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H. OF R.

Volunteer Corps.

JANUARY, 1812.

tution had been silent as to the militia, that Con- of a number of volunteers, not exceeding the numgress would have had no power over them. Mr. ber mentioned in the bill. He might therefore Ñ. knew not whence the gentleman from South accept of such a number of each kind of force, as Carolina bad derived his opinion, that invasion is he might judge it expedient to bave employed. not war, and that therefore the militia may be For, gentlemen must see, that, if after these fifty called out to repel invasion in time of peace. He thousand volunteers shall be imbodied, the Presasked the gentleman if it were not expressly laid ident should decide that he has no power to emdown by the writers on the law of nations, ihat a ploy them for the object contemplated, the counnation may consider an invasion as an ace of war, iry will be in an awkward situation. He thought and in consequence, take up arms and declare there was safety in his proposition. war against the nation thus offending? It could As to any danger to be apprehended from a not be denied.

force of this kind, he thought it was in vain to But it was said, insurrection is not war. Mr. attempt to engage in a war, if such an idea could N. considered invasion as foreign war, and rebel- be entertained for a moment. There may come lion as the worst species of war, civil war. This a time when a large standing army would be dan: was conclusive evidence to him, that the framers gerous to the liberties of the country ; but the of the Constitution did not intend that tbe militia present is certainly not that time. should be called upon except in the three cases Mr. Alston would vote against the amend. particularly enumerated.

ment proposed by his colleague; because he subMr. N. had already said, that he did not con- scribed to the doctrine of the gentleman from sider the doctrine of the gentleman from South South Carolina (Mr. Cheves ;) it he thought difCarolina, respecting sovereign power, as applica- ferently, he should have supported this amendble to this country.

meni. "Because, all who believe that this force Whai, asked Mr. N. would be the consequences cannot be marched beyond the limits of the Uniwhich would flow from a doctrine of this kind ? ied States, must know that it will be an ineffiIs not the power given to the Executive to make cient force; and he could not see on what ground treaties as much a sovereign power as the power such gentlemen can with hold their support to of declaring war given to Congress? And will this proposition. To him'there appeared no it be said that the Executive has the power of doubt, that when a declaration of war was made, doing everything necessary to make treaties obli Congress had the power to use such part of the gatory? He supposed not; it would certainly physical force of the country as they might judge be conceded that this House has the right 10 con- expedient. Suppose, said Mr. A., war was detrol the treaty-making power, by granting, or re- clared for an infraction of our rights without the fusing to grant the necessary appropriations for United States. Suppose, for instance, that the carrying treaties into effect." And Congress has Spanish Government should insist upon holding the same kind of check upon the army after it is Mobile, would Congress have no power to march raised, by their appropriations being confined 10 a part of the militia of the country thither? He two years.

thought such a power had never been questioned. He was therefore decidedly of opinion, that He bad no doubt of it, and therefore should yote the Government of the United States hus oo con- against the amendment. trol over the militia, except in the cases enume. Mr. McKee thought it unfortunate that this rated ; and if the object of gentlemen be to make question had been brought before the House. foreign conquest with these volunteers, he should But as it had been discussed, and different opinlift up his hand against the bill; because he ions expressed upon it, he wished the question to thought it unnecessary to bring into being a force be fairly met and decided; otherwise gedulemen which cannot be used for the object proposed. will vote for the bill with different views, some But it was said that this force might be used for with an expectation, that the force may be eminternal defence. He wished, however, to seize ployed abroad, and others with a directly contrary the present moment for raising an effective force, opinion. before the ardor which exists in the public mind Mr. Smilie said, if gentlemen were determined be evaporated; for, if the enthusiasm of the peo- to rely upon a regular force, they had certaioly ple be suffered to subside, when Congress shall a riglit to take their own course; but he thought attempt to raise an effective force, they may find a standing force of thirty-five thousand men was it too late to effect their purpose.

sufficient—he was for keeping the bill as it Mr. Pickens moved to amend the bill, by pro- stands. viding a force of iwenty-five thousand men. to Mr. Roberts observed, that in the course of be officered by the President, as proposed in the this discussion, different opinions had been exoriginal bill. He wished to provide a force that pressed as to the employnient of this force. It could unquestionably be used against the British was his opinion thai this corps mighi be used possessions, The force contemplated by the wherever it was wanted; but if it were not to be presept bill, is, at least, of a doubtful nature. The so usęd, a less number of men would be necessary. best talents of the House had been displayed on It was truly a matier of Executive discretion, both sides of the question. He could see no ob- i still it was desirable to have a definite vote on the jection to the course which he proposed, as full subject. He thought it would be best to take the discretion is left with the Executive to raise the sense of the House on the question, whether this whole force, or not. He is authorized to accept I force could, or could not be marched out of the

JANUARY, 1812.

Volunteer Corps.

H. OF R.

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United States. If the gentleman from North Nars-Willis Alston, jr., William Anderson, David Carolina would consent to withdraw his motion, Bard, Josiah Bartlett, Burwell Bassett, William W. he would bring forward one to try that question. Bibb, William Blackledge, Thomas Blount, Adam

Mr. Porter hoped the gentleman from North Boyd, Robert Brown, William A. Burwell, William Carolina would withdraw his motion, that the Butler, John C. Calhoun, Langdon Cheves, Matthew question might be put in the shape proposed by Clay, James Cochran, John Clopton, Lewis Condit, the gentleman from Pennsylvania. He could William Crawford, Roger Davis, Joseph Desha, Samnot subscribe to the opinion that it was im- uel Dinsmoor, Elias Earle, William Findley, James proper for this House to decide for what object Fisk, Meshack Franklin, Isaiah L. Green, Bolling this force was to be applied. He thought it the Hall, Obed Hall, John A. Harper, Jacob Hufty, John duty of Congress to keep in view the object for M. Hyneman, Richard M. Johnson, Joseph Kent, Abwhich they were legislating. If the business of Lowndes, aron Lyle, Nathaniel Macon, George C.

ner Lacock, Joseph Lefever, Peter Little, William this House was to be dwindled down and pro- Maxwell, Thomas Moore, Archibald McBryde, William tracted by long speeches, he should be for return- McCoy, Alexander McKim, Arunah Metcalf, Samuel ing back to the Siate governments, and get them L. Mitchill, James Morgan, Jeremiah Morrow, Anthony to protect our rights.

New, Thomas Newbold, Thomas Newton, Stephen What, said he, is the object of all our military Ormsby, William Piper, Benjamin Pond, John Ranpreparations} The object has been repeatedly dolph, Samuel Ringgold, John Rhea, John Roane, avowed to be to retaliaie on Great Britain the in- Jonathan Roberts, Wiliam Rodman, Ebenezer Sage, juries which she has inflicted upon our maritime Thomas Sammons, Ebenezer Seaver, John Sevier, rights, by an invasion of her provinces, as the Adam Seybert, Samuel Shaw, John Smilie, George only quarter in which she is vulnerable. How Smith, John Smith, Silas Stow, Peleg Tallman, John are we to effect our purpose ? The Senate says, Taliaferro, George M. Troup, Charles Turner, junior, with twenty-five thousand regular troops. This Pierre Van Cortlandt, jun., Robert Whitehill, David R. had been agreed to. But have we got them ?. On Williams, William Widgery, and Robert Wright. paper only; and, my word for it, said Mr. P., it A motion was then made by Mr. McKim to will take a considerable time to raise the '

men; amend the amendment proposed by Mr. Roberts, and before this can be done, our enemy will have by inserting after the said word “place,” the blocked up all the avenues to Canada with regu- words " wiibin, or out of the United States :" lar troops, veteran troops, inured to human And, debate arising, the previous question was slaughter.

called for by Mr. Smilie, and, being demanded Mr. P. knew something of Canada; he lived by one-fifth of the members present, an adjourn. near its borders his house was within gunshot ment was called for, and carried. of its lines. He had, therefore, a right to know what was the intention of Congress ; for the first attack of the enemy would doubtless be upon him

THURSDAY, January 16. and his constituents. He wished not to raise an Mr. MORROW, from the Committee on the Pubarmy that could not be effectively employed. He lic Lands, presented a bill authorizing the Secrewanted to know whether we are io make effective tary of the Treasury to locate the lands reserved war or not; and the question was to him a seri- for the use of Jefferson College, in the Mississippi

I

He hoped the present' motion would | Territory; which was read iwice, and committed therefore be withdrawn.

to a Committee of the Whole on Monday next.rs Mr. Pickens withdrew his amendment; and Mr. Ruea, from the Committee on Post Offices Mr. Roberts moved the following: "that this and Post Roads, presented a bill to alter and escorps shall perform duty at any place in which tablish certain post roads; which was read twice,

the army may be direcied to act by the proper and committed to a Committee of the Whole on ' authority.”

Monday next. Mr. Key moved to amend the amendment, by A Message, received from the President of the adding the 'words, “at any place within the Uni- United States yesterday, was read, transmitting ted States," alleging that the motion of the gen- an account of the contingent expenses of Govtleman from Pennsylvania was not sufficiently ernment for the year 1811, incurred on the occa. explicit to decide the principle.

sion of taking possession of the territory limited And the question being taken thereon, it was eastwardly by the river Perdido, and amounting negatived-yeas 34, nays 80, as follows:

10 three thousand three hundred and ninety-six

dollars. YŁAs—Stevenson Archer, Ezekiel Bacon, John Baker, Abijah Bigelow, James Breckenridge, Martin

Another Message, received from the President Chittenden, William Ely, Asa Fitch, Thomas Ghol- of the United States yesterday, was read, transson, Thomas R. Gold, Felix Grundy, Aylett Hawes, milling to the House a report of the Secretary of Richard Jackson, jr., Philip B. Key, William R. King, State, complying with their resolution of the 29:h Lyman Law, Joseph Lewis, jun., Robert Le Roy Liv- of November, of American seamen impressed into ingston, Samuel McKee, Jonathan 0. Moseley, Hugh the service of Foreigo Powers. Nelson, Joseph Pearson, Israel Pickens, Peter B. Por The SPEAKER laid before the House a letter ter, William Reed, Henry M. Ridgely, Daniel Sheffey, from the Secretary of War, transmitting a report, Richard Stanford, Philip Stuart, Lewis B. Sturges, in obedience to a resolution of the 19th ultimo, Samuel Taggart, Laban Wheaton, Leonard White, requesting the President of the United States to and Thomas Wilson.

cause to be laid before the House a statement of

Ous one.

+

H. OF R.

Volunteer Corps.

JANUARY, 1812.

the capital employed in the Indian trade, the of every kind for the Army, ought to be a man amount of annual purchases, sales, and articles well acquainted with mercantile concerns. received in payment; together with the number, After some objections from Messrs. Alston and names, and salaries of agents, the places where Ruea, and some remarks in reply from Messrs. stationed, and specifying the state of the trade for TallMADGE, ånd Findley, the amendments which the last four years; which were ordered to lie on went to keep up the Purveyor's offee, were agreed the table.

to; and the Committee rose and reported the bill. The following Message was received from the The House took it up and concurred with the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES:

amendments, and ordered the bill to a third read. To the Senate and House of

ing to-morrow. Representatives of the United States : I communicate to Congress a' letter from the Envoy

VOLUNTEER CORPS. Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Great The House resumed the consideration of the Britain, to the Secretary of State, with the answer of unfinished business of yesterday, authorizing the the latter. The continued evidence afforded by this correspond the Speaker slaied that the previous question,

President to accept of certain volunteers, when ence of the hostile policy of the British Government which had been demanded and was dependiog at against our national rights, strengthens the considerations recommending and urging the preparation of ad- the time of the adjournment, was now to be taken.

· Mr. ROBERTS, not willing to embarrass the equate means for maintaining them,

JAMES MADISON.

passage of the bill, withdrew his amendment, : WASHINGTON, Jan. 16, 1812.

which was under consideration when the House On motion of Mr. BLOUNT, the Committee of

last adjourned. the Whole were discharged from the considera

Mr. Gholson was desirous of ascertaining with tion of the bill from the Senate “ making further certainty in what light this volunteer corps was provision for the corps of engineers," and it was to be considered ; and, for this purpose, he procommitted to the committee on so much of the posed to amend the bill, by adding to the third Message of the President as relates to filling the section the following words : “ to serve either ranks and prolonging the enlistments of ihe

within or without the jurisdiction of the United reg.

States, ular, troops, and to an auxiliary force, to the acceptance of volunteers, to detachments of militia, offered this amendment. 'He might as well have

Mr. BURWELL was sorry that his colleague had and to such a preparation of the great body as will proportion its usefulness to its intrinsic ca

moved to add the words, “ above and below," as

“ within and without." What is the object of pacity.

this bill? It is to provide a military force for the QUARTERMASTER'S DEPARTMENT.:

public service. The Constitution puts its emOn motion of Mr. D. R. Williams, the House ployment in other hands. We must raise the resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole, force, and the President of the United States will on the bill from the Senate, with the amendments employ it within or without the United States, as recommended by the Army Committee, to whom may be necessary, agreeably to the powers vested it had been referred.

in him by the Constitution. Why designate the The bill, with the proposed amendments, being manner in, or the purposes for which this force gone through, Mr. W. said, he would, in as few shall be employed, when we can neither add to, words as he was able, explain the nature of the nor deduct from, the directions of the Constitu. amendments which the select committee had re- tion in this respect? It must bàve appeared, from commended. This bill, he said, was predicated the experience of yesterday, that it would be imon the destruction of the office of Purveyor of possible to get the House to express, a definite Public Supplies, who is properly the Commissa- opinion on this subject. ry General of the United States; and contem- Gentlemen say it is desirable to ascertain the plates the establishment in its place, not only of sense of the House on this question, because they a Quartermaster General for the United States, wish to know whether this force can be sent but a Commissary General in the same person against Canada. He was himself convinced that In investigating this subject, the committee could the militia of the United States cannot be marchsee no reason for blending these two importanted out of the country ; that no President would offices in one, the duties of both which are im- dare to order them out; that if any such attempt portant, perfectly distinct, and never were blend were made, it would be resisted. He should, ed in any country in the world; and for this good however, vote for the bill; and should be willing, reason, these officers are a check upon each other; if necessary, to give the President any additional one being the purchaser, and the other the dis- force for the invasion of Canada, tributor of supplies; whereas, if they were united Mr. B. hoped the bill would be suffered to pass in one person, frauds to any amount might be in its preseni shape. He knew his colleague too commitied without the possibility of detection. well to believe he wished to throw any unnecesBesides, it is necessary the Quartermaster Gen- sary embarrassment in the way of public business, eral should be 'a military man; indeed his pres- and he hoped, on more mature reflection, that he ence is at times required in the field, to distribute would withdraw his amendment, and let the bill the supplies; whilst the Purveyor or Commissary pass. General, whose bụsiness it is to purchase supplies Mr. Gold' thought this amendment desirable

JANUARY, 1812.

Volunteer Corps.

H. OF R:

for the sake of defining the purpose for which one can certainly tell how these volunteers are to these volunteers are to offer their service. The be employed. gentleman from Virginia (Mr. Burwell) had Mr. Smilie said this was the second attempt said it would decide nothing. He was of a dif- which he had witnessed, to explain the provisferent opinion. It would, at all events, let the vol. ions of the Constitution by law; but he hoped the unteer know what service he had to perform, good sense of the House would resist it. Does which he thought desirable, and which every one ihe gentleman from Vermont recollect that, in would wish to know before he offered his ser- raising a regular force, no explanation is made of vices.

the object for which the men are wanted ? Let Mr. Wrigør.-Mr. Speaker, I wish the honora: us, said he, raise the force, and leave the President ble gentleman from Virginia (Mr. Gholson) to do his duty, undirected by us. would withdraw his proposed amendment. Sir, Mr. Gold was sorry there was so great an inI hope that gentleman, whose talents and motives disposition to meet this question. No one can I highly appreciate, will

, on a review of the sub-' say that it is encroaching on the Executive preject, be satisfied that Congress have no power rogative, to authorize him to accept of a volun. over the Constitution, so as to control its con- teer force, for a limited lime, for certain purposes. struction, by the Executive. The Constitution To pass this bill, in its present shape, would be either authorizes the President to send these vol-forcing the President to exercise the Judicial as unteers out of the United States, or it does not well as the Executive power, before he could diso authorize him. If, sir, it does not, cản this bill cover the intentions of Congress. It is the Presiauthorize him? If it does, can this bill control dent's duty to execute the laws; but they ought his Constitutional powers ? Sir, the Legislative, to be passed in a clear and intelligible manner. the Executive, and the Judiciary, are co-ordinate: Mr. Bibb said, it was certainly proper in enactpowers, on subjects by the Constitution submit- ing laws, to make them as explicit as possible; ied to them ; each respectively and exclusively is but will this amendment make ihe bill more inentitled to construe the Constilution for itself. telligible than it is at present? He thought not. Sir, Congress cannot alter any part of the Con. Admitting, for the sake of argument, that Constitution without the consent of the States; and gress may rightfully direct the President as to the of course cannot, in any manner, by any act of employment of this force, will this amendment ordinary legislation, impose a construction by give any such direction ? 'It would not. It was law. The Constitution is the paramount law, altogether indefinite, and he should, therefore, vote and by each department is to be construed by against it. itself. I feel no doubt that these volunteers may

After a few remarks from Mr. Gholson and be sent out of the United States, by, the Constitu- others, he withdrew his amendment. tion; but no man can believe, if they cannot, that Mr. Bacon said, there appeared to be wanting this law will justify or authorize it, unless we an amendinent to the bill in relation to the manshould determine that we have power paramount ner in which the services of these volunteers are to that hallowed instrument. Sir, I am desirous to be accepted. They are, according to this bill, of acting with despatch, and definitely, on this to offer their services to the President; but he bill. We were, two days ago, lectured by the thought it would be more convenient for them to honorable gentleman from Virginia, (Mr. Wil- make the offer to the Governors of the several son) for our delay in the passage of ihe bill. I States, and let them communicate the offer to the appeal to this House, whether that gentleman has President. The Governors, as Commanders-innot distinguished himself in that delay; and will Chief of the States, will have to commission the submit to him the remark of Cato, " turpe est officers, and it would certainly be best, that the doctori, cum culpa redarguit ipsum." I hope, offer or service should be made to them. A difhowever, sir, we shall deliver ourselves from that ferent course would be attended with much incharge, by avoiding any farther delay, and that convenience. He would move an amendment, the gentleman will withdraw his amendment, or therefore, of the following words : "through the that the House will reject it, and pass the bill to medium of the Executive authority of the sevea third reading

ral States." Mr. Lacock observed that this amendment was

The motion was negatived. intended to test the opinion of the House. Though

Mr. B. Hall said he had voted for every meahe believed the President had the power to march sure. in favor of placing the country in a state the militia where he pleased, yet he should vote suited to the present crisis; but he could not vote against it, because he believed Congress were for the present bill, as he believed it to be uncontravelling out of their duty in deciding this ques-stitutional. This corps, when imbodied, will be tion.

as much a regular corps as any other. The PresMr. Fisk approved the proposed amendment. ident has power to call out the militia for certain It was the duty of Congress to make their laws purposes. Who are the militia ? They are all plain and intelligible; the proposed amendment the people of the United States liable to do miwould not affect the constitutionality of the force. litia duty, subject to the call of the President; but It would be declared on the face of the law for the moment they are selected into special corps, what purposes the volunteers were wanted, and they are a part of the Army, and ought, therefore, no one could labor under any mistake on the sub- to be officered by the President. The word " miject; whereas, if no such amendment is made, no litia” does not occur in the whole of this bill.

H. of R.

Volunteer Corps.

JANUARY, 1812.

But for this doubt in his mind, he would have Moore, Archibald McBryde, William McCoy, Samuel cheerfully voted for the additional force. He McKee, Arunah Metcalf, James Morgan, Jeremiah moved a recommitment of the bill.

Morrow, Hugb Nelson, Anthony New, Thomas New. Mr. PORTER hoped the bill would be recom- bold, Stephen Ormsby, William Paulding, jun., Israel mitted. It is certainly incorrect in several respects, Pickens, William Piper, Benjamin Pond, Peter B. but especially in the first section. He should not, Porter, Josiah Quincy, William Reed, Henry M. Ridgehowever, have made the motion, but have relied ly, Samuel Ringgold, John Rhea, John Roane, Jonaupon the Senate to have made the necessary cor

than Roberts, William Rodman, Ebenezer Sage, Thorection; but, being made, he seconded it, and

mas Sammons, Ebenezer Seaver, John Sevier, Samuel wished it to pass. The section which provides Shaw, John Smilie, George Smith, Richard Stanford, for the acceptance of volunteers, does not say of Sullivan, Peleg Tallman, John Taliaferro, Uri Tracy, whom they shall consist.

George M. Troup, Charles Turner, jun., Pierre Van The motion was negatived.

Cortlandt, jun., Robert Whitehill, David R. Williams, Mr. Nelson would make a last, an expiring William Widgery, Thomas Wilson, and Robert effort to unravel or cut this web of difficulty into Wright. which this subject had been thrown-an effort

Nars-Stevenson Archer, Ezekiel Bacon, Abijah made in the spirit of candor, and he hoped it Bigelow, Elijah Brigham, Epaphroditus Champion, would be received by the House as intended. He Martin Chittenden, John Davenport, junior, William had avowed it to be his object to put the United Ely, James Fisk, Asa Fitch, Bolling Hall

, Richard States in that armor which the President had Lewis, jr., Jonathan 0. Moseley, Joseph Pearson, Tim.

Jackson, junior, Philip B. Key, Lyman Law, Joseph recommended. Our Constitution, said Mr. N., was the fruit of Lewis B. Sturges, Samuel Taggart, Benjamin Tall

othy Pitkin, junior, Elisha R. Potter, Adam Seybert, a spirit of compromise; and the measures of this madge, Laban Wheaton, and Leonard White. House must frequently be actuated by a similar spirit. It is necessary, all agree, to bring into time to-morrow.

The bill was theu ordered to be read a third existence a body of troops which will prove effective. He was, on this account, for having a corps which would act more promptly than mili

Friday, January 17. tia. It could not be expected, however, that mi

Mr. Quincy presented a petition of the memo litia, unaccustomed to service.could act so prompt. bers of the Association of Ministers in and about ly as a corps of volunteers, which should be trained Boston, praying that the ninth section of the Act for the purpose. Mr. N. thought it of great im- regulating ihe Post Office Establishment," passed portance that the ardor and enthusiasm which the twenty-fifth of April, 1810, be so amended as exist among the people, at the present moment, to pronibit the delivery of letters on Sunday beshould be taken advantage of for raising these fore sunset.- Laid on the table. volunteers; and concluded with moving that the

The SPEAKER presented several petitions of the bill, with its amendments, lie upon the table for members of sundry Christian, denominations rethe present, to afford him an opportunity of bring- siding in the Western country, praying that the ing in a new blll to authorize the President io mail inay not be carried, and that post offices may accept and commission a corps of volunteers-say

not be opened on Sundays.-Ordered to lie on the 30,000, 40,000, or 50,000; and, after a bill of this

table. kind was passed, he would join with gentlemen

A Message was received from the President of in providing another corps for Slate purposes.

the United States transmitting a letter from the Mr. McKee seconded the motion for another Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotenreason. There was a Message of importance on

tiary of Great Britain to the Secretary of State, the table from the President of the United States, with the answer of the latter.-Referred to the which he wished to hear read.

committee appointed on that part of the PresiThe question was then put and negatived. The

dent's Message, which relates to Indian affairs. bill was then ordered for a third reading-yeas

VOLUNTEER CORPS. 96, nays 25, as follows:

An engrossed bill to authorize the President of Yxas-Willis Alston, junior, William Anderson, the United States to accept and organize certain John Baker, David Bard, Josiah Bartlett, Burwell volunteer military corps, was read the ibird time. Bassett, William W. Bibb, William Blackledge, Har- And on the question that the same do pass. it passed manus Bleecker, Thomas Blount, Adam Boyd, James in the affirmative-yeas 87, nays 23, as follows: Breckenridge, Robert Brown, William A. Burwell, YEAs-Willis Alston, jun., William Anderson, SteWilliam Butler, John C. Calhoun, Langdon Cheves, venson Archer, John Baker, Burwell Bassett, William Matthew Clay, James Cochran, John Clopton, Lewis W. Bibb, William Blackledge, Harmanus Bleecker, Condit, Wm. Crawford, R. Davis, John Dawson, Jos. Thomas Blount, Adam Boyd, James Breckenridge, Desha, Samuel Dinsmoor, Elias Earle, James Emott, Robert Brown, William A. Burwell, William Butler, William Ely, Meshack Franklin, Thomas Gholson, John C. Calhoun, Langdon Cheves, Matthew Clay, Thomas R. Gold, Isaiah L. Green, Felix Grundy, Obed John Clopton, Lewis Condit, William Crawford, Roger Hall, John A. Harper, Aylett Hawes, Jacob Hufty, Davis, Joseph Desha, Elias Earle, James Emott, WilJohn M. Hyneman, Richard M. hnson, Joseph liam Findley, Meshack Franklin, Thomas Gholson, Kent, William R. King, Abner Lacock, Peter Little, Thomas R. Gold, Isaiah L. Green, Felix Grundy, Obed Robert Le Roy Livingston, William Lowndes, Aaron Hall, John A. Harper, Aylett Hawes, Jacob Hufty, Lyle, Nathaniel Macon, George C. Maxwell, Thomas John M. Hyneman, Richard M. Johnson, William R.

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