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Proof of cultivation, final cer
years, the time for planting such trees, seeds, or cuttings shall be extended one year for every such year that they are so destroyed: Provided, further, That the person making such entry shall, before he or she shall be entitled to such extension of time, file with the register and the receiver of the proper land office an affidavit, corroborated by two witnesses, setting forth the destruction of such trees, and that, in consequence of such destruction, he or she is compelled to ask an extension of time, in accordance with the provisions of this law.
20 Stat. 113, 114, 115. Decisions Sec. Int., May 17, 1876 (3 Copp's L. O. 38); Dec. 23, 1876 (3 id. 180); April 2, 1877 (4 id. 21); May 29, 1878 (5 id. 87); Dec. 4, 1879 (6 id. 153); April 30, 1880 (7 id. 39); May 31, 1880 (7 id. 39). Decisions Com. G. L. O., June 24, 1873 (Copp's L. L. 652); July 25, 1874 (id. 653; 1 Copp's L. O. 92); Aug. 4, 1874 (Copp's L. L. 654); Dec. 11, 1874; Jan. 21, 1875 (1 Copp's L. O. 171); Feb. 11, 1875 (Copp's L. L. 654; 1 Copp's L. 0.181); June 28, 1875 (2 Copp's L. O. 54); July 1, 1875 (2 id. 54); Sept. 27, 1875 (2 id. 100); Dec. 3, 1875 (2 id. 133); July 6, 1876 (3 id. 72); July 17, 1876 (3 id. 71); April 9, 1877 (4 id. 162); July 18, 1877 (4 id. 162); July 24, 1877 (4 id. 85); Jan. 24, 1879; May 18, 1880 (7 Copp's L. O. 39). Cir. G. L. O., April 6, 1874 (Copp's L. L. 649; 1 Copp's L. O. 26). General Cir. G. L. O., Sept. 1, 1879, pp. 25, 27.
SEC. 278. No final certificate shall be given, or patent istificate, and pat sued, for the land so entered until the expiration of eight years from the date of such entry; and if, at the expiration of such time, or at any time within five years thereafter, the person making such entry, or, if he or she be dead, his or her heirs or legal representatives, shall prove by two credible witnesses that he or she or they have planted, and, for not less than eight years, have cultivated and protected such quantity and character of trees as aforesaid; that not less than twenty-seven hundred trees were planted on each acre and that at the time of making such proof that there shall be then growing at least six hundred and seventy-five living and thrifty trees to each acre, they shall receive a patent for such tract of land.
Right to be forfeited on failure to comply with the law.
20 Stat. 113, 114, 115. Decisions Sec. Int., Dec. 23, 1876 (3 Copp's L. O. 180); Nov. 14, 1877 (4 id. 134); Dec. 22, 1877 (5 id. 21); Sept. 17, 1878 (5 id. 119); April 30, 1880 (7 id. 39). Decisions Com. G. L. O., June 24, 1873 (Copp's L. L. 652); Feb. 11, 1875 (id. 654); March 11, 1875 (id. 655); March 23, 1875 (id. 656); June 28, 1875 (2 Copp's L. 0.54); July 1, 1875 (2 id. 54); Sept. 2, 1875 (2 id. 117); Dec. 3, 1875 (2id. 134); March 10, 1877 (4 id. 162); Jan. 8, 1878 (4 id.167); May 18, 1880 (7 id. 39). Cir. G. L. O., June 27, 1878 (5 Copp's L. O. 77). General Cir. G. L. O., Sept. 1, 1879, p. 24.
SEC. 279. If at any time after the filing of said affidavit, and prior to the issuing of the patent for said land, the claimant shall fail to comply with any of the requirements of this law, then and in that event such land shall be subject to entry under the homestead laws, or by some other person under the provisions of this law: Provided, That the party making claim to said land, either as a homestead settler, or under this law, shall give at the time of filing his application, such notice to the original claimant as shall be prescribed by the rules established by the Commissioner of the General Land Office; and the rights of the parties shall be determined as in other contested cases.
20 Stat. 113, 114, 115. Decisions Sec. Int., March 19, 1877 (4 Copp's L. O. 21); May 28, 1877 (4 id. 54); Sept. 17, 1878 (5 id. 119); Aug. 23,
1879 (6 id. 113); March 4, 1880 (7 id. 39); May 31, 1880 (7 id. 39). De-
SEC. 280. No land acquired under the provisions of this Land not liable law shall, in any event, become liable to the satisfaction of for prior debts. any debt or debts contracted prior to the issuing of the final
20 Stat. 113, 114, 115. Cir. G. L. O., June 27, 1878 (5 Copp's L. O. 77). General Cir. G.L.O., Sept. 1, 1879, p.25.
SEC. 281. The Commissioner of the General Land Office is required to prepare and issue such rules and regulations, consistent with this law, as shall be necessary and proper to carry its provisions into effect; and the registers and receivers of the several land offices shall each be entitled to receive two dollars at the time of entry, and the like sum when the claim is finally established and the final certificate issued. 20 Stat. 113, 114, 115.
SEC. 282. The fifth section of the act entitled "An act in addition to an act to punish crimes against the United States, and for other purposes", approved March third, eighteen hundred and fifty-seven, shall extend to all oaths, affirmations, and affidavits required or authorized by this
11 Stat. 250; 20 id. 113, 114, 115; R. S. 5392. Cir. G. L. O., June 27, 1878 (5 Copp's L. O. 77). General Cir. G.L.O., Sept. 1, 1879, p. 26. SEC. 283. Parties who have already made entries under the acts approved March third, eighteen hundred and seventy-three, and March thirteenth, eighteen hundred and seventy-four, shall be permitted to complete the same upon full compliance with the provisions of this chapter; that is, they shall, at the time of making their final proof, have had under cultivation, as required by this chapter, an amount of timber sufficient to make the number of acres required by this chapter; and all laws and parts of laws in conflict with the provisions of this chapter are hereby repealed.
17 Stat. 605; 18 id. 21; 20 id. 113, 114, 115. Decision Sec. Int., March 17, 1879 (6 Copp's L. O. 21.) Decisions Com. G. L. O., Feb. 14, 1879 (6 Copp's L. O. 22); April 1, 1879 (6 id. 126). Cir. G. L. O., June 27, 1878 (5 Copp's L. O. 77). General Cir. G. L. O., Sept. 1, 1879, p. 24.
Commissioner to make regulations.
Fees of registers and receiv
False oath constitutes perjury.
Entries under former laws, how perfected.
SEC. 284. The notices of contest provided by law under Publication of the tree culture laws shall be printed in some newspaper noticesofcontest. printed in the county where the land in contest lies; and if no newspaper be printed in such county, then in the news
paper printed in the county nearest to such land.
20 Stat. 91. C'ir. G. L. O., June 12, 1878 (5 Copp's L. O. 101).
SEC. 285. When any timber-culture claimant shall file a Lands relinwritten relinquishment of his claim in the local land office, ber-culture claimquished by timthe land covered by such claim shall be held as open to settle- ants subject to
entry at once.
Contestant of timber-culture
ment and entry without further action on the part of the Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Act of May 14, 1880. Decisions Com. G. L. O., Nov. 5, 1875 (2 Copp's L. O. 133); July 18, 1877; Aug. 18, 1877 (4 id. 85); Nov. 1, 1878 (5 id. 147); March 3, 1880.
SEC. 286. In all cases where any person has contested, entry allowed 30 paid the land office fees, and procured the cancellation of days after notice of cancellation to any timber-culture entry, he shall be notified by the register of the land office of the district in which such land is situated of such cancellation, and shall be allowed thirty days from date of such notice to enter said lands; and the register shall be entitled to a fee of one dollar for the giving of such notice, to be paid by the contestant, and not to be reported. Decisions Sec. Int., March 29, 1877 (3 Copp's
Act of May 14, 1880.
L. O. 21); May 28, 1877 (3 id. 54).
NOTE.-The following acts authorizing settlers upon the public lands under the pre-emption, homestead, and timber-culture laws, whose crops were destroyed by grasshoppers, to absent themselves temporarily from their lands, and extending the time for making final proof, have been passed from time to time by Congress, viz: 18 Stat. 81; 19 id. 54, 55, 59, 405; 20 id. 88, 169; act of June 4, 1880.
TOWN SITES AND COUNTY SEATS.
287. Town sites to be reserved.
291. When transcript maps of town are
293. Title to lots subject to mineral rights. 294. Entry of town authorities in trust for occupants.
295. Entry under preceding section, when to be made.
296. Entry in proportion to number of inhabitants.
297. Authorities of Salt Lake City, rights of, as to entry.
SEC. 287. The President is authorized to reserve from the Town sites to public lands, whether surveyed or unsurveyed, town sites be reserved. on the shores of harbors, at the junction of rivers, important portages, or any natural or prospective centers of popula
12 Stat. 754; 19 id. 392; R. S. 2380.
SEC. 288. When, in the opinion of the President, the pub- Reservations to be surveyed into lic interests require it; it shall be the duty of the Secretary lots. of the Interior to cause any of such reservations, or part thereof, to be surveyed into urban or suburban lots of suitable size, and to fix by appraisement of disinterested persons their cash value, and to offer the same for sale at public outcry to the highest bidder, and thence af erward to be held subject to sale at private entry, according to such regulations as the Secretary of the Interior may prescribe; but no lot shall be disposed of at public sale or private entry for less than the appraised value thereof; and all such sales shall be conducted by the register and receiver of the land office in the district in which the reservations may be situated, in accordance with the instructions of the Commissioner of the General Land Office.
12 Stat. 754; R. S. 2381. Decision Sec. Int., Aug. 28, 1880 (8 Wash. Law Rep. 574).
SEC. 289. In any case in which parties have alreadyTown or city on public founded, or may hereafter desire to found, a city or town on lands. the public lands, it may be lawful for them to cause to be filed with the recorder for the county in which the same is situated, a plat thereof, for not exceeding six hundred and
When towns es
forty acres, describing its exterior boundaries according to the lines of the public surveys, where such surveys have been executed; also giving the name of such city or town, and exhibiting the streets, squares, blocks, lots, and alleys, the size of the same, with measurements and area of each municipal subdivision, the lots in which shall each not exceed four thousand two hundred square feet, with a statement of the extent and general character of the improvements; such map and statement to be verified under oath by the party acting for and in behalf of the persons proposing to establish such city or town; and within one month after such filing there shall be transmitted to the General Land Office a verified transcript of such map and statement, accompanied by the testimony of two witnesses that such city or town has been established in good faith, and when the premises are within the limits of an organized land district, a similar map and statement shall be filed with the register and receiver, and at any time after the filing of such map, statement, and testimony in the General Land Office it may be lawful for the President to cause the lots embraced within the limits of such city or town to be offered at public sale to the highest bidder, subject to a minimum of ten dollars for each lot; and such lots as may not be disposed of at public sale shall thereafter be liable to private entry at such minimum, or at such reasonable increase or diminution thereafter as the Secretary of the Interior may order from time to time, after at least three months' notice, in view of the increase or decrease in the value of the municipal property. But any actual settler upon any one lot, as above provided, and upon any additional lot in which he may have substantial improvements shall be entitled to prove up and purchase the same as a pre-emption, at such minimum, at any time before the day fixed for the public sale.
13 Stat. 343; R. S. 2382. Towsley v. Johnson, 1 Neb. 95; Nevada v. Rhodes, 4 Nev. 312; Robinson v. Imperial Silver, &c., 5 id. 44; Bell v. The Bed Rock Tunnel Mining Co., 36 Cal. 214. Decision Com. G. L. O., April 4, 1868 (Zab. L. L. 196). Cir. G. L. O., Aug. 20, 1864 (Zab. L. L. 179; Copp's L. L. 661); Oct. 20, 1865 (Copp's L. L. 678).
SEC. 290. When such cities or towns are established upon tablished upon unsurveyed lands, it may be lawful, after the extension lands, extension thereto of the public surveys, to adjust the extension limits of the premises according to those lines, where it can be done without interference with rights which may be vested by sale; and patents for all lots so disposed of at public or private sale shall issue as in ordinary cases.
limits, how adjusted.
13 Stat. 344; R. S. 2383.
SEC. 291. If within twelve months from the establishment
maps of town are of a city or town on the public domain, the parties inter
not filed in twelve months, proceed- ested refuse or fail to file in the General Land Office a tranings by Secretary of the Interior. Script map, with the statement and testimony called for by the provisions of section two hundred and eighty-nine, it may be lawful for the Secretary of the Interior to cause a survey and plat to be made of such city or town, and thereafter the lots in the same shall be disposed of as required by such provisions, with this exception, that they