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AF FTER tracing the progress of the Spaniards B 0 0 K
in their discoveries and conquests during more than half a century, I have conducted View of the
policy and them to that period when their authority was trade of the established over almost all the vast regions in the colonies
. New World still subject to their dominion. The effect of their settlements upon the countries of which they took possession, the maxims which they adopted in forming their new colonies, the interior structure and policy of these, together with the influence of their progressive improve. ment upon the parent state, and upon the commercial intercourse of nations, are the objects to which we now turn our attention.
tion of A merica the of them.
The first visible consequence of the establish
ments made by the Spaniards in America, was Depopula
the diminution of the ancient inhabitants, to a fift effeéte degree equally astonishing and deplorable. I
have already, on different occasions, mentioned the disastrous influence under which the connection of the Americans with the people of our hemisphere commenced, both in the islands, and in several parts of the continent, and have touched upon various causes of their rapid consumption. Wherever 'the inhabitants of America had resolution to take arms in defence of their liberty and rights, many perished in the unequal contest, and were cut off by their fierce invaders. But the greatest desolation followed after the sword was sheathed, and the conquerors
were settled in tranquillity. It was in the islands, islands, ard and in those provinces of the continent which fome parts stretch from the Gulf of Trinidad to the confines
of Mexico, that the fatal effects of the Spanish dominion were first and most sensibly felt. All these were occupied either by wandering' tribes of hunters, or by such as had made but small progress in cultivation and industry. When they were compelled by their new masters to take up a fixed residence, and to apply to regular labour; when tasks were imposed upon them disproportioned to their strength, and were
Causes of this in the
of the continent.