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itself, he should vote for concurrence with the twenty-four thousand to that distress which had number reported by the Committee.
been depicted. If it were a matter of necessity Mr. Dana said, if he understood the report of to support these virtuous people, let gentlemen the Secretary of the Navy, the estimate for one come forward and drain the Treasury to support thousand two hundred and seventy-two men, wa them. But others suffered as well as sailors; and the number supposed to be required for iwo frig- if they were to support all who were out of em. ates and the gunboats already built. Considering ploy, they would not leave a cent in the Treasuthe number of gunboats authorized, he should ry. He would now call the attention of the really doubt whether two frigates, with these men House to the famous gunboat bill; this was said, and officers, were competent to take care of the by its advocates, to contemplate a great superiorigunboats. Whether it were intended to employ ty of the new establishment over the old ; that it the gunboats, or not, if the object now were to would require but very few regulars, the rest besave from perishing such a number of seamen, he ing supplied by a naval militia. We blow hot was much disposed to pass the bill. The case of and cold, said Mr. T. We depart from the very these men was different from that of any other principle laid down, on the passage of that bill, in the United States. The qualities which fitted and are now going to raise a naval standing army, them for service unfitted them for taking care of for, whether by sea or land, it is a standing army. themselves; of all men on the earth they were I say it is not expedient. If the gunboats were the first that would divide their purses with those now all ready for service, under the state of things in distress. To be provident and saving was not which now exists, I should not be in favor of emtheir character; when called to public service ploying more men than would be sufficient to they exposed their lives as if of no worth ; always irim the boats and keep them in order. So that, ready to give away what little they had earned. take this measure on principle, it appears to be It'was for these men, said Mr. D., that you pro- departing from the principle on which we set out; fessed to have laid the embargo, to secure to them and, if it is meant to be done in charity, it is doing protection. The protection you have secured is nothing. Therefore, unless gentlemen can show the utter deprivation of employment. Those me that such a number of men is necessary for who understood the character of a seaman, need taking care of the boats, having, at the same not be told how peculiarly difficult it was for him time, an eye to a naval militia, I shall vote against to employ himself in any other branch of labor. the bill on the table. It was true that many of the men employed in Mr. Chandler asked for what purpose the merchant vessels could cultivate land; bui, as it bill contemplated these seamen to be raised? Tespected the great body of the seamen, it was The SPEAKER said, for the service of the Unimore difficult for them to procure employment, ted States. except on board of a vessel, than any other men. Mr. CHANDLER said, he had understood that to Their very habits at sea were not favorable to be the case, and wished things to be called by habits of industry on shore; he therefore thought their proper names. He thought, as this was the their case peculiarly entitled to attention. If the case, that these men were to be raised for the sercorporations of our cities had manifested a gen- vice of the United States, and not merely for the erous attention to the distresses of these men, he sake of supporting them, as gentlemen seemed to was not disposed, for that reason, to withdraw fancy. This number was declared to be necessafrom them any means of support which it might ry, and was only contemplated to be called into be in the power of the House to afford. He service if the public exigency required, and not thought, with an overflowing Treasury, and so otherwise. much solicitude as had been displayed for the in- Mr. Dawson said he was extremely sorry that terests of these men, by laying the embargo, he could not express himself to the comprehenthat it was but right that the House should pro- sion of gentlemen. He had indeed mentioned vide them employment, on the principle of hu. that there were a number of seamed unemployed. manity.
He had given it as a reason why that number Mr. Taylor said, the scope of the argument of should now be raised, as when unemployed they the gentleman who introduced the bill, and of the could be got without difficulty. He had not congentleman who was last up, was, that these men sidered the bill as contemplated to afford charity were in distress, and therefore should be employed. to seamen ; but if gentlemen would bring forward If they were to be employed, Mr. T. wished it to be a motion of that kind, he would go as far as anyfor some service. As to their being confined, body. But the present bill contemplated no such forty or fifty in a boat, and eating up the money thing; the fact was, that the vessels now built of the planters, who suffered equally with them, were not manned. The simple question was, he could not agree to it. Taking it up, however, would they, or would they nol, give the Governas a matter of charity, it was contemplated to em- ment men sufficient to man these vessels for acploy one thousand two hundred seamen. The tual service? seamen of the United States amounted to between Mr. Quincy was glad that the motives on which fifty and sixty thousand. Suppose one-half of the bill was founded had been explained, for really these to be employed in the coasting trade, twen- he had not been able before distinctly to ascertain ty-five thousand remained; and he wished to them. As he now understood the object of it was, koow whether they ought to select twelve hun- that the vessels now lying in our harbors without dred of them, and leave the other twenty-three or men should be immediately manned. Would this
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be produced by the bill on the table? He thought of consequence; they could now get men for five pot. He could not correctly understand the ope- or seven dollars per month; but if they waited ration of the bill, for it had been read but once till these men could get employ on board meror twice, and then the hearing of it was almost chant ships at fifteen dollars a month, it would precluded by the noise and inattention which pre- be difficult to procure them for national service. vailed; but it did appear to him that the Presi- As he said before, he was desirous to see who dent had not any right given to him to employ were willing to arm the nation and who were not, these men, except in case of an exigency yet to and therefore he called for the yeas and nays on arise
. The bill did not contemplate the imme- the motion for postponement. diate maoning of all the vessels; these men were Mr. Dana.-Have we an enemy at our doors? not to be raised unless an exigency should arise. Are we now to be called into battle? Is there If that exigency did exist, the bill should take anything new which calls upon us particularly at away the discretion, and express affirmatively that this moment? Shall it be said, those who wish this number should be raised.
to postpone this bill till tomorrow are not ready Mr. Nicholas said, that upon this subject he to provide for the defence of the country? Mr. owed it to himself to say, that he had entertained D. said one day could make no difference. Hearbut one opinion. He had believed that arming ing this bill read as well as he could from the the nation, and being prepared for war, had been peculiar difficulty of distinguishing exactly what the duty of this House and of the other branch was said in this splendid structure, he understood of the Legislature, ever since they had been con- it as providing for means of defence, or as provened. Not that I want war, but that if it comes viding for the employment of such a number of upon us we may be prepared to meet it. If we
seamen now out of employ. In either case it was want peace, ihe only way to obtain it is to show not an improper exercise of legislative power, and that we are ready for war. Upon this ground I need not be so hastily pushed through the House, have been anxious to see the nation put in a state there being nothing contained in the bill which of defence. If all the gunboats were in readiness forbade the usual course of proceeding. to receive men, my vote should be given without Mr. HOLLAND moved to adjourn. Negatived, hesitation to raise a sufficient number of men to 53 to 43. man the whole. We are told that the present Mr. Quincy supported the motion for postponenumber is wanted; I will, therefore, vote for it ment, contending that they were now legislating with the greatest cheerfulness. I wish more could in the dark. be employed. Whenever the question occurs of relieving those seamen out of employ and in dis- for postponement, it was decided in the negative,
The yeas and nays being taken on the motion tress, I will meet it with as much liberality as any gentleman. The only question now is, do the yeas 51, nays 64, as follows:
YEAS–Evan Alexander, William Blackledge, John circumstances of the country require that we should raise this number? I believe that the cir. Boyle, Robert Brown, William A. Burwell, William cumstances of the country require that we should | Howell Cobb, Orchard Cook, Samuel W. Dana, John
Butler, Epaphroditus Champion, Martin Chittenden, not only raise seamen bui landsmen. Therefore, Davenport, jr., Joseph Desha, Daniel M. Durell, Jas. at present, I shall vote for the number asked, and Elliot, William Ely, Meshack Franklin, Barent Garas soon as more boats are ready my vote shall be denier, Chas. Goldsborough, Peterson Goodwyn, Edgiven for manning them as fast as they can be win Gray, William Hoge, James Holland, Reuben erected.
Humphreys, Robert Jenkins, James Kelly, William After a further desultory debate (in which the Kirkpatrick, Joseph Lewis, jr., Edward St. Loe LiverSPEAKER repeatedly reminded genilemen of the more, Matthew Lyon, Daniel Montgomery, jun., Thos. question under consideration) in which Messrs. Moore, Jonathan 0. Mosely, Timothy Pitkin jr., Josiah LYON, GARDENIER, LIVERMORE, Fisk, Dana, Quincy, John Rea of Pennsylvania, John Rowan, Rea of Pennsylvania, Smilie, and TallMADGE, John Russell, Samuel Smith, John Smith, Richard took a part, and none of whom opposed the bill: Stanford, William Stedman, Lewis B. Sturges, Sam
Mr. Tallmadge moved that the further con- uel Taggart, Benjamin Tallmadge, Jabez Upham, sideration of the bill be postponed till to-morrow, Nicholas Van Dyke, Robert Whitehill, Marmaduke that gentlemen might have an opportunity of fill-Williams, and Richard Winn, ing it with a smaller or greater number.
Nays Willis Alston, jr., Ezekiel Bacon, Joseph This motion was opposed by Messrs. Dawson, Barker, Burwell Bassett, William W. Bibb, Thomas Nelson, and Taylor, and supported by Messrs. Blount, Joseph Calhoun, John Chandler, Matthew Desha, QUINCY, BLACKLEDGE, Cook, and Dana; Clay, John Clopton, Richard Cutts, John Dawson, Join the course of which,
siah Deane, John W. Eppes, William Findley, James Mr. Nelson wished to see who were desirous Fisk, James M. Garnett, Isaiah L. Green, John Harris,
John Heister, William Helms, David Holmes, Benjaof consuming time in this way, who were in favor min Howard, Daniel Ilsley, Thomas Kenan, Nehemiah of arming the nation, and who against it. If the Knight, John Lambert, John Love, Nathaniel Macon, documents before the House were voluminous, if Robert Marion, Josiah Masters, William McCreery, the bill were long, or if there were any difficulty William Milnor, John Montgomery, Jeremiah Morrow, in understanding either, he should be willing to Gurdon S. Mumford, Roger Nelson, Thomas Newbold, postpone in order to have them printed. But the Thomas Newton, Wilson C. Nicholas, John Porter, plain question was, whether would they or would John Pugh, John Rhea of Tennessee, Jacob Richards, they not, employ 1,272 seamen ? Every hour was! Matthias Richards, Samuel Riker, Ebenezer Seaver,
10ih Con. Ist Sess.-48
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Dennis Smelt, John Smilie, Jedediah K. Smith, Henry | meeting of Congress ; but he would not comproSouthard, Clement Storer, Peter Swart, John Taylor, mit his principle for a year. Till the 1st of June John Thompson, Abram Trigg, George M. Troup, would be time sufficient in which to organize the James I. Van Allen, Archibald Van Horn, Daniel C. marine militia. Although there appeared to be a Verplanck, Isaac Wilbour, Alexander Wilson, and great majority in favor of this bill, it would, as it James Witherell.
now stood, compromit the principle on which Mr. STANFORD moved that the House adjourn. they had lately acted. If he were but permitted Negatived, 65 10 49.
to read the speeches of gentlemen on the gunboat The question was then taken on concurrence system, he could satisfactorily prove this. He with the number, "twelve hundred and seventy- was desirous, not for himself, for he should vote two." reported by the Committee of the Whole, consistently, but that the body should hold out to and decided in the affirmative-yeas 108, pays the nation the ground on which they acted. 10, as follows:
Mr. Nelson wished, upon the subject of conYEAS--Evan Alexander, Willis Alston, jr., Ezekiel sistency, that the sips of every man should lie Bacon, David Bard, Joseph Barker, Burwell Bassett, upon his own head. If he gave an inconsistent William W. Bibb, William Blackledge, Thos. Blount, vote, he should never ask his friend from South John Boyle, Robert Brown, William Butler, Joseph Carolina to come forward and accouni for it; he Calhoun, Epaphroditus Champion, John Chandler, had no doubt but those who elected him, the su. Martin Chittenden, Matthew Clay, John Clopton, How-perior power, would punish him if he deserved it. ell Cobb, Orchard Cook, Richard Cutts, Samuel W. A majority of the House had thought proper to Dana, John Davenport, junior, John Dawson, Josiah Deane, Joseph Desha, Daniel M. Durell, James Elliot, it necessary as the couniry was in a dangerous
vote for the number of 1,272; they had thought William Ely, John W. Eppes, William Findley, Jas. Fisk, Meshack Franklin, Barent Gardenier, Francis situation, perhaps on the eve of war; they did not Gardner, Charles Goldsborough, Peterson Goodwyn,
know how soon these seamen might be wanted Isaiah L. Green, John Harris, John Heister, William to defend the nation. Did any gentleman supHelms, James Holland, David Holmes, Benjamin pose that, if we are to have war, iis force will be Howard, Reuben Humphreys, Daniel Ilsley, Robert spent before the first day of July next, at that Jenkins, Richard M. Johnson, Walter Jones, James time we may be in the same situation in which Kelly, Thomas Kenan, William Kirkpatrick, Nehe- we now find ourselves. I trust no gentleman, miah Knight, John Lambert, Joseph Lewis, jr., Edw. who is a friend to the measure, will vote for the St. Loe Livermore, John Love, Matthew Lyon, Robert gentleman's motion. I would rather negative the Marion, Josiah Masters, William McCreery, William hill altogether than say that a defensive measure Milnor, John Montgomery, Thomas Moore, Jeremiah shall exist but four or five months. If the gentleMorrow, John Morrow, Jonathan 0. Mosely, Gurdon S. man will amend his motion so as to extend the Mumford, Roger Nelson, Thomas Newbold, Thomas duration of the bill to the end of the next session Newton, Wilson C. Nicholas, Timothy Pitkin, jr., of Congress, or till the first of January, instead of John Porter, John Pugh, Josiah Quincy, John Rea of July, I will vote for the amendment with all my Pennsylvania, John Rhea of Tennessee, Jacob Rich- heart and soul. I have as little disposition to ards, Matthias Richards, Samuel Riker, John Russell
, erect a standing army of large naval force as any Ebenezer Seaver, James Sloan, Dennis Smelt, John ard, William Stedman, Clement Storer, Lewis B. Stur defence on the other, I shall vote for it. Smilie, Jedediah K. Smith, John Smith, Henry South- gentleman; but as this is a measure of relief to
seamen out of employ on the one hand, and of ges, Peter Swart, Samuel Taggart, Benjamin Tallmadge, John Thompson, George M. Troup, Jabez
A motion to adjourn was then carried.
Tuesday, January 26. ander Wilson, Richard Winn, and James Witherell.
Mr. MUMFORD presented a memorial of sundry. Nays—James M. Garnett, Edwin Gray, William merchants and shippers in the City and State of Hoge, Nathaniel Macon, Daniel Montgomery, John New York, which was received and read, stating Randolph, Samuel Smith, Richard Stanford, John Tay. the losses and inconveniences to which the me lor, and Abram Trigg.
morialists will be subjected, in consequence of Mr. Taylor moved to amend the bill by insert the operation of an act passed during the present ing a clause restricting the continuance of the session of Congress, "laying an embargo on all law for a longer time than till the first day of ships and vessels in the ports and harbors of the July next, and no longer.
United States ;” and praying that an extension of Mr. T. said, as in the course of discussion the time may be granted to them for the payment of naval militia had been considered as an object their bonds for duties on merchandise imported likely to be accomplished, and as he considered by them; and that such measures may be adopted the bill as it now stood as compromitting this as Congress, in their wisdom, may deem proper, principle, which had been avowed by many gen. to prevent the memorialists from being deprived ilemen in a discussion of a former subject, and as of ihe benefit of drawback on the exportation of he conceived it necessary to give to the people the same.-Referred to the Commitiee of Comsome pledge that the boats would be manned as merce and Manufactures. expected, he had proposed this limitation. It On motion of Mr. Jeremiah MORROW, the Com. might be said that the limitation should not be so mittee on the Public Lands were instruted to inrestricted; that it should exteod until the next quire into the expediency of extendiog the time
Classification of the Militia.
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for the issuing and locating of military land war-C. appealed to the House for his correctness. He rants; and that they report by bill, or otherwise. then said that gentlemen spoke of Cæsar and PomOn motion of Mr. FindLEY,
pey, and perhaps he had not got the names right, Resolved, That an Assistant Clerk be appointed as all lived near the same time, and in the same by this House, who, during the necessary absence, neighborhood. Mr. C. then mentioned Alexanor in case of the death of the Clerk of the House, der, Hannibal, and other ancients, as examples, shall perform the duties of the said Clerk; and to show that young men make the best soldiers. for the faithful performance of such duties, shall Mr. C. however, said his memory was not very be accountable to the House.
correct; he had not read these histories for thirty On motion of Mr. GARDNER,
years, and a man must have a good memory, and Resolved, That the Secretary of State be di- read often, who quotes history. rected to lay before this House a list of the names In reply to Mr. Kelly, Mr. C. was surprised and places of abode of persons who have invented that any objection on the score of morality should any new or useful art, machine, manufacture, or proceed from a gentleman so far South. If it had composition of matter, or any improvement there come from a quarter further East, it would not be on, and to whom patents have issued for the same strange. But are not old men given to the abomfrom that office, with the dates and general ob- inations of sin, as well as young men ? They even jects of such patents, from the first day of January go ahead in talking, if they cannot keep up in prac1805, to the last day of December, 1807, inclusive. tice. As to ministers of ihe gospel, Mr. C. asked,
Mr. Newton, from the Committee of Commerce if it did not look better to see a young man prayand Manufactures, presented a bill to allow the ing with young men, than an old man with them? importation of old copper free of duty; which was Will not what they say, go more from the soul twice read and committed to a Committee of the to the soul? Whole to-morrow,
Mr. C. next replied to Mr. TallmadGE. That On motion of Mr. Dawson, the farther consid- gentlemen spoke of the danger of corrupring young eration of the bill authorizing the raising of an men in a camp. Mr. C. was not surprised at such additional number of seamen for the service of an objection from such a quarter, though he was the United States, as amended by the House, 10- when it came from Pennsylvania (MR. Kelly) gether with the amendment proposed thereto by which was too near his own State (Virginia) för Mr. TAYLOR, which was depending yesterday at such an objection. Mr. C. then replied to some the time of adjournment, was postponed until 10- objections on the score of officering the militia. morrow.
Mr. C. dext replied to the gentleman from BosMr. Bassett, from the committee appointed ton, (Mr. Quincy;) when he rose, Mr. C. was on the fifteenth instant, presented a bill concern- very much afraid ; he felt like a parent who is ing public contracts; which was read and com- like to lose an only child, and began to think about mitted to a Committee of the Whole on Friday a retreat. He felt the effect of his eloquence benext.
fore it was produced, but when at last that gen.
tleman came to his point, it was point no point. THE MILITIA.
Mr. C. invited gentlemen to the field of argu-. The House went into Committee on the bill to ment. He wished to discuss the subject fairly. classify the militia of the United States; Mr. If when the gentleman from New Jersey (Mr. SOUTHARD's motion, to strike out the first section SOUTHARD) went to Rome he had stopped on the of the bill, being still under consideration. road at France, he would have done better. There
Mr. M. Clay rose to vindicate the bill from the we may see what fine soldiers young men can beobjections which had been made against it. He come. General Washington also performed wontook no notes, and he should therefore speak ders when a young man, at Fort Duquesne, now from memory. If he misstated any gentleman's Pittsburg. Mr. C. spoke pearly an hour. observations, he should be glad to be set right. Mr. VARNUM opposed the principle of the bill He had himself been egregiously misrepresented, with considerable spirit and force. He considered but he did not attribute it to any intention to de- the bill as introducing a new system, as trying a ceive, but to the difficulty of hearing in this spa- new experiment, attended with great difficulties, cious hall, where the sound of the voice is lost in promising nothing useful in the result. echo.
Mr. Nelson spoke of the inefficacy of the preIn reply to Mr. VARNUM, Mr. C. said, he would sent militia system. Men with wives and chilsuppose that officer had never read the Constitu- dren could not be dragged from their homes to a tion ; he had never read the militia laws, or, like distance, and compelled to fight with that courage himself, he was old and forgetful; and did not re- and ardour which constitute good soldiers and collect what was contained in them. That gen- insures victory. Mr. N. koew from experience tleman was forty-five, nay, over fifty-five years the inefficiency of the present militia. old.
Mr. N. did not understand the bill, as it had In reply to Mr. SOUTHARD, Mr. C. said that, been said, to disorganize the present militia of the gentleman told us that Alexander and his troops Eastern States. In case a detachment is wanted, were old men. Mr. C. wondered where he got his this bill directs that those of a certain age should knowledge. He suspected that gentleman, like be designated for service, instead of resorting to a himself, had not read the books. ĪMr. SOUTHARD draught, as had been practised hitherto. denied ihat he had mentioned Alexander.) Mr. Mr. N. conceived the argument that a camp
was a school of immorality, to be unfounded.
WEDNESDAY, January 27. The large cities of New York and Philadelphia On motion of Mr. Newton, the House prowere more dangerous to the morals of young men ceeded to consider the report of the Committee As to the idea of putting a parson into camp to of Commerce and Manufactures, on so much of preserve their morals, he wished to be delivered the memorial of the first and second Chambers of from them. They often turn their hands to a very the City Council of Washington, as prays that different kind of business. As to their preach- the Capital of the United States may be made a ing with any benefit, it was actually out of the port of entry and delivery, which lay on the table: question. The camp was the best school for a Whereupon, young man.. There he would learn much of hu
Resolved, that the prayer of the memorial of man nature and of the world; he would learn the first and second Chambers of the City Counhow to take care of himself, and how to treat his cil of Washington ought not to be granted. fellows; he will acquire the character and adopt The House proceeded to consider the amend. the conduct of a gentleman.
ments proposed by the Senate to the bill, entitled Mr. Van Dyke spoke against the principle of "An act authorizing the erection of a bridge over the bill on the Constitutional ground, as well as the river Potomac, within the District of Columthat of expediency. By the Constitution, the bia:" Whereupon, the House agreed to the said militia may be called out to "repel invasion, to amendments. suppress insurrection, and execute the laws." For Mr. Dawson, from the committee appointed on no other cause, in Mr. V. D.'s opinion could the so much of the President's Message, of the twentymilitia be called into service. But, by the provi- seventh of October last, as relates to the Military sions of the bill, the President may order the and Naval Establishments, presented a bill aujunior class to any part of the United States on thorizing the raising an additional army; which the appearance of national danger. If then there was twice read and committed to a Committee is, to borrow a phrase from high authority," a of the Whole on Monday next. speck of war” in the horizon, the whole body of Mr. Dawson, from the same committee, prethe younger class of militia may be marched and sented a bill authorizing the President of the Uni countermarched from one end of the country to ted States to raise a provisional army; which was the other ; a power not only unconstitutional, but read twice and committed to a Committee of the dangerous to the rights and liberties of the people. Whole on Monday next.
From the arguments of gentlemen who advo- The House again resolved itself into a Comcated the bill, Mr. V. D. perceived it was the ob-mittee of the Whole on the bill to amend the serject to employ the militia for every operation of eral acts to provide more effectually for the naactual war, to the exclusion of all other military tional defence by the militia of the United States; force. He conceived they could not be relied on and, after some time spent therein the Commitfor the operation of actual war. For their Con- tee rose and had leave to sit again. stitutional purposes, they were an adequate force;
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. for a short enterprise or a sudden exploit, they might be relied on; but could not be regarded as
The House took up for consideration the resothe great and exclusive bulwark of the nation in lution lately offered by Mr. Key, for the erection
of a standing committee of the House to inquire Mr. V. D. conceived that men of the age of of Columbia.
and report on all concerns relative to the District thirty-five were as competent as those of twenty
Mr. Findley observed, that he had long been five, to endure fatigue and to perform every kind in favor of appointing a committee of this kind. of military service. The experience of the very The citizens of the District of Columbia were not gentlemen who advocate the bill, will show that and could not be represented on this floor. He this is the case. Nay, men at a more advanced wished to see the business consolidated, so that age than is proposed, are generally beiter fitted they might be justly heard. for military life. By this bill a great part of our
Mr. Key said his object in this motion had most efficient strength, is entirely excluded from merely been to render more simple to the House the defence of the country.
the legislating for the District. It would save Mr. V. D. considered the camp as furnishing many committees from being raised, and promote temptations to young men which would lead many consistency and uniformity in the laws relating to destruction. From twenty-one to twenty-five to the District. years of age is a most important and critical period The resolution was then agreed to without a of life. It is then that habits are established, that division, and Messrs. Key, Van Dyke, Love, a character is formed, and the mind matured. If Holland, Brown, Livermore, and Taylor, aphe wished to do the greatest possibly injury to a pointed the committee. young man of that age, he would place him in a camp: If he was disposed to corrupt his habits. MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT. blast his character, and ruin his prospects forever, Mr. G. W. CAMPBELL moved for the order of he would send him to a camp.
the day on the bill from the Senate for increasing On motion of Mr. SOUTHARD, the Committee the Military Peace Establishment of the United rose without coming to any decision, and obtained States. leave to sit again.
[This bill contemplates the raising one battalion