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Rhode Island Resolutions.

JUNE, 1812.

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Friday, June 5.

The bill for the more perfect organization of The amendments to the bill, entitled " An act the infantry of the Army of the United States was making further provision for seitling the claims considered as in Committee of the Whole. and the to land in the Territory of Louisiana,” having amendinents reported by the select committee been reported by the committee correctly en

were agreed to, and the bill was further amended, grossed, ihe bill was read a third time as amended, and the President reported it to the House accordand the title having been amended, the bill was ingly; and the further consideration thereof was passed, with amendments.

postponed until to-morrow. The report of the committee on the memorial of James Wilkinson was resumed.

Tuesday, June 9. Mr. Smith, of Maryland, froin the committee

The amendments to the bill, entitled " An act to whom was referred the bill, entitled " An act authorizing the cutting and making a canal from for the more perfect organization of the infantry the river Potomac, around the west end of the of the Army of the United States,' 'reported it dam or causeway from Mason's Island, and for with amendments. Mr. German, from the commitiee to whom was correctly engrossed.

other purposes,” were reported by the committee referred the bill to revive and continue in force, The bill, entitled "An act for the more perfect for a limited time, an act, entitled " An act to organization of the infantry of the Army of the provide for the refugees from the British pro- United States,” was resumed, and having been vinces of Canada and Nova Scotia. and for other further amended, on the question, Shall this bill purposes," passed the 24th of February, 1810, re- be read a third time as amended'? it was deterported it with amendments.

mined in the affirmative. Mr. Brent presented the memorial of William Mr. REED presented sundry resolutions, signed Gamble, praying compensation for services ren. Richard Ridgely, chairman, the result of a meetdered the United States.-Referred to the Secre ing of a number of citizens of Ann Arundel couptary for the Department of Treasury, to consider ty, in the State of Maryland, recommending the and report thereon.

adoption of such measures as may place our counThe following Message was received from the try in a state of maritime defence, and procure a PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES:

redress of wrongs from the belligerent nations; To the Senate and House of

and the resolutions were read, and ordered to be Representatives of the United States : printed for the use of the Senate. I transmit, for the information of Congress, copies A message from the House of Representatives of a correspondence of the Minister Plenipotentiary of informed the Senate that they insist on their disGreat Britain, with the Secretary of State.

agreement to the amendments to the bill, entitled JAMES MADISON.

"An act to ascertain and establish the westera JUNE 4, 1812.

boundary of the tract reserved for satisfying the The Message and copies therein referred io military bounties allowed to the officers and sol. were read, and referred to the committee appointed diers of the Virginia line on continental estabthe first instant on the confidential Message of lishment," insisted on by the Senate; they ask the President of the United States of that date. a conference on the subject, and have appointed

managers on their part. They have passed a

resolution requesting the State of Georgia to MONDAY, June 8.

assent to the formation of two States of the MisThe Senate resumed, as in Committee of the sissippi Territory," in which they ask the conWhole, the consideration of the bill, entitled " An currence of the Senate. They have passed a act authorizing the cutting and making a canal bill, entitled "An act for the relief of Colonel from the river Potomac, around the west end of Jonathan Williams;" a bill, entitled "An act for the dam or causeway from Mason's Island, and the relief of Lieutenant Colonel William D. for other purposes,” together with the amend- Beall;" a bill, entitled "An act for the relief of ments reported thereto by the select committee; Clement B. Penrose;" a bill, entitled "An act auand, having agreed to the amendments, the Pres-fthorizing the discharge of William Peck from his ident reported the bill to the House accordingly. imprisonment;" a bill, entitled "An act confirm

On the question, Shall this bill be read the third ing claims to lands in the Mississippi Territory, time as amended ? it was determined in the affir- founded on warrants of survey granted by the mative.

Spanish Government; also, a bill, entitled "An The following Message was received from the act authorizing the remission of forfeited recogPRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES:

nisances within the District of Columbia ;" in To the Senate and House of

which bills they request the concurrence of the

Representatives of the United States :
I lay, before Congress, copies of letters which have

passed between the Secretary of State and the Envoy Mr. Hunter presented the resolutions of the
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Great Legislature of the State of Rhode Island and Pro-

JAMES MADISON. vidence Plantations, instructing their Senators June 8, 1812.

and Representatives in Congress, to use their enThe Message and copies were read.

deavors to avert the evils of war, to put our mari

JUNE, 1812.

New York Memorial.


time frontier in a state of defence, and for the re- be brought forward tending to involve the country in peal of the embargo and restrictive system; and war. ihe resolutions were read. Tbey are as follows: * Resolved, That, if these desirable objects cannot be STATE OF RHODE ISLAND AND

obtained, and war shall appear to be unavoidable, our PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS,

Senators and Representatives be instructed to repre

sent to Congress, and to the Executive, the exposed In General Assembly, May, 1812. and defenceless situation of this State, the want of Wherease from the aspect of our foreign relations, arms for our militia, and the importance of our harbors and more especially from the character of the measures and seaports to the United States; and to urge upon adopted, and proposed to be adopted, by Congress, Government the propriety, necessity, and practicabilduring their present session, it is seriously to be appre- ity, of their defence, and to solicit and claim from them hended that our country will soon be plunged into a adequate and timely means of defence and security ruinous war, unless a clear expression of the public against those imminent dangers and perils to which opinion shall correct the dangerous and erroneous im- we are to be unwillingly exposed. pression, which appears to have been made on the Resolved, That His Excellency, the Governor, be General Government, that the people are desirous of requested to transmit copies of the preceding resoluwar, and do, approve of the measures calculated to tions to the Senators and Representatives from this produce it; and, whereas, it is both the right and duty State in the Congress of the United States. of the people, either immediately or 'by their Representatives, upon occasions so important, and in times

NEW YORK MEMORIAL. so alarming as the present, to express their sentiments Mr. Smith, of New York, presented the follow, upon public affairs, and also the privilege of rulers to ing petition of sundry inhabitants, merchants, and be informed of those sentiments :

others, of the city of New York, praying that the Resolved, That, for ourselves individually, and as embargo aod non-importation laws be continued Representatives of the freemen of this State, we depre- as a substitute for war against Great Britain : cate at all times, and especially at a time when the To the honorable the Senate and House of Represenpecuniary resources of the country have been exhaust

tatives of the United States of America in Congress ed and cut off, both by the depredations and seques

assembled, the memorial of the subscribers, merchants, trations of foreign Powers, and by our own ruinous

and others, inhabitants of the city of New York, commercial restrictions; when, by the raising of a

respectfully showeth: large military force, for the purpose of territorial con

That your memorialists feel, in common with the quests, great expenses will be incurred, and heavy bur- rest of their fellow citizens, an anxious solicitude for the dens imposed, while, from the very limited appropria-honor and interest of their country, and an equal detions made for the protection of commerce and the termination to assert and maintain them. defence of our seaports, the former will be exposed to

That your memorialists believe that a continuation certain capture, and the latter to invasion and pillage, of the restrictive measures now in operation will prothereby leaving the burdens to be borne almost entirely duce all the benefits while it prevents the calamities of by the agricultural interest.

war. That when the British Ministry become con. Resolved, That, from the extent of our commerce, vinced that a trade with the United States cannot be the immediate and important interest which the whole renewed, but by the repeal of the Orders in Council, community have in its encouragement, and the entire the distress of their merchants and manufacturers, &c. dependence of many of our citizens for support upon their inability to support their armies in Spain and the employment it affords, the legislative restrictions Portugal, will probably compel them to that measure. upon trade operate with peculiar severity upon this Your memorialists beg leave to remark, that such State ; that, from our inability to sustain the increas- effects are even now visible; and it may be reasonably ing burdens of war, destitute of public funds and of hoped that a continuance of the embargo and non-impublic lands, and depending, in time of peace, upon portation laws a few months beyond the fourth day of direct taxes for the support of our State government, July next, will effect a complete and bloodless triumph the proposed land tax and internal taxes of the United of our rights. States will be exceedingly oppressive upon our citi Your memorialists therefore respectfully solicit of zens; and that the accessible situation and defenceless your honorable body the passage of a law continuing state of our harbors and seaports, and their superior the embargo and giving to the President of the United eligibility, as a naval resort, for the cruisers of an ene States power to discontinue the whole of the restricmy, rendering them exposed to invasion and liable to tive system on the rescinding of the British Orders in capture, will cause war, under such circumstances, to Council. be ruinous to many of our towns, and eminently inju The conduct of France in burning our ships, in serious to the whole State.

questrating our property entering her ports, expecting Resolved, That, when the unequalled privations, protection in consequence of the promised repeal of sufferings, and exertions, of the citizens of this State the Berlin and Milan decrees, and the delay in comduring the Revolutionary war, are considered, it can- pleting a treaty with the American Minister, has ex. not be doubted that, whenever the country shall neces- cited great sensation, and we hope and trust will call sarily be involved in war, they will again exhibit the forth from your honorable body such retaliatory mea. same patience, fortitude, and patriotism.

sures as may be best calculated to procure justice. Resolved, That the Senators from this State, in Con John Jacob Astor Abraham Smith gress, be instructed, and the Representatives requested, Samuel Adams

Thomas H. Smith jr. to use their utmost endeavors to cause the legislative Howland & Grinnell Andrew Foster restrictions on our commerce to be removed ; to pre E. Slosson

Jacob Barker vent the passing of the proposed laws for imposing di Israel Gibbs

William Lovett rect taxes; and also to oppose all measures which may Isaac Clason

William Edgar jr.


New York Memorial.

June, 1812.

John Slidell

Samuel Stillwell tempted to stamp upon the majority in Congress
John K. Townsend Jacob P. Giraud the foul and unjust censure of being enemies to
Andrew Ogden & Co. John Hone

commerce. That, however unfashionable and
Thomas Storm
John Kane

obstipate it might appear, he still believed that
Amos Butler
Amasa Jackson

the embargo and non-importation laws, if faith-
Ebenezer Burrill
William J. Robinson

fully executed, were capable of reaching farther
Isaac Heyer

Joseph Strong
Ralph Bulkley
Abraham S. Hallet

than our cannon. We were at this very time ten-
Samuel Bell
Joshua Jones

deriog an urgent argument, to be felt by each
John F. Delaplaine- Frederick Giraud, jr.

city, village and hamlet in England. This touch-
Peter Stagg
Robert Roberts

ing to the quick the vital interests of that empire,
David Taylor
John Crookes

would demonsirate to the people at least the folly'
William Adee
Hugh McCormick

and absurdity of the Orders in Council. The
John T. Lawrence John Depeyster

ordeal of the twenty weeks of scarcity, which the Joseph W. Totten Gilbert Haight people of that unhappy country are undergoing, Isaac Schermerhorn James Lovett

to relieve which, but for the madness and folly
Alexander Ruden Leffert Lefferts of their rulers, every yard of American canvass
Joseph Otis

Augustus Wynkoop would be spread to the gales: The thousands of
Lewis Hartman
John W. Gale

starving manufacturers thrown out of employ
Garret Storm
Thomas Rich

for want of our custom, which custom, but for the George Bement Samuel Marshall injustice of their masters, we were willing to S. A. Rich

Elbert Herring. give, now feel the efficiency of the restrictive After the memorial had been read,

system. These matter-of-fact arguments want no Mr. Taylor said, that the respectability of the sophistry ħor long speeches to give them weight. subscribers to a petition presenied to this body, But Great Britain is proud, and will never yield and the importance of the matter therein con- to this sort of pressure. Hunger has no law. tained, bad, on various occasions, been used as in. Where was her pride during the last year when ducements to us to give such petition a respectsui' she exported to her enemy on the Continent more disposition in the course of our proceedings. He than eleven millions of pounds sterling for prorecollected a case in point. It was the case of the visions; and meanly truckling to her enemy, conpetition of an eminent merchant of Massachu- sented to buy the privilege of laying out her guinsetts, presented by an honorable Senator from that eas for bread; and actually subrnited on the comState, and which at the suggestion of that honor- pulsion of Napoleon to buy the wines, brandies, able gentleman was, by the Senale, ordered to be and silks of France, which she did not want! printel. He was of' opinion that the petition just This restrictive system, when commenced under read ought not to be treated with less attention, the former embargo law, encountered every oppoThat he had seen the petition, and had inquired into sition among ourselves, which selfish avarice, the character of its subscribers—and had been in which passion and party rage could suggest; and formed that the tisty-eight signers to it were among

so successful were iis assailants that while it was the most respectable, wealthy, and intelligent mer- operatiog with its fullest effects, (which the prices chants of the city of New York. There are to current of that day will show.) some of its greatest be found in that list the names of two presidents champions in the National Legislature abandoned of banks; three presidents of insurance compa-it-yes, sir, in the tide of victory they threw down nies; thirteen directors of baoks; besides other their arms. How were the mighiy fallen, and natnes of pre-eminent standing in the mercantile the shield of the mighty vilely cast away! The world. They had all united in the sentiments disavowal of Erskine's arrangement was the concontained in the petition, notwithstanding that sequence of this retreat. But it may be said that there existed among them'a difference in political the sentiments in their petition were extorted by opinions—for he understood that of the petition. the apprehension of a greater evil-war. In all ers forty-two were federal and sixteen republican. our trials, those who had not predetermined to Mr. T, added, that he considered some of the sen- submit to Great Britain must have anticipated timents contained in the petition as of the high- this alternative. Let those who by their acrimony, est importance. He hailed it as an auspicious oc- speers, and scoffs, have thrown away this chief decurrence, that these honorable merchanis,in pray- fence of our nation, be held responsible for the ing that the evils of war might be averied from compulsion they have imposed on us to take this them and from the nation, had nevertheless held dire alternative. He said that although he was fast to the principle of resistance to the aggres- unwilling to a bate a single pang which we might. siops and unhallowed conduct of Great Britain legally inflict upon our enemy, and might at ille towards our nation—and had exercised the can- proper time oppose anything like the swap propo. dor and firmness to bear testimony to the efficien- posed of one system for another, when we had ihe cy of the restrictive system for obtaining a re- power and the right to impose upon our enemy dress of our wrongs, and of course to the integri. both the one and the other, he nevertheless thought ty and honor of those who had imposed this sys- the petition was deserving of the attention which tem for that purpose. He hoped that the exam- he now moved it should receive. He moved that ple of these petitioners would tend to couuteract the petition should be printed, ihose strenuous and unremitting exertions of pas- The motion was agreed to; and the Senate then sion, prejudice, and party feeling, which had at- adjourned.

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Joxe, 1812.



Wednesday, June 10.

was read the second time, and referred to a select The amendments to the bill, entitled "An act committee to consider and report thereon; and for the more perfect organization of the infantry Messrs. HUNTER, Howell, and Goodrich, were of the Army of the United States," having been appointed the committee. reported by the committee correctly engrossed,

The bill, entitled "An act authorizing the rethe bill was read the third time. as amended, and, mission of forfeited recognisances within the Dis. on motion, the title was amended, so as to read trict of Columbia,” was read the second time. as follows: "An act for the more perfect organi

The Senate resumed the consideration of the zation of the Army of the United States.".

amendment of the House of Representatives to Resol ved, That this bill pass with amendments. the bill, entitled "An act supplementary to the The President communicated the report of act, entitled 'An act to establish an Executive the Secretary of the Treasury on the petition of Department, to be denominatel the Department William Gamble, made in obedience to a resolu- of War. tion of the Senate of the 5th instant; and the

On motion, by Mr. Lets, the bill and amend, report was read.

ment were postponed to the first Monday in OcMr. GAILLARD presented the petition of Joseph

tober next. Willington Page, of Charleston, in the State of

The bill, entitled "An act authorizing the cut. South Carolina, merchant, praying to be exoner- ting and making a canal from the river Potomac ated from a judgment obtained against him by around the west end of the dam or causeway the United States, as surety in a custom-house from Mason's island, and for other purposes," was bond, for a certain Barnarú Laffon, for reasons read a third time as amended, and passed with therein stated; and the petition was read.

amendments. The six bills and the resolution brought up

The Senate resumed the consideration of the yesterday from the House of Representatives for resolution reported by the committee on the meconcurrence were read, and severally passed 10 morial of General James Wilkinson, which is as the second reading:

follows: On motion, ihe Senate took into consideration Resolved, That the proper accounting officer of the the resolution of the House of Representatives, Department of War be directed, in the settlement of requesting a conference on the disagreeing votes General Wilkinson's account, to place to his credit the of The two Houses on the bill, entiiled "An act

sum of four thousand and thirty-six dollars seventyto ascertain and establish the western boundary

seven cents. of the tract reserved for satisfying the military

And the resolution was agreed to, and recombounties allowed to the officers and soldiers of the mitted to the original committee, with instrucVirginia lice on Continental establishment; and, tion to bring in a bill accordingly. having agreed thereto, Messrs. WORTHINGTON,

The Senate resumed, as in Committe of the Giles, and Gregg, were appointed managers on Whole, the consideration of the bill to revive the part of the Senate,

and continue in force, for a limited time, an act,

entitled “An act to provide for the refugees from THURSDAY, June 11.

the British provinces of Canada and Nova Sco. The bill, entitled "An act for the relief of Lieu- tia, and for other purposes," together with the tenant Colonel William D. Beall,” was read the mittee; and, having agreed to ibe amendments,

amendments reported ihereto by the select comsecond time. The bill, entitled "An act confirming claims 10 accordingly.

the President reported the bill to the House lands in the Mississippi Territory, louoded on warrants of survey granted by the Spanish Gov and read a third time as amended ? it was deter

On the question, Shall this bill be engrossed eromeni," was read the second time, and referred mined in the affirmative. to a select committee to consider and report there. on; and Messrs. GREGG, Tait, and WORTHINGTON, were appointed ihe commitiee.

FRIDAY, June 12. The bill, entitled "An act for the relief of Col. Mr. GAILLARD presented sundry resolutions, opel Jonathan Williams," was read the second signed by John Geddes, chairman, adopted at a time, and referred to a select committee to con- numerous meeting of the citizens of Charleston, sider and report thereon; and Messrs. Gregg, in the State of South Carolina, approbatory of GERMAN, and Dana, were appointed the com- the measures of the General Guvernment for the mittee.

maintenance of the national honor and the presThe bill, entitled "An act for the relief of Cle: ervation of its dignity and independence; and ment B. Penrose.” was read the second time, and the resolutions were read, and ordered to be priatreferred to the committee last mentioned, to con- ed for the use of the Senare. sider and report thereon.

The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the The resolution requesting the State of Georgia Whole, the consideration of the bill

, entitled "An to assent to the formation of two States of ihe ci authori ng the remission of forfeited recogMississippi Territory was read the second time, nisances within the District of Columbia.” and ordered to the third reading.

Ordered, That it pass to a third reading. The bill, entitled "An act authorizing the dis- Mr. Giles presenied a memorial, signed hy a charge of William Peek from his imprisonmeni," great number of the iubabitanis of the city of

121h Con. Ist Sess.-9


Massachusetts Memorial.

JUNE, 1812.

Richmond and town of Manchester, deprecating To the honorable the Senate and the House of Representthe calamities of war, but expressing their opinion atives of the United States in Congress assembled : that, if peace cannot be procured with honor, and The Representatives of the Commonwealth of Maswar is inevitable, it ought to be declared, not sachusetts beg leave respectfully to state : against Great Britain only, but against Great That, presuming the respectful expression of the Britain and France; and the memorial was read. public sentiment, from any portion of the Union, might

The bill to revive and continue in force, for a, be acceptable to Congress in the present critical state limited time, an act, entitled "An act further to of public affairs, they trust that a communication to provide for the refugees from the British pro- your honorable body of the opinions and feelings of the vinces of Canada and Nova Scotia, and for other people of this Commonwealth, upon the momentous purposes," passed the 24th day of February, 1810, subject of a British war, will not be construed into a having been reported by the committee correctly disposition to interfere with the functions of the Naengrossed, was read a third time, and passed.

tional Government.

It to assent to the formation of two States of ine the love of country should inspire, that we perceive the Mississippi Territory, was read a third time, and entire failure of the negotiations instituted by the Na. passed.

tional Government, with a view to obtain from the On motion, by Mr. Reed, the bill, entitled "An belligerent nations respect for our neutral rights, and

a revocation of edicts which operate so injuriously act for the relief of Lieutenant Colonel William D. Beall," was referred to a select committee, to

upon our lawsul commerce. consider and report thereon ; and Messrs. REED,

In the present unprecedented posture of Europe, we

are firmly convinced that an immense majority of our LAMBERT, and GERMAN, were appointed the constituents cannot be reconciled to the belief that an committee.

offensive war with Great Britain' is demanded by the The following Message was received from the interest or honor of our country. PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES :

We presume not to enter upon a comparison of the To the Senate and House of

injuries sustained by our commerce from the respectRepresentatives of the United States :

ive nations at war, nor to arraign the conduct which I transmit, for the information of Congress, copies Government has seen fit to adopt, in order to obtain of letters which have passed between the Secretary of redress. It would be foreign to our present purpose State and the Envoy Extraordinary and Ministér Plen, to enlarge upon the duplicity and prevarication exhibipotentiary of Great Britain.

ited by France in all her negotiations, which aggra

JAMES MADISON. Vate her numerous outrages, or to discuss the motives JUNE 11, 1812.

alleged by Great Britain in defence of a system of reThe Message and copies therein mentioned taliation which bears with a severe pressure upon neu

tral rights. It is sufficient that every consideration were read.

arising from good policy, and from the duty of a naMASSACHUSETTS MEMORIAL.

tion to itself, forbids us to plunge into a war which Mr. Lloyd presented a resolution of the House desolates the European world, and from which it of Representatives of Massachusetts, passed June seems to have been the design of Almighty Providence 20, instant, expressing their opinion that an of- to exempt us, if true to ourselves, by placing us remote fensive war against Great Britain, under the from the theatre of their contentions. present circumstances of this country, would be An offensive war against any nation can be justified in the highest degree, impolitic, unnecessary, and only by the reasonable motive of obtaining reparation ruinous;" also, a memorial of the said House of for past injuries, or security against future dangers and Representatives, passed by a majority of one hun- aggressions. When such, therefore, is the local situdred and sixty-six, on the same subject; and the ation and relations of a country, that the hope of efresolution and memorial were read, and ordered fecting either of these objects is precluded by an overto be printed for the use of the Senate.

ruling necessity, its honor is not stained by yielding to

circumstances which it cannot control; nor is the reThey are as follows:

luctance of its citizens to expose themselves in such COMMOXWEALTI OF MASSACHUSETTS :

case to the certain dangers and calamities of war, a reIX THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, proach upon their want of sensibility to injury, their

June 2, 1812. courage, or patriotism. Resolved, As the opinion of this House, that an of A war with Great Britain would furnish temptations fensive war against Great Britain, under the present to her Government to sequester the millions belonging circumstances of this country, would be in the highest to our citizens deposited in that country, and an oppordegree impolilic, unnecessary, and ruinous; that the tunity to her navy and cruisers to sweep the ocean of great body of the people of this Commonwealth are the remains of our once flourishing commerce. decidedly opposed to this measure, which they do not The conquest of Canada, the only point in which believe to be demanded by the honor or interests of the she is assailable, would afford no indemnification, if nation; and that a committee be appointed to prepare achieved, for the losses to which we should be exposed a respectful petition to be presented to Congress, pray- upon our unprotected seaboard, and upon the ocean. ing them to arrest a calamity so greatly to be depre- Deştitute ás we are of a navy, and the means of immecated, and, by the removal of commercial restrictions, | diate maritime defence, we cannot perceive in what to restore, so far as depends on them, the benefits of mode a war with this nation, so powerful on the ocean, trade and navigation, which are indispensable to the can promise the attainment of its avowed object-the prosperity and comfort of the people of this Common- revocation of the Orders in Council. The Emperor wealth. TIMOTHY BIGELOW, Speaker. I of France having lately republished the decrees of Ber.

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