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FEBRUARY, 1808.

Yazoo Claims.

H. OF R.

consideration of the House, whether this is not a port, in part, thereon; which was read and conproper consideration in favor of the admission of sidered: Whereupon, ibis agent to explain the claim.

Resolved, Thai the sum of

dollars be apThe question on the resolution was taken by propriated to enable the President of the United yeas and nays, and negatived—28 to 76, as fol- States to procure by purchase, or by causing the lows:

same to be manufactured, stand of arms for Ysas–Ezekiel Bacon, Joseph Barker, Epaphrodi- the use of the United States, to be deposited in tus Champion, John Chandler, Martin Chitienden, safe and suitable places. Orchard Cook, Richard Cutts, Samuel W. Dana, John Ordered, That' a bill, or bills, be brought in, Davenport, jr., Josiah Deane, Daniel M. Durell, James pursuant to the said resolution; and that Mr. Elliot, William Ely, Francis Gardner, John Harris, Dawson, Mr. Helms, Mr. Rea, of Pennsylvania, James Holland, Daniel Ilsley, William Kirkpatrick, Mat- Mr. BUTLER, Mr. Nelson, Mr. Champion, and thew Lyon, Jonathan 0. Mosely, Timothy Pitkin, jr., Mr. STORER, do prepare and bring in the same. Josiah Quincy, William Stedman, Lewis B. Sturges, Mr. Dawson, from the committee, to whom Samuel Taggart, Benjamin Tallmadge, Jabez Upham, was committed, on the twenty-seventh ultimo, and Killian K. Van Rensselaer.

the bill sent from the Senate, entitled "An ací Nars-Evan Alexander, Lemuel J. Alston, Willis supplementary to an act, entitled 'An act fixing Alston, jr., Burwell Bassett

, William W. Bibb, Wil- the Military Peace Establishment of the United liam Blackledge, John Blake, jr., Thomas Blount, John States," reported the same to the House, without Bogle, Robert Brown, William A. Burwell, William

amendment. Butler, Joseph Calhoun, George W. Campbell, Matthew Clay, George Clinton, jr., John Clopton, Howell

Ordered, That the said bill be committed to a Cobb, John Dawson, Joseph Desha, John W. Eppes, Committee of the Whole to-morrow. William Findley, Meshack Franklin, James M. Gar

The House resolved itself into a Committee of nett, Edwin Gray, Isaiah L. Green, William Helms, the Whole on the report of the Committee of William Hoge, David Holmes, Benjamin Howard, Ro- Commerce and Manufactures, of the fifth instant, bert Jenkins, Walter Jones, James Kelly, Thos. Kenan, in the form of a concurrent resolution of the two Nehemiah Knight, John Lambert, Joseph Lewis, jr., Houses, to authorize the disposition of certain John Love, Nathaniel Macon, Robert Marion, Josiah charts of the coast of North Carolina; and, after Masters, William McCreery, William Milnor, Daniel some time spent therein, the Committee rose and Montgomery, jr., Jeremiah Morrow, John Morrow, reported their agreement to the resolution conGurdon S. Mumford, Thomas Newbold, Thomas New- tained therein; which was twice read, and agreed ton, John Pugh, John Rea of Pennsylvania, Matthias to by the House, as follows: Richards, Samuel Riker, John Rowan, Ebenezer Seaver, James Sloan, Dennis Smelt, John Smilie, Samuel tives of the United States of America in Congress as

Resolved, by the Senate and House of RepresentaSmith, Jobn Smith, Henry Southard,

Richard Stanford, sembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and Peter Swart, John Taylor, Abram Trigg, George M. he is hereby, directed to cause to be sold as many of Troup, James I. Van Allen, Nicholas Van Dyke, Arch- the charts of the coast of North Carolina, published in ibald Van Horn, Daniel C. Verplanck, Jesse Wharton, conformity to the resolution which passed the second Isaac Wilbour,

Marmaduke Williams, Alexander Wil- of March, as shall remain on hand, after reserving the son, Richard Winn, and James Witherell.

number requisite for the use of the Government of the So the motion to admit Mr. Story was rejected. United States.

Ordered, that the said resolution be engrossed, Monday, February 15.

and read the third time to-morrow. An engrossed bill making additional compensa- The House resolved itself into a Committee of tion to the marshals of the Districts of North the whole on the bill to allow the importation of Carolina and New Jersey was read the third old copper free of duty, and made an amendment time, and passed.

thereto; which was twice read, and agreed to by An engrossed bill making appropriations for the House. carrying into effect certain Indian treaties was Ordered, That the said bill, with the amendread the third time, and passed.

ment be engrossed, and read ihe third time toThe House went into Committee of the Whole, morrow. 47 10 23, on the bill concerning public contracts.

Mr. Dawson submitted the following resoluThe bill was gone through without debate, and, tion: on motion of Mr. Bassett, the Committee rose Resolved, That a committee be appointed on the and reported the bill; which was, without debate, part of this House, jointly, with such committee as may ordered to a third reading to-morrow, 46 to 27. be appointed on the part of the Senate, to consider and

Mr. Dawson, from the committee appointed on report what farther business is necessary to be done so much of the Message of the President, of the during the present session; and at what time it will be twenty-seventh of October last, as relates to the proper for Congress to adjourn. Military and Naval Establishments, and who The resolution was read, and ordered to lie on were instructed by a resolution of the House, of the table. the eleventh instant, "to inquire into the expedi- The House resolved itself into a Committee of ency of authorizing the President of the United the Whole on the bill for the relief of Edward States to procure, as soon as practicable, stand Weld and Samuel Beebee. The bill was reportof arms, to be deposited in safe and suitable places ed without amendment, and ordered to be engrossfor the service of the United States," made a re-ed, and read the third time to-morrow.

L

H. oF R.
Rules and Orders- United States' Debts.

FEBRUARY, 1808.
The House resolved itself into a Committee of a Committee of the Whole on the bill extending
the Whole on the bill sent from the Senate, enti- the right of suffrage within the Indiana Territory;
tled "An act to provide for the payment of certain which having been gone through, was reported 10
expenses incurred in the inquiry into the conduct the House..
of John Smith, a Senator from the State of Ohio." Mr. Rhea proposed an amendment further ex-
The bill was reported without amendment, and tending the suffrage; which was negatived, yeas
ordered to be read the third time to-morrow. 14. The bill was ordered to a third reading to-

The House went into a Committee of the morrow, Whole, on the bill for extinguishing the debts

STANDING RULES AND ORDERS. due from the United States. Messrs. Cook and HOLLAND supported the bill,

Mr. Bassett called for the order of the day on and Messrs. Rhea and Alston opposed it; when the subject of the standing rules and orders of the a Message having been received from the Presi- House. The difficulty of getting up business on dent, the Commitee rose and obtained leave to this day was an argument in favor of their being sit again.

decided on. A Message was received from the President of

Many orders of the day being called for, Mr. the United States, communicating a letter from Newton moved that the subject of the rules the Consul of the United States at Malaga, to the and orders be postponed, as the session was so far Secretary of State, covering one from Mr. Lear, advanced. our Consul, at Algiers, which gives information,

Mr. Bassett 'objected to the motion. They that the rupture threatened on the part of the Dey need only revert to the scenes of the morning, in of Algiers, has been amicably settled, and the ves which several gentlemen had been on the floor at sels seized by him liberated. The Message, and once, and several decisions had been had on the the papers transmitted therewith, were read, and preference of business in the orders of the day; referred to the committee appointed on the Mes they must see the necessity of adopting some sage from the President, relative to the commence- order for the regular routine of business. ment of war by the Dey of Algiers, received on

Mr. NEWTON and Mr. HOLLAND supported the the ninth instant.

motion for postponement, which was carried, 46 The House went into Committee of the Whole,

to 37. on the bill in addition to an act entitled "An act

Mr. STANFORD' was so fully impressed with the further to amend the judicial system of the Uni- necessity of some rule for the routine of business, ted States :" Mr. Troup having introduced an

that he wished to originate a motion for the reguamendment including an alteration in the times lation of it—the same which

was made by the genof session of the courts of the United States for tleman from Virginia (Mr. BAssetT) in 'Committhe districts of South Carolina, Georgia and North tee of the Whole on the subject Carolina. Some objection being made to this,

The SPEAKER said that the motion was not in from want of immediate information, as to the ef- order. fects of the alterations, by Messrs. MARION, BLACK

UNITED STATES' DEBTS. LEDGE, and TAYLOR, the Committee rose, 'ayes 55, Mr. Newton moved for the order of the day on and obtained leave to sit again. In the course of the bill extending the terms of credit on revenue observations on the motion for rising, as a reason bonds. against it, Mr. Pitkin stated that for two or Mr. Cook supposed the bill for extinguishing three terms last past of the courts of the districts of the debts due from the United States had preferConnecticut and Vermont there had no judge at- ence as unfinished business; if not, he hoped the tended to hold them, from a defect in the present gentleman from Virginia had too high a sense of arrangement.

decorum to insist on his motion. The House went into Committee of the Whole, Mr. Newton's motion was negatived, and Mr. on the bill making provision for the disposal of Cook's agreed to by the House. such lands as have been heretofore reserved for Messrs. HOLLAND, Sturges, and Quincy, advothe disposition of Congress. The bill being gone cated the bill, and Messrs. Alston and Rhea opthough without debate, the Committee rose and posed it. reported it, and it was ordered to a third reading The question was then taken on striking out to-morrow.

the first section, (the principle of the bill,) and Mr. G. W. CAMPBELL, from the Committee of negatived, 58 to 24; when, on motion of Mr. Ways and Means reported a bill making appro- Cook the Committee rose, and obtained leave to priations for the support of the Military Establsh- sit again. ment of the United States for the year 1808; and The House resolved itself into a Committee of a bill to amend an act entitled "An act for laying the Whole on the bill for the relief of Samuel and collecting duties on imports and tonnage Whiting. The bill was reported without amendwithin the Territories ceded to the United States ment; which the House proceeded to consider: by the treaty of the thirtieth of April, one thou when an adjouroment was called for, and carried. sand eight hundred and three, between the United States and the French Republic, and for other purposes;" which were twice red and referred

TUESDAY, February 16. to a Committee of the Whole.

Mr. Dawson, from the conmittee appointed On motion of Mr. Parke the House went into I yesterday for that purpose, presented a bill for

FEBRUARY, 1808.
Rules and Orders-Government Contracts.

H. OF R. procuring an additional number of arms; which The above business shall be done at no other part of was read twice, and conmitted to a Committee of the day. The House shall then consider the other busithe Whole House to-morrow.

ness, in the following order : On motion of Mr. BLACKLEDGE,

Executive Messages, Resolved, That the Committee of Ways and

Reports from Departments. Means be directed to inquire whether any, and, if

Reports from the Postmaster General. any, what, alterations are necessary to be made

Bills on the first, and by special order on the second in the several acts fixing the salaries and emolu

reading.

Bills on the third reading. ments of collectors of duties on imports and tonpage, and that the committee be authorized to re- Committees of the Whole House in the following port by bill or otherwise.

order : The bill sent from the Senate, entitled "An act On bills from the Senate in the order committed. to provide for the payment of certain expenses On bills originating in the House of Representatives incurred in the inquiry into the conduct of John in the order committed. Smith, a Senator from the State of Ohio," was

On joint resolutions in the order committed. read the third time, and passed.

On reports of the standing committees in the order An engrossed bill making farther provision for committed. the disposal of the sections of land heretofore re

On reports of select committees in the same order. served for the future disposition of Congress was

On Executive Messages in the same order. read the third time, and passed.

On reports of Departments and of the Postmaster.

General in the same order. An engrossed bill extending the right of suffrage in the Indiana Territory was read the third considered as soon as made, unless otherwise directed

Reports of Committees of the Whole House shall be time, and passed.

by the House. An eagrossed bill for the relief of Edward Weld

The Speaker shall read over the several orders of the and Samuel Beebee was read the third time, and day until one be called for, on which the question shall passed.

be put, unless a privileged question be moved on it. An engrossed bill to allow the importation of No order of the day shall be postponed, on motion, old copper free of duty was read the third time, unless indefinitely. and passed.

Joint rule of the two Houses. An engrossed resolution, in the form of a concurrent resolution of the iwo Houses, to author which may be rejected by either House, shall be again

No petition or bill which originated from a petition ize the disposition of certain charts of the coast taken into consideration, unless in the House which of North Carolina was read the third time, and rejected the petition or bill. passed. A message from the Senate informed the House

Ordered, That the proposed resolution do lie

on the table. that the Senate have passed the bill, entitled "An act for erecting a light-house, and placing buoys

GOVERNMENT CONTRACTS. at the places therein mentioned;" to which they The engrossed bill concerning public contracts desire the concurrence of the House.

was read a third time. The said bill was read twice, and committed to Mr. Troup called for the ayes and does, which the Committee of Commerce and Manufactures. were agreed to be taken.

The House proceeded to a farther consideration Mr. W. Auston opposed the bill on Constituof the bill for the relief of Samuel Whiting: tional principles. Let gentlemen who patronise whereupon, the amendment reported thereto from the bill, point us to that article which authorizes the Committee of the Whole being twice read, Congress to remove public officers. They are was, on the question put thereupon, disagreed to commissioned to hold their offices during the disby the House. The said bill was then amended, cretion of the Executive, and are as far removed and, together with the amendment, ordered to be from the power of this House as the judges them. engrossed, and read the third time to-morrow. selves. RULES AND ORDERS.

Mr. Troup vindicated the principle of the bill.

If some proposition of this kind is not adopted, On motion of Mr. STANFORD, that the House the time is not far distant when this House will do come to the following resolution:

become, what the British House of Commons are, Resolved, that the following be added to the stand- | a corrupt, servile, dependent, and contemptible ing rules and orders of the House :

body. We had better have no Legislature, than Order of business of the day.

one composed of contractors, placemen, and pen

sioners. As soon as the Journal is read, the Speaker shall call

He thought this bill reflected much for petitions from the members of each state, and del credit on the head and heart of its author, [Mr. egates from each Territory; beginning with New Bassett.] Hampshire.

Mr. Holland spoke at length against the bill, After the petitions have been presented and disposed saying it disfranchised members of Congress of of, the reports of the standing committees of the House the right of making public contracts, and enjoyshall be called for, in the order of their appointment at ing the benefit of them, in common with other the beginning of the session.

citizens. It would operate to the scandal and Reports from select committees shall then be re-infamy of the members. ceived.

Mr. SOUTHARD approved the principle of the

H. OF R.

Military Establishment.

FEBRUARY, 1808.

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bill, but was not satisfied with the detail. He read the third time, and passed by yeas and nays-
Therefore moved to recommit the bill to a Com- 56 10 41, às follows:
mittee of the whole House.

YEAS—Evan Alexander, Willis Alston, jun., EzeMr. Van Horn expressed his approbation of kiel Bacon, Joseph Barker, Burwell Bassett, John the object of the bill, but he doubled whether they Blake, junior, Epaphroditus Champion, Martin Chitwere warranted by ihe Constitution to pass a law tenden, Samuel W. Dana, John Davenport, jun., Wilof this kind.

liam Ely, William Findley, James Fisk, Barent GardThe debate was continued by Messrs. G. W. enier, William Hoge, James Holland, Reuben HumCAMPBELL, Bassett, and Key, in favor of the phreys, Robert Jenkins, James Kelly, William Kirk. principle, and, by Messrs. W. ÁLSTON, Pitkin, patrick, John Lambert, Edward St. Loe Livermore, Quincy, and Smilie, against important details of William McCreery, William Milnor, John Montgomery, the bill.' Mr. Rhea also spoke at length, and was Jeremiah Morrow Jonathan 0. Mosely, Gurdon s. against the principle.

Mumford, Timothy Pitkin, jun., John Porter, Josiah and carried—55 to 25, and made the order for to- Jedediah K. Smith, Samuel Smith, Henry Southard, The question on committing the bill was taken, Quincy, John Rhea of Tennessee, John Rowan, John

Russell, Lemuel Sawyer, James Sloan, Dennis Smelt, morrow.

William Stedman, Clement Storer, Lewis B. Sturges,

Peter Swart, Samuel Taggart, Benjamin Tallmadge,
WEDNESDAY, February 17.

John Thompson, George M. Troup, Jabez Upham,
The SPEAKER laid before the House a letter James I. Van Allen, Archibald Van Horn, Killian K.
from David THOMAS, one of the members for the Van Rensselaer, Jesse Wharton, Marmaduke Williams,
State of New York, containing his resignation of Alexander Wilson, and Richard Winn.
a seat in the House.

Nays-Lemuel J. Alston, William W. Bibb, WilThe said letter was read: whereupon, on mo

liam Blackledge, Thomas Blount, Robert Brown, Wiltion of Mr. Van Allen, that the House do come John Chandler, Richard Cutts, Joseph Desha, Daniel

liam A. Burwell, William Butler, Joseph Calhoun, to the following resolution:

M. Durell, James M. Garnett, Peterson Goodwyn, Resolved, That the Speaker address a letter to the Isaiah L. Green, John Harris John Heister, William Executive of the State of New York, communicating Helms, Be in Howard, Thomas Kenan, Philip B. information of the resignation of David THOMAS, one Key, Nehemiah Knight, John Love, Robert Marion, Joof the members returned from that State to serve in siah Masters, Daniel Montgomery, jun., John Morrow, this House, that measures may be taken to supply the Thomas Newbold, Thomas Newton, John Pugh, John vacancy occasioned thereby in the representation from Rea of Pennsylvania, Samuel Riker, Ebenezer Seaver, that State:

John Smilie, John Smith, Richard Stanford, John And the question being put thereupon, it was Taylor, Abram Trigg, Robert Whitehill, Isaac Wilresolved in the affirmative.

bour, and James Witherell. Mr. Gardner presented a memorial of the in- [This bill provides for allowing Mr. Whiting a habitants of the city of Detroit, in the Territory certain sum for services rendered and expenses of Michigan, praying that the title to a certain incurred in prosecuting a deputy postmaster for parcel of land, amounting to about two thousand embezzling certain letters containing bank notes acres, adjoining the said city of Detroit, may be belonging to Whiting. The objection to the bill granted, in fee simple, to the Corporation thereof, proceeded from its being supposed to sanction the for the free use in common of all the memorials principle that the Post Office Department is liable ists, under such reservations as to the wisdom of for noies sent though the medium of the post Congress shall seem meet.-Referred to the Com- office.] mittee on the Public Lands. Mr. POINDEXTER offered the following resolu

MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT. tion, which was agreed to. He deemed it uneces- The House resolved itself into a Committee of sary to say anything in favor of the object till the Whole on the bill sent from the Senate, enreported on, this being a mere resolution 10 in- titled "An act supplementary to an act, entitled quire:

'An act fixing the Military Peace Establishment Resolved, That a committee be appointed to inquire of the United States." into the expediency of repealing so much of the ordi- [The first section of this bill provides that the nance for the government of the several Territories of President of the United States shall be authorthe United States, as empowers the Governors of|ized, in addition to the present Peace Establishsaid Territories to prorogue and dissolve the House of ment, to raise one regiment of infantry, one batRepresentatives elected by the people, and that they talion of cavalry, and one battalion of riflemen. have leave to report by bill or otherwise.

The second section provides that the President
Ordered, That Mr. PoIndexTER, Mr. Ilsley, be authorized, in all cases of imminent danger,
Mr. Rowan, Mr. GARDENIER, and Mr. Cobe, be ap when, in his opinion, the defence or safety of the
pointed a committee, pursuant to said resolution. United States shall require it, 10 increase the num-

Mr. John MONTGOMERY, from the committee ber of men in each company of infantry on the
to whom was recommitted, on the eleventh in- Peace Establishment of ihe United States to one
stant, the bill concerning Courts Martial and hundred.
Courts of Inquiry, reported an amendatory bill; The third section provides for the clothing the
which was read the first time.

cavalry and riflemen.
The bill for the relief of Samuel Whiting was The fourth and last section provides, that the

FEBRUARY, 1808.

Military Establishment.

H. OF R.

troops shall receive the same pay as allowed those and pass it; and would rather do this than add to now in service.]

the Military Peace Establishment. Mr. CHANDLER said, he would call the attention Mr. VARNUM said, they had been called together of the House to one single circumstance. If they to provide for defence, and what had they done passed this bill, besides raising these regiments, towards it? They had ordered a number of gunthey authorized the President, at his discretion, boats, and appropriated money for erecting a few to raise an additional number of two thousand fortifications. Thus far, said he, we have gone, and eighty-eight men, by increasing the number but no farther. Are prospects any better now of men in each company, now in service. to one than they were when we were called together? hundred men. He did not wish. to leave this dis-Any information that the pation with whom we cretion with the President. He was himself op- are at variance is more friendly than she was at posed to adding any men to the Peace Establish the time Congress assembled ? I believe not. ment. If the emergency required an additional Whether we have war or not, I believe it expepumber of men, he would raise them, but not on the diept to add a small number of men to the Peace permanent establishment. He therefore moved to Establishment. Look at the situation of your strike out the second section, to take the sense of Western country. It is a fact, that your posts the House on giving the President a discretionary have been surrounded by savages who have been power to add to the Peace Establishment. urged on by civilized nations in the North, and

Mr. Fisk said, that they had been in session a can, at any moment, attack and scalp your whole long time, and done but little towards the purpose garrisons, before we can afford any assistance. Is for which they were called together. The season it not prudent to strengthen our garrisons ? I think was now approaching when the ships of war of we ought; and the number, proposed in the bill a nation with whom we were but one remove will not be too many. I believe it is also necesfrom war, could ride with safety in our walers, sary to have a larger force, than we now have, get possession of our harbors, and seize our ships, at the mouth of the Mississippi river. It is well and here they sat quiet, as though no danger ex- known how we have been menaced in that quaristed. In addition to this, he was very far from ter from within and without. Is the aspect there believing that the enterprise which, but a few now more promising? Its situation forbids us to months ago, had agitated the Western country, draw that conclusion. What would be the situawas quiet; there was, he believed, as much to tion of our country, if New Orleans were to be apprehend from those conspirators now, as before seized by an enemy? It would cost vast blood and they were detected. Gentlemen tell us, said Mr. treasure to gain it. These circumstances, even F., that they are williog to take measures, if it were there not now particular threatenings, would should be necessary, but still oppose them when call for an increase of our Peace Establishment; presented.' Let us not remain inactive, quiet spec- but, while all the nations of Europe are in contest, tators, but take such measures as are proposed. and we may expect aggression from them in one My constituents form a part of the inhabitants quarter or other, it is doubly necessary. It may of our frontier; we do not fear to meet an enemy, become necessary for you to raise a considerable but suffer us to be prepared and ready to meet army. If these troops are now ordered to be raised, them. The gentleman says that the bill is objec- it will produce a good effect when we are called tionable, , because it authorizes the President to upon to raise a larger number. Look at our situincrease the Military Peace Establishment. There ation-here we are, week after week, without is certainly no more danger in this than in author- taking effectual measures. It has been said that izing one hundred thousand militia ; and I believe one hundred thousand militia have been detached the gentleman was an advocate for that law, who and organized, ready for service. True, they have is now afraid of one or two thousand men. There been detached to render you six months service, is no difference whatever in the case; and it is if called upon before the 18th day of April, when pecessary to give discretionary power in cases of the term of service expires; and it would be imemergency which are within the scope of proba- possible to get a bill through both Houses and bility. I hope, therefore, the section will not be make a new detachment, before that time expires, stricken out. In time of peace, it would be ques- This is a suitable measure to the times, and I tionable whether our present force is sufficient, hope the motion of my colleague will not prevail. or that proposed too large; and, at least in case I hope this bill will pass, and that Congress will of emergency, it will add to our present force two set about making another detachment from the or three thousand men, so as better to guard our militia, if necessary, the President not being aumost exposed posts. It will be unpardonable, not thorized to do it, and the term of the present deto say criminal, in the House to remain quiet un- tachment expiring on the 18th of April next. If der the present appearances; for we have neither we are to do nothing for the defence of the counassurance of peace, nor evidence which would au- try, or towards putting it in a posture of defence, thorize us to arrest our preparations. I had rather it would be better for us to adjourn, and go home. the bill on the table for raising a provisional army

Mr. TAYLOR wished that this bill had found its had been called up; but, as it is under the man way to consideration sooner than it had. The agement of a committee who have not called it up, argument, well urged by the gentleman last up, I hope this will be acted acted on.

of the extent of our territory, and on the tender Mr. CHANDLER said, he was willing to take up point of our Louisiana possessions, had immense the bill for the War Establishment, if necessary, I weight. But there was another consideration of

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