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o Quadrature, or planets situated in

longitudes differing three signs from

each other. Trine. 8 Opposition, or planets situated in op

posite longitudes, or differing six

signs from each other. *Sextile.


The Sun enters
Aries, or the Ram

Mar. 20.
8 Taurus, or the Bull

April 19.
I Gemini, or the Twins May 21.
Cancer, or the Crab

June 22.
V Leo, or the Lion

July 23.
m Virgo, or the Virgin Aug. 23.
* Libra, or the Balance . Sept. 23.
m Scorpio, or the Scorpion Oct. 23.
1 Sagittarius, or the Archer

Nov. 22.
ving Capricornus, or the Wild Goat, Dec. 22.
- Aquarius, or the Water Bearer, Jan. 19.
* Pisces, or the Fishes

Feb. 18.

Phases OF THE Moox.

First Quarter.
O Full Moon
[ Last quarter.

New Moon.

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Behold our orbit as through twice six signs
Our central Sun apparently inclines :
The Golden Fleece his pale ray first adorns,
Then tow'rds the Bull he winds and gilds his horns ;
Castor and Pollux then receive his ray ;
On burning Cancer then he seems to stay :
On flaming Leo pours the liquid shower ;
Then faints beneath the Virgin's conquering power :
Now the just Scales weigh well both day and night;
The Scorpion then receives the solar light;
Then quivered Chiron clouds his wintry face,
And the tempestuous Sea-Goat mends his pace;
Now in the water Sol's warın beams are quench’d,
Till with the Fishes he is fairly drench'd.
These twice six signs successively appear,

And mark the twelve months of the circling year.
THE OLDEST CUSTOM. in the country, from whom profuse sup-

plies of turkeys, geese, hares, pheasants,
Old customs! Oh! I love the sound,
However simple they may

and partridges, are received in return for

be : Whate'er with time hath sanction found

barrels of oysters and baskets of BillingsIs welcome, and is dear to me.

gate fish. So plenteous and diversified

are the arrivals of poultry and game, in Unquestionably the most ancient and

the metropolis, that, for a repast of that
universal usage that exists is that of eating; kind, an epicure could scarcely imagine a
and therefore it is presumed that correct more satisfactory bill of fare than the
information, which tends to keep up the way-b of one of the Norwich coaches.
custom, will be esteemed by those who The meats in season are beef, veal,
are enabled to indulge in the practice. mutton, pork, and house-lamb; with
An old Epicure's Almanac happily affords Westphalia and north-country hams, Can-
the means of supplying an Alimentary terbury and Oxfordshire brawn, salted
Calendar, month by month, beginning chines and tongues.
with the year.

Besides fowls and turkeys, there are ca-

pons, guinea-fowls, pea-heis, wild-ducks,

widgeons, teal, plovers, and a great variety January. The present month com- of wild water-fowl, as well as woodcocks, mences in the joyous season of Christmas snipes, and larks. festivity, which, as Sir Roger de Coverley The skill and industry of the horticulgood-naturedly observes, could not have turist enliven the sterility of winter with been contrived to take place at a better the verdure of spring. 'Potatoes, savoy time.

cabbages, sprouts, brocoli, kale, turnips, At this important juncture a brisk in- onions, carrots, and forced small sallads, terchange of presents is kept up between are in season; and some epicures boast of the residents in London and their friends having so far anticipated the course of ve


getable nature as to regale their friends fowls, for the supply of Leadenhall market, at Christmas with asparagus and green and the shipping in the port of London ; peas.

these repositories have every convenience, There is also an infinite variety of such as large barns, enclosed paddocks, puddings and pastry, among which the ponds, &c.; but, however well contrived plum-pudding holds, by national prefer- and managed, every person of taste will ence, the first rank, as the inseparable com- prefer a real barn-door-fed fowl. panion or follower of roast beef: puddings Norfolk bas the reputation of breeding also of semolina, millet, and rice; tarts the finest turkeys; they are in season from of preserved fruit, apple-pies, and that November to March, when they are sucdelicious medley the mince-pie.

ceeded by turkey-poults. The appetite may be further amused by The various birds of passage, such as a succession of custards and jellies. wild-ducks, widgeons, teal, plovers, &c.,

A dessert may be easily made up of which arrive in the cold season, are to be Portugal grapes, oranges, apples, pears, found in most parts of England; but walnuts, and other fruits, indigenous or London is chiefly supplied from the fens exotic, crude or candied.

of Lincolnshire and Cambridgeshire. These supplies comprehend a great There are said to be more than a hundred proportion of the alimentary productions varieties of the duck tribe alone; those with of the year; and, indeed, many of the red legs are accounted the best. main articles of solid fare are in season Plover's eggs, which are abundant in either perennially, or for several months the poulterers' shops, and esteemed a great in succession.

delicacy, are generally picked up by shepBeef, mutton, veal, and house-lamb; sea- herds and cottagers on the moors and salmon, turbot, flounders, soles, whitings, commons, where they have been dropped Dutch herrings, lobsters, crabs, shrimps, by the birds during their annual sojourneels, and anchovies; fowls, chickens, ment. pullets, tame pigeons, and tame rabbits, are perennials.

Grass-lamb is in season in April, May, June, July, August, September, and Oc- In frosty weather wheel manure to the tober; pork in the first three months and plots or quarterings which require it. four last months of the year; buck-venison Protect vegetables, such as celery, in June, July, August, and September; young peas, beans, lettuces, small cab. and doe-venison in October, November, bage plants, cauliflowers, endive, &c., December, and January.

from severe cold, by temporary coverings There is scarcely an article of diet, animal of fern-leaves, long litter, or matting, or vegetable, the appearance of which, at stretched over hoops: remove these covertable, is limited to a single month. ings in mild intervals, but not till the

The fish in season during January are ground is thoroughly thawed, or the sudsea-salmon, turbot, thornback, skate, soles, den action of the sun will kill them. flounders, plaice, haddock, cod, whiting, During fine intervals, when the surface eels, sprats, lobsters, crabs, crayfish, is nearly dry, draw a little fine earth oysters, muscles, cockles, Dutch herrings, around the stems of peas, beans, brocoli. and anchovies. There is also a small Attend to neatness. Remove dead supply of mackarel in this and the pre- leaves into a pit or separate space to form ceding month,

mould; also carry litter of every kind to The poultry and game are turkeys, the compost heap. capons, fowls, pullets, geese, ducklings, Destroy slugs, and the eggs of insects. wild ducks, widgeons, teal, plovers, wood- Dig and trench vacant spaces when the cocks, snipes, larks, tame pigeons, hares, weather is mild and open, and the earth herons, partridges, pheasants, wild and is dry enough to pulverize freely. tame rabbits, and grouse.

If the weather be favorable, Of fowls the game breed is most es

Sow teemed for flavor. The Poland breed is the largest. Dorking in Surrey, and Peas; early frame and charlton about Epping in Essex, are alike famed for good the first or second week : Prussian and poultry. In the neighbourhood of Bethnal divarf imperial about the last week. Green and Mile End are large establish- Beans; early mazagan and long pods ments for fattening all kinds of domestic about the first and last week.

Earth up


Lettuce ; in a warm sheltered spot, not “ The comp.vte New-Year's Gift, or before the last week : choose the hardy Religious Meditations, 1725." 12mo. sorts, as the cos and brown Dutch.

“ The Young Gentleman's New-Year's Radishes ; short top, and early dwarf, Gift, or Advice to a Nephew, 1729." 12mo. in the second and fourth week.

Among the works published under this Transplant

title, the most curious is a very diminutive Cabbages ; early York, and sugar loaf, New-Year's Gift, presented at court from

and extremely rare volume called “ The about the close of the month.

the Lady Parvula, to the Lord Minimus

(commonly called little Jeffery), her maThe stems of brocoli and savoys; also jesty's servant—with a letter penned in rows of celery, to blanch and preserve. short hand, wherein is proved that little

In sowing or planting mark every row things are better than great. Written by with a cutting of gooseberry, currant, china Microphilus, 1636.” This very singular rose, or some plant that strikes root publication was written in defence of quickly. By this you distinguish your Jeffery Hudson, who, in the reign of rows, and gain a useful or ornamental Charles I., was a celebrated dwarf, and shrub for transplantation at leisure.» had been ridiculed by Sir William Dave

nant, in a poem called Jeffreidos,concerning Gardens do singularly delight, wher, in

a supposed battle between Jeffery and a them a man doth behold a flourishing

turkey-cock. Sir Walter Scott has reshow of summer beauties in the midst of introducing him into“ Peverel of the Peak.

vived the popularity of the little hero by winter's force, and a goodly spring of flowers, when abroad a leaf is not to be

Jeffery Hudson

was born at Oakham in Rutlandshire.
At about seven or eight years old, being

then only eighteen inches high, he was reJanuary 1.

tained in the service of the duke of Buck

iugham, who resided at Burleigh-on-the CIRCUMCISION.Church Calendar.

hill. On a visit from king Charles I. NEW YEAR'S GIFTS.

and his queen, Henrietta Maria, the duke To further exemplify the old custom of

caused little Jeffery to be served up to New Year's Gifts, of which there are state

table in a cold pie, which the duchess pre

sented to her majesty. From that time ments at large elsewhere,t a few curious facts are subjoined.

her majesty kept him as her dwarf; and in that capacity he afforded much entertainment at court. Though insignificant

in stature, bis royal mistress employed In the year 1604, upon New Year's

bim on a mission of delicacy and importDay, Prince llenry, then in his tenth

ance; for in 1630 her majesty sent him to year, sent to his father, king James I., a

France to bring over a midwife, on reshort poem in hexameter Latin verses, turning with whom he was taken prisoner being his first offering of that kind.

by the Dunkirkers, and despoiled of many Books were not only sent as presents rich presents to the queen from her mother on this day, but the practice occasioned

Mary de Medicis: he lost to the value of numerous publications bearing the title, £2500 belonging to himself, which he had as a popular denomination, without their

received as gifts from that princess and contents at all referring to the day. For ladies of the French court. It was in reexample, the following are titles of some

ference to this embassy that Davenant in the library of the British Museum :

wrote his, mortifying poem, in which he “ A New-Year's-Gift

, dedicated to the laid the scene at Dunkirk, and represented Pope's Holiness 1579.” 4to.

Jeffery to have been rescued from the en"A New Year's-Gift to be presented to

raged turkey.cock by the courage of the the King's most excellent Majestie : with

gentlewoman he escorted. Jeffery is said a patition from his loyale Subjects, 1646."

to have assumed much consequence after 4to.

his embassy, and to have been impatient

under the leazing of the courtiers, and the Domestic Gardener's Manual. insolent provocations of the don estics of + In the Every-Day Book.

the palace. One of his tormentors was

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FROM AN ENGRAVINO IN WIERIX'S BIBLE, 1594. the king's porter, a man of gigantic height, His waistcoat of blue satin, slashed, and who, in a masque at court, drew Jeffery ornamented with pinked white silk, and out of his pocket, to the surprise and mer- his breeches and stockings, in one piece of riment of all the spectators. This porter blue satin, are preserved in the Ashmolean and dwarf are commemorated by a re- Museum at Oxford.* presentation of them in a well-known

Dwarfs. bas-relief, on a stone affixed, and still re

The Romans kept dwarfs, as we do maining,in the front of a house on the north monkies, for diversion; and some persons side of Newgate Street, near Bagnio Court.

even carried on the cruel trade of stopping Besides his misadventure with the Dun- the growth of children by confining them kirkers, he was captured by a Turkish in chests : most dwarfs came from Syria rover, and sold for a slave into Barbary, and Egypt. Father Kircher published an whence he was redeemed. On the break- engraving of an ancient bronze, representing out of the troubles in England, he ing one of these dwarfs; and Count Caywas made a captain in the royal army, and lers another print of a similar bronze. in 1644 attended the queen to France, Dwarfs commonly went unclothed, and where be received a provocation from Mr. decked with jewels. One of our queens Crofts, a young man of family, which he carried a dwarf about for the admiration took so deeply to heart, that a challenge of spectators.f Dwarfs and deformed ensued. Mr. Crofts appeared on the

persons were retained to ornament the ground armed with a syringe. This lu- iables of princes. dicrous weapon was an additional and

Wierix's Bible contains a plate by John deadly insult to the poor creature's feel- Wierix, representing the feast of Dives, ings. There ensued a real duel, in which with Lazarus at his door. In the rich the antagonists were mounted on horse

man's banqueting room there is a dwarf back, and Jeffery, with the first fire of his

to contribute to the merriment of the compistol, killed Mr. Crofts on the spot. He pany, according to the custom among remained in France till the restoration, people of rank in the sixteenth century. when he returned to England. In 1682 This little fellow, at play with a monkey, he was arrested upon suspicion of con, is the subject of the engraving on the prenivance in the Popish Plot, and committed ceding page. to the gate-house in Westminster, where

Pigmies. he died at the age of sixty-three.

Among vulgar errors is set down this, As a phenomenon more remarkable of

that there is a nation of pigmies, not above Jeffery Hudson than his stature, it is said that he remained at the height of eighteen * Granger. Walpole's Painters. inches till he was thirty, when he shot up † Posbroke's Encyclopædia of Antiquities, to three feet nine inches, and there fixed.

# Montaigne.

two or three feet high, and that they so- “ The manner of presenting a New-yere's lemnly set themselves in battle to fight gifte to his Majestie from the Earle of against the cranes. “Strabo thought this Huntingdon. a fiction; and our age, which has fully discovered all the wonders of the world,

“ You must buy a new purse of about as fully declares it to be one."* This

vs. price, and put thereinto xx pieces of refers to accounts of the Pechinians of

new gold of xxs. a-piece, and go to the Ethiopia, who are represented of small presence-chamber, where the court is, stature, and as being accustomed every year

upon new-yere's day, in the morning to drive away the cranes which flocked to

about 8 o'clocke, and deliver the purse their country in the winter. They are

and the gold unto my Lord Chamberlain pourtrayed on ancient gems mounted on

then you must go down to the Jewell

house for a ticket to receive xvuis. vid, as cocks or partridges, to fight the cranes ; or carrying grasshoppers, and leaning on

a gift to your pains, and give vid. there staves to support the burthen : also, in a

to the boy for your ticket; then go to shell, playing with two flutes, or fishing ticket, and receive your xviiis. vid. Then

Sir William Veall's office, and shew your with a line.t.

go to the Jewell-house again, and make Cranes.

a piece of plate of xxx ounces weight,

and marke it, and then in the afternoone A crane was a sumptuous dish at the you may go and fetch it away, and then tables of the great in ancient times.

give the gentleman who delivers it you William the Conqueror was remarkable

xls. in gold, and give to the boy iis. and for an immense paunch, and withal was

to the porter vid."* so exact, so nice and curious in his repasts, that when his prime favorite, William Fitz Osborne, who, as dapifer or

PEERS' NEW YEAR'S Gifts. steward of the household, had the charge of the curey, served him with the flesh of From the household book of Henry Ala crane scarcely half roasted, the king was gernon Percy, the fifth Earl of Northumso highly exasperated that he lifted up

berland, in 1511, it appears, that, when the his fist, and would have struck him, had

earl was at home, he was accustomed to not Eudo, who was appointed dapifer

give on new-year's day as follows,immediately after, warded off the blow. I

To the king's servant bringing a newTame cranes, kept in the middle ages, year's gift from the king, if a special friend are said to have stood before the table at of his lordship, £6. 13s. 4d.; if only a dinner, and kneeled, and bowed the head,

servant to the king, £5. when a bishop gave the benediction.

To the servant bringing the queen's But how they'knelt is as fairly open tě new-year's gift £3. 6s. 88. enquiry, as how Dives could take his seat To the servant of his son-in-law, bringin torment, as he did, according to an old ing a new-year's gift, 13s. 4d. carol, “ all on a serpent's knee.”

To the servant bringing a new-year's gift from his lordship's son and heir, the lord Percy, 12d.

To the daily minstrels of the household, In 1605, the year after prince Heury as his tabret, lute, and rebeck, upon newpresented his verses to James I., Sir Dud- year's day in the morning, when they ley Carleton writes :--"New year's day play at my lord's chainber door, 20s. viz. passed without any solemnity, and the 13s. 4d. for my lord and 6s. 8d. for my exorbitant gifts that were wont to be used lady, if she be at my lord's finding, and at that time are so far laid hy, that the not at her own. And for playing at my accustomed present of the purse of gold lord Percy's chamber door 2s., and 8d a was hard to be had without asking." It piece for playing at each of my lord's appears, however, that in this year the younger sons. Earl of Huntingdon presented and re- To each of my lord's three henchmen, ceived a new year's gift. His own words when they give his lordship gloves, 6s. 8d. record the method of presenting and re- To the grooms of his lordship’s chamceiving it.

ber, to put in their box, 20s.


Brand. + Fosbroke,
Pegges' Form of Curey, vi. Fosbroke.

Nichols's Progresses.

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