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Like mighty rivers, with refiftless force
The Passions rage, obstructed in their course;
Swell to new heights, forbidden paths explore,
And drown those Virtues which they fed before. 60

And sure, the deadliest Foe to Virtue's fame,
Our worst of Evils, is perverted Shame.
Beneath this load, what abject numbers groan,
Th' entangled Slaves to folly, not their own!
Meanly by fashionable fear oppress’d,

We feek our Virtues in each other's breast;
Blind to ourselves, adopt each foreign Vice,
Another's weakness, interest, or caprice.
Each Fool to low Ambition, poorly great,
That pines in splendid wretchedness of state, 7
Tir'd in the treacherous Chace, would nobly yield,
And, but for shame, like Sylla, quit the field:
The Dæmon Shame paints strong the ridicule,
And whispers close, “ The World will call you Fool.”

Behold yon Wretch, by impious fashion driven, 75 Believes and trembles, while he scoffs at Heaven. By weakness strong, and bold through fear alone, He dreads the sneer by shallow Coxcombs thrown; Dauntless pursues the path Spinoza trod; To man a Coward, and a Brave to God.

80 Faith, Justice, Heaven itself now quit their hold, When to false Fame the captive Heart is sold: Hence, blind to truth, relentless Cato dy'd ; Nought could subdue his Virtue, but his Pride. Hence chaste Lucretia's Innocence betray'd 85 Fell by that Honour which was meant its aid.


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Thus Virtue sinks beneath unnumber'd woes,
When Passions, born her friends, revolt her foes.

Hence Satire's power: 'Tis her corrective part,
To calm the wild disorders of the heart.
She points the arduous height where Glory lies,
And teaches mad Ambition to be wise:
In the dark bosom wakes the fair desire,
Draws good from ill, a brig:ter flame from fire:
Strips black Oppression of her gay disguise, 95
And bids the Hag in native horror rise;
Strikes towering Pride and lawless Rapine dead,
And plants the wreath on Virtue's awful head.

Nor boasts the Muse a vain imagin’d Power, 'Though oft she mourns thofe ills she cannot cure. The Worthy court her, and the Worthless fear; Who Thun her piercing eye, that eye revere. Her awful voice the Vain and Vile obey, And every foe to Wisdom feels her sway. Smarts, Pedants, as she smiles, no more are vain ; 105 Desponding Fops resign the clouded cane : Hush'd at her voice, pert Folly's felf is still, And Dulness wonders while she drops her quill. Like the arm’d Bee, with art most subtly true, From poisonous Vice she draws a healing dew: 110 Weak are the ties that civil arts can find, To quell the ferment of the tainted mind: Cunning evades, securely wrapp'd in wiles! And Force strong-finew'd rends th’ unequal toils: The stream of Vice impetuous drives along, 115 Too deep for Policy, for Power too strong,

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Ev'n fair Religion, Native of the skies,
Scorn'd by the Crowd, seeks refuge with the Wise;
The Crowd with laughter spurns her awful train,
And Mercy courts, and Justice frowns in vain.
But Satire's Shaft can pierce the harden'd breast:
She plays a ruling Passion on the reít:
Undaunted storms the battery of his pride,
And awes the Brave that Earth and Heaven defy'd.
When fell Corruption, by her vassals crown'd, 125
Derides fallin Juftice prostrate on the ground;
Swift to redress an injur'd People's groan,
Bold Satire shakes the Tyrant on her throne;
Powerful as Death, defies the fordid train,
And Slaves and Sycophants furround in vain.

But with the friends of Vice, the focs of Satire,
All truth is Spleen; all just reproof, Ill-nature.

Well may they dread the Muse's fatal kill; Well may they tremble when she draws her quill: Her magic quill, that, like Ithuriel's spear, 135 Reveals the cloven hoof, or lengthen'd ear: Bids Vice and Folly take their natural shapes, Turns Duchesses to strumpets, Beaux to apes; Drags the vile Whisperer from his dark abode, Till all the Dæmon starts up from the toad. 140

O sordid maxim, form'd to screen the vile, That true good-nature still must wear a smile! In frowns array'd her beauties stronger rise, When love of Virtue wakes her scorn of Vice : Where Justice calls, 'tis Cruelty to save;

145 And 'tis the Law's good-nature hangs the Knave.

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Who combats Virtue's foe is Virtue's friend;
Then judge of Satire's merit by her end :
To Guilt alone her vengeance stands confin’d,
The object of her love is all Mankind.

Scarce more the friend of Man, the wise muft own,
Ev'n Allen's bounteous hand, than Satire's frown:
This to chastife, as That to bless was giv'n;
Alike the faithful Ministers of Heaven.
. Oft in unfeeling hearts the shaft is spent : 155
Though strong th' example, weak the punishment.
They least are pain’d, who merit Satire most:
Folly the Laureat's, Vice was Chartres' boaft:
Then where's the wrong, to gibbet high the name
Of Fools and Knaves already dead to shame? 160
Oft Satire acts the faithful Surgeon's part;
Generous and kind, though painful, is her art:
With caution bold, she only strikes to heal;
Though folly raves to break the friendly steel.
*Then sure no fault impartial Satire knows,
Kind ev'n in Vengeance, kind to Virtue's foes.
Whose is the crime, the scandal too be theirs;
The Knave and Fool are their own Libellers.





ARE nobly then: But conscious of your trust,

As ever warm and bold be ever just: 170 Nor court applause in these degenerate days: The Villain's cenfure is extorted praise.

But chief, be steady in a noble end, And thew Mankind that Truth has yet a friend. 'Tis mean for empty praise of wit to write, 175 As Foplings grin to shew their teeth are white: To brand a doubtful folly with a smile, Or madly blaze unknown defects, is vile: 'Tis doubly vile, when, but to prove your art, You fix an arrow in a blameless heart.

180 lost to honour's voice, O doom'd to shame, Thou Fiend accurst, thou Murderer of Fame ! Fell Ravisher, from innocence to tear That name, than liberty, than life more dear! Where shall thy baseness meet its just return, 185 Or what repay thy guilt, but endless scorn? And know, immortal Truth shall mock thy toil: Immortal Truth shall bid the shaft recoil; With rage retorted, wing the deadly dart; And empty all its poison in thy heart.

190 With caution next, the dangerous power apply; An eagle's talon alks an eagle's eye: Let Satire then her proper object know, And ere she strike, be sure the strike a foe.


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