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sire of life is kindled through the touch ever being enlarged and enlightened by of kindred minds.

the inflow upon us of the cosmic deMany objections will occur to one sires of God. who reads for the first time this theory Again, it will be asked if this theory of prayer. Does not this explanation of will not lend itself to the idea that, if prayer, it will be asked, run counter to you want a purse of money, you must the practice of One who said in his imagine it very vividly lying on the prayer, ‘Not My will but Thine be pavement outside your house, and then done? This phrase has been greatly go out and find it. A father heard his misused. It has been misused so as al- little girl praying for the red doll in the most to justify the Irishman's type of window of the corner store, and told prayer, before mentioned. Rousseau her she ought not to pray for things like best expressed a prevailing interpreta- that; she ought to pray to be a good tion of it thus: 'I bless God, but I pray girl, or for the heathen. The fact was not. Why should I ask of Him that He that she did not want specially to be a would change for me the course of good girl in the father's meaning of that things, do miracles in my favor? I, who phrase, and she did not care about the ought to love, above all, the order estab- heathen, but she did want the red doll. lished by his wisdom and maintained by Why make a hypocrite of her at the his providence- shall I wish that order start? So it is with money. If that is to be dissolved on my account? As lit- what you really want, pray for it. If tle do I ask of Him the power to do well. you pray sincerely, you will receive an Why ask what He has already given?' answer which will satisfy you. Possibly

But God's highest will is carried out not the pocket-book, but an ability to only through human wills working at get up earlier in the morning, or to keep white heat. Prayer is not asking God awake between meals, or to reduce your to change the course of things, but ask- expenditures. The answer always comes ing Him to help me to be a part of that and abundantly satisfies anyone who course of things. I become so, not in dares persistently to carry out the art spite of my will, but through my will. of praying. But prayer always initiates The Master used this phrase, not be effort. fore He had exerted his own will, but Prayer is a hard task without the after the great drops of the sweat of de- mystic sense of the personality of God. sire were falling from his brow to the In all the lesser problems of life it is easy ground. The phrase is no idle excuse enough to look upon it as the simple for listless praying; in it we see the sub- demonstration of a natural law. But limation of desire taking place. Idle when the storms are out and the floods prayers, which place this phrase, mis- let loose, when one has done all one can used, in the forefront, will ever excuse by action and has done all one can by injustice and sickness and unhappiness prayer, then life is hard and cruel, inas the will of God. Justice, happiness, deed, unless one can feel, behind all the health, surely these are the will of God laws and beneath all the principles, in for all; as to the detailed method of higher reaches of spiritual communion, their coming, our desires in prayer are a love that understands and forgives.

ARE WE GIVING JAPAN A SQUARE DEAL?

BY E. ALEXANDER POWELL

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The most important country in the I propose to rip away the diplomatic world to Americans to-day is Japan. subterfuge and political camouflage Before you question this assertion, which have so long concealed or disthink it over for a moment. Japan is torted the facts of the situation. But, the only nation whose commercial and before I proceed, let me make it amply territorial ambitions, whose naval and clear that I am not anti-Japanese. emigration policies are in direct con- Neither do I hold a brief for Japan. I flict with our own. Japan is our only am an American and, because I wish to serious competitor for the trade of see my country morally in the right, I China. She is the key that can lock the deplore the tactless and blundering Open Door. Japan is the only country manner in which we are handling the whose interests in the Pacific clash with Japanese question. I am a friend of ours. She is the only power, save Eng- Japan and, because I wish her well, I land, which is in a position to challenge view with grave misgivings the aggresour naval supremacy — and the Brit- sive imperialism which appears to be ish navy, as we are perfectly aware,,can dominating her foreign policy. I am never conceivably be directed against absolutely convinced that, unless the ourselves. With the temporary eclipse two peoples can be jolted into a realizaof Germany as a world-power, Japan tion of whither they are drifting as a is the only potential enemy on our hori- result of their mutual suspicions and the zon; she is the only nation that we have policies of their respective governments, reason to fear. The problem that de the present irritation, constantly inmands the most serious consideration flamed in both countries by pernicious of the American people and the highest propaganda, will shortly break into an quality of American statesmanship is open sore. Notwithstanding the soft the Japanese Question. On its correct pedal put upon frank discussion of the and early solution hangs the peace of question by the diplomatists in Tokyo the world.

and Washington, despite the shocked It is to the great mass of reasoning and vehement denials of the gentlemen and fair-minded people in both coun- of the Japan Society, nothing is more tries, who, I believe, wish to know the certain than that the two nations are unvarnished truth, no matter how un- daily drawing nearer to war. flattering it may be to their national The cause of the existing bitterness pride, how controversive of their pre- between the two countries is doubleconceptions, how disillusionizing, that barreled. We have halted Japanese I address myself. In writing this article immigration into the Far West, and I have discarded euphemisms. At the would like to halt Japanese expansion risk of being accused of sensationalism, in the Far East. The Japanese, for their

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part, consider themselves affronted ment, traditions, ambitions, problems, and humiliated by the discriminatory and limitations of the other, and to legislation which has been directed make corresponding allowances for against their nationals in certain of our them — in short, to cultivate a chariWestern states, and they resent as table attitude of mind. The possibilimeddlesome our objections to the ties of cordial relationship and of harpolicies which they are pursuing in those monious coöperation between the two Far Eastern regions which they have nations are so tremendous, the interests come to regard as being within their at stake are so vast and far-reaching, own sphere of influence. We have the consequences of an armed conflict erected a 'No Trespass' sign on the would be so catastrophic and overAmerican continent by our adhesion to whelming, that it is unthinkable that the doctrine of James Monroe. To that the two peoples should be permitted to the Japanese make no objection; they drift into war through a lack of knowadmit that it is our own concern. Over ledge and appreciation of each other. the Eastern part of the Asiatic conti- The Japanese Question is an exnent the Japanese have themselves tremely complicated one. Its ramificaerected a 'Keep Off 'sign, basing their tions extend into politics, industry, policy on a doctrine not dissimilar to commerce, and finance. It stretches our own. We insist on a recognition of across one hundred and fifty degrees of our claim of 'America for the Amer- longitude. It affects the lives and desicans,' while at the same time denying tinies of six hundred millions of people. Japan's claim of Asia for the Asiatics. Its roots are to be found as far apart as There you have the two basic causes a Japanese military outpost in Siberia immigration and imperialism — of the and the headquarters of a labor-union friction between Japan and the United in Sacramento; as the office of a bankStates. Everything else — Shantung, ing firm in Wall Street and the palace Siberia, Korea, Yap - is subsidiary. of the President of China in the For

The near-hostility that characterizes bidden City. the relations of the two great nations To understand algebra, you must that face each other across the Pacific have a knowledge of arithmetic. To is due, I am convinced, not to any in- understand the Japanese Question, you herent ill-will on the part of either peo

must have at least a rudimentary knowple for the other, but to a mutual lack ledge of the various factors that have of knowledge and sympathetic under- combined to produce it. It has grown standing. In other words, both Amer- to its present menacing dimensions so icans and Japanese have shown them- silently, so stealthily, that the average selves unable, or unwilling, to think the well-informed American has only a other's mind. It is not enough for vague and usually inaccurate idea of groups of representative Americans what it is all about. He has read in the and Japanese to gather about banquet newspapers of the anti-Japanese agitatables and indulge in sonorous protesta- tion in California, of the Gentlemen's tions of mutual friendship and inter- Agreement, of ‘ picture brides,' of mysnational good-will, or to cable each terious Japanese troop-movements in other greetings couched in terms of ful- Siberia, of Japanese oppression in Korea, some praise. What is needed at the of the Open Door, of the quarrel over present juncture is an earnest endeavor Shantung, of the dispute over Yap; on the part of each people to gain a but to him these isolated episodes have better understanding of the tempera- about as much significance as so many

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fragments of a complicated jig-saw and dislike of them. That many of our puzzle. So, at the risk of repeating people distrust and dislike the Japafacts with some of which you are doubt- nese, there can be no gainsaying. Yet the less already familiar, I shall endeavor average American usually finds some to piece the puzzle together, so that difficulty in giving a definite and coyou may see the picture in its entirety gent reason for his attitude toward the and judge of its merits and faults for Japanese. yourself.

Underlying all the misunderstand

ings between the two nations is raceII

prejudice. Our racial antipathy for the Some truths, more half-truths, many Japanese is instinctive. It has its untruths have been said and written in source in the white race's attitude of areach country about the other. The rogant superiority toward all non-white clear waters of our old-time friendship peoples. We inherited it, along with have been roiled by prejudice and our Caucasian blood, from our Aryan propaganda. Much of our appalling ancestors. It is as old as the breed. ignorance of Japanese character, aims, The Japanese do not realize that they and ideals is traceable to our national are meeting in this an old problem;

' propensity for generalization — always that the American attitude is not an an inexact and dangerous method of attempt to place a stigma of inferiority estimating another people, and doubly on them, but merely the application to dangerous in the case of a people as them of the Caucasian's historic atticomplex as the Japanese. Let us not tude toward all peoples with tinted forget that we were accustomed to skins. If the Japanese question this, let think of the French as a volatile, ex- them observe the attitude of the Engcitable, easy-going, pleasure-obsessed, lish toward the brown-skinned peoples decadent people until the Marne and of Egypt and India. But this racial Verdun taught us the truth. Such a prejudice is by no means one-sided. The misconception was deplorable in the Japanese consider themselves as supericase of a people from whom we had or to us as we consider ourselves superior nothing to fear; it is inexcusable, and to them. Make no mistake about that. might well prove disastrous, in the case The Japanese are by no means free of the Japanese. I have heard Amer- from that racial dislike for Occidentals icans who pride themselves on being which lies near to the hearts of all Orienwell-informed, men whose opinions are tals; but they have the good sense, good listened to with respect, betray an igno- manners, and tact to repress it. That is rance of Japan and the Japanese which where they differ from Americans. would be ludicrous under other condi- Another reason for American dislike tions.

of the Japanese is the latter's assertion And the ignorance of many intelli- of equality. We don't call it that, of gent Japanese in regard to ourselves is course. We call it conceit- cockiness. no less disheartening. Their way of The reason that we get along with anthinking is not our way of thinking; other yellow race, the Chinese, is bemany of their institutions and ideas

cause they, by their abject abasement and ideals are diametrically different and submissiveness, flatter our sense of from ours. Believe it or not, as you racial superiority. Our pride thus cachoose - the great majority of intelli- tered to, we give them a condescending gent Japanese are utterly unable to pat of approval, just as we would give understand our thinly veiled distrust a negro who always ‘knows his place,'

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notice of the world, and for whose and 'ma'am,' and does not resent ill- amazing progress we were largely retreatment or injustice. The Japanese, sponsible. But when Japan adminison the contrary, stands up for his rights; tered a trouncing to the Russians, who he is not at all humble or submissive or are, after all, fellow Caucasians, Amerin the least awed by threats; and if an ican sentiment performed a volte-face irate American attempts to 'put him almost overnight. We were as proin his place,' as he is accustomed to do Russian at Portsmouth as we had been with a Chinese or a Filipino or a negro, pro-Japanese at Chemulpo. This sudhe is more likely than not to find him- den change in our attitude toward them self on the way to jail in the grasp of a has always mystified the Japanese. small but extremely efficient and un- Yet there is really nothing mystifying sympathetic policeman.

about it. We were merely answering the I asked an American whom I met in call of the blood. As long as we beYokohama if he had enjoyed his stay in lieved Japan to be the under dog, we Japan.

were for her; but when she became the ‘Not particularly,' he answered. 'I upper dog, the old racial prejudice don't care for the Japs; give me the manifested itself. A yellow people had Chinese every time.'

humbled and humiliated a Caucasian 'Why?' I queried.

people, and we, as Caucasians, resented He pondered my question for a mo- it. It was a blow to our pride of race. ment.

(A somewhat similar manifestation of ‘I'll sum it up for you like this,' he racial prejudice was observable when replied. “The Chinese treat you as a the negro pugilist, Jack Johnson, de superior; the Japanese treat you as an feated Jim Jeffries.) That a yellow equal.

race had proved its ability to defeat a Until Commodore Perry opened Ja- white race shocked and alarmed us. pan to Western civilization and com- We abruptly ceased to think of the merce, we held all Mongolians in con- Japanese as an obscure nation of polite tempt, being pleased to consider them and harmless little yellow men. They as inferior peoples. But in the case of became the Yellow Peril. the Japanese this contempt changed in Though the Japanese are of Asia, a few years to a patronizing condescen- they cannot be treated as we are acsion, such as a grown person might have customed to treat other Asiatics. To for a precocious and amusing child. attempt to belittle or patronize a naWe congratulated ourselves on having tion that can put five million men in discovered in the Japanese a sort of in- the field and send to sea a battle-fleet fant prodigy; we took in them a propri- scarcely inferior to our own would be etary interest. We watched their rapid as ridiculous as it would be shortrise in the world with an almost paternal sighted. Japan is a striking example to gratification. And the Japanese flat- other colored races of the value of the tered our self-esteem by their open ad- Big Stick. She has never been submiration and imitation of our methods. jugated by the foreigner. In spite of,

I think that our national antipathy rather than with the assistance of, the for the Japanese had its beginnings in white man, she has become one of the their victory over the Russians. Up to Great Powers, and at Versailles helped that time we had looked on the Japa- to shape the destinies of the world. Yet nese as a brilliant and ambitious little when she claims racial equality we

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