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Note 11, page 92, col. 1.
Then to the place of concourse, etc. -

Mecca was thus called. Mahommed destroyed the other superstitions of the Arabs, but he was obliged to adopt their old and rooted veneration for the Well and the Black Stone, and transfer to Mecca the respect and reverence which he had designed for Jerusalem.

Mecca is situated in a barren place (about one day's journey from the Red-Sea) in a valley, or rather in the midst of many little hills. The town is surrounded for several miles with many thousands of little hills, which are very near one to the other. I have been on the top of some of them near Mecca, where I could see some miles about, but yet was not able to see the farthest of the hills. They are all stony-rock, and blackish, and pretty near of a bigness, appearing at a distance like cocks of hay, but all pointing towards Mecca. Some of them are half a mile in circumference, etc., but all near of one height. The people here have an odd and foolish sort of tradition concerning them, viz. That when Abraham went about building the Beat-Allah, God by his wonderful providence did so order it, that every mountain in the world should contribute something to the building thereof; and accordingly every one did send its proportion. Though there is a mountain near Algiers which is called Corra Dog, i. e. Black Mountain; and the reason of its blackness, they say, is, because it did not send any part of itself towards building the Temple at Mecca. Between these hills is good and plain travelling, though they stand near one to another.—A faithful Account of the Religion and Manners of the Mahomedans, etc. by Joseph Pitts of Exon.

Adam after his fall was placed upon the mountain of Wassem, in the eastern region of the globe. Eve was banished to a place since called Djidda, which signifies the first of mothers (the celebrated port of Gedda, on the coast of Arabia). The Serpent was cast into the most horrid desert of the East, and the spiritual tempter, who seduced him, was exiled to the coasts of Eblehh. This fall of our first parent was followed by the infidelity and sedition of all the spirits, Djinn, who were spread over the surface of the earth. Then God sent against them the great Azazil, who with a legion of angels chased them from the continent, and dispersed them among the isles, and along the different coasts of the sea. Some time after, Adam, conducted by the spirit of God, travelled into Arabia, and advanced as far as Mecca. His footsteps diffused on all sides abundance and fertility. His figure was enchanting, his stature lofty, his complexion brown, his hair thick, long, and curled; and he then wore a beard and mustachios. After a separation of a hundred years, he rejoined Eve on Mount Arafaith, near Mecca; an event which gave that mount the name of Arafaith, or Arefe, that is, the Place of Remembrance. This favour of the Eternal Deity, was accompanied by another not less striking. By his orders the angels took a tent, Khayme, from paradise, and pitched it on the very spot where afterwards the Keabe was erected. This is the most sacred of the tabernacles, and the first temple which was consecrated to the worship of the Eternal Deity by the first of men, and by all his posterity. Seth was the founder of the sacred Keabe ; in the same place where the angels had pitched the celestial tent, he erected a stone edifice,

which he consecrated to the worship of the Eternal Deity.—D'Ohsson. Bowed down by the weight of years, Adam had reached the limit of his earthly existence. At that moment he longed eagerly for the fruits of paradise. A legion of angels attended upon his latest sigh, and, by the command of the Eternal Being, received his soul. He died on Friday the 7th of April, Nissan, at the age of nine hundred and thirty years. The angels washed and purifica his body; which was the origin of funeral ablutions. The archangel Michael wrapped it in a sheet, with perfumes and aromatics; and the archangel Gabriel, discharging the duties of the Imameth, performed, at the head of the whole legion of angels, and of the whole family of this first of the patriarchs, the Salathul Djenaze : which gave birth to funeral prayers. The body of Adam was deposited at Gharul-Kenz (the grotto of treasure ), upon the mountain Djebel-Eby Coubeyss, which overlooks Mecca. His descendants, at his death, amounted to forty thousand souls.-D'ohsson. When Noah entered the ark, he took with him, by the command of the Eternal, the body of Adam, inclosed in a box-coffin. After the waters had abated, his first care was to deposit it in the same grotto from whence it had been removed.—D'Ohsson.

Note 12, page 92, col. 2. So if the resurrection came.

Some of the Pagan Arabs, when they died, had their Camel tied by their Sepulchre, and so left without meat or drink to perish, and accompany them to the other world, lest they should be obliged at the Resurrection to go on foot, which was accounted very scandalous.

All affirmed that the pious, when they come forth from their sepulchres, shall find ready prepared for them white-winged Camels with saddles of gold. Here are some footsteps of the doctrine of the ancient Arabians.—Sale.

Note 13, page 92, col. 2. She stared me in the face. This line is in one of the most beautiful passages of our old Ballads, so full of beauty. I have never seen the ballad in print, and with some trouble have procured only an imperfect copy from memory. It is necessary to insert some of the preceding stanzas. The title is,

old poulter's MAme.

At length old age came on her,
And she grew faint and poor;
Her master be fell out with her,
And turned her out of door,
Saying, if thou wilt not labour,
I prithee Gothy way, -
And never let me see thy face
Until thy dying day.

These words she took unkind,
And on her way she went,
For to fulfil her master's will
Always was her intent;
The bills were very high,
The valleys very bare,
The summer it was hot and dry, -
It starved Old Poulter's Mare.

Old Poulter he grew sorrowful,
And said to his kinsman Will,

I'd have thee go and seek the Mars
O'er valley and o'er hill;

Go, go, go, go, says Poulter,
And make haste back again,

For until thou hast found the Mare,
In grief I shall remain.

Away went will so willingly,
And all day long he sought;
Till when it grew towards the night,
He in his mind bethought
He would go home and rest him,
And come again to-morrow,
For if he could not find the Mare,
His heart would break with sorrow.

He went a little farther And turned his head aside, And just by goodman whitfield's gate - Oh, there the Mare he spied. He asked her how she did, She stared him in the face, Then down she laid her head again– She was in wretched case.

Note 14, page 92, col. 2. What, though unmov'd they bore the deluge weight.

Concerning the pyramids, “I shall put down,” says

| Greaves, “ that which is confessed by the Arabian writers to be the most probable relation, as is reported by Ibn

Abd Alhokm, whose words out of the Arabic are these: ‘The greatest part of chronologers agree, that he which built the pyramids was Saurid Ibn Salhouk, King of Egypt, who lived three hundred years before the flood. The occasion of this was, because he saw, in his sleep, that the whole earth was turned over with the inhabitants of it, the men lying upon their faces, and the stars falling down and striking one another, with a terrible noise; and being troubled, he concealed it. After this he saw the fixed stars falling to the earth, in the similitude of white fowl, and they snatched up men, carrying them between two great mountains; and these mountains closed upon them, and the shining stars were made dark. Awaking with great fear, he assembles the chief priests of all the provinces of Egypt, an hundred and thirty priests; the chief of them was called Aclimum. Relating the whole matter to them, they took the altitude of the stars, and, making their prognostica

| tion, foretold of a deluge. The King said, Will it come

to our country? they answered, Yea, and will destroy it. And there remained a certain number of years for to come, and he commanded in the mean space to build the Pyramids, and a vault to be made, into which the river Nilus entering, should run into the countries of the west, and into the land Al-Said. And he filled them with telesmes,' and with strange things, and with riches and treasures, and the like. He engraved in them all things that were told him by wise men, as also all profound sciences, the names of alakakirs,” the uses and hurts of them; the science of astrology and of arithmetic, and of geometry, and of physic. All this may be interpreted by bim that knows their characters and language. After he had given order for this building, they cut out vast columns and wonderful stones. They fetcht massy stones from the AEthiopians, and made with these the foundation of the three Pyramids, fastening them together with

'That which the Arabians commonly mean by telesmes, are certain *golia, or anowleta, made under such and such an aspect, or conti

zuration of the stars and planets, with several characters accordingly


* Alakakir, amongst other significations, is the name of a precious *e; and therefore in Abulfeda it is joined with yacut, a ruby.— I imagine it here to signify some magical spell, which, it may be, was **graven on this stone.

lead and iron. They built the gates of them forty cubits under ground, and they made the height of the Pyramids one hundred royal cubits, which are fifty of ours in these times; he also made each side of them an hundred royal cubits. The beginning of this building was in a fortunate horoscope. After that he had finished it, he covered it with coloured sattin from the top to the bottom; and he appointed a solemn festival, at which were present all the inhabitants of his kingdom. Then he built in the western Pyramid thirty treasures, silled with store of riches, and utensils, and with signatures made of precious stones, and with instruments of iron, and vessels of earth, and with arms that rust not, and with glass which might be bended and yet not broken, and with several kinds of alakakirs, single and double, and with deadly poisons, and with other things besides. He made also in the east Pyramid divers celestial spheres and stars, and what they severally operate in their aspects, and the perfumes which are to be used to them, and the books which treat of these matters. He also put in the coloured Pyramid the commentaries of the Priests in chests of black marble, and with every Priest a book, in which were the wonders of his profession, and of his actions, and of his nature, and what was done in his time, and what is, and what shall be, from the beginning of time to the end of it. He placed in every Pyramid a treasurer. The treasurer of the westerly Pyramid was a statue of marble stone, standing upright with a lance, and upon his head a serpent, wreathed. He that came near it, and stood still, the serpent bit him of one side, and wreathing round about his throat and killing him, returned to his place. He made the treasurer of the east Pyramid, an idol of black agate, his eyes open and shining, sitting upon a throne with a lance; when any looked upon him, he heard of one side of him a voice, which took away his sense, so that he fell prostrate upon his face, and ceased not till he died. He made the treasurer of the coloured Pyramid a statue of stone, called Albut, sitting : he which looked towards it was drawn by the statue, till he stuck to it, and could not be separated from it, till such time as he died. The Coptites write in their books, that there is an inscription engraven upon them, the exposition of which, in Arabic, is this, “I King SAuaid built the Pyramids in such and such a time, and finished them in six years: he that comes after me, and says that he is equal to me, let him destroy them in six hundred years; and yet it is known, that it is easier to pluck down, than to build up : I also covered them, when I had finished them, with sattin; and let him cover them with matts.' After that ALMAmon the Calif entered AEgypt, and saw the Pyramids, he desired to know what was within, and therefore would have them opened. They told him it could not possibly be done. He replied, I will have it certainly done. And that hole was opened for him, which stands open to this day, with fire and vinegar. Two smiths prepared and sharpened the iron and engines, which they forced in, and there was a great expense in the opening of it. The thickness of the walls was found to be twenty cubits; and when they came to the end of the wall, behind the place they had digged, there was an ewer of green emerald. in it were a thousand dinars very weighty, every dinar was an ounce of our ounces; they wondered at it, but knew not the meaning of it. Then AlMAMon said, cast up the account how much hath been spent in making the entrance;


they cast it up, and lo it was the same sum which they found ; it neither exceeded nor was defective. Within they found a square well, in the square of it there were doors, every door opened into a house ( or vault), in which there were dead bodies wrapped up in linen. They found towards the top of the Pyramid, a chamber, in which there was a hollow stone: in it was a statue of stone like a man, and within it a man, upon whom was a breast-plate of gold set with jewels; upon his breast was a sword of invaluable price, and at his head a carbuncle of the bigness of an egg, shining like the light of the day; and upon him were characters written with a pen, no man knows what they signify. After AlMAMon had opened it, men entered into it for many years, and descended by the slippery passage which is in it; and some of them came out safe, and others died.” —Greaves's Pyramidographia.

Note 15, page 92, col. 2. The living carbuncle. The Carbuncle is to be found in most of the subterranean palaces of Romance. I have no where seen so circumstantial an account of its wonderful properties as in a passage of Thuanus, quoted by Stephanius in his Notes to Saxo-Grammaticus. “Whilst the King was at Bologna, a stone, wonderful in its species and nature, was brought to him from the East Indies, by a man unknown, who appeared by his manners to be a Barbarian. It sparkled as though all burning with an incredible splendour, flashing radiance, and shooting on every side its beams, it filled the surrounding air to a great distance, with a light scarcely by any eyes endurable. In this also it was wonderful, that being most impatient of the earth, if it was confined, it would force its way, and immediately fly aloft; neither could it be contained by any art of man, in a narrow place, but appeared only to love those of ample extent. It was of the utmost purity, stained by no soil nor spot. Certain shape it had none, for its figure was inconstant and momentarily changing, and though at a distance it was beautiful to the eye, it would not suffer itself to be handled with impunity, but hurt those who obstinately struggled with it, as many persons before many spectators experienced. If by chance any part of it was broken off, for it was not very hard, it became nothing less."— Thuanus, lib. 8. In the Mirror of Stones, Carbuncles are said to be male and female. The females throw out their brightness : the stars appear burning within the males. Like many other jewels, the Carbuncle was supposed to be an animal substance, formed in the serpent. The serpent's ingenious method of preserving it from the song of the charmer, is related in an after-note.—Book 9.

Note 16, page 93, col. 1. Yet innocent it grew.

Adam, says a Moorish author, after having eaten the forbidden fruit, sought to hide himself under the shade

| Since this note was written, I have found in Feyjoo the history of this story. It was invented as a riddle or allegory of fire, by a French physician, called Fernelio by the Spanish author, and published by him in a Dialogue, De ahditis rerum causis. From hence it was extracted, and sent as a trick to Mizaldo, another physician. who bad written a credulous work, De Arcanis N. reas; and a copy of this letter came into the hands of Thuanus. He discovered the deception too late, for a second edition of his history had been previously published at Frankfort.

of the trees that form the bowers of Paradise : the Gold and Silver trees refused their shade to the father of the human race. God asked them why they did so? because, replied the Trees, Adam has transgressed against your commandment. Ye have done well, answered the Creator; and that your fidelity may be rewarded, 'tis my decree that men shall hereafter become your slaves, and that in search of you they shall dig into the very bowels of the earth.-Chenier.

The black-lead of Borrodale is described as lying in the mine in the form of a tree; it hath a body or root, and veins or branches fly from it in different directions: the root or body is the finest black-lead, and the branches at the extremities the worst the farther they fly. The veins or branches sometimes shoot out to the surface of the ground.—Hutchinson's Hist. of Cumberland.

They have founde by experience, that the vein of golde is a living tree, and that the same by all waies that it spreadeth and springeth from the roote by the softe pores and passages of the earth, putteth forth branches, even unto the uppermost parts of the earth, and ceaseth not untill it discover itself unto the open aire: at which time it sheweth forthe certaine beautiful colours in the steede of floures, round stones of golden earth in the steede of fruites; and thinne plates insteede of leaves. They say that the roote of the golden tree extendeth to the center of the earth, and there taketh norishment of increase: for the deeper that they dig, they finde the trunkes thereof to be so much the greater, as farre as they maye followe it, for abundance of water springing in the mountains. Of the branches of this tree, they finde some as small as a thread, and others as bigge as a man's finger, according to the largeness or straightnesse of the riftes and clifies. They have sometimes chanced upon whole caves, sustained and borne up as it were with golden pillers, and this in the waies by the which the branches ascende : the which being filled with the substance of the trunke creeping from beneath, the branche maketh itself waie by whiche it maie pass out. It is oftentimes divided, by encountring with some kind of harde stone; yet is it in other clifies nourished by the exhalations and virtue of the roote.—Pietro Martire.

Metals, says Herrera, (5.3. 15.) are like plants hidden in the bowels of the earth, with their trunk and boughs, which are the veins; for it appears in a certain manner, that like plants they go on growing, not because they have any inward life, but because they are produced in the entrails of the earth by the virtue of the sun and of the planets: and so they go on increasing. And as metals are thus, as it were, plants hidden in the earth; so plants are animals fixed to one place, sustained by the aliment which Nature has provided for them at their birth: And to animals, as they have a more perfect being, a sense and knowledge hath been given, to go about and seek their aliment. So that barren earth is the support of metal, and fertile earth of plants, and plants of animals: the less perfect serving the more perfect.

Note 17, page 93, col. 1.

The fine gold net-work, etc. A great number of stringy fibres seem to stretch out from the boughs of the Palm, on each side, which cross one another in such a manner, that they take out from all their jewels and precious stones.

of delicious fruit. hundred years in the completion.

between the boughs a sort of bark like close net-work, and this they spin out with the hand, and with it make cords of all sizes, which are mostly used in Egypt. They also make of it a sort of brush for clothes.—Pococke.

Note 18, page 93, col. 1.
Crouch'd at this Nimrod's throne.

Shedad was the first King of the Adites. I have ornamented his palace less profusely than the Oriental writers who describe it. In the notes to the BaharDanush is the following account of its magnificence from the Tafat al Mujalis.

A pleasant and elevated spot being fixed upon, Shuddaud dispatched an hundred chiefs to collect skilful artists and workmen from all countries. He also commanded the monarchs of Syria and Ormus to send him Forty camel-loads of gold, silver, and jewels, were daily used in the building, which contained a thousand spacious quadrangles of many thousand rooms. In the areas were artificial trees of gold and silver, whose leaves were emeralds, and fruit clusters of pearls and jewels. The ground was strowed with ambergris, musk, and saffron. Between every two of the artificial trees was planted one This romantic abode took up five When finished, Shuddaud marched to view it; and, when arrived near, divided two hundred thousand youthful slaves, whom he had brought with him from Damascus, into four detachments, which were stationed in canton

meats prepared for their reception on each side of the

pure soul.”

garden, towards which he proceeded with his favourite courtiers. Suddenly was heard in the air a voice like thunder, and Shuddaud, looking up, beheld a personage of majestic figure and stern aspect, who said, “I am the Angel of Death, commissioned to seize thy imShuddaud exclaimed, “Give me leisure to enter the garden,” and was descending from his horse, when the seizer of life snatched away his impure spirit, and he fell dead upon the ground. At the same time hehtnings flashed, and destroyed the whole army of the infidel ; and the rose-garden of Irim became concealed from the sight of man.

Note 19, page 93, col. 2. 0 Shedad : only in the hour of death.

Lamai relates, that a great Monarch, whom he does not name, having erected a superb Palace, wished to

show it to every man of talents and taste in the city; he therefore invited them to a banquet, and after the repast was finished, asked them if they knew any building

more magnificent, and more perfect, in the architecture, in the ornaments, and in the furniture. All the guests contented themselves with expressing their admiration, and lavishing praise, except one, who led a retired and austere life, and was one of those persons whom the Arabians call Zahed. This man spoke very freely to the Prince, and said to him, I find a great defect in this building; it is, that the foundation is not good, nor the walls sufficiently

strong, so that Azrael can enter on every side, and the

Sarsar can easily pass through. And when they showed him the walls of the Palace ornamented with azure and gold, of which the marvellous workmanship surpassed a costliness the richness of the materials, he replied,

there is still a great inconvenience here; it is, that we

can never estimate these works well, till we are laid backwards. Signifying by these words, that we never understand these things rightly, till we are upon our death-bed, when we discover their vanity.—D'Herbelot.

Note 20, page 94, col. 1. Breath'd through his moveless lips, etc. Las horrendas palabras parecian Salir por una trompa resonante, Y que los yertos labios no movian. Lupercio Leonardo.

Note 21, page 94, col. 1. And err not from their aim : Death is come up into our windows, and entered into our palaces, to cut off the children from without, and the young men from the streets.-Jeremiah, ix, 21. The Trees shall give fruit, and who shall gather them : The Grapes shall ripen, and who shall tread them? for all places shall be desolate of men.—2 Esdras, xvi, 25. For strong is his right hand that bendeth the Bow, his arrows that he shooteth are sharp, and shall not miss when they begin to be shot into the ends of the world.—2 Esdras, xvi, 13.

Note 22, page 94, col. 2.

Seems to partake of life.

There are several trees or shrubs of the genus Mimosa. One of these trees drops its branches whenever any person approaches it, seeming as if it saluted those who retire under its shade. This mute hospitality has so endeared this tree to the Arabians, that the injuring or cutting of it down is strictly prohibited.—Niebuhr.

Note 23, page 95, col. 1.
Let fall the drops of bitterness and death.

The Angel of Death, say the Rabbis, holdeth his sword in his hand at the bed's head, having on the end thereof three drops of gall; the sick mau spying this deadly Angel, openeth his mouth with fear, and then those drops fall in, of which one killeth him, the second maketh him pale, the third rotteth and purifieth. —Purchas.

Possibly the expression—to taste the bitterness of death, may refer to this.


Note 1, page 95, col. 2.
A Teraph stood against the cavern side.

The manner how the Teraphim were made is fondly conceited thus among the Rabbies. They killed a man that was a first-born son, and wrung off his head, and seasoned it with salt and spices, and wrote, upon a plate of gold, the name of an unclean spirit, and put it under the head upon a wall, and lighted candles before it, and worshipped it.—Godwyn's Moses and Aaron.

By Rabbi Eleazar, it is said to be the head of a child.

Note 2, page 96, col. 2. But Eblis, etc. The Devil, whom Mahommed names Eblis, from his despair, was once one of those angels who are nearest to God's presence, called Azazil; and fell (according to

the doctrine of the Koran), for refusing to pay homage to Adam at the command of God.—Aoran, ch. 2, 7, 15. God created the body of Adam of Salzal, that is, of dry but unbaked clay; and left it forty nights, or, according to others, forty years, lying without a soul; and the Devil came to it, and kicked it, and it sounded. And God breathed into it a soul with his breath, sending it in at his eyes; and he himself saw his nose still dead clay, and the soul running through him, till it reached his feet, when he stood upright.—Maracci. In the Nuremberg Chronicle is a print of the creation of Adam; the body is half made, growing out of a heap of clay under the Creators hands. A still more absurd print represents Eve half-way out of his side. The fullest Mahommedan Genesis is to be found in Rabadan the Morisco's Poems. God, designing to make known to his whole choir of Angels, high and low, his scheme concerning the Creation, called the Archangel Gabriel, and delivering to him a pen and paper, commanded him to draw out an instrument of fealty and homage; in which, as God had dictated to his Secretary Gabriel, were specified the pleasures and delights he ordained to his creatures in this world; the term of years he would allot them; and how, and in what exercises, their time in this life was to be employed. This being done, Gabriel said, Lord, what more must I write? The pen resisteth, and refuseth to be guided forwards! God then took the deed, and, before he folded it, signed it with his sacred hand, and affixed thereunto his royal signet, as an indication of his incontestable and irrevocable promise and covenant. Then Gabriel was commanded to convey what he had written throughout the hosts of Angels; with orders that they all, without exception, should fall down and worship the same: and it was so abundantly replenished with glory, that the angelical potentates universally reverenced and paid homage thereunto. Gabriel returning, said, O Lord! I have obeyed thy commands: what else am I to do? God replied, Close up the writing in this crystal; for this is the inviolable covenant of the fealty the mortals I will hereafter create shall pay unto me, and by the which they shall acknowledge me. El Hassan tells us, that no sooner had the blessed Angel closed the said crystal, but so terrible and astonishing a voice issued out thereof, and it cast so unusual and glorious a light, that, with the surprise of so great and unexpected a mystery, the angel remained fixed and immoveable; and although he had a most ardent desire to be let into the secret Arcanas of that wonderful prodigy, yet all his innate courage, and heavenly magnanimity, were not sufficient to furnish him with assurance or power, to make the enquiry. All being now completed, and put in order, God said to his Angels, “Which of you will descend to the Earth, and bring me up a handful thereof.” When immediately such infinite numbers of celestial spirits departed, that the universal surface was covered with them; where, consulting among themselves, they unanimously confirmed their loathing and abhorrence to touch it, saying, How dare we be so presumptuous as to expose, before the throne of the Lord, so glorious and sovereign as ours is, a thing so filthy, and of a form and composition so vile and despicable! and, in effect, they all returned, fully determined not to meddle with it. After these went others, and then more; but not

one of them, either first or last, dared to defile the purity of their hands with it. Upon which Azarael, an Angel of an extraordinary stature, flew down, and, from the four corners of the Earth, brought up a handful of it which God had commanded. From the south and the north, from the west and from the east, took he it; of all which four different qualities, human bodies are composed.

The Almighty, perceiving in what manner Azarael had signalized himself in this affair, beyond the rest of the Angels, and taking particular notice of his goodly form and stature, said to him ; a O Azarael, it is my pleasure to constitute thee to be Death itself; thou shalt be him who separateth the souls from the bodies of those creatures I am about to make; Thou henceforth shalt be called Azarael Malec el Mout, or Azarael, the Angel of Death.”

Then God caused the Earth, which Azarael had brought, to be washed and purified in the fountains of Heaven: and El Hassan tells us, that it became so resplendently clear, that it cast a more shining and beautiful light than the Sun in its utmost glory. Gabriel was then commanded to convey this lovely, though as yet inanimate, lump of clay, throughout the Heavens, the Earth, the Centres, and the Seas; to the intent, and with a positive injunction, that whatsoever had life might behold it, and pay honour and reverence thereunto.

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Eblis detained himself, obstinately refusing; proudly and arrogantly valuing himself upon his Ileavenly cornposition. To whom God sternly said, “prostrate thyself to Adam.” He made a show of so doing, but reinained only upon his knees, and then rose up, before he had performed what God had commanded him. When the Angels beheld his insolence and disobedience, they a second time prostrated themselves, to complete what the haughty and presumptuous Angel had left undone. From hence it is, that in all our prayers, at each inclination of the body, we make two prostrations, one immediately after the other. God being highly incensed against the rebellious Eblis, said unto him, * Why didst thou not reverence this statue which I have made, as the other Angels all have done? • To which Eblis replied, “I will never lessen or disparage my grandeur so much, as to humble myself to a piece of clay; I who am an immortal Seraphim, of so apparently a greater cxcellency than that; I, whom thou didst create out of the celestial fire, what an indignity would it be to my splendor, to pay homage to a thing composed of so vile a metal." The irritated Monarch, with a voice of thunder, then pronounced against him this direful anathema and malediction: “Begone, enemy;

depart, Rebel, from my abode. Thou no longer shalt

continue in my celestial dominions.—Go, thou accursed tlaming thunderbolt of fire! My curse pursue thee!

My condemnation overtake thee! My torments aftlict

thee! And my chastisement accompany thee! »—Thus fell this enciny of God and mankind, both he, and all

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