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Moses entertains Jethro. EXODUS. God's message to the Israelites. In-law Jethro :um coire into thee, and thy matter they shall bring unto thee, but every wife, and her two sons with her.
small matter they shall judge: so shall it 7 91 And Moses went out to meet his be easier for thyself, and they shall bear the father-in-law, and did obeisance, and kissed burden with thee. him : and they asked each other of their 23 If thou shalt do this thing, and God welfare : and they came into the tent. command thee so, then thou shalt be able
8 And Moses told his father-in-law all to endure, and all this people shall also go that the Lord had done unto Pharaoh, and to their place in peace. to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, and all 24 So Moses hearkened to the voice of the travail that had come upon them by the his father-in-law, and did all that he had way, and how the LORD delivered them. said.
91 And Jethro rejoiced for all the good- 25 And Moses chose able men out of all ness which the LORD had done to Israel, Israel, and made them heads over the peo whom he had delivered out of the hand of ple, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, the Egyptians.
rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. 10 And Jethro said, Blessed be the LORD, 26 And they judged the people at all who hath delivered you out of the hand of seasons : the hard causes they brought unto the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pha- Moses, but every small matter they judged raoh, who hath delivered the people from themselves. under the hand of the Egyptians.
27 1 And Moses let his father-in-law de11 Now I know that the LORD is greater part : and he went his way into his own than all gods : for in the thing wherein they land. dealt proudly, he was above them.
CHAP. XIX. 12 And Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, TN the third month, when the children of took a burnt-offering and sacrifices for God: 1 Israel were gone forth out of the land and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel of Egypt, the same day came they into the to eat bread with Moses' father-in-law be wilderness of Sinai. fore God.
2 For they were departed from Rephi13 | And it came to pass on the mor- dim, and were come to the desert of Sínai, row, that Moses sat to judge the people : and had pitched in the wilderness; and and the people stood by Moses from the there Israel camped before the mount. morning unto the evening.
31 And Moses went up unto God, and the 14 And when Moses' father-in-law saw LORD called unto him out of the mountain, all that he did to the people, he said, What saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of is this thing that thou doest to the people ?|Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; Why sittest thou thyself alone, and all the 4 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyppeople stand by thee from morning unto tians, and how 1 bare you on eagles' wings, even?
and brought you unto myself. 15 And Moses said unto his father-in-l 5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice law, Because the people come unto me to indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye inquire of God:
shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above 16 When they have a matter, they come all people: for all the earth is mine : unto me, and I judge between one and 6 And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of another, and I do make them know the sta- priests, and an holy nation. These are the tutes of God, and his laws.
words which thou shalt speak unto the 17 And Moses' father-in-law said unto children of Israel. him, The thing that thou doest is not good. 7 1 And Moses came and called for the
18 Thou wilt surely wear away, both elders of the people, and laid before their thou, and this people that is with thee: for faces all these words which the LORD com this thing is too heavy for thee; thou art manded him. not able to perform it thyself alone.
8 And all the people answered together, 19 Hearken now untó my voice, I will and said, All that the Lord hath spoken gire thee counsel, and God shall be with we will do. And Moses returned the words thee: Be thou for the people to God-ward, of the people unto the LORD. that thou mayest bring the causes unto God: 9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, 1
20 And thou shalt teach them ordinances come unto thee in a thick cloud, that the and lars, and shalt shew them the way people may hear when I speak with thee, wherein they must walk, and the work that and believe thee for ever. And Moses told ther must do.
the words of the people unto the LORD. 21 Moreover, thou shalt provide out of 10 ( And the Lord said unto Moses, Go all the people, able men, such as fear God, unto the people, and sanctify them to-day men of truth, hating covetousness; and and to-morrow, and let them wash their place such over them to be rulers of thou- clothes, sands, and rulers of lunrads, rulers of 11 And be ready against the third day: fifties, and rulers of tens:
for the third day the LORD will come down 22 And let thein judge the people at all in the sight of all the people upon mount soasons : and it shall be, that every great Sinai.
Presence of God upon the mount. CHAP. XX. The ten commandments
12 And thou shalt set bounds unto the earth beneath, or that is in the water under people round about, saying, Take heed to the earth: yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, 5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to or touch the border of it: whosoever touch-them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy eth the mount shall be surely put to death : God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity
13 There shall not an hand touch it, but of the fathers upon the children unto the be shall surely be stoned or shot through : third and fourth generation of them that whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: hate me; when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall 6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of come up to the mount.
them that love me, and keep my command14 1 And Moses went down from the ments. mount unto the people, and sanctified the 7 Thou shalt not take the name of the people; and they washed their clothes. LORD thy God in vain: for the LORD will
15 And he said unto the people, Be ready not hold him guiltless that taketh his name against the third day: come not at your in vain. wires.
18 Remember the sabbath-day to keep it 16 ( And it came to pass on the third holy. day in the morning, that there were thun- 9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all ders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon thy work: the mount, and the voice of the trumpet 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of exceeding loud; so that all the people that the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do was in the camp trembled.
any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daugh17 And Moses brought forth the people ter, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, out of the camp to meet with God; and nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is they stood at the nether part of the mount. within thy gates:
18 And mount Sinai was altogether on a 11 For in six days the Lord made heasmoke, because the LORD descended upon ven and earth, the sea and all that in them it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore as the sinoke of a furnace, and the whole the Lord blessed the sabbath-day, and halmount quaked greatly.
llowed it. 19 And when the voice of the trumpet 12 ( Honour thy father and thy mother; sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, that thy days may be long upon the land Moses spake, and God answered him by a which the LORD thy God giveth thee. voice.
13 Thou shalt not kill. 20 And the LORD came down upon 14 Thou shalt not commit adultery. mount Sinai, on the top of the mount; and 15 Thou shalt not steal. the LORD called Moses up to the top of the 16 Thou shalt not bear false witness mount; and Moses went up.
against thy neighbour. 21 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go 17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's down, charge the people, lest they break house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's through unto the LORD to gaze, and many wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maidof them perish.
servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing 22 And let the priests also which come that is thy neighbour's. near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest 18 ( And all the people saw the thunderthe Lord break forth upon them.
lings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the 23 And Moses said unto the LORD, The trumpet, and the mountain smoking : and people cannot come up to mount Sinai: for when the people saw it, they removed, and thou chargedst us, saying, Set bounds about stood afar of the mount, and sanctify it.
1 19 And they said unto Moses, Speak thou 24 And the LORD said unto him, Away, with us, and we will hear: but let not God get thee down, and thou shalt come up, speak with us, lest we die. thou, and Aaron with thee: but let not the 20 And Moses said unto the people, Fear priests and the people break through, to not: for God is come to prove you, and that come up unto the LORD, lest he break forth his fear may be before your faces, that ye upon them.
sin not. 25 So Moses went down unto the people, 21 And the people stood afar off, and and spake unto them.
Moses drew near unto the thick darkness CHAP. XX.
where God was.. AND God spake all these words, saying, 22 | And the LORD said unto Moses, h 2 I am the LORD thy God, which have Thus thou shalt say unto the children of brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out Israel; Ye have seen that I have talked with of the house of bondage.
you from heaven. 3 I Thou shalt have no other gods before 23 Ye shall not make with me gods of me.
silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods 4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any of gold. graven image, or any likeness of any thing 24 1 An altar of earth thou shalt make that is in heaven above, or that is in the unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy Sundry laws
and ordinances. burnt-offerings, and thy peace-offerings, thy! 19 If he rise again, and walk abroad upon sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where his staff, then shall he that smote him be I record my name I will come unto thee, quit: only he shall pay for the loss of his and I will bless thee.
time, and shall cause him to be thoroughly 25 And if thou wilt make me an altar healed. of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn 20 1 And if a man smite his servant, or stone; for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, his maid, with a rod, and he die under his thou hast polluted it.
hand; he shall be surely punished. 26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto 21 Notwithstanding, it he continue a mine altar, that thy nakedness be not dis- day or two, he shall not be punished : for covered thereon.
he is his money. CHAP. XXI.
22 [If men strive, and hurt a woman N OW these are the judgments which with child, so that her fruit depart from her, I thou shalt set before them.
and yet no mischief follow: he shall be 2 If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six surely punished, according as the woman's years he shall serve: and in the seventh he husband will lay upon him; and he shall shall go out free for nothing.
pay as the judges determine. 3 If he came in by himself, he shall go 23 And if any mischief follow, then thou out by himself: if he were married, then shalt give life for life, his wife shall go out with him.
| 24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for 4 If his master have given him a wife, hand, foot for foot, and she have born him sons or daughters; 25 Burning for burning, wound for the wife and her children shall be her mas- wound, stripe for stripe. ter's, and he shall go out by himself.
26 9 And if a man smite the eye of his 5 And if the servant shall plainly say, servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; I love my master, my wife, and my chil- he shall let him go free for his eye's sake. dren; I will not go out free:
27 And if he smite out his man-servant's 6 Then his master shall bring him unto tooth, or his maid-servant's tooth; he shall the judges: he shall also bring him to the let him go free for his tooth's sake. door, or 'unto the door-post: and his mas- 28 Alf an ox gore a man or a woman, ter shall bore his ear through with an awl; that they die : then the ox shall be surely and he shall serve him for ever.
stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but 7 s1 And if a man sell his daughter to be the owner of the ox shall be quit. a maid-servant, she shall not go out as the 29 But if the ox were wont to push with men-servants do.
his horn in time past, and it hath been tes8 If she please not her master, who hath tified to his owner, and he hath not kept betrothed her to himself, then shall he let him in, but that he hath killed a man or a her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his nation he shall have no power, seeing he owner also shall be put to death. hath dealt deceitfully with her.
30 If there be laid on him a sum of mo9 And if he have betrothed her unto his ney, then he shall give for the ransom of 80!!, he shall deal with her after the manner his life whatsoever is laid upon him. of dauginets
31 Whether he have bored a son, or have 10 If he take him another wife; her food, gored a daughter, according to this judgbor raiment, and her duty of marriage shall ment shall it be done unto him. le not diminish.
| 32 If the ox shall push a man-servant, or 11 And if he do not these three unto her, maid-servant; he shall give unto their mas then shall she go out free witi'out money. ter thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall
12 4 Ile that smiteth a man, so that he be stoncd. die, shall be surely put to death.
| 33 | And if a man shall open a pit, or if 13 And if a man lie not in wait, but a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and God deliver him into his hand; then I will an ox or an ass fall therein; appoint thice a place whither he shall fee. | 34 The owner of the pit shall make it
14 But if a man come presumptuonsly good, and give money unto the owner of upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; them; and the dead beast shall be his. . thou shait take him froin mine aitar, that he 35 And if one man's ox hurt another's mav die.
that he die, then they shall sell the live ox, 15 y And he that smitcth his father, or and divide the money of it, and the dead ur his mother, shall be surely put to death. also they shall divide.
16 4 And he that stealeth a man, and sell-1 36 Or if it be known that the ox hath eth him, or if he be found in his hand, he used to push in time past, and his owner shall surely be put to death.
hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay 17 9 And he that curseth his father or his ox for ox, and the dead shall be his own. mother, shall surely be put to death.
CHAP. XXII. 18 í And if men strive together, and one Tf a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and smite another with a stone, or with his fist, 1 kiil it, or sell it; he shall restore five and he die not, but keepeth his bed : Toxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.
and ordinances. 2 If a thief be found breaking up, and save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly be suitten that he die, there shall no blood destroyed. be skril for him.
21 1 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, 3 If the sun be risen upon him there shall nor oppress him : for ye were strangers ia be blood shed for himn : for he should make the land of Egypt. iuli restitution; if he have nothing, then he 22 Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fa shall be sold for his theit.
therless child. 4 If the theft be certainly found in his 23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear sheep; he shall restore double.
their cry; 5! If a man shall cause a field or vine- 24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I vard to be eaten, and shall put in his beast, will kill you with the sword; and your and shall feed in another man's field : of the wives shall be widows, and your children best of his own field, and of the best of his fatherless. Own vineyard shall he make restitution. 25 4 If thou lend money to any of my
6 If fire break out, and catch in thorns, people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not so that the stacks of corn, or the standing be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou corn, or the field be consumed therewith ; lay upon him usury. be that kindled the fire shall surely make 26 '* If thou at all take thy neighbour's restitution.
raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto of If a man shall deliver unto his neigli- him by that the sun goeth down: I bour money or stuff to keep, and it be sto- 27 For that is his covering only, it is liis len out of the man's house; if the thief be raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? found, let him pay double.
land it shal conue to pass, when he crieth 8 It the thiet be not found, then the mas- unto me, that I will hear; for I an gracious ter of the house shall be brought unto the 25 Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor judges, to see whether he have put his hand curse the ruler of thy people. un'o his neighbour's goods.
| 29 Thou shalt not delay to offer the 9 For all manner of trespass, whether it first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or the first-born of thy suns shalt thou give fix any manner of lost thing which another unto me. challengeth to be his: the cause of both 30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine parties shall come before the judges; and oxen, and with thy sheep: seven days it whom the judges shall condemn, he shall shall be with his dam; on the eighth day pay double unto his neighbour.
Ithou shalt give it me. 10 If a man deliver unto his neighbour' 31 And ye shall be holy men unto me: an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast neither shall ye eat any flesh that is torn of to keep; and it die, or be hurt, or driven beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to the away, no man seeing it: 11 Then shall an oath of the Lord be
CHAP. XXIII. betwcen them both, that he hath not put his THOU shalt not raise a false report : put hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the 1 not thine hand with the wicked to be on ner of it shall accept thereof, and he an unrighteous witness. shall not make it good.
12 Thou shalt not follow a multitude to 12 And if it be stolen from him, he shall do evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause make restitution unto the owner thereof. Ito decline after many to wrest judgment :
13 Ir it be torn in pieces; then let him 3 Neither shalt thou countenance a poor bring it for witness, and he shall not make man in his cause. good that which was torn.
14 I If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his 14 S And if a man borrow ought of his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner back to him again. thereof being not with it, he shall surely 5 If thou see the ass of him that hateth make it good.
thee lying under his burden, and wouidest 15 Biit if the owner thereof be with it, forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help he shall not make it good: if it be an hired with him. thing, it came for his hire.
6 9 Thou shalt not wrest the judgment 16 And if a man entice a maid that is of thy poor in his cause. not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall 7 Keep thee far from a false matter; and surels endow her to be his wife.
the innocent and righteous slay thou not: 17 If her father utterly refuse to give her for I will not justify the wicked. unto him, he shall pay money according to 8 1 And thou shalt take no gift; for the the dowry of virgins.
gift blindeth the wise, and perverteth the 18 I Thou shalt not suffer a witch to words of the righteous.
1 9 I Also thou shalt not oppress a stran19 S Whosocrer lieth with a beast shall ger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, surdly be put to death.
seeing ye were strangers in the land of 20 He that sacrificeth unto any god, Egypt.
An Angel is promised. EXODUS. The glory of God appears.
10 I And six years thou shalt sow thyl 27 I will send my fear before thee, and land, and shalt gather in the fruits thereof: will destroy all the people to whom thou
11 But the seventh ycar thou shalt let it shalt come, and I will make all thine enerest and lie still; that the poor of thy peo- mies turn their backs unto thee. ple may eat: and what they leave the beasts 28 And I will send hornets before thee, of the field shall eat. In hike manner thou which shall drive out the Hivite, the Cashalt deal with thy vineyard, and with thy naanite, and the Hittite from before thee. olivevard.
| 29 I will not drive them out from before 12 I Six days thou shalt do thy work, thee in one year; lest the land become deand on the seventh day thou shalt rest : that solate, and the beast of the field multiply thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son against thee. of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be 30 By little and little I will drive then refreshed.
out from before thee, until thou be increased, 18 ( And in all things that I have said and inlierit the land. unto you be circumspect : and make no 31 And I will set thy bounds from the mention of the names of other gods, nei- Red sea even unto the sea of the Philisther let it be heard out of thy mouth. tines, and from the desert unto the river:
14 | Three times thou shalt keep a for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land feast unto me in the year.
into your hand; and thou shalt drive them 15 Thou shalt keep the feast of unlea- out before thee, vened bread : (thou shalt cat unleavened 32 Thou shalt make no covenant with bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in them nor with their gods. the time appointed of the month Abib; for 33 They shall not dwell in thy land, lest in it thou camest out from Egypt; and none they make thee sin against me: for if thou shall appear before me empty :)
serve their gods, it will surely be a snare 16 And the feast of harvest, the first- unto thee. fruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown
CHAP. XXIV. in thy field: and the feast of ingathering, A ND he said unto Moscs, Come up unwhich is in the end of the year, when thou n to the Lord, thou, and Aaron, Nahast gathered in thy labours out of the dab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders field.
Jof Israel; and worship ye afar off. 17 Three times in the year all thy males 2 And Moses alone shall come near the shall appear before the Lord God. Lord: but they shall not come nigh ; nei
18 Thou shalt not offer the blood of ther shall the people go up with him. my sacrifice with leavened bread: neither 3 [ And Moses came and told the peoshall the fat of my sacrifice remain until the ple all the words of the LORD, and all the morning.
ljudgments: and all the people answered 19 The first of the first-fruits of thy land with one voice, and said, All the words thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD which the Lord hath said will we do. thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in 4 l And Moses wrote all the words of his mother's milk.
the LORD, and rose up early in the morn20 Behold, I send an Angel before thee, ing, and builded an altar under the hill, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee and twelve pillars according to the twelve into the place which I have prepared. tribes of Israel
21 Beware of him, and obey his voice, 5 And he sent young men of the chilprovoke him not; for he will not pardon dren of Israel, which offered burnt-offeryour transgressions : for my name is in him. ings, and sacrificed peace-offerings of oxen
22 But if thou shalt indeed obey his unto the LORD. voice, and do all that I speak ; then I will 6 And Moses took half of the blood, and be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an put it in basins; and half of the blood he adversary unto thine adversaries.
sprinkled on the altar. 23 For mine Angel shall go before thee, And he took the book of the covenant, and bring thee in unto the Amorites, and and read in the audience of the people : the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Ca- and they said, 'All that the LORD hath said naanites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites; will we do, and be obedient. and I will cut them off.
T 8 And Moses took the blood, and sprink 24 Thou shalt not bow down to their led it on the people, and said, Behold the gods, nor serve them, nor do after their blood of the covenant, which the Lord hath works: but thou shalt utterly overthrow made with you concerning all these words. them, and quite break down their images. | 9 | Then went up Moses, and Aaron,
25. And ye shall serve the LORD your Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elGod, and he shall bless thy bread, and thy ders of Israel : water; and I will take sickness away from 10 And they saw the God of Israel: and the milst of thee.
there was under his feet as it were a paved 26 There shall nothing cast their young, work of a sapphire stone, and as it were nor be barren, in thy land : the number of the body of heaven in his clearness. thy days I will fulfil.
11 And upon the nobles of the children