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962 News from Scotland, and various Parts of the Country. [0&.

"I am entirely refigned to my fate; and I confide myself to the All powerful Being, who, I truft, will pardon my fins.

"I now feize this opportunity to request, for the love of God, that you will take care of the child which ☀* * called me the father of.--I formerly difavowed it; and I afk pardon of Almighty God for fo doing.

"As nothing else appertaining to your unfortunate fon remains, I traft that you will be kind to the child.

"Give my bleffing to my mother; tell her, that at this very moment my heart beats for her, who reared with fo much tenderness her unhappy fon, JOHN DOBIE. "N.B. I commend to the humanity of whoever finds this, that he will tranfmit it by poft.

all ranks of people. Providentially the even ing was rather calm, and what little wind there was directed the flames clear of the houses, or the whole village, in all likeli hood, would have been confumed. The lofs is estimated at 1000l.

At the Quarter Seffions at Sudbury, on an affair of an affault, the Jury, not agreeing on their verdict, about midnight broke open the door of the room in which they were inclosed, and made off, every man to his own house. Next morning they assembled ; but, being then no longer confidered as the fame Jury, were difmiffed by the Court, who'determined to apply to the Attorney General for advice in a cafe fo unprecedented.

A wretch, who attacks females in the fame diabolical and unaccountable mode whiola

May God bless you all for ever! Adieu, gave Rhynwick Williams in London the ap

to all eternity!"

To the Rev. Mr. DOBIE,
Minifier of the Gospel, at
Eaglesham, near Glasgow."

A Hamburgh merchant, it is added, undertook to fend the original to Mr. Dobie. But, as the whole is a fabricated lye, can it be poffible to invent a punishment to meet the diabolical tendency of fuch complicated caufes of diftrefs-the feelings of a mother, and the fair fame of an innocent maid?


An affair of an unpleasant kind happened lately at Taunton. As a foldier of the Queen's Dragoon Guards was going to the place of confinement, in confequence of fome breach of military duty, a part of the troop to which he belonged attempted to rescue him. The remainder of the regiment, quartered in Taunton, was immediately ordered under arms. A tumultuous mob affembled; but, by the fpirited conduct of the magiftrates and officers, as well as by the perfectly proper behaviour of the rest of the corps, the offenders were fecured immediately, and the mob dispersed.-A letter fince received in town fays: "The Court Martial held on fome of the Queen's Dragoons for mutiny, in which the mutineers were joined by the populace, but repelled by two companies of the fame regiment, and the activity of the officers, feconded by the Mayor of the town, is concluded, and eleven of the delinquents fentenced to fevere corporal punishment; all of whom, upon their contrition, his Majefty has forgiven, the most atrocious delinquent excepted, who is to receive a thousand Lathes, and be expelled the corps with the utmoft ignominy."

Cambridge, Oct. 5. On Tuesday evening laft, about eight o'clock, this town and neighbourhood were much alarmed by a dreadful fire in a corn-yard, which almost inftantaneously appeared in flames: it is imagined that the fire was not accidental After raging for a confiderable time, it was happily got under, through the exertions of

pellation of the Monster, has made his ap pearance in Bristol; and no lefs than four women have already been maimed by him.


Jens Gron, a Norwegian by birth, Cap tain of a veffel named the Emanuel, disco vered, on the 31st of May last, a shoal, between the Ifle of Anholt and Vafbourg, in Sweden. As this fhoal is not laid down in the chart of the Categate, published last year by Profeffor Lons, the Danish Admiralty have difpatched two yachts, with experi enced officers, to examine it minutely, for the future fafety of navigators.

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On the 6th of June, a courier arrived at Moscow, from the borders of China, with the important intelligence, that the Emperor had agreed to open a trade with Ruffia, and had caused the fame to be proclaimed thro the Chinese empire; but that a Chinese priest had found means to fufpend the execu tion, by fome false representations against the Ruffian Governors, which required a juftification.

At Florence, on the 24th of June, his Royal Highnefs the Great Duke made his public entry into that city, and received the homage of the feveral Deputies fent on the occafion with the usual ceremonies. The Senate and Magistracy were fworn on the Holy Evangelifts, after which the former had the honour to kifs his Royal Highness's hand, and the latter his garment. On the 29th of June, the ceremony of the inauguration of the Emperor as Duke of Brabant took place at Bruffels. His Highnefs was represented by the Duke of Saxe-Tefchen.

On the 26th of July, about two o'clock in the morning, a fire broke out in the Admiralty of Amfterdam; and, though every endeavour was used to extinguifh it, canfumed in a few hours the whole of that fine building, and a large magazine of fails, arms, and other ftores, fufficient, it is faid, for the equipment of thirteen ships of war. The caufe of this misfortune is not yet afcer tained. Gaz.

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At Naples, the weather during the fummer has been more unfettled than ufual.The heat has been exceffive, and the ftorms tremendous and frequent. Four thunderbolts have fallen on the city; and the hailftones with which they were accompanied were of an incredible fize, and have done great damage about the country.

Ten men of war have been ordered to be manned, and provided with five months provifions; but nobody pretends to know their deftination. By the Report of the French Miniftry to the National Affembly, it does not appear that they are under much apprehenfion of a war, notwithstanding all the threatening appearances that every where feem to denounce vengeance against them.

A proclamation was published through all the dominions of Spain on the 18th of June laft, for apprehending tinkers, knife-grinders, and other itinerant mechanicks, and committing all perfons of that defcription, on whom papers of a feditious nature, written or printed, fhall he found; and alfo all perfons who may utter fentiments of a fimilar tendency: left the French, become fanatically addicted to that licentioufnefs which they term LIBERTY, fhould introduce and circulate their detestable maxims of government among the fubjects of this realm.

The above proclamation, directed to the Magiftrates in the King's name, and figned, Le Comte de Cifuentes, has fince been extended to all strangers defirous of fettling in Spain; and the following oath prescribed:

"I fwear to obferve the Catholic religion, to be faithful to it, as well as to the King, whofe fubject I am, in fubraitting to the laws and customs of this kingdom; renouncing every right and privilege of a foreigner, and every relation to, and union with, or dependence on, the country in which I was born.

I promise not to avail myself of its protection, nor that of its Ambaffadors, Ministers, or Confuls, under pain of the galleys, imprisonment, or expulfion from his Majefty's dominions, and confifcation of my property, according to my tranfgreffion and quality." In confequence of this edict, the principal merchants and other British fubjects refiding at Alicant were, on the 7th of Au guft, called upon to declare what clafs of foreigners they chofe to be diftinguished by ; and Meff. Keith and M'Donald, having declined complying with the order, were confined in the Caftio of Alicant; but, on the receipt of this intelligence at Madrid, Count Florida Blanca apologized to Lord St. Helen's, the British Minifter there, for this mifconduct of the Governor of Alicant, and immediately gave orders for their releafe.

On the ift of September, a letter appeared in the London news-papers, written by the Right Hon. Mr. Burke, to the Archbishop of Aix; and on the 7th appeared the answer to it. These letters excited much curiofity, as it is faid in the one, that it is with good

reafon that in France the Nobleffe fhould be proud of the Clergy, and the Clergy of the Nobleffe; and in the other, that the first Orator in England is become the defender of the Clergy of France.- -Thus the Clergy of France feem to have regained by the Revolution that refpectable character which their ignorance and profligacy of manners had, in a great meafure, rendered contemptible in more peaceable times.

The report of a distant expedition began to be circulated at Stockholm fo long ago as the beginning of September, and has been gaining ground ever fince; infomuch, that the foldiers make no fecret of declaring their refolution not to ferve against the French.

A printed paper has been distributed at, Stockholm, one of which the King found under his feat, to the following effect:

"The Swedish nation will not go to war against the French nation; the law only permits our Affembly to make a defenfive war. Thy oath obliges thee only to lead its troops for the fervice of the nation; and it is only in this fervice that we will fight, against whoever offer to offend or tranfgrefs the laws, and are in any wife deficient in difcharging their duties."

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September 30.

The Old and New Lord Mayors, attended by the Recorder, Sheriffs, &c. went, as ufual, to the Exchequer Chamber; where the Recorder prefented the two Sheriffs, who gave the ufuat warrants of attorney for the iffue of their farms, &c.; and the late Sheriffs were fworn to the iffues of their thrievalty..

Proclamation was next made, for the fenior Alderman below the Chair to come forth, and perform fuit and services for certain wood-lands, called The Moor, in the county of Salop; and for a tenement, called The Forge, in the parish of St. Clement Danes, in the county of Middlesex; both of which the City holds, on feudal tenure, from the Crown. Sir James Sanderson mounted the table, and with a bill-hook chopped a bundle of flicks, and counted fix horfefhoes, and fixty-one nails.-The ceremony being ended, the Lord Mayor, &c. withdrew. Thursday, October 6.

In the night, the house of Sir James San derfon, Roxby, and Co. hop-merchants, at the bottom of Fish-street-hill, was broken open, and robbed of bills of exchange, cash, &c. to a very large amount.-One hundred


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Pounds reward have fince been offered for from Jamaica, which place the left Sept. 10, discovery of the robbers.

Monday 10.

In the evening, a man, rather genteelly dreffed, called at Mr. Metham's, filverfmith, in Cheapfide, with a woman, and bought a ring, of half-a-guinea price. In the course of their dealing, fome circumftances occurred which led to a difcovery of the depredators who, in June laft, robbed the Cambridge mail of notes and bills to an enormous amount; of whofe proceedings an account fhall be given, whenever the facts are fufficiently authenticated -An important discovery from a trifling incident!

Tuesday 11.

A Court of Common Council was held at Guildhall, to take into confideration the adjourned queftion relative to the 16th Standing Order of the Court, "That no Member thall be permitted to be put in nomination as a candidate for any place of emolument in the gift of this Court, unless he thall, previously thereto, have taken the first opportunity to refign his feat, in cafe he shall prove fuccefsful."-After a warm debate, the Court at length dividing, there appeared : Aldermen

For the

Standing Order Commoners

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About fix o'clock in the evening, their Majefties, the Princeffes Royal, Augufta, and Elizabeth, and their ufual attendants, arrived at the Queen's Lodge at Windfor, from Weymouth, having only been twelve hours and a half on their journey.

On their entrance into the town, the bells were rung, and the guns fired; which were anfwered by a volley from the 29th regiment, now there on garrifon duty,

Sunday 16.

A moft diftreffing circumstance happened at the house of Dr. Ford, Head of Magdafen Hall, Oxford. One of the Doctor's children, a fine boy of about four or five years of age, having been left by the maid at play in the room with his brothers, approached fo near the fire, that the flames caught his pin-cloth; and, though the child fcreamed immediately for help, and all poffible affift ance was afforded, he died on Tuesday.

Sunday 23,

About four o'clock this morning, the watch at the Bank difcovered a fire in that part of the building lately appropriated to the burning of ufelefs papers. A fire at the Bank foon took air, and all London was prefently alarmed; though very little more da mage could enfue, than by burning a pig. fye; as all parts of the Bank where any property is lodged are rendered incombustible, Tuefay 25.

Accounts were received this morning at the Admiralty, by the Daphne man of war, ર

that a dreadful infurrection had taken place at St. Domingo, among the Negroes and free people, and that they were in arms to the number of from 35,000 to 40,000 men, and were fuppofed to have in their poffeffion about 5000 ftand of arms, had destroyed about 200 fugar plantations, and a number of coffee, &c. and had killed and destroyed all the White people that fell in their way, it is fuppofed to a great amo nt. The reafon affigned for the revolt of these people is, the late decree paffed in the National Affembly. It appears that the revolt was confined to the French district; but it was imagined it would become general through the island.

By other information we learn, that the White people at St. Domingo had dispatched a ship to America, praying for affiftance: that, the news of the infurrection being received at Jamaica, Lord Effingham had col lected all the troops together, to be ready on the firft alarm; and it was expected that martial law would be proclaimed, We are happy to fay, that no ferious confequence is apprehended among our own islands; and the military at Jamaica is on the most refpectable footing, and very numerous. ¡Vednejday 26.

The two Sheriffs, attended by the City Remembrancer, waited on the King at the levee at St. James's, to know when it would be his Majelly's pleafure to receive the Ad drefs of the Citizens of London, on the recent happy marriage of the Duke of York to the Princefs Royal of Pruflia; when the King appointed Wednesday, Nov. 2.

Menuay 31.

By the act paffed in the laft feffion of Parliament for regulating the corn-trade, it is enacted, "That every miller, or other perfon, being a dealer of corn for fale, or of malt, flour, or meal, made thereof, fhall res turn, or caufe to be returned, to the infpector for the city or town where any corn fhall be bought, an account (in writing) figned with his own name, of the refpective quan❤ tities and prices thereof; and, in default thereof, every fuch miller or corn-dealer shall forfeit and pay a fum, not exceeding ten pounds, and not less than forty fhillings. And it is further enacted, That every miller, corn-dealer, &c. fhall make a written declaration before a Magiftrate previous to his commencing that bufinefs; otherwife, for fuch neglect, he fhall forfeit the fum of ten pounds, and not lefs than forty fhillings.

The moft dreadful riots have lately hap pened at Avignon, in which feveral people loft their lives. One man, the companion of Jourdain, furnamed Cut-throat, was affaffinated in a church, at the foot of the altar. Above fifty others have become miserable victims to popular fury. That fine country is now a prey to the mett horrid political and religious fanaticifm.

P. 5889

P. 588. Dr. Biffet was a native of North Britain, and born at Glenalbert, near Dunkeld, in Perthshire, in the year 1717. His father was by profeffion a lawyer, and was esteemed to understand the Scotch law and t'e Latin language as well as any man in the kingdom. In a letter written fome years fince, after obferving that many persons who had heard of his having published a work on fortifications were at a lofs how to reconcile the medical with the military character," and were inclined to believe that he had not a regular education in the line of his profef. fion, he wished to have it made known, that, after a proper courfe of medical studies at Edinburgh, he was appointed, in 1740, fecond furgeon to the Military-hofpital in Jamaica, and fpent feveral years in the Weft India islands, and in Admiral Vernon's fleet, to fee and know the difeafes of the Torrid zone. The phyfician who ftudies Nature to record her hiftory of difeafes, with their fymptoms and natural and accidental terminations, whatever his fuccefs may be as a medical practitioner, may justly be faid miltare non fine gloria. His obfervations are not of lefs value to posterity than thofe of the cantious and expert navigator who plans and chalks out the unknown shore. Having, in 1745, contracted a bad ftate of health at New Greenwich in Jamaica, he was under the neceffity of refigning his place of fecond furgeon to his Majefty s hofpital there, in order to return to England, for the recovery of it. In May, 1786, he purchased an enfigncy in the 42d regiment, commanded by the Right Hon. Lord John Murray and by this tranfition, his attention being turned from the medical to the military line, fortification became his favourite study. After a fruitless descent on the coaft of Brittany in France, in September, 1746, and paffing a winter very agreeably at Limerick in Ireland, they were, in the beginning of the next campaign, brought into action at San-berg, near Hulit, in Dutch Flanders, where one Dutch regiment and two of ours, fuffered very much. ing drawn a sketch of the enemy's approaches there, with the environs, and, fome time after, a pretty correct one of Bergen-op-Zoom, with the permanent lines, the environs, and the enemy's first parallel, which were prefented by Lord John Murray to his Royal Highness the late Duke of Cum berland, his Royal Highness was pleased to order him to attend the fiege of that fortrefs, and give due attention daily to the progrefs of the attack, and to the defence, in order to take accurate journals of them; thus conferring on him a diftinguished honour, of which with diffidence he accepted. Thefe journals, illuftrated with plans, were delivered daily to Lord John Murray, who for warded them every second or third day, by exprefs, to his Royal Highnefs the Duke, who was then at Maeftricht, at the head of the allied army, obferving the motion of the


French army under Marshal Saxe. Having faithfully performed that duty, his Royal Highness was pleased to exprefs his approbation by recommending Entign Biffet to his Grace the late Duke of Montague, who was then master-general of the ordnance, and who honoured him with a warrant as engineer extraordinary in the brigade of engi neers which was established to serve in the Low Countries during the war; and he was alfo promoted to a lieutenancy in the army. The brigade of engineers being re-formed at the end of the war, and Dr B. being at the fame time put upon the half-pay lift as lieutenant, he continued to employ great part of his time in the study of fortification; and in 1751, after visiting France, published his book "On tlie i heory and Conftruction of Fortifications," 8vo: and, in fome time after, being unemployed, he refumed his former profeffion in the medical line, in which he had been regularly educated. Being thin, and of a weakly constitution, Dr. B. chose to refide in a healthy village, for the fake of retirement and the benefit of a falubrious air, and retired to the village of Skelton, in Cleveland, Yorkshire, where, and in that neighbourhood, he ever after continued. In 1755, when a French war was impending, he publifhed "A Treatife on the Scurvy, with Remarks on the Cure of Scorbutic Ulcers," in 162 octavo pages, dedicated to Lord Anfon and the rest of the Lords Commiffioners of the Admiralty. In 1762 was published his "Eflay on the Medical Constitution of Great Britain," in 344 octavo pages, dedicated to Sir John Pringle, Bart. M. D.; in which is fhewn the effects of the change of weather, and of the feafons, on the diseases of this country, particularly of the duchy of Cleveland: from all which obfervations it appears, that the low, clayey land of this rich wheaten country, in spite of its vernal and autumnal intermittents, is not the most unhealthy fpot in the island. At the conclufion is an interefting paper on the virtues of the Helleborofter Maximus Gerrbardi, the Great Baftard Black Hellebore, or Bear's-foot, in the cure of worms in general, but principally the round worm, found in the stomachs of children, as well as of grown people. In 1765 the University of St. Andrew were pleased to honour him with the degree of M. D. In 1766 he published a volume of "Medical Effays and Obfervations," Newcastle, 8vo, 304 pages, containing 22 papers on the climate and difeafes of the West Indies; alío, fome chronical difeafes of this country, particularly the hooping-cough, fcorbutic itch, and many chirurgical remarks, which fhew a mind bent on promoting the improvement of his profeffion. A few years ago, he depofited in the library of the infirmary at Leeds a MS. of medical obfervations, in octavo, containing near 700 pages; which was politely received by the phyficians and fursons of that infirmary, who honoured him


Biographical Memoirs of the late Dr. Free.

with their thanks. The Doctor also prefented a treatise on fortification to his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, which is depofited in his private library; and published afmall tract on the naval art of war; which, with a few political papers, and MSS. now in Mrs. Biffet's poffeffion (from which most of the above facts are taken) containing 97 new plans, are nearly the whole of Dr. Biffet's works, both in print and manufcript.

P. 685, col. 1. The late Dr. Abercrombie, of York, has bequeathed 3000l. equally betwixt Heriot's hofpital and the Royal infirmary at Edinburgh, after his widow's death.

P. 874, col. 1, 1. 41, read "On the 22d of Anguit died at Gottingen, after an illness of nine weeks, the celebrated JOHN-DAVID MICHAELIS, profeffor of philofophy and the Oriental languages in the University of Gottingen, in the 76th year of his age. An account of his numerous and valuable literary productions will be given in a future Magazine. We hear that Profeffor Tychfen has undertaken to revife his manufcripts, and is expected to publish his pofthumous works."

P. 876, col. 2. Strike out lines 49, 50; and, 1. 52, add, Dr. F. was a native of Oxford (born in July, 1711), father of that city, and fenior Doctor of the Univerfity, having ben early entered at Chrift Church, Oxford, where he acted as chaplain, and proceeded M. A. in 1733. Thence he removed to Hartford College, and took the degrees of B.D. and D.D. 1744. In 1742 he was chofen lecturer of St. James, Garlick hithe. In 1747, being the vice-principal of St. Albanhall, he was elected master of the grammarfchool of St. Saviour, Southwark. He held the vicarage of Runcorne, in Chethire, 1750; was prefented, by the Dean and Chapter of Exeter, to the vicarage of East Coker, co. Somerfet, 1756; in 1768 was chofen lecturer of Newington in Surrey; and had alfo the Thursday lecture of St. Mary at Mill, which was founded by Sir J. Leman, bart. He printed 1. A Sermon on the Being and Providence of God, preached before the University of Oxford, July 8, 1739. 2. A Sermon at the fame place, Nov. 5, 1745; when the Rebels were advancing to Derby. 3. Twelve Sermons preached before the University of Oxford, printed in 1750, 8vo.; with a preface, tending to expofe fome remarkably bad practices both in church and ftate. 4. An Antigallican Sermon, preached at Aldgate, before Admiral Vernon, 27 April, 1753 (XXIII. 251); and a fecond Antiga lican Sermon, preached in 1756, upon the Terms of National Unanimity; with a genealogical Table, fhewing his Majefty's autient Connexions with the Crowns of thefe Kingdoms long antecedent in Time to the Marriage of his Ancestor with the Stuart Family; one on Whit-Sunday, 1756, before the University of Oxford. Two Sermons upon the Creation; the first intituled, "The Operations of God and Nature, &c, to the Finishing of the Vege

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table Creation, and Appointment of the Sezfons of the Year, before the Florists," 2d edit.; the other, "The Analysis of Man; or, The Difference between the Reasonable and Living Soul; which was preached before the Uni verfity of Oxford, May 20, 1764;” zdè hf. with the Advertisement which was prefixed to the firft, and the Dedication o the King.Political Sermons, Speeches, and Difcourfes, collected into one Volume; an among these is a Sermon, preached by the Appointment of the Vice-Chancellor, before the Univerfity of Oxford, when the Rebels were advanced to Derby, dedicated to his Royal Highnefs Willians late Duke of Cumberland, who was fent as General against them.—A fermon, in 1768, on the murder of Mr. Allen, who was shot in the riots before the King's Bench prifon, May 10th that year; and a fecond, in 1769, on the fame occafion. He alfo published "The Monthly Reviewers reviewed by an Antigallican, 1755" (fee. our vol. XXV. p. 335). "Ode to the King of Pruifia" (XXVII. 228). "Extempore Verfes on the Choice of a Poet Laureat" (ibid. 564). Will the Ferry-man, a Water Eclogue" (XXVIII. 28). Translation of fome French Verfes on the Death of Captain Gardner (ibid. 371). Sermons: before the University of Oxford, on A&t-Sunday, 1743 (XII. 112, XIV. 48); Jan. 30, 1753 (XXIII. 103). Poems and Mifcellaneous Pieces, 1751 (XXI. 143). Speech on taking his Freedom of the City of Oxford, 1753 (XXIII. 394). Seafonable Reflections upon the Importance of the Name of England, 1755 (XXV. 191). Sentiments of an Antigallican (XXVI. 43). Of his controversy with Mr. Jones, chaplain of St. Saviour, Southwark, begun by his "Rules to discover Falfe Prophets," fee Jones's Letter to him (XXIX. 35); his Remarks on Jones's Letter to him, dedicated to Bishop Hoadley (ibid. 183); and Answer to them by a Layman (ibid). See, in our vol. LVIII. p. 381, his Letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury, with a fourth edition of his "Hiftory of the English Tongue," and fome anecdotes of his own life.

Since the foregoing lift was compiled, the following additions to it have been communicated by his fon.

GRAMMATICAL. "Hiftory of the English Tongue, with the Author's intended Dedi cation to his Royal Highness Prince George, now King George III. Part I. printed 1748, and containing an Account, I. Of the Roman or Latin Tongue, as once spoken in Britain. II. Of the British or Welth, and its antient and prefent Limits. III. Of the Pyhtas, corruptly called Picts by the Romans: their Settlement in the North of Britain; the Ori ginal of their Name, and the Nature, Extent, and Duration of their Language. IV. Of the Scots from Ireland, and the Extent of the Erfe Language; in order to diftinguish it from the English in the North of Britain, which vulgarly pales under the Name of


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