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column of six thousand Prussians, who immediately laid down their arms.
Stettin was the fortress to which, after the fatal day of Jena, the Prince of Hohenloe directed bis course with the principal wreck of the battle, having under him about six. teen thousand infantry, principally guards and grenadiers, six regiments of cavalry, and sixty-four pieces of barnessed artillery. In his attempt, however, to reach this place, he was anticipated by the arrival at Templon of the Duke of Berg, wlw, not doubting that the prince would, in consequence of this failure, bend his course to Prentzlow, without a moment's loss of time set off for that place, and by a well-concerted attack overthrew, in its suburbs, the cavalry, infantry, and artillery of the prince, and forced him, with great loss, to withdraw within the town, where he was immediately summoned. The gates being suddenly burst open by the enemy, and no chance of effectual opposition to attack remaining, the prince engaged in a treaty of capitulation, and the same day defiled his whole army before the grand duke, his prisoners of war.
The retreat and resistance of the gallant General Blueber are deserving of particular mention. His intention, after the defeat of Jena, was to effect a junction with the army of Prince Hohenloe, and to gain tbe Oder, and by affording employment to several divisions of the French troops, to allow time for the supply of some important fortresses, and for the junction of the Russian and Prussian troops. The reserve of the army, which under the Prince of Wurtemburg had suffered very materially at Halle, and had lost great part: of its artilery and been exbausted by forced marches, was confided to him on the 24th of October, and appears after .) wards to bave met with the corps under the Duke of Weimar and the hereditary Duke of Brunswick. It consisted of ten thousand five hundred men. After various attempts to. join Prince Hobenloe, in which bis little army bad been obliged several times to separate, although they rejoined after:
a variety of difficulties, and to fight against very superior numbers, but often inflicting in these contests more injury than they experienced, he received the mortifying intelligence that the prince had capitulated. After a succession of harassing attacks and rapid marches, and several invitations to capitulate, he found himself compelled to take the direction to Hamburgh or Lubeck, or to fight the next day, as the Duke of Berg was on his left fank, Marshal Soult on bis right, and Bernadotte on bis front, each of whose divisions was more than double the number of his own. His marchmo Lubeck was resolved upon, and was accomplished. But here, to his unutterable regret and indignation, treachery combined against him with the troops of the French, who soon filled the town. Here a contest took place, which in fierceness and horror has rarely been exceeded. The squares, and streets, and even churches, were scenes of the most bloody conflict and carnage; war triumphed in this unfortunate place in its full ravage; and the Prussian troops were at length obliged to yield to the superior forces of the enemy, and withdraw from the town. In the extreme want of ammunition, with reduced strength, and reduced numbers, effectual resistance seemed in these circumstances absolutely impossible. After three weeks constant retreat, in which, from the incessant fatigue of marching five or six German miles a-day, with only the most miserable means of subsistence, fifty or sisty men were frequently obliged to be left behind, but in which, notwithstanding, the whole corps bad displayed a fidelity and courage which could never be exceeded, he felt it his duty, at the moment the French were about to attack him, to yield to a capitulation. The conviction of having discharged his duty might well support him under disaster, and he may be considered as having derived more glory from his well-conducted retreat, than has attached in many cases to the most decided and important successes.
Marshal Davoust had on the 18th of October taken possession of Leipsic, where immediately notice was given to
the merchants and bankers, that all English property would be seized in that grand entrepot of British merchandise; and all persons were enjoined within twenty-four hours to send in a declaration of all such property in their possession, of whatever description; the non-compliance with which would be punished by the summary process of military tribunals.Having ordered a bridge to be thrown over the Elbe at this place, he proceeded to Wittenburg, and gained by surprise the bridges of that town, after which he moved onward to Berlin, which he entered on the 25th, followed on the succeeding day by the corps of Marshal Augereau.
To follow the successes of the grand French army more minutely through its several divisions, or the corresponding disasters of the Prussians, would exceed the due limits of this narrative. Bonaparte arrived at Potsdam on the 24th of October. He visited the palace and the tomb of the great Frederick. The sword of that distinguished warrior, the ribbon of the order of the black eagle, the colours taken by him in the seven years war, and the scarf which he used during that critical period of his vicissitude and glory, excited particular attention and emotion, and were ordered to be presented from the emperor to the Hotel of Invalids at Paris. Within three days after his arrival at Potsdam he made his public entry into Berlin, attended by bis principal generals and his foot guards.
Various ambassadors from the powers with. which he was at peace were bere presented to him at the palace; deputies from the Lutheran and reformed churches, to whom he promised the continued enjoyment of their rights of worship; and from the courts of justice, who received directions with respect to the judical administration. Twelve hundred of the principal inhabitants were entrusted with the guardianship of the city; and to the management of eight, of the highest reputation and consequence, was committed the superintendence of the police. The presence of the French scarcely discomposed the ordinary routine of business; and by the vigilance of the burghers and the strict discipline of