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THE PARTICIPLE AS AN ADJECTIVE.

At what point the Participle may be held to become an Adjec-

tive...

The Participial Adjective usually expresses a permanent char-

acter.

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The ARTICLES are Adjectives, in force as well as in origin...... 113

The Indefinite Article marks the Singular

Rarely omitted with common nouns ; omission to be explained

Occasionally superseded ; cases enumerated...
Singular without Article often has a personifying effect.

Article sometimes dropped in complements, and in appositions
Omitted in common phrases, for shortness...

ils
The Definite Article a diluted that'; usage.
A pointing word : points to relative clause or curtailed equiva-

lent.
It singles out individuals in a given collection..
Essential before some nouns limited by prepositional phrase
Backward reference, as a softened that
Individualizing force of the pronoun Adjectives kept up by the'

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Verb influence at the root of the qualification...

128

Loose employment of adjective for verb

THE ADVERB.

How best revealed : consider the action of the verb

128

Direction of the action : how expressed.....

129

Prepositions in Adverbial phrases extended to new meanings (as

agency, time)..

Degree or intensity of action ; Excellence ; Manner or Quality.. 130

Transmutation of adjectives explained.....

Many Adverbs are condensed clauses ; hence their verb force...

Adverbs are often converted verbs, through adjectives..... 131

The Adverb helps to incorporate two facts in one statement ;

advantages.

Making up of Adverbial Phrases

132

CLASSIFICATION OF ADVERBS.

Classes enumerated

132

The Classification justified in detail..

133

1.-

Place and Direction.

Reasons for making these a separate class..

133

II.-Time.

Grounds for separate classification...

133

III.Degree or Measure.

Peculiar action of these ; imitated by Adverbs of Quality ....... 134

IV.-Affirmation and Denial.

The distinction important : how expressed

135

Negation under the guise of Affirmation...

136

V.Manner or Quality.

The great mass of Adverbs ; not farther sub-divided.....

136

Cause given chiefly by phrases ; might be classed apart.........

THE PREPOSITION.

Classification not on grammatical grounds ; its purpose and form 137

Prepositions originally assigned the Direction of action..

of the most common and vague : usage discussed ..

138

‘Of' now expresses object or end oftener than source (primary

idea)

139

Indiscriminate use : cases. Of' might often be dropped ....... 140

THE CONJUNCTION.

The classification a help to the meanings and uses..

142

Special delicacies and liability to error. AND.....

Presence and omission of 'and' variously significant.

143

OR. Frequently vague and ambiguous.....

144

Used for and'. Verbal and real alternation..

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