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DECEMBER, 1811.

Additional Military Force.

SENATE.

States." The latter part is the provision allu- pelty effort, of the most stupid kind, to censure, ded to, which was stricken out in the House of by anticipation, what the writer supposed the Representatives. It is clear, said Mr. C., that by Message, which he had not seen, would contain. this provision, no authority was intended to be Mr. C. said he would not deign to remark on the given the President to issue letters of marque contents of that production, nor sully the discus. and reprisal, except in the event of one of the sions of the Senate by again bringing before two great belligerents revoking its uolawful chem malter, in his opinion, so in decorous, as well edicis, aod the same being declared by procla- as frivolous and irrelevant. ' He noticed it only mation, &c., upon which he was authorized to to 'express his surprise thai the honorable memissue letters of marque and reprisal against the ber. contrary, as he believed, to his usual pracother, who should thereafter continue in force tice, should so far descend from the respeci due its unlawful edicis, &c. If both refused to re- himself and the National Legislature, as to in- . voke their edicts, there was no authority to be troduce on this floor a scurrilous paragraph from given to issue letters of marque and reprisal a petty newspaper, published in a neighboring against either; and in that event, the provision dependent colony of a foreign Power, the object would have been a dead letter, or indeed worse, of which was to reflect on the proceedings, as ils menacing appearance might have a ten though not then known, of his own Goveroment. dency to irritate, though it was in no respect cal The honorable gentleman has told you that in culated to make any serious impression." It ap- 76, when your population was but about two milpeared to him at the time a very extraordinary lions, you had more than forty-six thousand reg. measure, and the most impolitic and daugerous ular troops in service; and now, when your popthat could have been proposed, and he would ulation is more than threefold, and your pecuni. venture to assert, you might in vain search for ary resources greatly increased, it is proposed to its likeness in the annals of nations; it was, in raise thirty-five thousand only, and yet an alarm fact, putting it in the power of one belligerent to is made about supporting them, &c.; and he declare war for you, or determine when you asks “ If we are at the maximum of our capacity; should declare it against the other; and at the and whether an occasion does not exist to call same time, enabling the other—who would know, out a force as great as our capacity would enable if she did not accede to the terms proposed, war us ??? &c. would be the consequence-to take advantage of Mr. C. said, according to ihe information he the situation in which you would place yourself, had obtained on the subject, the forty-six thou-' and, in case she determined not to revoke her sand men in service in 1776, were not all regular edicts, make the first attack upon you, when you troops, but including all descriptions of troops would first learn such was her determination then employed under public authority. He could from the mouths of her cannon, by the seizure not, however, perceive how the number employed of your ships, and the bombardment of your in 1776 should regulate the number now to be towns. It would also be holding out a threat to raised. The object then was, to shake off the the belligerents, which would be more likely to shackles of slavery that enchained the people of enlist their pride on the side of persevering in this country, and were about being rivetted on their measures, than to induce them to change them with additional severity. It was a great them, and this is, said Mr. C., the very wise and effort to resist the oppression of a powerful naimportant measure said to be intended as a sub- tion, having at the time, and claiming the right stitute for the embargo! "To maintain the honor to hold the actual government of the country; and promote the interest of the nation, and the and possessing a disposable force, which it was rejecting of which occasioned the British Gor. kaown she intended to employ for the subjugaernment to disavow the arrangement with Mr. tion of the people of this country, much greater Erskine !" Mr. C. said he could hardly persuade than their population or means could be supposed himself that the honorable gentleman was seri- equal to resist. The question, then, with the ous in this statement. It was the first time he | American people, was not what force would be had ever heard any importance attached to that necessary to bring into service, but what force measure. It was in itself too crude and incon-the exertion of their utmost energies could opsistent with national policy to claim or receive pose to their powerful enemy. Such is not the public notice at home or abroad; its existence question at this time; no one denies the ability was probably never known in Great Britain, and of the nation to bring into actual service, and also its rejection could certainly have had no agency provide for their support, if the occasion required in the disavowal of the arrangement with Mr. it, not only thirty-five thousand, but one hundred Erskine. The premature repeal of the embargo, thousaod men. Seven millions of people, with combined with the great events then uofolding the pecuniary resources of this country properly themselves in Europe, no doubt, - produced the managed, could not be really oppressed by the disavowal of that arrangement.

einployment and support of one hundred ihou.' Among the many extraordinary materials pressed sand men for such term as it is reasonable to into this discussion, was a paragraph from a news suppose the war would contique. paper published in Quebec, read by the gençle But the question now ought to be, what num. man, ii is presumed as a part of his speech. This ber of troops, and of what description, is requisite was not a comment on the President's Message to accomplish, in due time, and with sufficient (as it was stated by the gentleman to her) bui ad certainty, the objects you have in view, and

SENATE. :

Additional Military Force,

DECEMBER, 1811.

would at the same time occasion the least public three millions, annually, remains now at the disinconvenience, and produce the least pecuniary, posal of the Government, may be applied to the pressure on the people. . To determine this cor support of the war, in case of such event, and rectly, you must regulate the number and descrip- will therefore certainly diminish, by that amount, tion of troops you call into service, by the amount the revenue to be annually raised from the people; and kind of force to be resisted or subdued, and I would they not therefore be sensible of this, and not by the capacity of the nation. There is no consider it a benefit ? But it seems the increase of ground to believe, from the gentleman's own the public debt is not matter of much importance statement, the force to be opposed is so great as to the nation! If it is not, said Mr. C., what is to require the utmost exertions of the nation. We important to the nation ? Are the people to be

, , c, maximum of our capacity; nor does an occasion and their successors are solemnly pledged to reexist that requires a force to be raised as great as imburse, which is an encumbrance to its full exour capacity would enable us. It would be the tent on their estales and possessions of every worst policy we could pursdé, and prove most kind, is in itself

of so little consequence as not lo injurious to the nation, to call into actual service, be considered of much importance to the nation ? at the commencenient of a war, a force so greatly Upon the same principle the gentleman might beyond what the occasion demanded, and thereby say, that to impose new taxes on the people, to waste your strength and exhaust your resources increase their burdens from time to time, until before the crisis arrived that might require the they groaned under the pressure, would not be exertion all your energies. It would seem, said matter of such importance to the nation. Is the Mr. C., as if gentlemen conceived they evinced old maxim, formerly ascribed to the opposition, their patriotism by the number of regular troops that a public debt is a public blessing," and for which they voted; nothing could, however, once so much and so justly reprobated, now again be more fallacious, nor would the public be de- brought forward and supported by professed Received by such a delusion. It was as easy to publicans ? This has always been considered the vote for 100,000 men as for 10,000; but the people rankest doctrine of high-toned leaders in Federal must at last furnish both the soldiers and the cimes, and cannot fail to awaken the public mind means to support them, and the nation will be to investigate the views of those who advocate it. able to determine by the conduct and votes of On motion, by Mr. Leib, it was agreed that the gentlemen, on the ulterior measures that may question for striking out be taken by yeas and

come before you, whether the advocates for so nays; and, on motion by Mr. Campbell, of Teo- large a regular force as that contained in the bill, nessee, the Senate adjourned. or those who support the present motion, being disposed to provide such forces and of such descriptions only as in their opinion, as well as that of

THURSDAY, December 19. ihe Goveroment, would be sufficient to meet the The PRESIDENT communicated a resolution of present emergency, and could be most usefully the Legislature of the State of Vermont, confirm. employed, are most in earnest on this subject, and ing, on the part of the State, the resolution for will ultimately prove most firm and decided in an amendment to the Constitution respecting tisupporting the rights and honor of their country. tles of nobility; which was read.

Among the strange doctrines lately advanced, A message from the House of Representatives one is introduced on this occasion by the honor informed the Senate that the House recede from able gentleman, that will not a little surprise the their disagreement to the amendments of the people of America, and that is, that the accumu. Senate to the bill, entitled "An act for the aplation of public debt is of no great importance to portionment of Representatives among the sevethe nation. The gentleman asked it any one felt ral States, according to the third enumeration." any benefit from the payment of fifty millions of The Senate resumed the consideration of the the public debt ? And observed, to use his own bill to raise, for a limited time, an additional milwords, “the increase of the public debt is no great itary force; and the motion made the 17th inste, bugbear,” &c. The advaniages arising from ex to strike out the word "ten," section one, line tinguishing the public debt, said Mr. C., cannot three, was determined in the negative-yeas 12, well be mistaken, and must be felt by every mém nays 21, as follows: ber of society capable of feeling the pressure of Yeas—Messrs. Anderson, Bradley, Brent, Camppublic taxes. By the extinguishment of fifty, bell of Ohio, Campbell of Tennessee, Condit, Crawmillions of your public debt, which has been ef- ford, Cutts, Franklin, Lambert, Smith of New York, fected by the operations of your Treasury De- and Worthington. partment, the nation is relieved from the payment Nars-Messrs. Bayard, Bibb, Dana, Gaillard, Gerof at least three millions of interest annually—a man, Giles, Gilman, Goodrich, Gregg, Horsey, Howell, sum more than the proceeds of all the internal Hunter, Leib, Lloyd, Pope, Reed, Robinson, Tait, Tay. taxes—the repeal of which has been so much relor, Turner, and Varnum. gretted by the honorable gentleman. Your fi On the question, Shall this bill be engrossed pances are therefore rendered as productive by and read a third time as amended ? it was deterthe extinction of that amount of debt, without mined in the affirmative. those internal taxes, as they would be with them The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the had such debt continued unpaid; and this sum of Whole, the bill appropriating a sum of money

DECEMBER, 1811.

Proceedings.

SENATE.

for procuring monitions of war; and, on the ques- postpone the further consideration thereof until tion, Shall this bill be engrossed and read a third Monday next. time? it was determined in the affirmative. Mr. Gilman, from the committee, also reported

The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the the bill for the establishment of a quartermaster's Whole, the bill for the establishment of a quar- department, correctly engrossed'; and the bill was termaster's department; and, on the question, read the third time. Shall this bill be engrossed and read the third On motion, it was agreed to postpone the furo time? it was determined in the affirmative. ther consideration of this bill until Monday next.

The following Message was received from the The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES:

Whole, the bill authorizing the President of the To the Senate and House of

United States 10 raise certain companies of spies Representatives of the United States :

or rangers, for ihe protection of the frontier of I lay before Congress two letters received from Gor the United States; and the bill was amended ; ernor Harrison, of the Indiana Territory, reporting the and the President reported it to the House acparticulars and the issue of the expedition under his cordingly. command, of which notice was taken in my communi On the question, Shall this bill be engrossed cation of November 5th..

and read a third time as amended ? it was deterWhile it is deeply lamented that so many valuable lives have been lost in the action which took place on

mined in the affirmative.

The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the the 7th ultimo, Congress will see, with satisfaction, the Whole, the bill extending the time of certain padauntless spirit and fortitude victoriously displayed by tents granted to Robert Fulton; and, og motion, every description of the troops engaged, as well as the by Mr. German, it was agreed to postpone the collected firmness which distinguished their commander, on an occasion' requiring the utmost exertions of further consideration thereof until Monday next. valor and discipline.

Mr. WORTHINGTON presenied the petition of It may reasonably be expected that the good effects Submit R. Strong, widow of Major Elijah Strong, of this critical defeat and dispersion of a combination late of the Army of the United States, on behalf of savages, which appears to have been spreading to a of herself and three infant children ; stating that greater extent, will be experienced not only in a cessa- her husband, while in the service of the United tion of the murders and depredations committed on States, died of a malignant fever, leaving her and our frontier, but in the prevention of any hostile incur. his children in very indigent circumstances; and sions otherwise to have been apprehended.

praying that the half-pay, or pension, that would - The families of those brave and patriotic citizens bave been allowed the representatives of the dea who have fallen in this severe conflict, will, doubtless, ceased, had he died by a wound or wounds, reengage the favorable attention of Congress.

ceived in actual service, may be extended to her, JAMES MADISON.

for reasons stated at large in the petition ; which WASHINGTON, Dec. 18, 1811. 3

was read, and ordered to lie on the table. The Message and letters referred to were read, Mr. W., also, presented the petition of Amos and ordered to lie on the table.

Spafford, stating that he hath improved a certain

portion of the public land near the foot of the FRIDAY, December 20.

rapids, on the south side of the Miami, and pray

ing that a law may be passed permitting him io Mr. Gilman, from the committee, reported the locate a quarter section of land, covering his imbill 10 raise, for a limited time, an additional mil-provements, at the price of other public lands, itary force, correctly engrossed ; and the bill was when exposed-lo sale; for reasons stated at large read the third time, and the blanks filled. On the in the pecition. question, Shall this bill pass ? it was determined Mr. W., also, presented the petition of Lewis in the affirmative-yeas 26, nays 4, as follows: Bond and others, residing on the Miami river,

YEAs—Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Bradley, Campbell praying that they may be confirmed in their posof Ohio, Campbell of Tennessee, Condit, Crawford, sessions of certain lands therein mentioned, for Cutts, Franklin, Gaillard, German, Gilman, Gregg, reasons stated at large in the petition ; and the Horsey, Howell, Leib, Lloyd, Pope, Reed, Robinson, petitions were severally read. Smith of New York, Tait, Taylor, 'Turner, Varnum, Ordered, That they be severally referred to the and Worthington. NassMessrs. Dana, Goodrich, Hunter, and Lam-inquire if any, and, if any, what, further provis

committee appointed the 14th of November, to bert.

ions or alterations are necessary for the distribuOn motion, by Mr. CRAWFORD, it was agreed tion of the public lands of the United States, to to amend the title of the bill, by striking out the consider and report thereon by bill or otherwise. words " for a limited time."

So it was Resolved, That ibis bill pass, and that the title thereof be “An act to raise an additional

Monday, December 23. military force."

Mr. Condit presented the petition of Abram Mr. Gilman, from the committee, reported the Ogden, of Elizabethtown, in the State of New bill appropriating a sum of money for procuring Jersey, stating that he baih constructed a boat, to munitions of war, correctly engrossed; and the be propelled by steam, at a considerable expense, bill was read the third time.

and praying that the bill pending in the Senate On motion, by Mr. CRAWFORD, it was agreed to I on this subject may pot pass, for reasons stated at

SENATE.

Proceedings.

DECEMBER, 1811.

row

large in the petition; which was read, and or to raise certain companies of raogers for the prodered to be printed for the use of the Senate. tection of the frontier of the United States, cor

The PRESIDENT communicated the report of rectly engrossed; and the bill was read the third the Secretary for the Department of State on the time, and the blanks were filled. Oa motion by petition of Thomas Brown, referred to his con- Mr. WORTHINGTON, it was agreed, by unanimous sideration the 2d instant; which was read. consent, to amend ihe bill, by inserting, in sec

The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the tion one, line eight of the printed bill, after the Whole, the bill extending the time of certain pa- word “necessary," the following words:" not tents granted to Robert Fulton; and, on motion, exceeding six;" and, by Mr. CRAW'FORD, it was agreed that the further Resolved, That this bill pass, and that the title consideration thereof be postponed until to-mor- thereof be "An act authorizing the President of

the United States to raise certain companies of rangers for the protection of the frontier of the

United States."
Tuesday, December 24.

Mr. Gilman, from the committee to whom was Mr. German presented the memorial of Gouv- referred the bill, entitled “ An act for the relief of erneur Morris, and others, cominissioners, ap- John Burnham," reported it without amendment. pointed by an act of the Legislature of the State of New York, for the consideration of all matters bill for the establishment of a quartermaster's

The Senate resumed the third reading of the relating to the opening a canal navigation between department; and the blanks were filled; and, on the great Lakes and Hudson's river, praying the motion by Mr. Brent, it was agreed that the co-operation and aid of Congress in the contem- further consideration of the bill be postponed unplated' work, for reasons stated at large in the til Thursday next. memorial; which was read, and referred to the Mr. CAMPBELL, of Tennessee, presented the committee to whom was referred, on the 6th 'inst., resolutions of the Legislature of the State of Tenthe memorial of the President and Managers of nessee, disapproving of, and dissentiog from, the the Union Canal Company of Pennsylvania, with amendment to the Constitution of the United the addition of two members, to consider and re- States, proposed by the Legislature of the State port theroon by bill or otherwise; and Messrs. of Massachusetts, June 19, 1809, respecting emCrawford and GERMAN were added to the cóm- bargoes and commercial restrictions; also, from mittee.

the amendment to the Constitution of the United The following Message was received from the States

, proposed by the Legislature of the State PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES :

of Virginia, on the 13th January, 1808, respecting To the Senate and House of

the removal front office of the Senators in ConRepresentatives of the United States :

gress of the United States, by a vote of the respectI communicate to Congress copies of an act of the ive State Legislatures: also, from the amendment Legislature of New York, relating to a canal from the to the Constitution of the United States, as progreat Lakes to Hudson's river. In making the composed by the Legislature of the State of Penosyl, munication, I consult the respect due to that State, in vania, April 30, 1809, “ that an impartial tribunal whose behalf the commissioners appointed by the act

may be established, to determine dispunes between have placed it in my hands for the purpose.

The utility of canal navigation is universally admit- the General and State governments; and approvted. It is not less certain, that scarcely any country ing of, and agreeing 10, the amendment io the offers more extensive opportunities for that branch of Constitution of the United States, proposed by improvements than the United States ; and none, per-Congress, respecting titles of nobility. And the haps, inducements equally persuasive to make the most

resolutions were read., of them. The particular undertaking contemplated by the State of New York, which marks an honorable spirit of enterprise and comprises objects of national

Friday, Deceinber 27. as well as more limited importance, will recall the atten

The PreşiDENT communicated the memorial of tion of Congress to the signal advantages to be derived certain citizens and inhabitants of the Territory to the United States from a general system of internal of Michigan, stating their very exposed situation communication and conveyance ; and suggest to their in the vicinity of the Indians, and requesting the consideration whatever steps may be proper, on their interposition of Government for their protection; part, towards its introduction and accomplishment and the memorial was read. As some of those advantages have an intimate con The President also communicated the memonexion with arrangements and exertions for the gen- rial of the Legislature of the Indiana Territory, eral security, it is at a period calling for these that the praying granis of land, respectively, to the legal merits of such a system will be seen in the strongest representatives of such officers and soldiers as fell lights.

in the late action under Governor Harrison's JAMES MADISON. Washington, December 23, 1811.

command, some of whom bad heretofore made

locations of land, partial payments, and improveThe Message and documents therein referred ments thereon; also, to each of the surviving to were read; and referred to the committee last officers and soldiers of said corps such donation mentioned, to consider and report thereon. in land as Congress may deem expedient; and

Mr. Gilman, from the committee, reported the the memorial was read. bill authorizing the President of the United States Mr. GERMAN presented the memorial of Isaiah

DECEMBER, 1811.

Proceedings.

SENATE.

Townsend, and others, stating that, in the year are desirous of establishing a daily packet, to be 1811, the memorialists, at great expense, built iwo propelled by steam, to ply betweeen Philadelphia, boats, under conviction that they had a right Brandy wine, and Christiana creek: that they thereto by the existing laws of the United States, have it in their power to obtain an engineer, who for the purpose of plying between New York and is an alien, to conduct and superintend the work, Albany, and which they have done successfully; upon being admitted to receive a share of the net and praying a bill on the subject of steamboats, profils; that a boat of the size and form contemnow before the Senate, may pot pass, for reasons plated would be subject to the same rules and stated at large in the memorial; which was regulations as if employed in the foreign or coastread, and ordered to be printed for ibe use of the ing trade, which exclude an alien, who is the con... Senate.

structor or projector, from a share of the boat or The following Message was received from the profits, and that they will be deprived of the aid PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES:

of this artist without the interposition of ConTo the Senate and House of

gress; and praying relief; and the petition was Representatives of the United States : read, and referred to a select committee, to conI lay before Congress copies of resolutions entered sider and report thereon, by bill or otherwise ; into by the Legislature of Pennsylvania, which have and Messrs. BAYARD, Condit,and Howell, were been transmitted to me, with that view, by the Gov: appointed the committee. ernor of that State, in pursuance of one of the said The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the resolutions.

JAMES MADISON..

Whole, the bill extending the time of certain pat

ents granted to Robert Fulton; and the bill was WASHINGTOX, December 27, 1811.

amended, and the President reported it to the The Message and resolutions therein referred House accordingly. to were read, and ordered to lie on the table. On the question, Shall, this bill be engrossed

Mr. LEIB presented the memorial of Oliver and read a bird lime as amended ? it was deterEvans, stating that the memorialist verily be mined in the affirmative. lieves himself to be the original proposer of steam Mr. CAMPBELL, of Obio, from the committee to boats and steam-wagons in the United States, whom was referred the bill, entitled "An act to (Doctor Franklin only excepted ;) and that he authorize the laying out aod opening a public conceives his patent, dated February 14, 1804, road from the line established by the treaty of secured to him the right to use his engine for Greenville to the North Bend, in the State.of boats, mills, and land carriages, and praying to Ohio," reported it without amendment. be left in full possession of those righıs, for rea The Senaie resumed, as in Committee of the sons stated at large in the memorial; which was Whole, the bill, entitled "An act for the relief of read, and ordered to lie on the table.

John Burnham;" and, on the question, Sball this On motion, by Mr. Lloyd, it was agreed that bill be read a third time? it was determined in the further consideration of the bill for the estab the negative. lishment of a quartermaster's department be post Mr. BRADLEY submitted the following motion poned until Tuesday next...

for consideration :

Resolved, That the members of this House will wear Monday, December 30.

crape on the left arm for one month, in testimony of

the national respect and sorrow for the unfortunate Mr. Howell presented the petition of Nathaniel Smith, naval officer for the district of Provi- persons who perished in the city of Richmond, in Vir

ginia, on the night of the 26th of the present month. dence, praying additional compensation for his services, for reasons stated at large therein; and of the Legislative Council and House of Represen

The PRESIDENT communicated the resolution the perition was read, and referred to a select tatives of the Mississippi Territory, approving the committee, to consider and report thereon by bill or otherwise ; and Messrs. Howell, Gregg, and wards the belligerent. Powers of Europe, and

course pursued by the General Government toBRADLEY, were appointed the committee.

A message from the House of Representatives pledging themselves to “ support the Administrainformed the Senate that the House bave passed offending nations.” The resolution was read, a bill, entitled "An act to continue in force, for a and is as follows: further time, the first section of the act, entitled 'An act further to protect the commerce and sea.

Resolved by the Legislative Council and House of men of the United States against the Barbary Representatives of the Mississippi Territory, in Gen. Powers;" also a bill, entitled "Ao act directing difficulties under which the United States have for

eral Assembly convened, That the embarrassments and the terms on which the lands sold at public sale, many years labored have been caused by the injustice and that revert for failure in payment, shall again of foreign nations and of domestic faction. That the be sold;" in which bills they desire the concur- late and present Administrations of the General Govrence of the Senatè.

ernment have, in our opinion, pursued a wise, imparThe bills last mentioned were read, and passed tial, and just course towards the belligerent Powers of to the second reading,

Europe, and such as ought to conciliate and unite the · Mr. BAYARD presented the petition of the Presi- affections of every American citizen. That the cor. dept and Trustees of the Philadelphia and Wil- respondence just published between the American Secmington Steamboat Company, stating that they retary of State and Mr. Foster, the British Envoy, af

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