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Public Acts of Congress. An Act for erecting a light-house on the south point one thousand eight hundred and ten, on any un

of the island of Sapelo, and for placing buoys and located parts of the fifiy quarter towaships and beacons in the shoals of the inlet leading to the the fractional quarter townships reserved by law town of Darien, and near the entrance of Ipswich for original holders of military land warrants. harbor, near Plymouth harbor, before the harbor of

Approved, March 21, 1808. Nantucket, and on the island of 'Tuckanuck, at or near the entrance of Connecticut river, and near the 3 entrance of Great Egg Harbor river.

An Act to amend the act, entitled “An act establishBe it enacted, f-c., That as soon as the jurisdic. ing Circuit Courts, and abridging the jurisdiction of tion of so much of the head land of the south point the District Courts of the districts of Kentucky, Tenof the island of Sapelo, in the State of Georgia, nessee, and Ohio." as the President of ine United States shall deem Be it enacted, foc., That so much of the second sufficient for the purpose of erecting a light-house section of the act, entitled "An act establishing and its appurtenances, shall have been ceded to circuit courts, and abridging the jurisdiction of the United States, provided the said land can be the district courts of the districts of Kentucky, obtained at a reasonable price, it shall be the duty Tennessee, and Ohio", passed the twenty-fourth of the Secretary of the Treasury to provide by day of February, eighieen hundred and seren, contract, which shall be approved by the Presi- constituting the State of Tennessee one district, dent of the United States for building a light for the purpose of holding circuit courts therein, house thereon, and furnishing the same with all shall be, and is hereby repealed; and from and necessary supplies, and also to agree for the sala- after the passage of this act, the State of Tennesries or wages of the person or persons who may see shall be divided into iwo districts, for the be appointed, by the President, for the superinten- purpose of holding circuit courts therein, and the dence and care of building the said light-house. I limits of the said districts shall be the same as And the President is hereby authorized to make those now prescribed for the districts of East and the said appointment.

West Tennessee, in and by the fourth section of Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the the above recited act; and there shall be helden Secretary of the Treasury be further authorized annually, in each of the said I wo districts, one cirand directed to cause to be placed four buoys on cuit court, to consist of one justice of the Supreme the shoals called the South and North banks of Court of the United States and the district judge the harbor, or entrance, of the inlet leading to the of the said district of East and West Tennessee; town of Darien.

and the sessions of the said courts shall be held Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the in each of the said districts, at Nashville on the Secretary oi' the Treasury be, and he is hereby, second Monday in June, and at Knoxville on the authorized to cause to be erected and placed bea- third Monday in October annually; and that all cons and buoys at the following places, 10 wil : actions, causes, pleas, processes, and other protwo beacons and three buoys near ihe entrance of ceedings relative to any cause, civil or criminal

. Ipswich harbor; three buoys, one on Gurnet rock, which shall be returnable to or depending in the one on Boss rock, and one on Deck's flats, and two said circuit court of the United States, to be held beacons on the stony muscle bed, near Plymouth at Nashville on the first Monday of June next, harbor; three additional buoys before the harbor shall be returned, and held continued to, and be of Nantucket, and a buoy or leading mark on the proceeded upon, on the second Monday in June island of Tuckanuck, in the State of Massachu-next, in the same manner they would have been setts ; three buoys at or near the entrance of Con- if this change had not taken place. necticut river, and three buoys to be placed at or Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That where near the entrance of Great Egg Harbor river, in any suit or suits has or have been brought, or is the State of New Jersey.

or are now pending before the circuit court held Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, that there at Knoxville, in and for the district of East Tenshall be appropriated and paid out of any moneys nessee, against a person residing in said district in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated, a of East Tennessee, such suit or suits shall be prosum not exceeding eleven thousand five hundred ceeded upon, and finally determined in the disdollars, for the purposes aforesaid.

trict of East Tennessee; and where any suit or Approved, March 17, 1808.

suits has or have been brought, or is or are now pending before the circuit court held at Nashville,

in and for the district of West Tennessee, against An Act extending the time for issuing and locating a person residing in the said district of West Tenmilitary land warrants.

nessee, such suit or suits shall be proceeded upon Be it enacted, f-c., That the Secretary of War and finally determined in the district of West be authorized to issue military land warrants 10 Tennessee. such persons as have, or shall, before the first day Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it of March, one thousand eighi hundred and ten, shall be the duty of the district judge of Tennesproduce to him satisfactory evidence of the valid-see to aitend at Kuoxville, on the first Thursday ity of their claims; which warrants, with those after the third Monday in April next, and on the heretofore issued and not yet satisfied, shall and first Thursday after the third Monday in April may be located in the names of the holders or pro- of each and every year thereafter, and at Nashprietors thereof, prior to the first day of October, ville on the first Thursday after the fourth Mon

Public Acts of Congress.

day in November next, and on the first Thursday and have day in the session to be held by this after the fourth Monday in November of each act, on the first Thursday after the third Monday and every year thereafter, who shall have power in April next; and such proceedings shall be had to make all necessary orders touching any suit, thereon, at the said session, as are herein before action, appeal, writ of error, process, pleadings, provided. or proceedings, returned to the circuit couri nexi to be holden thereafter at Knoxville, and Nash

Approved, March 22, 1808. ville, or depending therein, preparatory to the

31 hearing, trial, or decision of such action, suit, ap- An Act authorizing a detachment from the Militia of peal, writ of error, process, pleadings, or proceed

the United States. ings; and all writs and process inay be returnable to the said courts on the first Thursday after the

Be it enacted, fc., That the President of the third Monday in April, at Knoxville, and on the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized, at first Thursday after the fourth Monday in No- such times as he shall deem necessary, to require vember, at Nashville, in the same manner as to

of the Executives of the several States and Terthe sessions of the circuit cuurt, directed to be ritories, to take effectual measures to organize, held by this act in the district of East Tennessee, readiness to march at a moment's warning, their

arm, and equip, according law, and hold in at Kooxville, and in the district of West Tennessee, at Nashville; and the said writs, returnable to respective proportions of one hundred thousand the circuit courts to be held at Knoxville, may President of the United States, from the latest

militia, officers included, to be apportioned by the also bear teste on the said first Thursday after the third Monday in April; and the writs returnable militia returns in the Department of War, and in to the circuit courts to be held at Nashville may cases where such returns have not been made, by bear tesle on the first Monday in November, as

such other daia as he shall judge equitable. though a session of the said circuit court was Executives of the several States and Territories

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the holden on those days at Knoxville and Nashville respectively.

may accept, as part of the said detachment, any Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That there corps of volunteers who shall engage to continue shall be two clerks appointed, one for the circuit in service six months after they arrive at the court to held at Knoxville, and one for the circuit place of rendezvous. court to be held at Nashville, whose duiy it shall

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the be to attend the said district judge on the said first detachment of militia and volunteers aforesaid Thursday after the third Monday in April, and on

shall be officered out of the present militia offithe said first Thursday after the fourth Monday in cers, or others, at the option and discretion of the November, of each and every year, at the places constitutional authority in the respective States aforesaid, who shall make due entry of all such and Territories, the President apportioning the matters and things as shall or may be ordered by general officers among the respective States and the said judge; and at each and every of the said

Territories, as he may deem proper. sessions, so held for the purpose aforesaid, all ac

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, that the tions, pleas, and other proceedings, relative to said detachments shall not be compelled to serve any cause, civil or criminal, shall, for the circuit a longer time than six months after they arrive court to be held at Nashville, be continued over

at the place of rendezvous, and that during the to the ensuing second Monday in June, and shall time of their service they shall be entitled io the for the circuit court to be held at Knoxville, be same pay, rations, and allowance for clothing, as continued over to the ensuing third Monday in are established by law for the army of the ŪniOctober.

ted States. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That all President of the United States be, and he is here

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the actions, suits, process, pleadings, and other proceedings, of what nature or kind soever, civil or by, authorized to call into actual service any criminal, which were originally returned to the part, or the whole, of said detachment, when he circuit court begun and held at Nashville, on the States require it ; and, if a part only of said de

shall judge that the exigencies of the United first Monday in June last; and all writs, process, tachment shall be called into actual service, they and proceedings, as aforesaid, which are, or may be made returnable to the said circuit court to be shall be taken from such part thereof as the Pres. held at Nashville, shall, after the next June term ident of the United States shall deem proper. of the circuit court, be continued, returned to, and

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That a sum have day in the session to be held by this act, on not exceeding one million of dollars be, and the the first Thursday after the fourth Monday in No- same is hereby, appropriated out of any moneys vember next, and all actions, suits, process, plead in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for ings, and other proceedings, of what nature or kind the pay, subsistence, and support of such part of soever: civil or criminal, which were originally said detachment as may be called into actual ser

vice. returned to the circuit court begun and held at Knoxville, on the third Monday in October last;

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That this and all writs, process, and pleadings, as aforesaid act shall continue and be in force for the term of which are or may be made returnable to the Iwo years from the passing thereof, and no longer. said circuit court, shall be continued, returned 10, Approved, March 30, 1808.

Public Acts of Congress.

An Act concerning the sale of the lands of the Uni- session. And the land contained in such warted States, and for other purposes.

rants or orders of survey shall not be disposed of Be it enacted, fc., That whenever the Presi. until otherwise directed by law. dent of the United States has been or may be Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That that authorized to cause the public lands in any land part of the lands to which the Indian title was district to be offered for sale, it shall be lawful, extinguished by the treaty with the Choctaw whenever he shall think it convenient, to offer nation made on Mount Dexter, in the year one for sale, at first, only a part of the lands con- thousand eight hundred and five, lying on the tained in such 'district, and, at any subsequent east of Pearl river, shall be attached to the land time or times, to offer for sale in the same man- district east of Pearl river, and that the residue ner any other part, or the remainder of the lands of the lands to which the Indian title was extincontained in the same.

guished by said treaty, shall be attached to the Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the land district west of Pearl river; and the said fourth section of an act passed the twenty-first lands shall, with the exception of section number day of April, one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, which shall be reserved in each towa. six, entitled "An act in addition to an act, enti- ship for the use of schools within the same, and tled 'An act regulating the grants of land, and also with the exception of fifteen hundred acres providing for the disposal of the lands of the of land, which is hereby confirmed to John McUnited States south of the State of Tennessee." Grew, in compliance with the fourth article of be revived and continued in force until the first said treaty, be offered for sale under the same day of October next; and in any case where a regulations, at the same prices, and on the same donation shall be granted in lieu of a pre-emp-erms, as other lands lying within the said dislion certificate, agreeably to the provisions of the tricts. said fourth section, the money, if any shall bave Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That every been paid, shall be by the receiver of the public person, and the legal representatives of every permoney repaid to the person or persons who have son, who being either the head of a family or paid the same.

above the age of twenty-one years, who did beSec. 3. And be it further enacted, That certain fore the third day of March, one thousand eight setilers on the river Mobile, in the Mississippi hundred and seven, actually inhabit and cultiTerritory, (east of Pearl river, who reside near vate a tract of land in the Mississippi Territory, the line of demarcation, belween the United belonging to the United States, shall be allowed States and Spain, run in pursuance of the treaty until ihe first day of October next lo obtain perof the twenty-seventh day of October, one thou- mission to remain on such tract or tracts of land, 'sand seven hundred and ninety-five, and whose according to the provisions of the act entitled claims to land has not been decided on according "An act to prevent seulements being made on to law,) shall be allowed until the first day of lands ceded to the United States until authorized October next to file a notice in writing with the by law;" and the person or persons obtaining such Register of the Land Office, stating the nature permission shall be entitled to all the benefits, and extent of their claims, together with a plat rights, and privileges granted by law to those who of the tract or tracts claimed; and the said Re- obtained the same prior to the first day of Janugister of the Land Office, and the Receiver of ary, one thousand eight hundred and eight. Public Moneys, are hereby required to hear and Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, that the determine such claims according to the several right of the United States to two town lots lying acts of Congress " regulating the grants of land and being in the city of Natchez, be, and the and providing for the disposal of the lands of the same is hereby, forever vested in the corporation United States south of the State of Tennessee,” of the said city, so as not to affect the legal or and to grant certificates in the form heretofore equitable claims of any individuals, or of any prescribed by the Board of Commissioners in body politic or corporate, if any such there be. said district.

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That wbenSec. 4. And be it further enacted, That it shall ever the claims of persons having a right of prebe the duty of the Registers of the Land Office emption in either of the districts east or west of east and west of Pearl river, in the Mississippi Pearl river, shall interfere with each other, the Territory, to transmit to the Secretary of the Register and Receiver of Public Moneys are Treasury of the United States, on or before the hereby authorized, in their respective districts, first day of November next, a full and fair report so lo regulate their locations as to prevent such of all the claims of certain persons to lands in interference. the Mississippi Territory, founded upon British Approved, March 31, 1808. or Spanish warrants or orders of survey granted 34 thousand seven hundred and ninety-five, noi con- An Act further to prolong the continuance of the firmed by former laws regulating the grants of

Mint at Philadelphia. lands in said Territory, which have heretofore Be it enacted, fc., That the act entitled "Aa been regularly filed with the Register of the act concerning the Mint,” approved March the Land Office aforesaid, together with the evidence third, one thousand eighi hundred and one, is in support of such claims respectively, and to be hereby revived and continued in force and operby him laid before Congress ai their next ensuing lation for the further time of five years after the Public Acts of Congress.

fourth day of March, one thousand eight hun-two musicians, one saddler, one farrier, and sixtydred and eight.

four privates. Approved, April 1, 1808.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That when, in the opinion of the President of the United

States, a suitable proportion of the troops authorAn Act authorizing the sale of Public Arms.

ized by this act shall be raised, there may be apBe it enacted, f.c., That the President of the pointed iwo additional brigadier generals, who United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to shall be entitled to one aid-de-camp each, to be cause to be sold to individual States, which may taken from the subalterns of the line; two brigade wish to purchase, any arms now owned by the inspectors, and two brigade quartermasters; and United States, and which may be parted with such number of hospital surgeons, and surgeons' without injury to the public. Accounts of such mates, as the service may require, but not exceedsales shall be laid before Congress, and the money ing five surgeons and fifteen mates, with one arising therefrom be, and the same is hereby, ap- steward and one wardmaster to each hospital ; propriated, under the direction of the President the brigade inspectors appointed under this ací of ihe United States, to the purchase or manu- shall be taken from the line; and the brigade facture of other arms for the use of the United quartermasters, the adjutants, regimental quarterStates: Provided, That such arms be pot deliv- masters, and paymasters, from ihe subalterns of ered to any State or their agents until the pay

the line. ment of the purchase money be first made into Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the the Treasury of the United States, in money or compensation of the officers, cadets, non-commisin the stock of the United States, at its value, assioned officers, musicians, artificers, and privates, established by an act, entitled "An act to repeal authorized by this act, shall be, viz: to each brigaso much of any act or acts as authorize the re- dier general, one hundred and four dollars per ceipt of evidences of the public debt, in payment month, twelve rations per day, or an equivalent for the lands of the United States, and for other in money, and sixteen dollars per month for forpurposes relative to the public debt:" Provided, age, when not furnished by the public; each brialso, That this provision shall not extend to any gade inspector, thirty dollars per month, in addipurchase, not exceeding five thousand stand of|tion to his pay in the line; each brigade quarterarms, which shall be made by a State to which master and aid-de-camp, twenty dollars, and each the United States by existing engagements are adjutant regimental quartermaster and paymasbound to pay a suin of money, equal to the ter, ten dollars per month, in addition to their pay amount of such purchase.

in the line; and to each, six dollars per month Approved, April 2, 1808.

for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid ; each hospital surgeon, seventy-five dollars per month,

six rations per day, or an equivalent in money, An Act to raise for a limited time an additional Mili- and twelve dollars per month for forage, when

not furnished as aforesaid ; cach hospital surgeon's Be it enacted, f.c. That, in addition to the pres-mate, forty dollars per month, two rations per ent Military Establishment of the United States, day, or an equivalent in money, and six dollars there be raised five regiments of infantry, one per month for forage, when not furnished as aforeregiment of riflemen, one regiment of lighi artil- said; each hospital steward, twenty dollars per lery, and one regiment of light dragoons, to be month and two rations per day, or an equivalent enlisted for the term of five years, unless sooner in money; each wardmaster, sixteen dollars per discharged.

month, and iwo rations per day, or an equivalent Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the in money; to the colonel of lighi dragoons, ninety said regiments of infantry, riflemen, and artillery, dollars per month, six rations per day, and forage shall consist of ten companies each, and the regi- for five horses; to the lieutenant colonel of light ment of light dragoons of eight troops; and the dragoons, seventy-five dollars per month, five field and staff officers of each regiment, of onerations per day, and forage for four horses; to the colonel, one lieutenant colonel, one major, one major of light dragouns, sixty dollars per month, adjutant, one quartermaster, one paymaster, one four rations per day, and forage for four horses; surgeon, one surgeon's mate, one sergeant major, to each captain of light dragoons, fisty dollars per one quartermaster sergeant, two principal musi-month, three rations per day, and forage for three cians, and for the regiment of light dragoons, one horses; to each lieutenant of light dragoons, thirtyriding master; each company of infantry and three and cne third dollars per month, iwo rations riflemen, to consist of one captain, one first and per day, and forage for two horses; to each cornet one second lieutenant, one ensign, two cadets, of lighi dragoons, twenty-six and two third dollars four sergeants, four corporals, two musicians, and per month, two rations per day, and forage for sixty-eight privates; each company of artillery, of two horses; to the riding master, twenty-six and one captain, one first and one second lieutenant, two third dollars per month, two rations per day, two cadets, four sergeants, four corporals, two and forage for two horses; each saddler and farrier, inusicians, eight artificers, and fifty-eight matross- ten dollars per month, one ration per day, and a es; and each troop of light dragoons, of one cap- suit of uniform clothing annually; and all other lain, one first and one second lieutenant, one officers, cadets, non-commissioned officers, musicornet, two cadets, four sergeants, four corporals, cians, artificers, and privates, authorized by this

10th Con. Ist Sess.-90

so

tary Force.

Public Acts of Congress.

act, shall receive the like pay, clothing, rations, Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That, in the forage, and other emoluments, as the officers, ca- recess of the Senate, the President of the United dets, non-commissioned officers, musicians, artifi- States is hereby authorized to appoint all or any cers, and privates of the present Military Estab- of the officers, other than the general officers prolishment: Provided, The officers and riding per to be appointed under this act, which appoiarmaster furnish their own horses and accoutre- ments shall be submitted to the Senate at the ments, and actually keep in service the aforesaid next session, for their advice and consent. number of horses to entitle them to the aforego- Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That every ing allowance for forage, or its equivalent in commissioned and staff officer, to be appointed in money: And provided also, That the whole or any virtue of this act, shall be a citizen of the United part of the regiment of light dragoons shall be lia- States, or some one of the Territories thereof. ble to serve on foot as light infantry until, by order Approved, April 12, 1808. of the President of the United States, horses and accouirements shall be provided to equip the whole or any part thereof, as mounted dragoons. An Act to authorize the transportation of certain docSec. 5. And be it further enacted. That the

uments by mail, free of postage. officers, cadets, non-commissioned officers, musi- Be it enacted, fc., Tbat the members of Concians, artificers, and privates, raised pursuant to gress, the Secretary of the Senate, and the Clerk this act, shall be entitled to the like compensation of the House of Representatives, be, and they are in case of disability by wounds and otherwise, hereby.authorized to transmit, free of postage, the incurred in the service, as the officers, cadets, Message of the President of the United States, of non-commissioned officers, musicians, artificers, the twenty-second day of March, one thousand and privates in the present Military Establishi- eight hundred and eight, and the documents acment, and with them shall be subject to the rules companying the Message of the President of the and articles of war which have been established United States, of the thirtieth of March, printed or may be bereafter. by law, established: And by order of the Senate and House of Representthat the provisions of the act, entitled "An act alives, to any post office within the United States fixing the Military Peace Establishment of the and Territories thereof, to which they may reUnited States," relative to the widow, child, or spectively direct; and it shall be the duty of the children of any commissioned officer who shall Secretary of the Senate, and of the Clerk of die, while in the service of the United States, by the House of Representatives, to send, ly the reason of any wound received in actual service mail, the printed copies of the same Message of the United States, 10 courts martial, the regu- and documents, or any part thereof that may re lation and compensation of recruiting officers, the main after Congress shall adjourn, and the same age, size, qualifications and bounties of recruits, shall be conveyed, free of postage, as aforesaid, arrears of pay, the bonds and duties of paymasters, conformably to the directions of the members of penalties for desertion, punishment of persons each House of Congress respectively: any law to who shall procure or entice any soldier to desert, the contrary notwithstanding. or shall purchase from any soldier bis arms, uni- Approved, April 13. 1808. form, clothing, or any part thereof; and the punishment of any commanding officer of any ship or vessel who shall receive on board of his ship An Act to continue in force, for a further time, an act, or vessel, as one of his crew. knowing him to

entitled "An act for the more effectual preservation have deserted, or otherwise carry away any such of peace in the ports and harbors of the United soldier, or shall refuse to deliver him up to the

States, and in the waters under their jurisdiction." orders of his commanding officer, to the oath or Be it enacted, fc., That the act, entitled "An affirmation to be taken and subscribed by officers, act for the more effectual preservation of peace non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, in the ports and harbors of the United States, and to the allowance for extra expense to any com- in the waters under their jurisdiction," passed on missioned officer in travelling and sitting on gen- the third day of March, in the year of our Lord eral courts martial, to arrests of non-commissioned one thousand eight hundred and five, be, and the officers, musicians, and privates, for debts, to the same hereby is, continued in force for the term of allowance to soldiers discharged from service, two years, and from thence to the end of the best except by way of punishment, in force and ap- session of Congress, and no longer. plied to all persons, matters, and things, within Approved, April 19, 180S. the intent and meaning of this act, in the same manner as if they were inserted at large in the

Ar. Act to revive and continue in force “An act declarSec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the

ing the assent of Congress to certain acts of the States subsistence of the officers of the army, when not

of Maryland and Georgia.” received in kind, shall be estimated at twenty Be it enacted, fc., That the act which passed cents per ration.

the seventeenth day of March, in the year oce Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That there thousand eight hundred, entitled "An act declarshall be appointed to each brigade, one chaplain, ing the assent of Congress to certain acts of the who shall be entitled to the same pay and emolu- States of Maryland and Georgia," be, and the same ments as a major in the infantry.

is hereby, revived and continued in force until

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