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H. of R.

Committee on Adjournment.

MARCA, 1808

are.

Emperor of France, of December seventeenth, one some documents are shown, or some reasons given, thousand eight hundred and seven, and a similar to indicate a change. decree of the third of January last, by His Catho- Mr. Dawson said, it was certainly not his wish lic Majesty. The Message, and the papers trans- that Congress should rise, without taking measmilied therewith, were read, and referred to the ures necessary for the national defence. All my Committee of the Whole on the state of the acts, said he, will show to the contrary. I bave Union.

been one among those who have advocated every On motion of Mr. Matthew Clay, that the measure of defence of the country; I wish that House do come to the following resolution : some others had done the same. Is it not a fact,

Resolved, That on each day, for the remainder of that those who now wish to prolong the session, the session, precisely at twelve o'clock, there be a call were opposed to all the defensive measures which of the House.

have been adopted ? It is because I wish to basThe said proposed resolution was read, and or

ten the necessary laws, that I have proposed this dered to lie on the table.

resolution. The order of the day for the House to resolve

Mr. D. R. Williams said that he had no other itself into a Committee of the whole, on the bill motive for asking for the yeas and pays, than to sent from the Senate, entitled "An act for raising he had voted against the resolution. I am sorry,

show that, in the present situation of our affairs, an additional military force," being called for, on motion of Mr. Helms, the Committee of the said he, that the gentleman from Virginia should Whole were discharged from the farther consid- have charged me with being uniformly opposed eration thereof, and the bill was recommitted to to defending the nation. Is this a fact ? Can he the committee appointed on the the twenty-ninth

substantiate the assertion? What mighty measof October last, on so much of the Message from ures has he proposed for the defence of ihe nathe President of the United States, of the iwenty. tion ? Ay, sir, what are they? Let the gentleseventh of the same month, as relates to the Mili- man, who has boasted his zeal, tell us wbat they tary and Naval Establishments.

One day, a bill for employing one thousand Mr. Holmes, from the Committee of Claims, :wo hundred and fifty seamen, is pressed through presented a bill concerning invalid pensioners ; low time to have it printed; the next day, the

the House with so much speed as not even to alwhich was ordered to lie on the table.

gentleman himseif moved that the bill lie on the COMMITTEE ON ADJOURNMENT. table, and there it continues. In came a proposiMr. Dawson proposd the following resolution : men! What was the course with that? I am

tion for an army of iwelve or fifteen thousand Resolved, That a committee be appointed on the mistaken, or the gentleman did induce the Compart of this House, to act with such committee as may be appointed on the part of the Senate, to consider and declaring that he did not mean to move the con

mittee of the Whole to go through that bill by during the present session, and” at what time it shall sideration of the report, when it was made to the be proper to adjourn.

House. How now? An army of twelve thou The House agreed to consider the resolution, this like being a friend to defence ?. And yet the

sand men is frittered down to six thousand. Is Mr. Dawson said, it would be observed by the cause I shall vote against his motion, and perhaps

gentleman has stigmatized me in this manner, beHouse, that members daily obtained leave of ab- he anticipates that I shall vote against his sii sence; it was undoubtedly the wish of every one thousand men. I wish the gentleman to show to adjourn as soon as possible; and, as this only

that I have voted against any measure for the went to inquire, he presumed there would be no defence of the nation. I know of no strong measobjection.

ure but the embargo act; and the gentleman canThe words quoted, on motion of Mr. Van HORN, not have forgot that I did, with all the zeal I was were stricken out.

master of, endeavor to support the bill amendatory Mr. D. R. Williams thought, perhaps, on this of the embargo law. I had not an opportunity of subject, as no other gentleman did, for he thought voting on the original law; and I have before it very ill-timed; and this was an inauspicious candidly said, that I should not have voted for it moment for such a resolution. In what was the had I been here; but, because the pation had liftsituation of the country different from what it was ed its arm, I was willing to support it with all my when they met here, and which every person con- strength. "I am accused wrongly; I will defend sidered a perilous situation? I ask gentlemen, the nation; and when the gentleman from Virsaid he will they adjourn, and leave the country ginia, or any other, shall show that my country in the situation in which we stood when we met? calls for it, it would but be doing justice to my Is it possible that this is the case? I wish to take feelings to say that my blood is at its service. off of my shoulders the weight of responsibility Mr. Dawson said, that certainly the gentleman which might rest upon me from its passing by a from South Carolina could not suppose that he silent vote. I therefore call for the yeas and nays had been alluded to, for Mr. D. now declared that upon the resolution. I wish to tell my constitu- he did not know how the gentlemen had voled on ents that I am willing to sit here till there is some questions of defence. change in the awful appearance of American af- After some further observations-Mr. KELLY fairs. I cannot vote for this resolution without moved that the resolution lie on the table. Carried.

ayes 73.

MARCH, 1808.

Maryland Contested Election.

H. OF R.

ed up.

MARYLAND CONTESTED ELECTION. of it evidence of the ground on which his seat was

confirmed or vacated. The report of the Committee of Elections on the contested election of Mr. P. B. Key was call

At half past three, a motion was made that the Committee rise, and negatived-57 to 42.

At four, the Committee rose, without coming (The Committee of Elections, to whom, it will to a decision on any point-57 to 36, and obtained be recollected, a former report was recommitted, leave to sit again. reported an opinion that nothing in the evidence On motion, the House adjourned. before them, so far as respects the suggestion of Mr. Key being

a pensioner or half-pay officer to the King of Great Britain, authorizes them to

Friday, March 18. alter the opinion of the resolution submitted with Mr. Dawson, from the committee appointed on their former report.]

the twenty-ninth of October last, on so much of Mr. Rowan moved an indefinite postponement the Message from the President of the United of the subject, and supported his motion on the States as relates to the Military and Naval Esground that the decision of a question of fact on tablishments, to whom was, yesterday, recommitthe point of residence, rested properly and exclu- ted the bill sent from the Senate, entitled "An sively with the people, who were the best judges act for raising an additional military force," re-' of it, as to the alleged pension; on which point, ported several amendments thereto; which were however, he had no doubt, if it were even true, read, and, together with the said bill, committed neither the Constitution nor any law of the Uni- to a Committee of the Whole to-morrow. ted States make it a disqualificaiion from a seat, Mr. Boyle, from the Committee on the Public although it might be cause for discussion whai Lands, presented a bill to change the boundaries course should be pursued with a member if actu- of the land districts in the Territory of Indiana ; ally in the receipt of a pension after he became a and to continue, for a farther time, ihe authority member. Mr. R. observed that an election would of the Commissioners of Kaskaskia ; which was take place in the ensuing Autumn, in which the read twice, and committed to a Committee of the people would have an opportunity to declare their Whole on Monday next. opinion by a re-election, or otherwise.

A bill concerning invalid pensioners, which was Mr. Key observed that he should be content received yesterday, and ordered to lie on the table, with any course that the House should take; was read twice, and committed to a Committee were he io consult his personal feelings, he should of the Whole on Monday next. wish it immediately decided.

A Message was received from the President of Messrs. Eppes, Marion, and Alston, opposed the United States, in relation to the Military the motion, on the ground that a postponement of Academy at West Point.-Referred to Messrs. this subject would be a breach of their duty; the Nicholas, Troup, Desna, UPHAM, and MILNOR. Constitution had made it their duty to inquire

On motion of Mr. Dana, into an election of one of their own body when- Resolved, That the Committee of Commerce ever contested, and they could not shrink from it; and Manufactures be instructed to inquire into that this provision was essential for the preserva- the propriety of admitting ships or vessels, not tion of the purity of the House; that this subject registered as vessels of the United States, to unshould have been long ago decided on; and that lade within the district of Middletown,' in the the "people” could not perform what the Con- State of Connecticut; and, also, of admitting ships stitution had made the positive duty of the or vessels arriving from the Cape of Good Hope, House.

or any place beyond the same, to make entry at Mr. Eppes considered the decision on the mo- the port of Middletown; and to report by bill or tion more important than even the election itself, otherwise. as establishing the precedent by which they might Mr. Newton, from the Committee of Comhereafter be tempted to throw the responsibility merce and Manufactures, presented a bill to disfrom their shoulders on the people; be therefore charge Francis Baretto from his imprisonment; called for the yeas and nays on it.

which was read twice. Whereupon, a motion Mr. Rowan withdrew his motion.

was made by Mr. D. R. WILLIAMS, that the said The House then resolved itself into Commit- bill be committed to the consideration of a Comtee of the Whole on the subject.

mittee of the Whole. And the question being The report of the Committee of Elections con motion was made by Mr. STANFORD, that the

taken thereupon, it passed in the negative. A cludes with the following resolution :

House do reconsider ibeir vote on the question to Resolved, That Philip Barton Key is entitled to his commit the bill to a Committee of the Whole. seat in this House.

And, on the question for reconsideration, it passed A considerable discussion arose on the resolu- | in the negative. On motion of Mr. SMILIE, the tion, not interesting, nor yet confined to one par- bill was then recommitted to the Committee of ticular point-there being two in this question Commerce and Manufactures. first of residence, second of his being a pensioner. Mr. Holmes, from the Committee of Claims, Some gentlemen wished the question to be divided, presented a bill for the relief of Isaac Briggs; so as to take a question on each of these two prin- which was read twice, and committed to a Comciples, that the resolution might carry on the face mittee of the Whole on Monday next. .

H. or R.
Invalid Corps-Maryland Contested Election.

MARCH, 1808. The bill sent from the Senate, entitled "An act MARYLAND CONTESTED ELECTION. to amend an act, entitled 'An act establishing The House again went into Committee of the circuit courts, and abridging the jurisdiction of Whole on the contested election of Philip B. Key. the district courts of the districts of Kentucky, After several propositions for amendment to the Tennessee, and Ohio,” together with the amends report of the Committee of Elections had been ments agreed thereto yesterday, was read the third made and withdrawn, the question was at length time and passed.

taken on the report, and carried 53 to 44. INVALID CORPS.

The Committee inmediately rose and reported Mr. Nelson begged leave to offer a resolution the resolution in the following words: relative to the officers and soldiers of the Army. Resolved, That Philip B. Key, Esquire, is entitled to It is a well known fact, said he, that from the his seat in this House. particularity of the service, men who enter into [The words, “having the greatest number of the Army become so debilitated before their time votes, and being qualified agreeably to the Constiexpires, that they are afterwards incapacitated tution," were struck out of the resolution in Comfrom getting a livelihood by labor. It would cer- mittee of the Whole.] tainly prove a very burdensome expense to the The question being put on concurring with United States to take all such under their care, the Committee of the Whole in striking out these and provide them with pensions; and as certainly words, Mr. RANDOLPH called for a division of the this is not my object. Now those men might yet question, taking it first on the words in italic. be useful soldiers in garrisons. At present, when And the question having been put on a cor.curdischarged, they become common pests to society; rence in striking out the first part of the clause and we find them travelling about the country in as divided, was carried without a division. the capacity of beggars, I consider it a disgrace The question on concurrence in striking out the to the country and to humanity, that men, who remainder of the clause, was carried-yeas 79, have spent the best part of their lives in the ser

nays 28, as follows: vice, should be turned out as beggars, and wan- Yras-Evan Alexander, Lemuel J. Alston, Willis derers on the face of the earth. My object is, that Alston, jr., Ezekiel Bacon, William W. Bibb, John they shall be provided for in a way that shall not Boyle, William Butler, George W. Campbell

, John be expensive to the United States, and in which Campbell, Epaphroditus Champion, Martin Chittenthey may still be serviceable to the country, to den, John Clopton, John Culpepper, Richard Cutts, form an invalid corps. Those men may perform John Davenport, junior, John Dawson, Daniel M. Dugood garrison duty who have become incapable rell, William Ely, William Findley, James Fisk, Franof doing duty in the field. Another circumsiance cis Gardner, James M. Garnett, Edwin Gray, Isaiah L. induces me to offer this resolution : Officers can- Green, John Harris, John Heister, William Hoge, not be dismissed from service, except it be for James Holland, David Holmes, Daniel Ilsley, Robert some crime, or at the pleasure of the President of Jenkins, Richard M. Johnson, William Kirkpatrick, the United States. I trust we shall never have a

Joseph Lewis, jr., Edward St. Loe Livermore, Edward President in these United States so devoid of bu- Robert Marion, Josiah Masters, William Milnor, N. R.

Lloyd, John Love, Matthew Lyon, Nathaniel Macon, manity as to discharge an officer because he is Moore, Thos. Moore, Jeremiah Morrow, John Morrow, worn out in service. Those officers might be Jonathan 0. Mosely, Thomas Newton, W. C. Nichoplaced in the same grade in the corps of invalid las, Timothy Pitkin, jr., John Pugh, Josiah Quincy, pensioners which they have held in the Army, John Rea of Pennsylvania, John Rhea of Tennessee, and live out the remainder of their days with Matthias Richards, Samuel Riker, John Rowan, John comfort to themselves and advantage to society. Russell, Ebenezer Seaver, Dennis Smelt, Samuel Smith, Mr. N. cited the case of two otficers whom he had John Smith, Henry Southard, William Stedman, Cle knowledge of, who had become superannuated | ment Storer, Peter Swart, Samuel Taggart, Benjamin and unfit for service, and yet continued in the Tallmadge, John Taylor, John Thompson, Jabez Upcamp, preventing younger, meritorious, and active ham, Jas. 1. Van Allen, Archibald Van Horn, Robert officers from taking the situation which they had Whitehill, Isaac Wilbour, D. R. Williams, Marmaduke become incompetent to fill. For the purpose of Williams, Alexander Wilson, and James Witherell. doing away this inconvenience, said he, all I ask Nays-David Bard, Joseph Barker, Burwell Bassett, is that a committee be appointed to inquire into William Blackledge, John Blake, jr., Thomas Blount, the subject. If a report can be made on such a

Robert Brown, William A. Burwell, Joseph Calhoun, plan as will meet the approbation of the House, Howell Cobb, Josiah Deane, Jos. Desha, James Elliot, I trust it will be adopted; if not, it may easily be John W. Eppes, Peterson Goodwyn, William Helms, rejected.

Benjamin Howard, Thomas Kenan, John Lambert, Mr. N. then offered the following resolution, Smilie, Jedediah K. Smith, Richard Stanford, Geo. M.

Roger Nelson, John Randolph, Jacob Richards, John which was agreed to without a division:

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to inquire Troup, Killian K. Van Rensselaer, and Jesse Wharton. into the expediency of making provision by law for the

The yeas and nays having been called on the relief of the infirm, disabled, and superannuated offi- resolution as reported, Mr. Stanford moved to cers and soldiers of the Army of the United States; adjourn.-Negatived, ayes 8. and that the committee have lea to report by bill or Messrs. STANFORD, RANDOLPH, Nicholas, and otherwise.

SMILIE then opposed the report, and Messrs. LivMessrs. Nelson, HOWARD, TallmaDGE, TRIGG, ERMORE, Sloan, and Key, supported it. and Deans, were appointed the committee. The question on the final consideration of this

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MARCH, 1808.

Embargo.

H. OF R.

1

report appeared to be reduced to the plain fact of

THE EMBARGO. residence. The opponents of the report contended Mr. LIVERMORE said, that soine days ago he that Mr. Key, having resided but iwo weeks in had given notice of his intention of introducing Maryland immediately antecedent to the election, a resolution for the purpose of discussing the exan affirmative decision of this resolution would pediency of taking off the embargo; he now rose, fix a precedent to the future definition of the Con- impelled by a sense of duty to his constituents, tó stitutional term of residence; that hereafter, when make the motion. the capital of the United States was, as it must It was not, said he, from a sudden thought, but be, a populous city, the influence and wealth of from the maiurest consideration I am capable of that city and of the Government, as had been the bestowing upon any subject, and a full conviction case in Great Britain, might secure the election of of the proper line of my duty, that I formed the any person whom they should choose to send determination to make the motion; and I confess for a few days residence into any State in the I have seen no cause to alter my opinion since I Union.

declared my intention. I shall briefly assign the On the other hand, it was contended by Mr. reasons in support of the resolution I am about to Key himself and others, that he had fixed a resi- offer, hoping, by the indulgence of the House, dence, purchased land, and built a house in Mont- hereafter to have an opportunity of discussing at gomery county, Maryland, previous to a removal large this important question. It must be acthere; that it was his intention to have a fixed knowledged we are pretty much in the dark with residence there, though he meant to reside in the respect to our foreign relations; but as to Great District of Columbia for the purpose of having Britain, I think we ought not to have a rational his children educated, and for the convenience of apprehension of war. There must be an egrebusiness. This was said to be very different from gious fault in the Government of that nation, or a transient residence; and even were a transient ours, to have produced such a state of things. I residence sufficient qualification, the integrity of think the world will say, and our constituents have 30,000 freemen would always prove a sufficient a right to conclude, that the whole tenor of our barrier against corruption.

conduct the present session (except as to words) The question was now taken on agreeing to the has evinced that war with that nation is the furresolution as reported by the Committee of the thest from our thoughts. I highly approve of this Whole, and decided in the affirmative-yeas 57, peaceable disposition, and hope that neither GovDays 52, as follows:

ernment will be so distracted as by its conduct to YEAs—Evan Alexander, Lemuel J. Alston, Ezekiel and Spain, it appears by the communication from

occasion hostilities between us. As to France Bacon, Burwell Bassett, William W. Bibb, John Boyle, the President, yesterday, we are in a state of war William Butler, John Campbell, Epaphroditus Champion, Joseph Clay, Orchard Cook, John Culpepper, with both. For the tyrannical decree of Milan, John Davenport, jr., Joseph Desha, James Elliot, Wil- as it is called, and the servile Spanish proclamaliam Ely, William Findley, Francis Gardner, James tion in pursuance, are in my opinion tantamount M. Garnett, John Harris, John Heister, William Helms, to a declaration of war against all neutral com: Ben. Howard, Daniel Ilsley, Robert Jenkins, Richard merce, and ought to be considered and resentM. Johnson, James Kelly, William Kirkpatrick, John ed as such, if any spirit remains in the nation; Lambert, Joseph Lewis, jr., Edward St. Loe Livermore, but an embargo' is a most impotent way of reEdward Lloyd, Matthew Lyon, William Milnor, Jere- senting the injury. miah Morrow, Jonathan 0. Mosely, Gurdon S. Mum- Asa Representative of a very important part of ford, Timothy Pitkin, jr., John Pugh, Josiah Quincy, the Union, I feel it my duty to speak my mind freeJ. Rhea of Tennessee, Matthias Richards, John Rowan, ly upon this occasion ; and I trust in God I shall John Russell, James Sloan, Dennis Smelt, William never hesitate when an object of such importance Stedinan, Samuel Taggart, Benjamin Tallmadge, John to the honor and happiness of my constituents is Thompson, George M. Troup, Jabez Upham, James before me, and I confess, I do not perceive any 1. Van Allen, Archibald Van Horn, Killian K. Van difficulty in choosing the course we ought to Rensselaer, Jesse Wharton, and Marmaduke Williams.

pursue. Nars-Willis Alston, jr., David Bard, Joseph Bar- When the subject of the embargo shall be fairly ker, Wm. Blackledge, John Blake, jr., Thomas Blount, examined, I apprehend the loss of property to the Robert Brown, William A. Burwell, Joseph Calhoun, people of the United States will greaily astonish Geo. W. Campbell

, John Clopton, Howell Cobb, John gentlemen. It appears that the exports of one Dawson, Josiah Deane, Daniel M. Durell, John W. Eppes, Jas. Fisk, Peterson Goodwyn, Isaiah L. Green, 1 year prior to the

1st of October, 1807, amounted to William Hoge, James Holland, David Holmes, Thomas $48.700,000 of the produce and manufactures of Kenan, John Love, Nathaniel Macon, Robert Marion, the United States, and we have reason to believe Josiah Masters, Nicholas R. Moore, Thomas Moore, that the increase would have made the whole John Morrow, Roger Nelson, Thomas Newton, Wison amount for the present year at least five millions. C. Nicholas, John Randolph, John Rea of Pennsylva- The profit upon the sales at foreign markets, innia, Jacob Richards, Samuel Riker, Ebenezer Seaver, cluding freights, and which is the earnings of our John Smilie, Jedediah K. Smith, John Smith, Samuel vessels and labor of seamen, may be estimated at Smith, Henry Southard, Richard Stanford, Clement fifty per cent. The amount of exports of foreign Storer, Peter Swart, John Taylor, Robert Whitehill, articles the last year was fifty-nine millions six Isaac Wilbour, David R. Williams, Alexander Wilson, hundred thousand dollars. The profit arising to and James Witherell.

our citizens upon importation and exportation may

H. OF R.

Embargo.

MARCH, 1808.

be estimated at fifty per cent., or about thirty mil- There have been at various periods, embargoes lions; which is a moderate estimation, including in particular ports, for certain purposes, and for freight. It would be a very moderate calculation a short duration of time; but never, until an to estimate the whole benefit to the citizens of American Legislature conceived the bold idea, the United States, arising from imports and ex- did a Government lay a perpetual embargo upon ports of articles of foreign or domestic growth and a commerce of $100,000,000 annual exportation. manufacture, at one hundred millions, exclusive of Nations at war embargo each other as much as the revenue, wbich is upwards of sixteen millions they can, as is now practised in Europe, but to more. But suppose, in consequence of losses by destroy our own commerce in order to injure our capture and failure of markets, resulting from the neighbor, is certainly a novel invention. It is present embarrassments upon our commerce, the too much like a man's binding up his limbs to sum should be reduced one-third, or even one- prevent a circulation of his blood, the better to half; yet still the sum is great

, and although a promote the health of the natural body. But as man would be overwhelmed with the loss of his certain death would be the inevitable consequence whole property, he might exist under the privation of a want of circulation and proper nourishment of one-half. It may be demonstated, that should so the certain death of the body politic will be the the embargo continue one year, the loss to the consequence of the continuance of the embargo. United States would amount to $50,000,000 at the I am aware of the objects of some gentlemen most moderate calculation; and I am strongly who are supporters of the embargo system, who inclined to think I should be justified should I es suppose that it is to operate as a coercive meatimate it at one hundred millions. About thirty- sure upon foreign nations; but I apprehend this eight millions are the products of agriculture; opinion is in a great degree erroneous. It will the residue consists of products of the sea, of the probably affect France and Spain ; but, if I am forest, of manufactures, and the earnings of ships, right in my conjecture, the necessary, proper, and &c., and of laborers and seamen, &c. Most of justifiable course towards those nations is a susthe articles exported are of a perishable nature; pension of commercial intercourse, and suffering such as are not

, are superfluous, or not wanted our vessels to arm against their cruisers. This, in the United States, or for home consumption; with a similar spirit to that which broke forth in or such as would not be manufactured if there 1798—a spark siruck from the fire of '76--would was no market for them. And supposing the insure us tolerable safety on the ocean; and, unembargo to be laken off at the end of the year, a doubtedly, peace on good terms with the only nadouble quantity to carry to market would, by tion capable essentially to injure our commerce. overcharging it, reduce the price, so that the But the embargo cannot injure Great Britain ; whole would not be of more value than the pro- indeed how the giving up to that nation the induce of one season. But what may be infinitely disputed commerce of the ocean, and cutting off worse, and in its consequences prove calamitous all supplies from her enemies, can affect her otherindeed, is, that people being driven by necessity wise chan beneficially, is past my powers of comwould seek other sources of commerce to supply prehension. Our provisions she can live without; their wants, and perhaps our citizens be forever the raw materials she can get elsewhere; and her deprived of their customary trade. This subject manufactures will find their way into every counrequires the most serious attention of Congress. try on the globe, so long as they retain their ex

The loss of property to the people of the United cellence. The ingenuity of man cannot prevent States is of itself very great; but the evils con- it

. As to compelling Great Britain to give up sequent upon it are infinitely greater. The peo- the right of searching for seamen in merchant vesple who are to be wholly deprived of the means sels, it is the most ridiculous expedient ever hit of support, and who already seel the bad effects of upon. Let the embargo be continued one year, the embargo, will be found not to fall short of two and we shall not have a tenth part of our seamen hundred thousand; and how they are to gain a remaining in our country. This circumstance I subsistence, requires more intelligence thai falls noticed at the time of passing the first act, and to the lot of any mortal to devise. The distress every day gives accounts verifying the prediction. of these and a variety of other persons, will be This question has been frequently asked such as admits not of human calculation, or con- “Should the embargo be taken off, where can our ception. Human laws may be obeyed until a large vessels go ?" It ought to be a sufficient answer proportion of the people find them too grievous to this inquiry to say, leave the ship owners to to be borne. But what must the situation of that find a market for the goods they choose to export; country be, when so large a proportion of the people and it can be no objection on the part of the become frantic from suffering? The thing may, farmer or planter, that the exporter may make a in a faint degree, be imagined, but description would bad bargain ; it is for him alone to find his marfail; and my intention is to give this subject the ket, and he is perfectly willing to take the risk most calm, temperate, and logical consideration; upon himself, or can find insurers to assist him, not heightened by rhetorical or fanciful descrip- and the enhanced price must ultimately fall upon tion of distresses, of which it is so abundently the consumer. But this is not the only answer, capable. Never, however, did a ubject offer and it can be clearly shown that there is a greater greater temptation to the indulgence of fancy, and more beneficial trade now open to us, than and which the kindness of the House may here we ever enjoyed previous to the war in Europe ; after allow.

and probably greater than we have any rational

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