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Office of State. Copies of these are now transmitted which has been recently communicated to the House to the House of Representatives, except of a single let- of Representatives, and by them to me, is the first direct ter and a reference from the said Andrew Ellicott, testimony, ever made known to me, charging General which, being expressly desired to be kept secret, is Wilkinson with the corrupt receipt of money; and the therefore not communicated; but its contents can be House of Representatives may be assured that the duobtained from himself in a more legal form ; and direc- ties which this information devolves on me, shall be tions have been given to summon him to appear as a exercised with rigorous impartiality. Should any want witness before the Court of Inquiry.

of power in the court to compel the rendering of testiA

paper "on the commerce of Louisiana,” bearing mony obstruct that full and impartial inquiry, which date the eighteenth of April

, one thousand seven hun alone can establish guilt or innocence and satisfy jusdred and ninety-eight, is found in the Office of State, tice, the Legislative authority only will be competent supposed to have been communicated by Mr. Daniel it he remedy. Clark, of New Orleans, then a subject of Spain, and

TH. JEFFERSON. now of the House of Representatives of the United

January 20, 1808. States, stating certain commercial transactions of Gen

The said Message, together with sundry docueral Wilkinson, in New Orleans; an extract from this is now communicated, because it contains facts which referred to Mr. Joun MONTGOMERY, Mr.Nicholas,

ments accompanying the same, were read, and may have some bearing on the questions relating to Mr. Upham, Mr. Smilie, Mr. Taylor, Mr. G. W. him.

The destruction of the War Office by fire, in the CAMPBELL, and Mr. Jededian K. Smith, with inclose of one thousand eight hundred, involved all in-structions to report thereon by bill, or otherwise. formation it contained at that date.

THE MILITIA. The papers already described, therefore, constitute the whole of the information on these subjects, de

The House again went into Committee of the posited in the public offices, during the preceding Whole on the Militia bill, and the amendment Administrations, as far as has yet been found; but it moved by Mr. Clay being under consideration, cannot be affirmed that there may be no other, because Mr. CHANDLER made some observations tendthe papers of the office being filed, for the most part, ing to show that this was a bill of much importalphabetically, unless aided by the suggestion of any ance, and expressed a wish that the term during particular name which may have given such informa- ! which the militia should be liable to service were tion, nothing short of a careful examination of the further extended. As he had not had time to conpapers in the offices generally, could authorize such an sider the bill maturely, he moved that the Commitaffirmation.

tee rise. About a twelvemonth after I came to the adminis

Mr. Macon hoped the motion would not be tration of the Government, Mr. Clark gave some verbal information to myself

, as well as to the Secretary of agreed to. No principle had yet been settled, and State, relating to the same combinations for the dismem. it was useless to give time to prepare amendments berment of the Union. He was listened to freely; and till the opinion of a majority on the principle was he then delivered the letter of Governor Gayoso, addressed to himself, of which a copy is now communi

Mr. VARNUM (Speaker) hoped the Committee cated. After his return to New Orleans, he forwarded would rise and be refused leave to sit again on to the Secretary of State other papers, with a request this bill. He believed that the situation of the that, after perusal

, they should be burnt. This how- United States at present, would by no means adever was not done; and he was so informed by the mit of the classing of the militia; this was not the Secretary of State, and that they would be held subject proper time, if it was ever necessary. It had been to his orders. These papers have not yet been found said that the classing of the militia bad been rein the office. A letter therefore has been addressed to commended by the several Presidents of the Unithe former Chief Clerk, who may, perhaps, give infor- ted States. This might be true; if it were howmation respecting them. As far as our memories ena- ever, he had not observed that to be the case. He ble us to say, they related only to the combinations be could see no kind of advantage to be derived from fore spoken of, and not at all to the corrupt receipt of the proposed modification of the militia system. money by any officer of the United States ; consequently were not the militia equal to every service that they respected what was considered as a dead matter, could be required of them, under the existing known to the preceding Administrations, and offering laws ? Certainly they were. If particular States nothing new to call for investigations, which those had failed to carry into effect the part assigned to nearest the dates of the transactions had not thought them by the Constitution of the United States proper to institute.

if there were any States which had neglected that In the course of the communications made to me on the subject of the conspiracy of Aaron Burr, I sometimes duty, would any other plan induce them to attend received letters, some of them anonymous, some under to it? He should suppose not. It was a fact that names true or false, expressing suspicions and insinu- where the State Governments had taken up the ations against General Wilkinson. But only one of subject of the organization and discipline of the them, and that anonymous, specified any particuler fact, militia, and carried it into effect as far as in their and that fact was one of those which had been already power, those States had a respectable militia, who communicated to a former Administration.

considered themselves a band of brothers, from the No other information within the purview of the re- age of eighteen to forty-five, and from their habits quest of the House, is known to have been received by of discipline under the present system and officers, any Department of the Government, from the estab- would consider it an invidious distinction to take lishment of the present Federal Government. That men at particular ages from the mass—so much

JANUARY, 1808.

Classification of the Militia.

H. OF R.

So, that they would not have such an efficient would go into service with alacrity, and would militia, to which they looked as the best part of consider it a hardship to see their younger brethren the physical strength of the nation, as if the sys- called into a State which did not happen to join tem were suffered to remain as it now stands. their own, while they could not march to assist ; He knew that it was said, that the militia were for this bill provides that men between twenty-six inefficient in some parts of the United States. and forty-five shall go no further than in their own What was there wanting? That subordination or an adjoining State. If an enemy were to land which existed in other parts, and nothing more. in Connecticut, the brave militia of New Hamp

It has been said, that in the course of the Rev- shire and Vermont are not to assist in repelling, olutionary war, the militia in some instances them because they do not join on it. You are to abandoned their posts. This might have been the call on your young men to be cut up, while, if all case in some instances; but he was well assured the militia were to march, the enemy could be rethat the credit due to the militia of that part of pelled at once. You had better compel every man the country had not been given to them. We who is able to bears arms to take part in the deknow, said Mr. V., of some of the hardest battles fence of his country when invaded in his neighof the Revolutionary war, in which the militia borhood. were the principal actors. But were this not the I know it was felt as a hardship in the course case, how can we select any particular part of the of the Revolutionary war, that every man capable militia and exempt from service the remainder ? of bearing arms, was obliged to take part, scarcely Is it expected that young men will be better able a man being left to till the ground; but it was all., to perform military duty than those who have essential to the safety of the country. Have you been in the service, who have experienced the ad- increased to such a degree of population that you vantages of liberty, and who have families and can now leave at home three-fourths of your aciual, property to defend? I should suppose such men force? Surely this would be ruinous in the atlikely to render more service than young men tempt. This is a system which has been many who have not formed their minds.

times before the House of Representatives, and has But there is a radical difficulty in this system. always been found by the wisdom of the nation to The bill provides that none shall be called into be an improper one to adopt. I do hope in this general service, except from the age of twenty-one critical junciure, because there are some persons to twenty-six. The constitutions of some of the who do not choose to submit 10 subordination, States provide that the captains and subaltern that we shall not go into a disorganization of the officers, in each company, shall be chosen by the militia altogether. I am ready to say, that if this whole company, from the age of twenty-one to system does take place, that our militia will be forty-five. "Is it to be supposed that they would disorganized, since the States have acts now in be voluntarily so scrupulous as to choose men be- existence for the organization of the militia agreetween the ages of twenty-one and twenty-six? ably to the act of 1792, and the militia are now The officers would generally be over the age of ready to take the field; we should soon acquire iwenty-six. In that case how can we get along? subordination ; and when that is riveted in our

Gentlemen may suppose that it is a very easy breasts we shall do well. For these reasons I hope thing for the State Governments to alter their the Committee will rise and lay this subject to systems in compliance with the requisition of the sleep for the present. General Government. It is a thing which some Messrs. Clay, Lyon, Nelson, WITHERELL, and of the States will not undertake to do. The militia Taylor, supported the principle of classification at the present time in some parts of the United of the militia. When the Committee rose and States, are well organized and disciplined, and obtained leave to sit again—59 to 24. display a spirit of emulation which does them honor. In the State which I have the honor to represent, there are seventy thousand militia.

Thursday, January 21. These men are all armed; no man is suffered to Mr. Key offered the following resolution: go into the field without arms; they are subject Resolved, That a standing committee be appointed to a fine of eight dollars for every time they appear to be called a Committee of the District of Columbia; without arms; and, if not always provided, are to consist of members. It shall be the duty of this subject to a fine of ien dollars per annum. This committee to take into consideration all petitions and severe regulation produces universal arming; very memorials relating to the affairs of the District of Cos few troops, take them from what part of the world lumbia, and to report from time to time, by bill or you will, are better disciplined than our compa- otherwise. nies of artillery, every man of which is completely Mr. K. said, he would take the liberty of sug, uniformed at his own expense, and every company gesting the reasons of this motion. The District of artillery is supplied with brass field pieces by of Columbia was governed by the laws of Mary the State. The militia have one hundred and fifty land on the east, and by the laws of Virginia on brass field pieces ready to take the field whenever the west of the Potomac, which existed at the called for, which could be on the march to any time of cession to the United States. The rious point of attack in twelve hours notice. They are modifications made in the State laws since that also supplied with a competent portion of cannon, period, had no operation in the territory which and are all provided with uniform at their own they had ceded." It was desired that the laws expense. Under officers of their own choice, they should be rendered uniform and equal in their

H. of R.

General Wilkinson-Encouragement to Manufactures.

JANUARY, 1808.

operation throughout the territory. The object Jesse Wharton, Robert Whitehill, Isaac Wilbour, and of the resolution was to simplify the business re- James Witherell. lating to the District. It would be recollected

ENCOURAGEMENT TO MANUFACTURES. that Congress alone could legislate on this subject; the great measures of national concern had

Mr. Newton, from the Committee of Commerce prior claim

on the attention of the House ; for this and Manufactures, to whom was referred the pereason he had moved the appointment of a general lition of Paul and Joseph W. Revere, of Boston, committee.

in the State of Massachusetts, made the following The resolution was ordered to lie on the table report: for one day.

The petitioners state that they have, by great appli

cation, acquired the knowledge of melting and refining GENERAL WILKINSON.

copper ores, and of manufacturing copper into sheets, On a motion made by Mr. Rowan, that the bolts, nails, &c., for fastening ships; and that they have, House do come to the following resolution : at a great expense, erected furnaces, mills, and other

Resolved, That a special committee be appointed to works, for manufacturing the above articles. To eninquire into the conduct of Brigadier General Wilkin- courage them, they solicit that a duty of 175 per centson, in relation to his having, at any time, whilst in the um ad valorem may be imposed on copper in sheets, as service of the United States, either as a civil or military they have no doubt that they can supply the whole officer, been a pensioner of the Government of Spain, quantity at present imported into the United States. or relative to his having been an accomplice, or in any They likewise solicit that old copper may, in future, be way concerned, during the time aforesaid, in a foreign imported free from duty. or domestic project to dismember these United States ; The committee, with a view to possess themselves of and that the said committee have power to send for such information on the subject submitted to their considerpersons and papers as may be necessary to assist their ation, have delayed to make a report thereon to the inquiries; and that they report the result to this House, present time. that the Congress may be thereby better enabled to le- While they are directed by inclination and a sense gislate upon the subjects of our foreign relations; the of duty to foster and encourage such manufactures as increase and maintenance of the Army of the United promise utility to the public, they are conscious of the States, and other subjects promotive of the common difficulty of affording to each a just portion of encourweal :

agement. The question was stated from the Chair, that

The petitioners have two objects in view. The first the House do now proceed to take the said pro- 171 per centum on the importation of copper in sheets,

is, to procure the imposition of an ad valorem duty of posed resolution into consideration, and passed in which is now free from duty; the second is, that old the negative-yeas 46, nays 59, as follows:

copper, which ought to be considered a raw material, Yxas-Lemuel J. Alston, Willis Alston, jr., William should not be subject to the payment of a duty on imW. Bibb, John Campbell, Epaphroditus Champion, portation. To induce the National Legislature to imMartin Chittenden, Samuel W. Dana, John Davenport, pose the aforementioned duty on copper in sheets, the jr., Joseph Desha, William Ely, Francis Gardner, Jas. petitioners state that they have, at considerable expense, M. Garnett, Charles Goldsborough, Edwin Gray, John erected works which will enable them to supply copper Harris, William Hoge, Benjamin Howard, Richard M. in sheets, commensurate to the demand of the United Johnson, Philip B. Key, William Kirkpatrick, Joseph States. Should this assertion on the part of the petiLewis, jr., Nathaniel Macon, Josiah Masters, Daniel tioners influence Congress to accede to their proposiMontgomery, jr., Thomas Moore, Jonathan 0. Mosely, tion, and the quantity of copper in sheets furnished by Timothy Pitkin, jr., Josiah Quincy, John Randolph, them prove to be insufficient for the demand, the copperJohn Rowan, Samuel Smith, Richard Stanford, Wil smiths and braziers (a respectable class of manufacturliam Stedman, Lewis B. Sturges, Peter Swart, Samuel ers) would sustain injuries that would require time and Taggart, Benjamin Tallmadge, Jabez Upham, James a correct course of procedure to repair. The copperI. Van Allen, Nicholas Van Dyke, Archibald Van Horne, smiths and braziers are satisfied with the encourageKillian K. Van Rensselaer, Daniel C. Verplanck, Mar- ment given to them, by the protecting duties on foreign maduke Williams, Alexander Wilson, and Richard manufactures of copper, and with the privilege they Winn.

possess by law of importing copper in sheets, &c., free Nars-Ezekiel Bacon, David Bard, Joseph Barker, from duty, which enables them not only to supply all Burwell Bassett, Robert Brown, William Butler, Joseph copper utensils necessary for the use and consumption Calhoun, Peter Carlton, John Chandler, Matthew Clay, of the United States, but likewise to export to foreign Orchard Cook, Richard Cutts, John Dawson, Josiah markets a considerable quantity of their manufactures. Deane, Daniel M. Durell, John W. Eppes, James Fisk, The salutary operation of the laws in support of those Meshack Franklin, Isaiah L. Green, John Heister, James manufacturers is evident. A competition is established Holland, David Holmes, Reuben Humphreys, Daniel among them, and their manufactures, at a moderate Ilsley, Robert Jenkins, John Lambert, John Love, price, are to be had on demand. Robert Marion, William McCreery, William Milnor, This state of prosperity may receive a check by an John Montgomery, Nicholas R. Moore, Jeremiah Mor- incautious modification of the laws which have produced row, John Morrow, Gurdon 8. Mumford, Roger Nelson, it. Subjects of this kind should never be approached Thomas Newbold, Thomas Newton, Wilson C. Nich- with a rash and innovating hand, lest the ease and comolas, John Porter, John Pugh, John Rhea of Tennes forts of the citizens should be diminished, to prove the see, Jacob Richards, Matthias Richards, Samuel Riker, efficacy of experiments as yet of doubtful issue. The Ebenezer Seaver, James Sloan, Dennis Smelt, John coppersmiths and braziers of New York and PhiladelSmilie, Jedediah K. Smith, John Smith, Henry South- phia, in their memorials presented to the House of Repard, Clement Storer, John Taylor, John Thompson, resentatives, and referred to the committee, assert with

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confidence that a supply of copper in sheets, equal to “ The committee observe that, by an act of the State the demands they have for that article, cannot be fur- of Maryland, passed the 25th of January, 1806, resinished by the petitioners.

dence is not prescribed as a qualification of candidates An assertion made with so much confidence, by men for Congress, except for the fifth district: and that by whose constant occupations afford the certain means of the said act to reduce into one the several acts of Asforming a correct judgment, is deserving of serious atten- sembly respecting elections, and to regulate said election; and were it not supported by information drawn tions, it is enacted that all laws, clauses, and sections from other sources, should prevent the doing of any act of laws, repugnant to, or inconsistent with the provithat might put to hazard the flourishing state of manu- sions of this act, be, and the same are hereby, repealed. factures which have supplanted foreign articles of the From which it appears that the law of Maryland, resame kind. The committee have had no satisfactory lied on by the petitioners against the seat of Mr. Key, evidence offered to them that copper in sheets, in quan- is not now in force. tity sufficient for the use and consumption of the Uni- “ From the above statement of facts, the committee ted States, can be supplied by the petitioners, or that are induced to submit the following resolution, and lay the quality of the same is equal to that which is im- the memorial on the table : ported. It becomes the duty of the committee, in order

Resolved, That Philip B. Key, having the greatest to ascertain whether Legislative interference can at this number of votes, and being qualified agreeably to the time be justified by existing circumstances, not only to Constitution of the United States, is entitled to his weigh the facts furnished them, but also to guard sed. seat in this House." ulously against mischiefs that have too often their origin in hasty Legislative acts, which, not unfrequently, in and agreed to by Mr. Key:

The following facts were relied on by the petitioners, attempting to give encouragement to manufacturing establishments, fasten on the community oppressive mo- inhabitant of the District of Columbia, at a country

“ 1st. That, in the year 1801, Mr. Key became an nopolies. The committee being aware that a manu- seat belonging to him about two miles from Georgetown, factory, single and without competition, is apt, by hav- in an airy, healthy situation, commanding an extensive ing the command of the market, to make an improper use of it, are solicitous to keep the sources of supply

prospect.

** 2d. That the country seat abovementioned is exas open and as free as possible. In refusing to recommend the imposition of a duty on copper manufactured pensively built upon and improved, and in every respect into sheets, equal to that which is imposed on copper dence of a gentleman, in a style of great convenience.

furnished with accommodations for the permanent resimanufactures, the committee are gratified in recollecting that the petitioners receive no inconsiderable en: 1805, Mr. Key purchased about 1,000 acres of land in

“3d. That some time in the month of November, couragement in making copper bolts, spikes, and nails, Montgomery county, about fourteen miles from Georgefrom the protecting duties payable on those articles when imported. The committee are of opinion that town, and about twelve from his seat in the District of advantages will accrue, not only to the petitioners, but Columbia. At the time of purchasing that land there

was no dwelling-house' nor enclosure upon it, except likewise to the community, by permitting the importation of old copper free from duty.

a few tenements occupied by tenants, the greater part They therefore recommend the adoption of the fol- of the land being waste old fields.

" 4th. That some time in the Summer of 1806 Mr. lowing resolutions :

Resolved, That so much of the petition as prays for Key did cause a dwelling-house to be erected on his the imposition of 17} per centum ad valorem as a duty family on the 18th of September 1806, from his seat in

Montgomery lands, into which he removed with his on copper manufactured into sheets is unreasonable, the District of Columbia, where till then he had all and ought not to be granted. Resolved, That so much of the petition as prays that along resided from the time of his first settling in said

district, in the year 1801. old copper may be considered as a raw material, and

“ 5th. That, on the 20th of October, 1806, Mr. Key that the importation thereof into the United States may be free from duty, is reasonable, and ought to be granted. returned with his family to his seat in the District of

Columbia, where he remained till about the the 28th of The report was adopted; and it was ordered July, 1807, when they again removed to his estate in that a bill or bills be brought in, pursuant to the Montgomery, where they remained until the 22d of second resolution, and that the Committee of Man- October last, when they again returned to his seat in ufactures do prepare and bring in the same. the District of Columbia, where they still remain. MARYLAND CONTESTED ELECTION.

“6th. That the dwelling-house on the Montgomery The House resolved itself into a Committee of tion to Mr. Key and family in Winter, but is esteemed

estate is not completed to afford a comfortable habitathe Whole on the report of the Committee of fit only for a Summer residence; and that it is, in reElections, of the eleventh ultimo, to whom were spect to buildings, improvements, and accommodations, referred petitions of sundry qualified electors of much inferior to his seat in the District of Columbia. Montgomery and Frederick counties, in the State

“7th. That, on both occasions abovementioned, when of Maryland, relative to the election of Philip B. Mr. Key removed with his family from his seat in the Key, the member returned to serve in this House District of Columbia to his estate in Montgomery, he for the third Congressional District in the said left the former ready furnished, in its usual style, carState, The report is as follows:

rying but few articles, such as beds, linen, plate, &c. “The following statement, agreed upon by the coun- from one place to another, having supplied his house sel of the petitioners, who pray that the seat of Philip in Montgomery with other furnituro purchased for that B. Key may be vacated, and by Mr. Key himself, was purpose. amicably submitted to the Committee of Elections, and "8th. That the election, at which Mr. Key was chosen, the committee submit the same to the House as part of and returned, was held on tbe 6th day of October, 1806. their report.

“ Admitted :

PHILIP B. KEY."

H. OF R.

Maryland Contested Election.

JANUARY, 1808.

The facts thus found by the committee, and admit- 6th. That before the said house was completely furted by Mr. Key, were still further explained by the lat- nished, to wit: on the 18th September, 1806, Mr. Key ter, in a written statement furnished by him, and made removed, with his wife, children, and domestics, to said a part of the record.

house, and did actually live in and inhabit the said Facts on the part of Mr. Key, to show that he was a

house from said 18th of September, 1806, to the 20th bona fide resident of Maryland, and of the district of October, 1806, including the 6th day of October, on for which he was chosen, which facts are admitted which the election was held; that, on the 20th of Ocby the counsel for the petitioners, and are as follows : house in the Territory of Columbia. In July last, Mr.

tober, Mr. Key, with his family, removed back to his Ist. That Mr. Key is a native of Maryland ; that he Key removed himself, family, and domestics, to his was a citizen and resident of that State at the adoption house in Montgomery, which he lived in, and inhabitof the present Constitution of the United States, and ed until, on the 23d of October last, he returned to his never was a citizen or resident of any other of the Uni- house in the Territory of Columbia, to attend his duted States ; that, since that time, he has served several ties in Congress. years as a Delegate to the General Assembly of Mary

7th. That no political rights are acquired or attached land; that, in 1787, he qualified as counsel in the su

to a residence in the county of Washington, in the perior courts of Maryland, and ever since hath, and Territory of Columbia. A person so situated has no still doth continue to practise law in said courts ; that, right of suffrage, can neither elect, nor be elected. in 1801, he removed from Maryland to his house near Georgetown, (about two miles from said town, and Explanatims of Mr. Key on certain points requested about two miles from Montgomery county,) where he

by counsel for the petitioners, which are also admithas continued to reside till 1806.

ted as facts. 2d. That Montgomery county and part of Frede- 1st. Mr. Key, in explanation, says he has declined rick compose the third Congressional district, for which practice in Washington county, District of Columbia, Mr. Key is elected ; that the ancestors of Mr. and Mrs. entirely. He does not suffer his name to appear to Key held considerable real estates in said district, and new business. In two or three important cases he has some of the nearest relations of Mr. and Mrs. Key re- engaged to appear as counsel, and argue the cases side in, and hold large landed estates in said district, when prepared for trial. in each of the counties composing the same; that Mr. 2d. Mr. Key has not practised in any county court Key has, for several years last past, practised, and still of Maryland for many years, except in Montgomery, does practise, law in the only court held in said district, where he continues his full practice. On the destrucand, from that circumstance, his serving in the Legis- tion of the General Court, he has followed some interlature, his living at Annapolis, the seat of Government, esting cases, in which he had been there employed, to and an extensive practice for twenty years in the Su- the counties where they had been sent. preme Court of Maryland, he has been for many years 3d. Mr. Key's house in Montgomery was not plaspersonally known to and by a great proportion of the tered or painted when he first moved into it. "The voters of the district.

workmen did not finish it by six weeks so soon as they 3d. That, in November, 1805, Mr. Key bought, and contracted to do, or he would have been in it six soon after had conveyed to him, one thousand acres of weeks sooner; the plastering would have been too land in Montgomery county, part of his district, which damp, and fresh paint too unwholesome for his family land was part of an estate that had, for many years, and children; therefore, he removed into it unplastered been leased out by Mrs. Key's ancestors, and was much and unpainted, from necessity, and the delay of the wasted, and out of repair.

workmen. It is now plastered and painted. 4th. That, some time before this purchase, Mr. Key

P. B. KEY. had declined the practice of the law in the Territory of Columbia, but still continued his practice in Mont

The committee further report that petitions signed gomery ; that, in January, 1806, he declared his inten- by more than four hundred voters of Montgomery tion to be a resident; that, in March, 1806, at Mont- county, represent that Mr. Key had bought real estate gomery county court, he declared his intention to be a

in said county, had made considerable improvements resident; that, in March, 1806, at Montgomery county therein with his family and servants, before, at, and

thereon, built a commodious dwelling-house, and lived court, Mr. Key often and publicly declared, and also to the people, when he often addressed them, that he had after said election; and that he was an inhabitant of bought said land, with intention to become a resident the State of Maryland when elected a Representative of the county ; that he intended to build a dwelling- to Congress, and had uften uniformly and publicly dehouse on said land ; that he would move his family clared before that time his intention of becoming an there as soon as it was built

, and that he would make inhabitant and resident of said county and State. it his Summer residence; and at the same time, that Mr. Rhea moved to strike out of the resoluis, at March court, 1806, in Montgomery, he refused tion contained in the report, the following words: to stand as a candidate for Congress when solicited by having the greatest number of votes, and being his warm and influential friends.

qualified agreeably to the Constitution of the 5th. That, Mr. Key has made considerable and ex- United States ;" which was agreed to. pensive improvements on said land; that he has, in

A motion was then made to concur in the res1806, built thereon for his Summer residence, a dwel, olution as amended; whereupon, the following ling-house, by no means such a one as could be intended

debate ensued: for a tenant, or overseer, but every way comfortable for a Summer residence; that said house has all neces

Mr. WITHERELL said he had heard it reported sary offices and accommodations for household servants, from a source which was entitled to credit, that and is kept ready furnished with necessary plain house. Mr. Key, the sitting member, either now was, or hold furniture, tea and table service, and kitchen uten- had been, a British pensioner: this knowledge sils, &c.

would bias his vote on the present question. He

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