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H. of R.
Mississippi Territory.

DECEMBER, 1811. habitants necessary to entitle them, under the ratio subsequently transferred to Spain, as forming a part of established by law, to a Representative in the Congress Louisiana, has fallen under the dominion of the United of the United States. On the subject of population, States, it ought, in strict propriety, to be restored to its there exists no difficulty, whether the Territory be ancie limits, as the measure corresponds with the taken in connexion with West Florida or with its wishes, and is calculated to promote the permanent present limits. From the official returns of the census, welfare of the people whose interests are immediately taken during the summer of the past year, it appears concerned. It is assuredly the incumbent duty of the that there were, in the Mississippi Territory, the num- General Government to make such a partition of its ber of forty thousand three hundred and fifty-two souls. Territories on the waters of the Mississippi, as will This enumeration, it is alleged, fell considerably short combine with local advantages a due regard to national of the actual population of the Territory at that time; policy. These essential objects cannot, in the opinion and, without casting the most remote censure on the of your committee, be secured without a suitable diofficers who were employed in that service, such a vision of the seacoast, acquired by the purchase of Lousuggestion is strongly supported by the vast extent of isiana. It must be obvious, that, to confer on the State country over which the settlements are dispersed. It to be formed of the Territory of Orleans, the whole er. also appears to your committee that the progressive tent of seaboard from the river Perdido to the Sabine emigration from the old States to this section of the bay, would give to it an influence over the commerce Union, added to the length of time which it will re- of the Western country which might be productive of quire to form a constitution, and put the same in oper. the most mischievous consequences; for, although the ation, afford satisfactory pledges that, anterior to the legislative authority of the State could impose no tax final admission of the Territory to the rights of State or duty on articles exported from any other State, yet sovereignty, the number of its inhabitants will amount there are many important regulations which would mato at least sixty thousand, whereby they will possess terially affect the navigation of the numerous rivers the unqualified right, in conformity with articles of ces- flowing through this country into the Gulf of Mexico, sion and agreement between the United States and falling within the legitimate range of State powers; Georgia, to be admitted into the Union on an equal among these may be enumerated the incorporation of footing with the original States.

navigation companies, and appropriations of the public This view of the subject is presented without refer- revenue for the purpose of opening canals. Thus, by ence to the augmentation of population, which would affording every facility to the trade passing down the result from the annexation of West Florida; in that river Mississippi to New Orleans, and by interposing event the number of souls in the Territory, exclusive vexatious obstructions to the commerce of those rivers of the county of Madison, which lies near the Great emptying into the Bay of Mobile and the lakes, that Bend of Tennessee river, may be estimated at about city will become the emporium of all the bulky articles eighty thousand; and, from the geographical situation of agriculture, which constitute, in time of peace, the of the Territories belonging to the United States south great export trade of the Western States and Territoof the State of Tennessee, and north of the Iberville ries. The direct tendency of such a monopoly, would and the lakes, your committee feel satisfied that an al- be to raise the commercial importance of New Orleans, teration of limits, so as to include the whole population at the sacrifice of the best interests of those who inhabit between the Yazoo and the Iberville, where they unite the vast, fertile, and extensive region watered by the with the river Mississippi, and from these points, re- Tennessee,, the Tombigbee, and Alabama rivers, and spectively, east, to the boundary line of the State of their tributary streams, besides many other important Georgia, would greatly contribute to the future conve- rivers, affording outlets through the Mississippi Terrinience and prosperity of the people who reside in that tory into the Lakes Maurepas and Pontchartrain.. To country.

guard against these contingencies, and to unite a peoAt a very early period after the treaty of 1763, be- ple whose language, manners, principles, and usages tween France and Great Britain, by which the latter that tract of country, of which possession has been

are assimilated, your committee recommend that all became possessed of the Floridas, the jurisdiction of taken by virtue of the President's proclamation, bearing the province of West Florida was extended north, by a date the 27th day of October, 1810, be added to the line drawn from the mouth of the Yazoo, due east, to State to be formed of the Mississippi Territory, whenthe river Chatahouchy. The Government of Spain, also, when that Power succeeded to the possession of ever the same shall be admitted into the Union as such. the country, by conquest, in the year 1781, continued

Your committee cannot forbear to express their to exercise authority over it in the same extent which decided opinion, that, where no Constitutional diffithe British Government had previously done, until, by culty occurs, the formation of new States on the the treaty concluded between the United States and southern extremity of the United States ought not to Spain, on the 27th day of October, 1795, the southern be delayed. To bind together every portion of the boundary of the United States was declared to extend American people by the indissoluble cord of affection, to the thirty-first degree of north latitude.' The Gov. and to perpetuate the integrity of the Union, are conernment of the United States, by the treaty of 1803, siderations paramount to all others which can be prewith France, having acquired Louisiana in the extent sented to the view of the National Legislature. that France then held it, and that it had in the hands Let us, therefore, extend to every section of our beof Spain, prior to the Treaty of St. Ildefonso, there does loved country a just equality of rights and privileges, not seem to be a reasonable doubt as to the claim of that each may enjoy civil, political, and religious liberthe United States to the country east of the Mississippi, ty, subject to the control of independent local authorias far as the river Perdido, which lies between Mobile ties, while the fostering hand of the Federal Govern. and Pensacola.

ment shall protect them in the enjoyment of these Your committee, therefore, conceive that, insomuch blessings from domestic feuds and external violence. as the entire tract of country formerly possessed by Under these impressions, your committee submit the Great Britain, under the name of West Florida, and following resolution :


Naval Establishment.

H. OF R.


Resolved, That it is expedient to admit all that tract. served the existence of the establishment, has had the of country, bounded north by a line drawn due east effect of loading it with the imputations of wasteful ex. from the river Yazoo, where it unites with the Missis. pense and comparative inefficiency. sippi, to the river Chatahouchy, and down said river to No system has hitherto been adopted, which, though the thirty.first degree of latitude; thence, along said limited by the dispensing security of the times, and the degree of latitude, to a point opposite the river Perdido ; just economy of our Republican institutions, was yet thence to the confluence of said last mentioned river, calculated to enlarge itself gradually with the progress with the Gulf of Mexico; and thence, in a direct line of the nation's growth in population, in wealth, and in through the middle of the Lakes Maurepas and Pont commerce, or expand with an energy proportioned to chartrain, to the junction of the Iberville with the river a crisis of particular danger. Mississippi, and up said river to the above mentioned Such a course, impolitic under any circumstances, is river Yazoo; into the Union of the United States, on the more so when it is demonstrably clear that this an equal footing with the original States.

nation is inevitably destined to be a naval power, and

that the virtue of economy, if no other motive could be MARITIME DEFENCE.

found, would recommend à plan by which this force Mr. Cheves, from the committee appointed on must be gradually increased, the necessary expenses that part of the President's Message which re- diminished, and durability and permanency given to lates to the naval force of the United States and to the strength which they may purchase. the defence of our maritime frontier, made the That a naval protection is particularly secured to following report in part:

the interest of commerce by our great political com“ The committee to whom was referred so much pact, is proved by that part of the Constitution which of the President's Message of the 5th of November, maintain a navy,” and is confirmed by the history of

expressly gave to Congress the power “to provide and 1811, as relates to the defence of the maritime frontier, the times, and the particular circumstances which led report in part

, that two communications from the Sec. to its institution; but it is alike secured by the fundaretary of War, which accompany this report, which were made in reply to the queries propounded by the mental nature of all Government, which extends to committee, contain the best information on the subject the nation's means) which is adeqnate to its preserva

every interest under its authority a protection (if within which they have been able to collect. That one of them contains an enumeration of the permanent forti- tion; nor is this protection called for only by the parfications which have been completed or commenced, tial interests of a particular description of men or of a with remarks on the troops necessary to garrison them particular tract of country. A navy is as necessary to That, for the completion of works already com- protect the mouths of the Mississippi, the channel menced, no further appropriation is requisite. But Western States must pass to become valuable, as the

through which the produce of the agriculture of the that some additional works are deemed necessary, the precise extent of which cannot at present be deter- bays of the Chesapeake and Delaware, and more nemined; for which, and for contingent objects of defence cessary than on the shores of the Eastern or the South

ern States. on our maritime frontier, in the event of hostilities, the committee recommend an appropriation of one million that a Naval Establishment is forbidden by the great

It has, indeed, been urged, your committee are aware, .. of dollars ; and the committee for that purpose beg and burdensome experditures of public money which,

leave to report a bill entitled a bill making further it is said, will be required to support it, and by the inappropriation for the defence of our maritime frontier." | ability of the country, by any expenditure to maintain

Mr. Cheves then presented a bill making a a navy which can protect its maritime rights against further appropriation for the defence of our mar- the power of Great Britain. The first objection apitime frontier; which was twice read and com- pears to your committee to be founded on a mistaken mitted.

assumption of the fact; for in their opinion a naval NAVAL ESTABLISHMENT..

force within due limits and under proper regulations

will constitute the cheapest defence of the nation." Mr. Cheves, from the committee to whom was referred so much of the President's Message as

The permanent fortifications necessary to the derelates to the Naval Establishment, made the fol- in the opinion of your committee, as much annually,

fence of the ports and harbors of the Union will cost, lowing report:

if properly provided and garrisoned, as the naval force That the subject referred to your committee in its which, it is confidently believed, on the testimony of several relations esents a question of the highest im- persons competent to decide, would be amply sufficient portance to the interests of the people of this country, to prevent all attacks from reaching our shores. It inasmuch as it embraces one of the great and leading will thus furnish the most appropriate, adequate, and objects of their Government; that which, above all cheap protection against a foreign enemy, and will at others, laid the foundation of the happy union of these the same time be perfectly innoxious to the public libStates. Your committee need hardly say they mean erty and the private morals of the country; dispense the protection of maritime commerce ; an interest almost entirely with a standing army, so hostile to the which, though when superficially viewed, seems to af- genius of our free institutions, and remove the standfect only the Atlantic portions of the country, yet really ing vices and evils of camps and garrisons from the extends as far as the utmost limits of its agriculture, i cities on our seacoast; cherish a noble body of mariand can only be separated from it, in the opinion of ners, who in honorable peace will spread the sails of a your committee, by a total blindness to the just policy prosperous and vivifying commerce on every sea, and of Government. The important engine of national in necessary war terribly avenge their country's wrongs. strength and national security which is formed by a The other objection your committee suppose to be naval force, has hitherto, in the opinion of the commit- founded on an imperfect examination of the subject ; tee, been treated with a neglect highly impolitic, or for those who are best able to form opinions on this supported by a spirit so languid, as, while it has pre- | matter, from congeniał professional pursuits, as well



Foreign Relations.


as a particular knowledge of the marine of Great Brit of the nation. Your committee are, at the same time, ain, declare that she cannot, at any time, spare more not unaware that some of those who are unfriendly to than a very limited force for the American station : one a navy, ground their opposition rather upon its future which can be effectually resisted by an establishment permanent establishment, than on its present expense. which may be supported by this Government without But your committee will only observe, that the wisdom a great direct expense, while in its effects it will greatly of that policy seems to reach as far beyond reasonable more than reimburse to the national wealth, the sums practicable views, as it will probably fall short of the which may be drawn from it for this object; protect a ttainment of its object. To restrain the great ener. our harbors from insult, our coasting trade from spo- gies of such a number, as this country possesses, of the liations, and give us the dominion of a sea on our bor- best seamen the world ever beheld, and such a mass of ders which we ought to call our own, and defend with tonnage as Great Britain herself has not boasted more our cannon.

than twenty years, will as much transcend the feeble To detạil all the reasons on which this opinion is efforts of the politician as it would be beyond his pow. founded, would, perhaps, not be in the power of your er to create them; they are formed by the high behest committee, who are in part governed by the opinions of beneficent nature, nurtured by our wise, free and of men of experience and professional skill," (often happy, public institutions, and can only perish with among the best grounds of hunan faith, but not always the latter. equally communicable :) but the leading facts and prin

Your committee, however, admit, that it will neither ciples on which it is founded, are too plain and obvious be politic nor practicable to swell the Naval Establishto labor under this difficulty. The history of all times ment of this country to the size of our desires or of our proves the inability of Great Britain or any other Pow. necessities; but a grudual increase of it is, in their er to station a large force in remote seas; for, indepen- opinion, within the most limited means, and within the dent of the necessity which always exists for its pres-obvious policy of our Government, and in attempting ence in more proximate quarters, could the former this some present addition will be made (too little nation place the whole of her thousand ships on our much too little, they lament) to the best strength of coast, she would be unable, in a state of hostility with the nation, and as a measure of preparation for this the United States, competently to supply even a con

crisis of danger. siderable squadron of them, for any duration of time,

With these observations, and with a full, detailed, and with the least regard to the efficiency of the service, useful report of the Secretary of the Navy, in reply to and without a wasteful and ruinous expense: let those questions propounded by your committee, they beg who hold a different opinion declare how and from leave to recommend, that all the vessels of war of the whence ?

United States, not now in service, which are worthy To the defence of your ports and harbors and the of repair, be immediately repaired, fitted out, and put

into actual service: protection of your coasting trade should be confined, in the opinion of your committee, the present objects and guns, be built ; that a competent sum of money be ap;

That ten additional frigates, averaging thirty-eight operations of any navy which the United States can or ought to have. In this view our advantages are great that a dock, for repairing the vessels of war of the Uni

propriated for the purchase of a stock of timber, and and manifest. Looking along our extended liné ofted States, be established in some central and convecoast, from the northeastern to the southern extreme of

nient place. our territory, we discover in quick succession ports and harbors furnishing in abundance every supply for active

They also beg leave to report a bill, entitled "A bill and constant service; in which to concentrate by mu

concerning the Naval Establishment." tual advice and information, which can be transmitted

Mr. Cheves then presented a bill concerning with the greatest certainty and speed, the forces of dif: the Naval Establishment; which was twice read ferent stations, to attack the enemy in detail when his and committed. vessels may be scattered; and in which our ships may

FOREIGN RELATIONS. find refuge and security when approached by a force so much superior as to forbid a combat. To enter no

The House resumed the consideration of the further into details, it is obvious that, from these ad unfinished business. vantages, the power and efficiency of an American The fifth resolution, yesterday adopted, respectNavy must be double its nominal proportion to that of ing the Navy, was referred to the Committee of an assailing enemy. But your committee beg leave to the Whole, to whom was this day committed observe, that it would be unworthy the magnanimity the bill concerning the Naval Estabiishment; of the nation to look only at one Power, and forget and the fourth, respecting authorizing the Exethat it stands in the relation of an independent sove-cutive to call out detachments of militia, was reignty to other nations, against whom, unless man referred to the Committee of Foreign Relations change his nature and cease to be violent and unjust, it to report a bill. may be necessary to array the national force on that element where the injury may be suffered and where and last resolution reported by the committee, in

The House then proceeded to consider the sixth alone it can be avenged or redressed. With this view your committee have not considered this subject with

the following words: regard only to the practicable and advisable prepara

“6. That it is expedient to permit our merchant tion for the present momentous crisis, which, whatever vessels, owned exclusively by resident citizens, and it may be, must be greatly inadequate, for the reasons commanded and navigated solely by citizens, to armn already stated; but the object of the committee is to under proper regulations, to be prescribed by law, in recommend a system which shall look to futurity, and self-defence, against all unlawful proceedings towards though limited by the present situation and means of them on the high seas. the country, have a capacity to be enlarged in propor Mr. Wright moved to amend the resolution, tion to the growing wealth, commerce, and population by adding thereto the following:


Battle on the Wabash-Apportionment Bill.


" And that if attacked by any British ship or vessel, 3. The orders and authority vested in Governor Harit shall be lawful to capture and bring such ship or rison by the United States, under which the late expevessel into any port of the United States for adju- dition against the Indians was carried on; and such dication."

other information relating to the subject, as, in the Mr. Findley moved 10 postpone the further opinion of the President, may be proper be commuconsideration of the resolution and amendment nicated to this House. to the first Monday in March next.

The resolution was read, and ordered to lie on After de baie on these motions, the House ad- | the table. journed without coming to a decision on either.


The House resumed the consideration of the WEDNESDAY, December 18.

report of the committee of conference made on Mr. Rhea presented petitions from Louisiana the 11th instant, together with the message from Territory, in favor of the second grade of Govern. the Senate adhering 10 their amendments to the ment.-Referred.

bill on this subject. The consideration of the unfinished business of

A motion was made by Mr. RANDOLPA, to refer yesterday, respecting arming merchantmen, &c., the bill and report to a Comınillee of the Whole, was called for; when it was, on motion of Mr. and negatived. RANDOLPH, ordered to lie on the table.

A motion was then made by Mr. Fisk, that this Mr. PORTER, from the Committee on Foreign House do recede from their disagreement to the Relations, 10 whon was committed the bill from amendment of the Senaie. the Senate, "completing the existing Military Es- After inuch debate, the question was determined tablishment,” reported the same without a'mend in the affirmative-yeas 72. pays 62, as follows ment.--Conimilied to a Committee of ihe Whole

YEAS-William Anderson, Stevenson Archer, Dan. to-morrow. On motion of Mr. Jennings, the Committee Bibb, Abijah Bigelow, Harmanus Bleecker, Adam Boyd,

iel Avery, Ezekiel Bacon, Josiah Bartlett, William W. on the Public Lands were instructed to inquire Elijah Brigham, Epaphroditus Champion, Martin Chitinto the expediency of establishing another dis- tender, Thomas B. Cooke, John Davenport, jr., Roger trict, for the disposal of the public lands, by a divi. Davis, Samuel Dinsmoor, William Ely, James Emott, sion of the district of Kaskaskia ; to repori by bill William Findley, James Fisk, Asa Fitch, Thomas R. or otherwise.

Gold, Charles Goldsborough, Isaiah L. Green, Bolling Mr. Macon, from the Committee of Ways and Hall, Obed Hall, John A. Harper, John M. Hyneman, Means, presented a bill allowing additional com Richard Jackson, junior, Joseph Kent, Philip B. Key, pensation to the Postmaster General; which was Lyman Law, Peter Little, Robert Le Roy Livingston, read iwice, and committed to the Committee of Aaron Lyle, Alexander McKim, Arunah Metcalf, James the Whole on the bill to continue in force, for a Milnor, Sam'l L. Mitchill, Jonathan 0. Moseley, Wilfurther time, the act fixing the salaries of certain liam Paulding, jr., William Piper, Timothy Pitkin, jr., officers of Government therein mentioned. .

Benj’n Pond, Peter B. Porter, Elisha R. Potter, Josiah

Quincy, William Reed, Henry M. Ridgely, Samuel BATTLE ON, THE WABASH.

Ringgold, William Rodman, Ebenezer Sage, Thomas Mr. Ormsby moved the following resolution:

Sammons, Ebenezer Seaver, Adam Seybert, Samuel Resolved, That a committee be appointed to inquire Shaw, John Smilie, George Smith, Silas Stow, William whether any, and if any, what provision ought to be strong, Lewis B. Sturges, George Sullivan, Samuel made by law for paying the officers and soldiers of the Taggart, Benjamin Tallmadge, Peleg Tallman, Uri militia who served under Governor Harrison, in the Tracy, Charles Turner, jr., Pierre Van Cortlandt, jr., late expedition against the Indians on the Wabash, to

Laban Wheaton, Leonard White, William Widgery, compensate them for the loss of horses, and for the relief

and Robert Wright. of the widows and orphans of those who fell in the Nars-Willis Alston, jr., John Baker, David Bard, action of the seventh of November last; and that they Burwell Bassett, William Blackledge, Thomas Blount, have leave to report by bill or otherwise.

James Breckenridge, Robert Brown, William A. Bur. The said resolution was read, and ordered to lie well, Wm. Butler, John C. Calhoun, Langdon Cheves, on the table.

James Cochran, John Clopton, Lewis Condit, William Mr. McKee moved the following resolution :

Crawford, John Dawson, Joseph Desha, Elias Earle, Resolved, That the President of the United States Meshack Franklin, Thomas Gholson, Peterson Good be requested to cause to be laid before this House such wyn, Edwin Gray, Felix Grundy, Aylett Hawes, Jacob information as may be in the possession of the Govern- Hufty, Richard M. Johnson, William R. King, Abner ment, and proper to be communicated, on the follow Lacock, Joseph Lefever, Joseph Lewis, junior, William ing points :

Lowndes, Nathaniel Macon, George C. Maxwell, Thos. 1. Any evidence tending to shuw whether any and Moore, Archibald McBryde, William McCoy, Samuel - what agency the subjects, either public or private, of McKee, James Morgan, Jeremiah Morrow, Hugh Nelany foreign Power, may have had in exciting the In- son, Anthony New, Thomas Newbold, Thomas Newdians on the Western frontier to hostility against the ton, Stephen Ormsby, Joseph Pearson, Israel Pickens, United States;

James Pleasants, jr., John Randolph, John Rhea, John 2. The evidence of hostility towards the United States, Roane, Jonathan Roberts, John Sevier, Daniel Sheffey, on the part of the Shawanee Prophet and his adhe-John Smith, Richard Stanford, Philip Stuart, George rents, anterior to the commencement of the late cam

M. Troup, Robert Whitehill, David R. Williams, Thopaign against them, under the command of Governor inas Wilson, and Richard Winn. Harrison;

So the House agreed to recede from their disa

H. OF R.

Foreign Relations.


greement to the Senate's amendment, which of as the Commonwealth of Virginia may appoint, to course prevails, and the ratio is fixed at 35,000. ascertain, and finally determine and fix the Western

boundary line of the Virginia military tract, according

to the true intent and meaning of the condition of the THURSDAY, December 19.

deed of cession from Virginia to the United States, Mr. Baker presented two petitions of sundry touching the military reservation between the rivers inhabitants of the city and county of Washing:

Scioto and Little Miami. ion, praying that the act of the State of Maryland,

Resolved, That provision ought to be made by law

executed laying a tax on marriage licenses of four dollars to prevent the issuing of patents on surveys may be revived in Washington county, in the in virtue of Virginia military warrants, west of the District of Columbia, and that the money thus boundary line designated by the act of Congress of the

230 March, one thousand eight hundred and four. collected may be applied to the use of schools.

Resolved, That, in the event of the said existing Referred to the Committee for the District of boundary line being found by the said commissioners Columbia.

to exclude lands belonging to the Virginia military tract, The Speaker laid before the House a resolu- the said commissioners shall ascertain the quantity and tion of the Legislature of the State of Vermont, quality of the land so excluded, and shall have power ratifying and confirming an amendment proposed to locate other unappropriated lands equal in quantity by Congress to the Constitution of the United and quality ; which lands shall be liable to location States, concerning the acceptance of tiiles of under Virginia military land warrants, from and after nobility from foreign Powers, by citizens of the the

day of United States.

Ordered, That'a bill be brought in, pursuant to Mr. Poindexter moved the following resolu- the said resolutions; land that the Committee on tion:

the Public lands do prepare and bring in the same. Resolved, That a committee be appointed to inquire On motion by Mr. BURWELL, into the conduct of Harry Toulmin, Judge of the Dis- Resolved, That the President of the United trict of Washington, in the Mississippi Territory, and States be requested to cause to be laid before this report whether, in their opinion, he has so acted, in his House, by the proper officers, a statement of the official capacity, as to require the interposition of the capital employed in the Indian trade the amount Constitutional powers of this House ; and that said of annual purchases, sales, and articles, received committee have power to send for persons and papers. in paymeni; together with the number, names,

The resolution was read, and ordered to lie on and salaries, of agents employed, the places where the table.

stationed, and specifying, as far as practicable, the Mr. Rhea presented a resolution of the Legis- state of the trade at each place for the last four lature of the State of Tennessee, disapproving of years. the amendment proposed by Massachuselis to the Messrs. Burwell and BLEECKER were appointConstitution of the United States, limiting the ed a committee to present the said resolution to duration of any acı laying an embargo, within the the President. United States; disapproving of the amendment proposed by Virginia to the said Constitution, re

FOREIGN RELATIONS. specting a renioval from office of the Senators of The House resumed the consideration of the the United States; disapproving of the amend. sixth resolution, reported by the Committee of ment proposed by Pennsylvania to the said Con- Foreign Relations, in the following words: stitution, for the erection of a tribunal 1o deter- “6. That it is expedient to permit our merchant mine controversies between the General and State vessels, owned exclusively by resident citizens, to arm, Governments; and approving of the amendment under proper regulations, to be prescribed by law, in proposed by Congress to the said Constitution, self-defence, against all unlawful proceedings towards concerning the acceptance of titles of nobility by them on the high seas." citizens of the United States from foreign Powers. Mr. Findley withdrew his motion to postpone

A Message was received from the President of the same to the first Monday in March. the United States, transmitting two letters received Mr. WRIGHT withdrew the amendment he had from Goveroor Harrison, of the Indiana Terri- proposed, and moved to strike out these words: tory, reporting the particulars of the issue of the “in self-defence against all unlawful proceedings expedition under his command on the Wabash, against them on the high seas.” The Message and letters were read, and referred Mr. ARCHER.--The sixth resolution of the Comto Mr. McKee, Mr. Sevier, Mr. BRECKENRIDGE, mittee of Foreign Relations being now on its pasMr. Morrow, Mr. Alston, Mr. LeFever, and sage, I must express my sorrow that I am compelled Mr. MaxwELL, to consider and report thereon lo to obtrude my humble observations upon the fathe House.

tigued patience of the House, and the more ex. The House proceeded to consider the report of hausted patience of the nation. As I shall vote the Committee on the Public Lands, made the against the resolution, I feel it to be my indispen26th ultimno; and the resolutions therein contained sable duty to detail to the House the reasons by were specially concurred in by the House, as fol- which my vote shall be actuated. Many honorlows:

able members may, perhaps, conceive that it Resolved, That provision ought to be made by law would be more proper for me to reserve my refor the appointment of commissioners, on the part marks for the bill, when it shall be reported; but, of the United States, to act with such commissioners sir, I have ever held it to be my sacred duty to

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