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ix-liii Epistle III. (to Lord Bathurst): of the PREFACE

use of Riches Juvenile Poems

7 Epistle IV. (to the Earl of Burlington): Pastorals

9 A Discourse on Pastoral Poetry

Epistle V. (to Mr Addison. Occasioned 256 Spring


by his Dialogues on Medals) 263 Summer

17 SATIRES Autumn


Epistle to Dr Arbuthnot, being the ProWinter

logue to the Satires

270 Messiah

26 Satires and Epistles of Horace Imitated Windsor Forest

284 30 The First Satire of the Second Book Odes

41 The Second Satire of the Second Book . 290 Ode for Music on St Cecilia's Day 41 The First Epistle of the First Book

• 295 Two Chorus's to the Tragedy of Brutus . 43 The Sixth Epistle of the First Book

• 300 Ode on Solitude

The First Epistle of the Second Book 303 The Dying Christian to his soul

The Second Epistle of the Second Book 316 Essay on Criticism

47 Satires of Dr Donne Versified The Rape of the Lock

Satire II.

325 Elegy to the Memory of an Unfortunate

Satire IV.

328 Lady

90 Epilogue to the Satires in Two Dialogues : 334 Prologue to Mr Addison's Tragedy of

Dialogue I.

• 334 Cato 92 Dialogue II.

• 339 Epilogue to Mr Rowe's Jane Shore


• 347 97 Preface (1727)

• 352 Sappho to Phaon

Advertisement (1729)

• 354 Eloisa to Abelard

A Letter to the Publisher

• 355 The Temple of Fame

Advertisement (1742)

• 359 January and May

Advertisement (1743) The Wife of Bath

360 • 144

Advertisement (Printed in the Journals, The First Book of Statius his Thebais


1730) The Fable of Dryope


Martinus Scriblerus of the Poem Vertumnus and Pomona

• 173 By Authority Imitations of English Poets

363 . 176 The Dunciad: Book is

364 Chaucer

• 177
Book II.

• 377 Spenser (The Alley)

. 177

Book III. Waller

• 391 . 179 Book IV.

• 403 (Of a Lady singing to her Lute) 179

On a fan of the Author's Design) 179 By the Author: a Declaration

430 Cowley

180 A List of Books, Papers and Verses, &c. 431 (The Garden) 180 Index of Persons celebrated in this Poem

433 Weeping)

Index of Matters contained in this Poem Earl of Rochester (on Silence)

. 181
and Notes

434 Earl of Dorset



439 (Artemisia)

Imitations of Horace

441 (Phryne)

Book I. Epistle VII.

441 Dr Swift (The Happy Life of a Country Book II. Satire VI.

442 Parson) 184 Book IV. Ode I.


185 Part of the Ninth Ode of the fourth Book 446 Essay on Man • 191 Epistles

447 Epistle I. 193 To Robert Earl of Oxford

447 Epistle II.

To James Craggs, Esq.

448 Epistle III.


To Mr Jervas, with Mr Dryden's TransEpistle IV.


lation of Fresnoy's Art of Painting The Universal Prayer

449 226

To Miss Blount, with the Works of Moral Essays in Four Epistles to several


451 Persons

228 To the same, on her leaving the Town Epistle I. (to Lord Cobham): of the

after the Coronation

• 453 Knowledge and Characters of Men 228 On Receiving from the Right Hon, the Epistle II. (to a Lady): of the Charac

Lady Frances Shirley a Standish and ters of Women 236 two Pens


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456 456 • 457


486 485 486 486





Page Epitaphs

Page 455 Imitation of Tibullus 1. On Charles Earl of Dorset


Epitaphs on John Hughes and Sarah II. On Sir William Trumbal

Drew III. On the Hon. Simon Harcourt

On the Countess of Burlington cutting

484 IV. On James Craggs, Esq.


Paper V. Intended for Mr Rowe

485 457 On a Picture of Queen Caroline VI. On Mrs Corbet

The Looking-Glass: on Mrs. Pulteney
VII. On the Monument of the Hon. On certain Ladies
Robert Digby and of his sister



Epigram, engraved on the Collar of a Dog VIII. On Sir Godfrey Kneller 459 which I gave to H.R.H.

487 IX. On General Henry Withers


Lines sung by Durastanti X. On Mr Elijah Fenton

487 460

On his Grotto at Twickenham XI. On Mr Gay

487 460 Verses to Mr. C.

488 XII. Intended for Sir Isaac Newton


To Mr Gay, who had congratulated Mr XIII. On Dr Francis Atterbury


Pope on finishing his House and Gardens 488 XIV. On Edmund D. of Buckingham


Upon the Duke of Marlborough's House XV. For one who would not be buried in

at Woodstock Westminster Abbey

462 On Beaufort House Gate at Chiswick Another, on the same

489 402

Lines to Lord Bathurst

Inscription on a Punch-Bowl

• 490 A Paraphrase on Thomas à Kempis

Verbatim from Boileau

.490 To the Author of a Poem entitled Successio 464 Epigram (My Lord complains, &c.)

491 Argus :

464 Epigram (Yes, 'tis the time, &c.) Imitation of Martial

491 465 Occasioned by reading the Travels of Occasioned by some Verses of His Grace

Captain Lemuel Gulliver the Duke of Buckingham

491 465 1. To Quintus Flestrin, the Man-MounOn Mrs Tofts


491 Epigram on the Feuds about liandel and II. The Lamentation of Glumdaiclitch Bononcini

for the Loss of Grildrig

492 Epigram (You beat your pate, &c.)

III. To Mr. Lemuel Gulliver from the Epitaph (Well then, poor G-, &c.)


494 Epitaph (Here Francis C- lies, &c.).

IV. Mary Gulliver to Captain Lemuei The Balance of Europe

Gulliver To a Lady with ‘The Temple of Fame' 467 Lines on Swift's Ancestors :

497 Impromptu to Lady Winchilsea.

From the Grub-street Journal Epigram on the Toasts of the Kit-Cat Club 4ks


1. Epigram: occasioned by seeing some A Dialogue (Pope and Craggs).

sheets of Bentley's edition of Milton's On Drawings of the Statues of Apollo,

Paradise Lost

497 Venus, and Hercules, made by Sir G. II. Epigram (Should D-s print, &c.) : Kneller

III. Mr J. M. S-e catechised on his Prologue to the Three Hours after Mar:

one Epistle to Mr Pope riage'

468 Prologue designed for Mr D'Urfey's last

IV. Epigram: on Mr M-re's going to

law with Mr Gilliver Play

469 V. Epigram (A gold watch found, &c.j A Prologue by Mr Pope to a Play for Mr VI. Epitaph (Here lies what had no Dennis's Benefit

470 birth, &c.) Macer: a Character

499 471

VII. A Question by Anonymous Umbra

• 499 472 VIII. Epigram (Great G-, &c.)

499 To Mr John Moore, Author of the cele- IX. Epigram (Behold! ambitious of the brated Worm-Powder

British bays, &c.).

499 Sandys' Ghost


On Seeing the Ladies at Crux-Easton walk The Translator 474 in the Woods by the Grotto

499 The Three Gentle Shepherds

475 Inscription on a Grotto, the Work of Nine Lines Written in Windsor Forest


500 To Mrs M. B. on her Birth-Day

Verses left by Mr Pope, on his lying in The Challenge, a Court Ballad

Rochester's Bed at Adderbury

500 Answer to a Question of Mrs Howe

To the Right Hon. the Earl of Oxford

• 500 Song, by a Person of Quality

Translation of a Prayer of Brutus

• 501 On a certain Lady at Court

Lines written in Evelyn's Book on Coins A Farewell to London

501 479

To Mr. Thomas Southern, on his Birth The Basset-Table, an Eclogue

Day To Lady Mary Wortley Montagu 483 Bishop Hough

• 502 Extemporaneous Lines, on the picture of Prayer of St Francis Xavier Lady M. W. Montagu

• 502 484 Appendix: 1740, a Poem

• 503

466 466 466








498 498





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books and essays continue to this day to make their appearance, in which the period of our literary history coinciding with the literary life of Pope is spoken of as our Augustan age. Were this transfer of title intended to imply the existence during the period in question of any royal patronage of letters such as the first of the legitimate Cæsars was too prudent absolutely to neglect, it would condemn itself at once. The English Augustans were not warmed by the favour of any English Augustus. William the Deliverer, in whose reign they had grown up, had been without stomach for the literature of a nation with whose tastes and habits he had never made it part of his political programme to sympathise. Queen Anne's very feeble light of personal judgment was easily kept under by the resolute will of her favourites, or flickered timidly under cover of the narrowest orthodoxy. Of the first two Georges the former, indifferent to an unpopularity which never seemed to endanger his tenure of the throne, neither possessed an ordinary mastery of the English tongue nor manifested even a transient desire to acquire it. His successor had no objection to be considered, in virtue of his mistress rather than his wife, the patron of the literary adherents of a political party, until, on mounting the throne, he blandly disappointed the hopes of that party itself. The epoch of our Augustans had all but closed, when the death of Frederick, Prince of Wales, put an absolute end to the nominal hopes in the advent of a golden age for the liberal arts, by averting the accession of a Patriot King.

Neither was the defect of royal patronage supplied by any genuine Mæcenas from among the great ones of the realm. The traditions in this respect of the Stuart period—traditions doubtless exaggerated in the age of Pope, yet not wholly baseless—had barely survived the expulsion of the last Stuart King. Of King William's Batavian comrades, none had sought to grace their newly-acquired dignities and incomes by fostering the efforts of genius in the country which they had consented to adopt. Among the chief English-born noblemen and gentlemen of this reign those of the older generation were too intently engaged in picking their path through events and eventualities to find time for dallying with the delights of literature and art. One only of their number, the sage whom all parties honoured because he so circumspectly abstained from being of vital service to any, Sir William Temple, alone had a thought for literature, and horticulture, and other liberal amusements. With Queen Anne's accession commenced among the leaders of political and social life a period of eager speculation as to the contingencies which might supervene on her decease. Parties within parties, and factions within factions, battled over their living sovereign because it seemed that everything must depend upon the hands into which the power should fall when she should lie dead. In a time of national abasement foreign intellectual fashions and the patronage of such fashions may prevail ; and such had been actually the case in the reigns of both the Charles's. In a time of national elevation a national literature will find its patrons ; nor had such been wanting to our Elizabethans, nor were they (though in a different fashion) to fail English writers in subsequent times. But amidst the cynically selfish party-warfare which degraded our political life in the reign of Queen Anne, the value of literature was depreciated in accordance with the general decay of national feeling. For it was an age in which all things were viewed in their relation to the main issue upon which men's thoughts were fixed. Church and crown, freedom of action and of speech, the rights of the citizen at home and the glories of the nation abroad, were freely and fiercely tossed about in the caldron where the political future was believed to be brewing. Where the national honour was hardly taken into account as a secondary consideration, and the national wishes so little consulted that in the eyes of history they to this day frequently remain obscure, a national literature could obviously have no intrinsic cause for existence in the eyes of either Tories or of Whigs. It is for the parties that the nation and its feelings have been created; its traditions, its sympathies are so many adventitious aids, its foremost men so many candidates for partisan employment. The Whigs will crown Addison the laureate of their party; but not till he has sung the glories of its acknowledged hero. Bolingbroke, who liked to compare himself to Alcibiades, and Oxford, in whom the oblique vision of some party adulator discerned a Pericles to match, repaid their literary henchmen in the coin dearest to the frugal souls of literary men, and cheapest to the condescending great, a social familiarity at times facilitated by the bottle. Their literary assailants they were eager to imprison and pillory and utterly extinguish. Pegasus was always welcome if he would run in harness; otherwise away with him to the pound. Queen Anne's reign came to an end; and under the administration which supervened, a yet more practical method of reducing literature to her level was consistently adopted. No minister has probably ever expended so large a sum upon the hire of pens as Sir Robert Walpole. The consent of contemporaries and posterity stigmatises him as the poet's foe. The warmth of his patronage elicited the grubs from the soil, and bred dunces faster than Swift and Pope could destroy them.

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