Essentials of English: Second Book

Cover
American Book Company, 1915 - 454 Seiten
 

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Inhalt

The Same Words Used Differently
9
Modifiers
10
Adjectives 12 The Use of Adjectives
12
Nouns and Adjectives Distinguished
13
Adverbs
14
Simple Subject and Simple Predicate
15
Adjective and Adverbial Phrases
16
Prepositions
17
Adverbs and Prepositions Distinguished
18
Compound Subject and Predicate
19
Conjunctions Kinds of Sentences
20
Interjections
22
Summary of the Parts of Speech
23
Subjects of Interrogative Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences
24
Summary of Sentences Analysis
25
Possessive Modifiers Substantives
26
Modifiers Appositives
27
Summary of Modifiers of Simple Subject
28
Summary of Modifiers of Simple Predicate
29
Modifiers of Modifiers
30
Complements
31
Complements The Direct Object
32
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
33
Verbs That May be Either Transitive or Intransitive
34
Complete and Copulative Verbs
35
Predicate Adjectives and Predicate Nominatives
36
Distinction between Predicate Nominatives and Direct Objects
37
Correct Use of Pronouns
38
Active and Passive Voice
39
Objective Complement
40
The Indirect Object
41
Summary of the Predicate Analysis
42
21
43
Independent Elements Nominatives of Exclamation
44
Independent Elements Parenthetical Expressions
45
Independent Elements Yes and
46
Independent Elements Expletive There
47
Summary of Independent Elements Analysis
48
Simple and Compound Sentences Clauses
49
Complex Sentences
50
Subordinate Clauses
51
Introductory Words
52
Subordinate Clauses
53
CompoundComplex Sentences
54
Elliptical Sentences and Contractions
55
The Elements of a Sentence
56
Summary of Sentences
57
Classes of Nouns
58
Inflection
59
Gender
60
Person
61
Number
62
Case
63
Uses of the Nominative Case
64
How to Parse Nouns
65
II2 114
116
20
120
SECTION PAGE 66 Uses of the Objective Case
150
Adverbial Objective
152
Uses of the Possessive Case
153
Case of the Appositive
157
Review of ses
158
Classes of Pronouns Personal Pronouns
159
Compound Personal Pronouns
165
Agreement of Pronouns with Their Antecedents
167
Correct Use of Personal Pronouns
169
Interrogative Pronouns
171
Correct Use of Who and Whom
173
Relative Pronouns
174
Uses of Relative Pronouns
178
Agreement of Verbs with Antecedents of Pronouns
180
The Relative Pronoun What
181
What in Indirect Questions
182
Compound Relative Pronouns
184
Restrictive and Descriptive Clauses
185
Correct Use of Relative Pronouns
188
Adjective Pronouns and Adjectives
190
Classes of Adjective Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns
191
Classes of Adjective Pronouns Indefinite Pronouns
192
How to Parse Pronouns
195
Adjective Modifiers
196
Kinds of Adjectives
197
Uses of Adjectives
199
Comparison of Adjectives
200
The Use of the Article
204
How to Parse Adjectives
205
Adverbial Modifiers
206
Classes of Adverbs
207
Comparison of Adverbs
210
Correct Use of Adverbs 2 II
211
How to Parse Adverbs
214
Classes of Conjunctions Coördinate Conjunctions
217
SECTION PAGE 102 Subordinate Conjunctions
219
Sequence of Tenses
237
Mode of Verbs
239
The Subjunctive Mode
241
Potential Verb Phrases
243
Correct Use of Shall and Will
246
Participles
250
Formation and Use of Participles
252
Nominative Absolute
254
Participles in Verb Phrases
255
Gerunds
257
The Possessive Case with the Gerund
260
Infinitives
261
Uses of Infinitives
263
Infinitives as Modifiers
265
Infinitive Clauses
267
Conjugation of Verbs
271
Progressive and Emphatic Forms of Verbs
276
Some Irregular Verbs
278
Review of Verbs Parsing
283
Summary of Phrases
285
Additional Uses of the Objective Case
286
Different Uses of the Same Words
289
Summary of Important Practical Rules
290
Sentences for Analysis and Parsing
297
History of the English Language
300
List of Irregular Verbs
302
Diagrams
307
PART TWO SECTION PAGE 1 Oral Composition Narration
315
The Paragraph
318
Capitalization
320
Narration
321
Punctuation
323
Direct and Indirect Discourse
325
The Climax of a Story
327
Sequence of Events
330
Word Study Synonyms
332
Uses of the Comma
333
Uses of the Comma
335
Anecdote to be Completed
338
Dictation Exercises
339
A Story to Complete
340
Stories to Complete
341
Antonyms
343
Variety in Expression
346
Amplification
348
Stories to be Amplified
349
Time in Narration
351
Oral Reproduction
352
Variety in Expression
355
Narration
356
Study of a Poem
358
Summary of Narration
361
Letters
363
The Envelope
369
Original Letters
370
Invitations and Replies
371
Descriptions for Impressions
375
Style in Description
377
Comparisons
379
Figurative Language
381
The Topic Sentence
384
SECTION PAGE 35 Semicolon Colon and Dash
386
Word Pictures
388
Versification
390
Detailed Description Persons
391
Detailed Description Places
393
Original Description of a Place
395
Original Description of an Interior
397
Variety in Expression
399
Description of a Picture
401
Detailed Description Objects
402
Increasing the Vocabulary
404
Homonyms Variety of Expression
406
Summary of Rules of Punctuation
407
Study of a Poem
409
Summary of Description
410
Business Letters
411
Form of the Business Letter
412
Letters of Application
419
Telegrams and Night Letters
422
Advertisements
424
Short Oral Explanations
425
Longer Explanations
427
Written Explanations in Tests or Examinations
428
Reference Work
429
Literary Explanations
430
Literary Explanations
432
Summary of Explanation
435
Argument
436
Debates
438
General Exercises in Composition
440
INDEX
443
SELECTIONS FOR STUDY AND MEMORIZING Prescribed the Education Department of the State of New York
455

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Beliebte Passagen

Seite 476 - Beneath whose awful hand we hold Dominion over palm and pine — Lord God of Hosts, be with us yet, Lest we forget — lest we forget ! The tumult and the shouting dies ; The captains and the kings depart ; • Still stands thine ancient sacrifice, An humble and a contrite heart.
Seite 433 - Now we are engaged in a great civil war testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
Seite 468 - Behind him lay the gray Azores, Behind, the Gates of Hercules ; Before him not the ghost of shores, Before him only shoreless seas. The good mate said : "Now must we pray, For lo ! the very stars are gone. Brave Admiral, speak ; what shall I say?
Seite 463 - Their blood has washed out their foul footstep's pollution. No refuge could save the hireling and slave From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave...
Seite 157 - We, the people of the United States, do ordain and establish this Constitution.
Seite 98 - LISTEN, my children, and you shall hear Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere, On the eighteenth of April, in Seventyfive ; Hardly a man is now alive Who remembers that famous day and year. He said to his friend, " If the British march By land or sea from the town to-night, Hang a lantern aloft in the belfry arch Of the North Church tower as a signal light, One, if by land, and...
Seite 358 - I sprang to the stirrup, and Joris, and he; I galloped, Dirck galloped, we galloped all three; " Good speed ! " cried the watch, as the gate-bolts undrew ;
Seite 365 - I pray that our heavenly Father may assuage the anguish of your bereavement, and leave you only the cherished memory of the loved and lost, and the solemn pride that must be yours to have laid so costly a sacrifice upon the altar of freedom.
Seite 462 - O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave? On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep, Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes, what is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep, As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Seite 473 - Farewell ! a long farewell, to all my greatness ! This is the state of man : to-day he puts forth The tender leaves of hopes ; to-morrow blossoms, And bears his blushing honours thick upon him ; The third day comes a frost, a killing frost, And, when he thinks, good easy man, full surely His greatness is a-ripening, nips his root, And then he falls, as I do.

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