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formation passed through our pages, which is now conveyed in its own more direct and exclusive line. Nor is this a point to be viewed, without feelings of satisfaction: as all useful learning, like a well-constituted state, will flourish most amidst the prosperity of all around it. We have an ample supply of direct information in our own pages; and, like our rivals, we profit indirectly from the general progress of knowledge; nor do we fear lest the sources of our investigations should fail, while we possess the zealous cooperation of our present contributors, and the patronage of many new and enlightened correspondents and friends.

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GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

JANUARY, 1842.

BY SYLVANUS URBAN, GENT.

FAGE

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CONTENTS.

Minor CORRESPONDENCE.- Portrait of Chaucer - Genealogical Inquiries

The “Cambridge Graduates ”—Robertson of Strowan...

2

WORDSWORTH.-Poems OF THE FANCY-POEMS OF THE IMAGINATION..

Monument of Joan Princess of Wales, at Beaumaris (with a View)

17

ON ANCIENT DOMESTIC FURNITURE.-Sales at the Pryor's Bank, Fulham,

and at East Retford (with several Cuts)...

19

On the number of Mankind originally created

24

Anecdotes of the Courts of Europe at the close of the last Century.-J. C.

Scaliger.—Count Rice.—Madame Dubarry.—Madlle. Raucourt. - The Duc

d'Ayen, or de Noailles.-Chevalier Rutledge.-The Iron Mask.-Female

Kings of Hungary.--House of Montesquiou. --Duc de Biron.-The Abbé

Gregoire. -Rabaud.--D'Alembert. French Criminal Code. - Madame

Tallien.—Principality of Chimay.—Queen Hortense.-Chamfort.-The

Death of Desaix.--Little Great - Men.—Madame de Houdetot.—Errors of

the Editor of Swinburne.—Mr. Huskisson

25

Original Letter of the notorious Thomas Paine......

38

Epitaph of Morgan Powell, B.D. at Cranley, co. Heref.-

.-" Sidon" proverbial. 39

Christmas Customs in Monmouthshire—the Merry Lewid..

41

History of the Vulgate of Pope Sixtus V.

42

The Distinct Signification of Ara and Altare..

43

Antient and Remarkable Signs in Norwich and its vicinity

45

Vindication of the Literary Character of Bishop Hurd

46

RETROSPECTIVE Review.—Dolarny's Primerose, 1606....

48

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

Manners aud Household Expenses of England in the Thirteenth and Fifteenth

Centuries, 51 ; Gliddon's Appeal on the Monuments of Egypt, 53; The

Liber Landavensis, 55 ; Lewis's Illustrations of Kilpeck Church, 57 ; Pu-

gin's Principles of Christian Architecture, 59; Richardson's Literary Leaves,

62; Worrell's Edwy, an historical Poem, 64; Sankey's Sermons, ib.;

Walker's Pathology, 65 ; Remarks on Fotheringay Church, 66 ; Views and

Details of Stanton Harcourt Church, 67; Examples of Encaustic Tiles, 68;

Warwick's House of Commons, 69; Hewitt's Tower Armories

69

FINE ARTS.—The Royal Academy.-Fine Arts Commission.-Original Pic-

tures of Hogarth's Marriage-a-la-mode.--Stained Glass at Wyke Regis, &c. .70

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. – New Publications,

University Intelligence, Royal and Botanical Societies, &c....

74

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.- Society of Antiquaries, Numismatic So-

ciety, Ancient Artillery, &c. at the Tower..

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.-Foreign News, 85.--Domestic Occurrences. 86

Promotions and Preferments, 88.-Births, 89.–Marriages.

90

OBITUARY; with Memoirs of the Prince of Monaco :; Marquess of Lothian ;

Earl of Home; Earl of Elgin and Kincardine ; Earl of Harewood ; Rev.
Sir J. G. Thomas, Bart. ; Lieut.-Gen. Sir Joseph Fuller; General Whar-
ton; Capt. T. Garth, R.N.; John Dalton, Esq.; Sir_Francis Chantrey ;
Rev. G. F. Nott, D.D.; G. F. Beltz, Esq. ; Francis Bauer, Esq.; Rosa-
spina; Thomas Dibdin, Esq.

93-110

CLERGY DECEASED, 111.-DEATHS, arranged in Counties..

112

Bill of Mortality-Markets-Prices of Shares, 119; Meteorological Diary-Stocks 120

Embellished with Views of the Pryor's BANK, FULHAM, and the Monument of the

Princess Joan at BEAUMARIS; and with Representations of various Articles of

ANCIENT FURNITURE, &c.

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

on

One of our correspondents wishes to be -pears to have died sine prole (unless ininformed, from what writer the French deed the Anthony S. named in the will extract on the Treaty of Westphalia in was his son), it is probable that the conGent. Mag. 1821, April, p. 319, is taken ? nection of the family with the county Or, if that cannot be pointed out, can the ceased on the death of this individual, information contained in that passage be who, doubtless, belonged to the house of supplied from any other writer?

the Viscounts Doneraile. Cartwright The Rev. IRVIN ELLER, author of the makes no mention of him. History of Belvoir Castle, informs us that SUSSEXIENSIS begs leave respectfully the portrait of Chaucer in that mansion, to suggest to the Registrary of the Uni. which he still judges to be of considerable versity of Cambridge the propriety of antiquity, is not painted in oil (as inad- publishing a new edition of the Graduati vertently stated in our Oct. number, p. Cantabrigienses. The last edition of this 370, note), but in crayons.

Since our

very useful book of reference was published note was written, we have seen a fac-simile with great care and ability, in 1823, by from the original in the British Museum, the late amiable and highly esteemed in Mr. Shaw's “ Dresses and Decorations Registrary, Wm. Husler, Esq. M.A., of the Middle Ages."

Fellow of Jesus Coll. ; and when it is C. W. asks for information respecting sidered how large a number of Degrees the descendants of Odardus de Logis, who has been annually conferred since that was baron of Wigton, in Cumberland, in time, the necessity of such a republication the time of Henry I., and who, according will be at once apparent. The edition of to Camden, founded the Church there. 1823 begins from the year 1659, but in

0. O: asks whose son was Robert Cha- any future edition it would be highly deworth ;-whose daughter married Sir Nicho- sirable, for the purposes of biographical las Wilford, (Maitland writes it Wyfforde) inquiries, that the work should be carried Lord Mayor of London in 1450; and also much higher, in fact, as far as any writthe names of the father and mother, ten records remain in the Archives of the grandfather and grandmother of the said University, of Degrees having been conRobert Chaworth ? He has examined ferred. Thoroton's Pedigree of Chaworth, under CYDWELI says, as J. R. enquires for Annesley, but can find nothing relating any account of the family of Robertson, of. to him, nor yet from the Pedigrees in the Strowan, in Perthshire, I would refer him College of Arms.

to Mr. Napier's “Life and Times of M. A. L. will feel obliged to any reader Montrose," where some scattered notices of the Gentleman's Magazine for notices

may be found.

It is there mentioned (p. respecting Anthony St. Leger, Esq. of 267), that “the very day after he declared Slindon, co. Sussex, of whose will, dated himself in the Highlands) he was joined 6 Oct. 1539, and proved at Chichester, by eight hundred men of Athol, including the following is an abstract. Anthony the gallant Robertsons, commanded by Sentleger, Esquyer. My body to be the tutor of Strowan, the brother-in-law buried in the church of Slyndon 'before of young Inchbrakie,” Patrick Graham, the pict' of o'r Lady. I bequeath' to the Montrose's cousin. At p. 401 occurs a church' of 'Slyndon a basin and ewer of letter to this person, where we are inpewter. To the mother church of Pagham, formed in a note, that he was Donald xxd. To the cathedral church of Chiches. Robertson, and “one of Montrose's most ter, xxs, and they to haue for my soll a faithful and efficient colonels throughout solempne masse ther. I will haue xxti these wars. Mr. N. adds, that the comprists to say masses, dirige, at the day of missions to him are yet extant. At p. 298 my buriall, and eu'y of them to have vijid. Mr. N. specifies some information he has To the repairs of Houghton brige, x®. To received, concerning the battle of Inver. Antony Sentleger, my leases and lands in lochy, from James Robertson, Esq., Slyndon, and xxl, and fyfty shelings in lineal descendant of the tutor of Strowan, money to by hym a black gowne and cote, who led the Atholmen upon that occasion.” and xls in mony to by his wif a gowne of The reply of CYDWELI to J. R. is again black.'" Among the witnesses is Sir

unavoidably postponed. Anthony Seyntleger, Knyght (of the Gar- The communication of MISERRIMUS ter, Lord Deputy of Ireland, temp. Hen. is very acceptable to the party to whom it VIII., and an active agent in the dissolu- was addressed, and he is requested to contion of the monasteries.) M.A. L. is not tinue his assistance. aware of any previous settlement of the Dec. p. 562, line 1 of col. 2, for East i family in Sussex, and, as the testator ap- Retford, read East Hendred.

6

66

a

THE

GENTLEMAN'S

MAGAZINE.

WORDSWORTH. POEMS OF THE FANCY. POEMS OF THE IMAGINATION.

FEW readers of English poetry can be ignorant of the distinction which the poet, whose name we have placed at the head of this article, endeavours to establish between the Fancy and the Imagination-as faculties or powers of the human mind : and some have perhaps exercised their critical perspicacity in attempting to ascertain with what consistent accuracy the poet, in the composition of the poems, arranged under the heads respectively of these two supposed faculties, may have observed his own distinction.

For our own parts, we must candidly confess, however the confession may derogate from our pretensions to a nice perception and lively sensibility, that if we had not chanced to entertain some long-cherished precon. ceptions of our own upon the classification of poetical imagery, we should have been so satisfied with the beauties so profusely scattered through these poems, and our minds so absorbed in the contemplation of them, that we should have cared little to investigate, whether they were intended by their author to be considered as the progeny of the one faculty or the other.

In the course of our brief dissertation, we shall have occasion to present (to the no small gratification, we doubt not, of many readers of the Gentleman's Magazine,) some few choice specimens of the passages with which we have been more particularly delighted.

That elegant and ingenious writer, Mr. Dugald Stewart,* appears to have been the first who, in modern days, proposed to place the Fancy and the Imagination over separate provinces, and to assign to each a peculiar jurisdiction. The professor, after a lapse of about forty years, was followed by Mr. Taylor, t of Norwich ; who, without animadverting upon the refined speculation of Mr. Stewart, expounds to us a discrimination of his

It is very remarkable--that this latter experiment is cited and commented upon by the Poet, while the former, though an earlier and more elaborate effort, is not even referred to, and was, not improbably, either forgotten or unknown. If the Poer had taken into his consideration the opinions of the Professor, he would, it may be believed, have found no occasion to start the objection, which he urges in limine against those of Mr. Taylor, viz. that the author's mind “ was enthralled by etymology." Objections of this kind are too frequently intended (though they cannot here be suspected of being so) to supersede the trouble of a more careful and minute examination, and also to mark the mind of the individual, against whom they may be advanced, with the character of being too partial and limited in its views to deserve any greater share of attention. For our own parts, however, we should not be discouraged by any fear of a similar imputation from resorting to etymology, and availing ourselves of its assistance, if it would serve our purpose so to do, nor shall we, at

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Own.

* Elements of the Philosophy of the Human Mind, ch. v. † English Synonyms discriminated.

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any other time, when we think we can derive from it any advantage to the inquiries upon which we may be engaged.

Reverting to the supposition of Mr. Stewart's originality, it may be observed, in confirmation of it, that Dr. Reid, who is to be considered, though of a different university, to have been the prælector of Scotch moral and metaphysical philosophy, expressly states, that what he denominates the IMAGINATION, was formerly called the Fancy, or PHANTASY : and he suggests no change in the usage. Dr. Akenside introduces his eloquent poem on the Pleasures of Imagination, with an address to “indulgent Fancy,” and in the progress of his work the names are interchanged, as it suited the taste or convenience of the author. Addison had before him, in his admirable essays under the sanie title, used the two names indiscriminately.

It is not at all necessary for our instant purposes to enter into a discourse on the doctrines maintained by sects of antient Greek philosophers with respect to Funcy, or Fantasy. The word (Davraola) was, together with the pbilosophy of Greece, transferred to Rome by Cicero ; but he renders it into Latin, not by Imaginatio, so long recognised by us as its synonym, but by Visum ; and Quintillian by Visio. Imaginatio does not appear to have acquired in its native soil that " philosophical import" which has been bestowed upon its English descendant, but it becomes common in “ that golden volume, not unworthy of the leisure of Tully or Plato," the Consolatio of Boethius. * It had probably acquired a current conversational familiarity in the English language long before the translation of this volume liad been contemplated by the venerable Father of English Poetry; but we may very plausibly pretend that the pen of Chaucer enrolled it in our vocabulary in all the philosophic dignity with which he found it invested in the original Latin. It must not be omitted that Alfred, “ the most glorious of English Kings," had before trauslated the writings of the Roman senator and consul into the Anglo-Saxon of his own time.

It will be interesting, and may be instructive to our more curious readers, if we give them an opportunity of learning in what philosophic acceptation this same word, now so variously interpreted,was thus introduced to the acquaintance of the English scholar.

Boethius was an Eclectic, and endeavonred to combine the philosophy of Plato with that of Aristotle. And, agreeably to the system which it was his ambition to construct, he severally explains the four terms Sensus, Imaginatio, Ratio, and Intellectus. (Lib. v. Pr. 4.)

SENsus enim figuram in subjecta materia constitutam ; IMAGINATIO vero solam sine materia judicat figuram : " For the Wit $ (Sensus) comprehendeth without the figure (of the body of inan) that is unstablished ||

* Gibbon. of Johnson has (suo more) eight interpretations of the noun Fancy, and four of Imagination : and (suo more) he says, Fancy, 1. Imagination; and Imagination, 1. Fancy. Webster has nine of Fancy, and five of Imagination. His first of the verb “ to imagine,” is, to form a notion or idea in the mind; to fancy. We can imagine, he adds, the figure of a horse's head united to a human body. In this sense, fancy is the more proper word. And in the New English Dictionary, it is said that to the Fancy, as distinguished from IMAGINATION, may be ascribed the province of personifying, and of investing the personification with the qualities of real beings, supplied by memory or imagination.

I Brucker, v. iii. p. 525. § And so the old expression, “ Bless your Five Wits," i. e. Senses. il The original is constitutam, which requires us to explain unstablished, to mean

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