave thee by obtaining, and straight flee Come deflower'd virgins to our bed;
Some other way again to thee ; Good fortunes without gain imported be,
And that's a pleasant country, without doubt. Such mighty custom's paid to thee.
To which all soon return that travel out.
CLAUDIAN'S OLD MAN OF VERONA.
DE SENE VERONENSI, QUI SUBURBIUM NUNQUAM
Felix, qui patriis, &c.
Happy the man, who his whole time doth bound But must drop presently in tears !
Within th' inclosure of his little ground. When thy false beams o'er Reason's light prevail, Happy the man, whom the same humble place By ignes fatui for north-stars we sail.
(Th' hereditary cottage of his race)
From his first rising infancy has known, Brother of Fear, more gayly clad!
And by degrees sees gently bending down,
Could ever into foolish wanderings get.
He never heard the shrill alarms of war,
The change of seasons is his calendar.
Autumn by fruits, and spring by flowers, he knows •
He measures time by land-marks, and has found Hore! of all ills that men endure,
For the whole day the dial of his ground. The only cheap and universal cure!
A neighboring wood, born with himself, he sces, Thou captive's freedom, and thou sick man's health! And loves his old contemporary trees. Thou loser's victory, and thou beggar's wealth !
He 'as only heard of near Verona's name, Thos manna, which from Heaven we eat,
And knows it, like the Indies, but by fame. To every taste a several meat!
Does with a like concernment notice take Thou strng retreat! thou sure-entail'd estate,
of the Red-sea, and of Benacus' lake. Which nought has power to alienate!
Thus health and strength he to a third age enjoys Thou pleasant, honest flatterer! for none
And sees a long posterity of boys. Flatter unhappy men, but thou alone!
About the spacious world let others roam,
The voyage, life, is longest made at home.
WELL, then; I now do plainly see And art a blessing still in hand!
This busy world and I shall ne'er agree; Whilst thee, her earnest-money, we retain,
The very honey of all earthly joy We certain are io gain,
Does of all meats the soonest cloy ; Whether she her bargain break or else fulfil;
And they, methinks, deserve my pity, Thou only good, not worse for ending ill!
Who for it can endure the stings, Brother of Faith! 'twixt whom and thee
The crowd, and buzz, and murmurings, The joys of Heaven and Earth divided be!
of this great hive, the city. Though Faith be heir, and have the fixt estate,
Ah, yet, ere I descend to th' grave, Thy portion yet in movables is great.
May I a small house and large garden have! Happiness itsell's all one
And a few friends, and many books, both true, In thee, or in possession!
Both wise, and both delightful too! Only the future's thine, the present his !
And, since love ne'er will from me flee, Thine's the more hard and noble bliss :
A mistress moderately fair, Best apprehender of our joys! which hast
And good as guardian-angels are, So long a reach, and yet canst hold so fast!
Only belov’d, and loving me! Hope! thou sad lovers' only friend!
Oh, fountains! when in you shall I Thou Way, that may'st dispute it with the End ! Myself, eas'd of unpeaceful thoughts, espy ? For love, I fear, 's a fruit that does delight Oh fields! oh woods! when, when shall I be made The taste itself less than the smell and sight.
The happy tenant uf your shade ?
Here's the spring-head of Pleasure's flood; Though so exalted she Where all the riches lie, that she
And I so lowly be, Has coin'd and stamp'd for good.
Tell her, such different notes make all thy har
mony. Pride and ambition here
Hark! how the strings awake: Only in far-fetch'd metaphors appear;
And, though the moving hand approach not near, Here nought but winds can hurtful murmun scatter,
Themselves with awful fear, And nought but Echo flatter.
A kind of numerous trembling make. The gods, when they descended, hither
Now all thy forces try, From Heaven did always choose their way;
Now all thy charms apply, And therefore we may boldly say,
Revenge upon her ear the conquests of her eye.
Weak Lyre! thy virtue sure
To cure, but not to wound,
And she to wound, but not to cure. I should have then this only fear
Too weak too wilt thou prove Lest men, when they my pleasures see,
My passion to remove, Should hither throng to live like me,
Physic to other ills, thou’rt nourishment to love. And so make a city here.
Sleep, sleep again, my Lyre!
In sounds that will prevail ;
Nor gentle thoughts in her inspire:
All thy vain mirth lay by, And tell thy silent master's humble tale
Bid thy strings silent lie, In sounds that may prevail ;
Sleep, sleep again, my Lyre; and let thy master Sounds that gentle thoughts inspire :
John Milton, a poet of the first rank in eminence, poem, of great elegance. He left Italy by the way was descended from an ancient family, settled at of Geneva, where he contracted an acquaintance Milton, in Oxfordshire. His father, whose deser- with two learned divines, John Diodati and Frederic Lion of the Roman Catholic faith was the cause of Spanheim; and he returned through Franco, having his disinheritance, settled in London as a scrivener, been absent about a year and three months. and marrying a woman of good family, had two On his arrival, Milton found the nation agitated sons and a daughter. John, the eldest son, was by civil and religious disputes, which threatened a born in Bread-street, on December 9, 1608. He crisis; and as he had expressed himself impatient to received the rudiments of learning from a domestic be present on the theatre of contention, it has been tutor, Thomas Young, afterwards chaplain to the thought extraordinary that he did not immediately English merchants at Hamburg, whose merits are place himself in some active station. But his turn gratefully commemorated by his pupil, in a Latin was not military; his fortune precluded a seat in elegy. At a proper age he was sent to St. Paul's parliament; the pulpit he had declined; and for the school, and there began to distinguish himself by bar he had made no preparation. His taste and his intense application to study, as well as by his habits were altogether literary; for the present, poetical talents. In his sixteenth year he was re- therefore, he fixed himself in the metropolis, and moved to Christ's college, Cambridge, where he undertook the education of his sister's two sons, of was admitted a pensioner, under the tuition of Mr. the name of Philips. Soon after, he was applied to W. Chappel.
by several parents to admit their children to the of his course of studies in the university little is benefit of his tuition. He therefore took a comknown; but it appears, from several exercises pre- modious house in Aldersgate-street, and opened an served in his works, that he had acquired extraor- academy. Disapproving the plan of education in dinary skill in writing Latin verses, which are of a the public schools and universities, he deviated from purer taste than any preceding compositions of the it as widely as possible. He put into the hands kind by English scholars. He took the degrees of his scholars, instead of the common classics, such both of Bachelor and Master of Arts; the latter in Greek and Latin authors as treated on the arts and 1632, when he left Cambridge. He renounced his sciences, and on philosophy ; thus expecting to inoriginal intention of entering the church, for which stil the knowledge of things with that of words. We he has given as a reason, that, “coming to some are not informed of the result of his plan; but it maturity of years, he had perceived what tyranny will appear singular that one who had himself drunk had invaded it;" which denotes a man early habitu- so deeply at the muse's fount, should withhold the ated to think and act for himself.
draught from others. We learn, however, that he perHe now returned to his father, who had retired formed the task of instruction with great assiduity, from business to a residence at Horton, in Buck- Milton did not long suffer himself to lie under inghamshire; and be there passed five years in the the reproach of having neglected the public cause study of the best Roman and Grecian authors, and in his private pursuits; and, in 1641, he publishin the composition of some of his finest miscella-ed four treatises relative to church government, in neous poerns. This was the period of his Allegro which he gave the preponderance to the Presbyand Penseroso, his Comus and Lycidas. That his terian form above the Episcopalian. Resuming the learning and talents had at this time attracted con- same controversy in the following year, he numsiderable notice, appears from an application made bered among his antagonists such men as Bishop to him from the Bridgewater family, which pro- Hall and Archbishop Usher. His father, who had duced his admirable masque of “Comus," perform- been disturbed by the king's troops, now came to ed in 1634, at Ludlow Castle, before the Earl of live with him; and the necessity of a female head Bridgewater, then Lord President of Wales; and of such a house, caused Milton, in 1643, to form a also by his " Arcades,” part of an entertainment connexion with the daughter of Richard Powell, presented to the Countess Dowager of Derby, at Esq., a magistrate of Oxfordshire. This was, in Harefield, by some of her family.
several respects, an unhappy marriage; for his fatherIn 1638, he obtained his father's leave to improve in-law was a zealous royalist, and his wife had achimself by foreign travel, and set out for the con- customed herself to the jovial hospitality of that tinent. Passing through France, he proceeded to party. She had not, therefore, passed above a Italy, and spent a considerable time in that seat of month in her husband's house, when, having pro the arts and of literature. At Naples he was kindly cured an invitation from her father, she went to pass received by Manso, Marquis of Villa, who had the summer in his mansion. Milton's invitations long before deserved the gratitude of poets by his for her return were treated with contempt ; upon patronage of Tasso ; and, in return for a laudatory which, regarding her conduct as a desertion which listich of Manso, Milton addressed to him a Latin broke the nuptial contract, he determined to punish