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791.] Diary through France.-Warrant of Oliver Cromwell.

very ingenious, and whofe appearance here may be of fervice to them." I kiffed the rod, and confeffed at the Thrine of the artifts, though I omitted ft at the Houfe of GOD. To give you an account of the variety of paintings which the Louvre exhibits would be endless; for of 794 arricles, 700 of them were worthy perhaps of particular notice. I fhall, therefore, only at prefent mention one; it was a full-length portrait of a lady ftanding-up and playing upon the harp. The elegance of her figure, the excellence of her ftriped fatin night-gown, would make even our Knight, or my late friend Gainsborough, change colour. I proteft I thought it a deception, and that it was reality inftead of imitation. This picture bears the name of Landray. During my refidence at Verfailles, I bought two portfolios of prints and drawings, containing nearly as many as I could lift, and more than I could carry. They coft me, fuch


is the want of money, for I paid in gold and filver, 30 livres, and I am fure 30l. 919 would not have bought them in Paris. Among them are five of cartoons, en moft perfect prefervation; and, in order rouge, of the firf impreffion, in the paid my refpects to a gentleman, whofe to finish the amufement of one day, I late high ftation might have deprived Foy, who, before the Revolution, pofme of that honour, Monf. L'Abbé De feffed more than four thousand pounds fterling a year, and now (I am afhamed to fay it) lodges above me.

and fpirit, and bears his misfortunes years of age, a man of genius, fenfe, He is 72 like a man. He is not left, however, without bread, or he fhould have a bit of mine; for, though I am a libertyman, I am, like the Irishman when the fhort time in his Houfe; and on the houfe was on fire, only a lodger for a earth, A WANDERER.

Plymouth, June 1.

Henry Flamock from Oliver Cromwell, which I have copied exactly from the original in the poffeffion of a gentleman of Cornwall. Mr. Flamock, after the Reftoration, was ejected from his chaplain thip and rectory of Lanivet for nonconformity, 1662. He died at Tavistock, much refpe&ted, in the year 1692.

Nos. 2 and 3 are epitaphs in St. Andrew's church; in which there are feveral curious infcriptions, which I fhall collect for your Magazine. Yours, &c. OLIVER CROMWELL, Efq. Captaine Generall and ComB. B. HAYDEN. mander in Chief of the Armies and Forces raifed, and to be raised, by Authority of Parliament within the Commonwealth of England.



By virtue of the power and authority to me devised from the Parliament of England, I doe hereby constitute and apDonte you preacher to the guarrifon of Pendennis, whereof Sir Hardretie Waller, knt. is gouvenor. Which faid place you fhall, by virtue of this comiffion, receive into your charge: you are, therefore, dilligently to intend the execution thereof, and faithfully and duly to execute and to found all things incident and belonging thereunto. And

the officers and fouldiers of the faid guarrifon are hereby required to acknowlege you as
theire preacher. And you are likewife to obferve and follow our orders, directions, as
you fhall from time to time receive from my felfe, the governor, and the fuperior officers of
the faid guarrifon, according to the difcipline of warr.
nineth day of Aprill, 1653*.
Given under my hand and feale this


The arms on the feal are: 1. Sable, a lion rampant, Argent; 2. Sable, a chevron between three fpears heads, Argent, their points imbrued proper; 3. Sable, a chevron between three fleurs-de-lis, Argent; 4. Gules, three chevronels, Argent; 5. Argent, a lion rampant, Sable; 6. As the firft.-Creft on wreath, a demi-lion holding the lower part of a broken fpear. EDIT.


No. 2. Epitaph in the chancel of St. Andrew's church, Plymouth.

truth, and of fair-dealing towards the characters of men, I fhall have no difficulty in afferting, because I can prove, that the leading caufe of his difapprobafequent war, against America, was, that tion of the original measures, and sub

our measures in that conteft were not founded in the Spirit, nor conducted in the temper, of the British Constitution. Admitting what I contend is the truth, it is furely very difingenuous to attri bute motives to Mr. Burke which never influenced him, and to place his reafonings upon fuch grounds as he never meant to reft them. They who will read Mr. Burke's fpeeches, and his other publications, refpecting the American quarrel, with candour and attention, will find themfelves obliged to agree with me. In his fpeech of 1774, on American taxation, he has thefe rema kable paffages:

If after-ages fhould defire to knowe
The endowments of him that lies below,
They may be affured by a Chriftian's othe
That Nature and Grace with emulation bothe
Did ftrive which fhould excell in highest kind,
Either Nature the body, or Grace the mind.
He dyed a stranger heere, and left remote
A wife, two daughters, and a valued note.
His name was HENRY FALDO, and did beare
This cote of armes, aged fiu: hundred yeare.

Etat. 33. Obiit the roth July, 1644.
[* This coat is entirely defaced.]
No. 3. Another epitaph; the ftone at
two different parts of the chancel :

Here lyeth the body of HOMAS NEOT, of Ride, in the Isle of Wight, who departed this life the 27th Maie, 1674.

Here lyeth him who once did bare
Command of men and thips who were
His owne, befides a merchant too;
Yet this and all would nothing doe
To keep from death when Chrift does call
To come to him that made us all.
But he, we hope, with Chrift does reft,
With whom its befte for all to reft.

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I conteft, die it. and we

and the and our ancestors, have been happy under that fyftem. Let the memory of all actions, in contradiction to that goad old mode on all fides, be extinguifhed for ever,”

cited, it will be evident to difpaffionate minds, that Mr. Burke's fentiments of the Conflitution of England were precifely the fame at the commencement of his political manhood as thofe which have manifefted themselves in his laft publication, and that he dreaded equally then the mischievous effects of attempting fpe culative improvements in it as he does now in his more advanced and matured ftate of life. It is rather a curious circumflance, and affords an internal evidence of the complexion of this pamphlet of Mr. Burke, that it was answered in a very poignant and acrimonious manner by the late celebrated female republican, Mis. Macaulay.

We all of us recolle&t that Mr. Burke took a very alive and leading part in parliament against the American war. It has been very much the fashion a

"I am not here going into the distinctions of rights, nor attempting to mark their boundaries. I do not enter into thefe metasbyfical diftinctions: I hate the very found of them. Leave the Americans as they antiently stood; and thefe diftinctions, born of our unhappy

mong his prefent enemies to argue that his opinions, recently published, are in oppofition to thole which he uniformly urged in the courfe of that melancholy contelt. To fuperficial obfervers, who confound oppofition to the mitch evous meatures of Adminiflration, with a defire of overthrowing the Conftirution, I conceive fuch prejudices will be acceptable. To thofe, however, who do not choose to determine without evidence, and who are actuated by a spirit of

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"All government, indeed, every human benefit and enjoyment, every virtue, and every prudent act, is founded on compromife and barter. We balance inconveniences. We give and take. We remit fome rights, that we may enjoy others; and we choose rather to be baffy citizens than fubtle difputants. As we must give away tome natural liberty, to


enjoy civil advantages, fo we must give away fome civil liberties for the advantage to be derived from the communion and fellowship of a great empire."

"Although there are fome amongst us who think our Conftitution wants many improvements to make it a complete fyftem of liberty; perhaps none who are of that opinion would think it right to aim at that improvement by difturbing his country, and rifking every thing that is dear to him. In every arduous enterprize we confider what we are to lofe as well as what we are to gain; and the more and better ftake of liberty every people poffefs, the lefs they will hazard in a vain attempt to make it more. These are the cords of love. Man acts from adequate motives relative to his intereft, and not on metaphyfical fpeculations. Ariftotle, the great mafter of reafoning, cautions us, and with great weight and propriety, against this fpecies of delufive, geometrical accuracy, in moral arguments, as the most fallacious of

all fophiftry.".

"Do you imagine that it is the land-tax act which raises your revenue? that it is the annual vote in the Committee of Supply

which gives you your army? or that it is the
mutiny-bill which infpires it with bravery and
difcipline? No! furely, no! It is the love of
the people, it is their attachment to their Go-
vernment, from the fenfe of the deep stake
they have in fub a glorious inftitution, which
gives you your army and your navy, and in-
fufes into both that liberal obedience, without
which your army would be a bafe rabble, and
your navy nothing but rotten timber."
(To be continued.)

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SEND you an impreflion of a gold coin (plate III. fig. 28) found in the parish of Norton, Wilts. Many hun dreds of Roman coins, in copper, mixed filver, and cafed iron, have been found in the fame neighbourhood, with heads of different emperors, well preferved; but this ftands fingular from all the reft, being of more modern date, and of pure unalloyed gold. An engraving*, with an explanation of it, will much oblige, Yours, &c.

*It is a gold coin of Bayeux; BERICIS being the moneyer's name. EDIT.

W. B.

PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT, 1791. (Continued from p. 832.)



COMMONS. June 2. R. FOX'S bill, for removing the doubts of the rights of juries to give a general verdict in all criminal cafes, was read the third time, and paffed. The bill, impowering the Judges to order the diftribution of the rewards for the conviction of certain felonies, was read the third time, and paffed.

Mr. Powys's bill, for the better regulation of gaols, was read the third time, and paffed.

Mr. Sheridan, after a converfation in which Mr. Pitt, Mr. Fox, Mr. Sheridan, and Mr. Rofe, took a part, moved, "that there be laid before the Houfe a copy of Mr. Holland's account of the receipt and expenditure of all monies ifued by the Lord's Commiffioners of his Majesty's Treafury, on account of Carlton-houfe." Ordered.

Mr. Gray, after dwelling upon the important, the difficult, the extraordihary, and novel fituation of the affairs of this country, and having condemned the filence of Adminiftration as a proof of their not daring to avow the fchemes they were profecuting, contended for the right of that Houfe to enquire into the neceffity and juftice of a war before they GENT. MAG. Odober, 1791.

involved their conftituents in the ex-
pences to defray it. Nothing new oc-
curring in the courfe of the debate, we
fhall content ourselves with giving the
fubftance of his motion, viz. "that an
addrefs might be presented to his Ma-
jefty, praying that he would not pro-
rogue the Parliament until the Houfe
fhould be able to give their advice upon
the information which might be laid be-
fore them;" which was negatived.
Ayes 75. Noes 170.



June 3.

In a Committee upon the Catholic bill, went through the feveral claufes, with fome amendments and additions propofed by Lord Rardon, the B.fhop of Bangor, and other Lords.

In the Commons, the fame day, the Quo Warranto bill was read the third time, and carried to the Lords.

Mr. Rofe prefented the account, No. 5, which Mr. Sheridan moved for; in which Mr. Holland ftated the fums expended on Carlton-houfe, and the money remaining in his band.

Lord Shafald faid, it was his intention to move for a Committee to enquire


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how far the vote of that Houfe, relative to Carlton-house, had been complied with; and alfo to enquire into the application of the 20,cool. voted for the purpofe of adding to Carlton-house, and furnishing the fame.

"Alfo, the names and number of all thofe confined in the prifons in the faid places, together with the number of their wives and children, specifying fuch as have the allowance under the

Lords act.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, he should refift the first, because he thought it unneceffary; and he did not know but he should go beyond his duty as a member of parliament if he yielded to the fecond.

Mr. Dundas faid, he should also vote
against the two motions; this led him
into the account of the original tranfac-
tion; whence he contended, that the
20,000l. voted in 1787 was underfood
to be founded on an estimate, and all
that was expected to finish Carlton-
houfe. The first motion was negatived;
and the fecond put, and agreed to. The
Committee was appointed, and confifted
of the following gentlemen :
Lord Sheffield,
Lord John Ruffel,
Lord Apfley,
Mr. Dundas,
Mr.C.Townshend, Mr. N. Edwards,

Mr. Bastard,
Mr. Pulteney,
Mr. J. Smith,
Mr. Huffey,

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"Alfo, the number of perfons confined for debt, and who died fince October, 1780, with the amount of the debts for which they were confined."

Mr. Hippelley feconded the motion. Mr. Burden wished to add a few words to the motion juft fubmitted to the Houfe, and moved the following words: " and diftinguishing the courts out of which the procefs iffued, and for which fuch debtors are confined;" which was ordered.

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Mr. URBAN, Rochford, O. 12.
I will fend you, at another opportunity,

WALKING fome time paft in the fome Roman coins found in Weftmor

of Kirkby Stephen,

T. C.

in Westmorland, I was furprized to fee the beautiful monument of Lord Tho.

Mr. URBAN, Sarum, O. 16.

mas Wharton (ancestor of the late diffi-N answer to Query 4, p. 791, I can pated Duke of Wharton, author of the affure your correfpondent Oedipus, "Earl's Defeat," inferted in your Mathat the Rev. Thomas Martin never gazine for Auguft, p. 721), very much published any tranflation of Theocritus, defaced by the falling-in of the roof, nor do I think he ever publifhed any and a part broken off. After fome trou- propofal for it. In 1760, he printed an ble in collecting the fragments, I was edition of the original in octavo, Greek enabled to make out the infcription. and Latin, with notes. I am almoft The monument is of alabafter, about certain the following are all he ever four feet high, richly charged on the printed. I was intimately acquainted fides with the family arms, and figures with him from 1740 to the time of his in a kneeling pofture. The top flabs death, and he fent me the MS. of his (on which are laid the effigies of Lord different works: W. in armour, and his two ladies,) project about fix inches over the fides (and are fupported at the corners by finall round pillars), around the edge of which is the following infeription : Thomas Whartonus jacet hic, et utraque conjux

1. Explanation of the Accidence and Grammar. 1753, 1s.

Elionora fuum, hinc habet Anna, locum. En tibi terra tuum carnes ac offa refumem

Coles animas, tu, Deus alme, tuum.
At the East end is a to the following:

Gens Whartonus Genus dat honores dextra
[dedit uxor,
In Scotos, Stapeltona domus m'hi quam
Elionora jacet ter bina prole parentem,
Binam adimunt teneris binam juvenilibus

Fata mihi dat nominavi bina superftes.

Anna fecunda uxor celebri eft de gente

An infertion of the above in your va-
luable Repofitory may probably incite
the inhabitants at least to preferve (by
keeping the monument in fome better
repair) the memory of that late noble
family, formerly patrons of the living,
and from whofe beneficence the poor of
the parish enjoy at prefent a yearly do
nation of 40 Bibles, diftributed by the
Yours, &c.
T. C.
N. B. About fix miles Weft from
Kirkby Stephen, near a village called
Afhby, is a very remarkable cave, which
I do not remember to have feen defcrib-
ed by any traveller; it is called Ashby-
Pate-Hole. I found myself amply re-
paid for my trouble in exploding a part
of this fubterraneous pailage. Having
but just feen a part of it, I cannot pretend
to give you any account; but should wish
fome one, who has been more frequently
embofomed in its recefies, to give a de-
fcription of it to the publick through the
medium of your valuable Magazine. If
you think the above is worth infertion,

1743, IS.

2. Imitations of Horace. 3. Poems on several Occafions. 1745. 4. Matt. Prioris Almæ, Lat. verfu Donat. 1763, IS.

5. Theocriti,Mofchi,et Bionis Idyllia, Svo, Græcè & Latinè, Poetis ex Latinis illuftrata; Notis quibufdam interjectis; operâ et ftudio Thomæ Martin, A.B. Coll. Ball. apud Oxonienfes olim Scholaris, nunc Scholæ Verlucianæ Magiftri, 1760," 6s. This was dedicated to the Lord Viscount Weymouth.

In 1763, Mrs. Martin published Propofals for 190 Fables of top, Phædrus, &c. but it was never printed. Yours, &c.



Bath, O. 17.

NOT knowing where to addrefs a letter to the perfon figning himfelf One of your Correfpondents, who fhould have named the place of his abode, and is very particular in his enquiries for the portrait of Henry Lawes, one of the Gentlemen of the King's chapel in the reign of Charles the First, and a favou rite compofer of that monaich; I beg leave to fay, that it was never in my poffeffion, but belonged to my father, who gave it to the Bishop of Durham, when his Lordthip held the fee of Sarum; and I have heard nothing to the contrary, but it fill remains in the palace there, where, with proper applica. tion, I make no doubt he might fee it. Yours, &c. J. ELDERTON,

Mr. URBAN, October 12, TH HE following extraordinary coin. cidence of circumstances is recorded on a tablet in Winchester cathedral, The Clerks' family of Avington were


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