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those who have so gallantly opened the patam, and the destruction of a treachercareer of glory to their countrymen. And it lous foe. The victory there was exclucannot be entertained as any material objec. sively our own, and might in its effects be tion to resorting to voluntary zeal for the considered as having placed the British augmentation of force which is now in ques. interests in that country in a state of pertion, that to żeal of the same description manent security. Great praise was due we are indebted for the preservation of the to the governor-general in council, and internal peace of this kingdom. That to the commanders in chief, for their vigivoluntary zeal has saved Ireland to this lance and cordial co-operation during that kingdom and to herself: and I doubt not short but severe coniest. He then dethat the same zeal, if permitted to exert scribed in strong colours the unwearied itself, will restore Holland to her alliance efforts of sir Sidney Smith, in resisting with this empire, in restoring her to her and ultimately defeating Bonaparte's surank among the nations of the world. perior force in Egypt, yet our successes Impressed with these sentiments, I beg did not stop there: we could not but apo leave to second the Address.
plaud the first operations and progress of The Address was agreed to nem. diss. the grand armament in Holland; to the
naval talents of a Mitchell we were in. The King's Answer to the Lords Ad- debted for collecting a numerous fleet in dress. To the Address of the Lords, a dangerous sea during two successive his Majesty returned this Answer: and severe storms. To his judicious ar
“ My Lords ;-I receive with great rangements we owed the surrender of pleasure this very dutiful and loyal Ad. that feet which, under the usurped domidress. The sentiments which you express nion of France, was destined to co-opeare conformable to the whole tenor of rate in the invasion of these islands Nor your conduct; and if the rapid improve ought we to forget how essentially our brave ment of our situation and prospects should army had contributed to this last success: lead, as I trust it will, to ultimate success they had obtained for us the dominion, by in this just cause, I shall ever acknow the possession of Helder: for them was reledge, with pride and satisfaction, how served the glory of taking those forts and much, under the favour of Providence, this batteries which had hitherto been consiissue must be ascribed to the energy and dered as impregnable. If such had been wisdom manifested by my two Houses of the important advantages already, obtainParliament throughout every period of ed, could
we hesitate a moment to improve this arduous contest.”
them? The naval force of that enemy
was no longer at their command; with its Debate in the Commons on the Address usurpers we had now only to contend on of Thanks.) His Majesty's Speech having shore. Surely, then, our military force been read,
in that quarter ought to be strengthened Mr. Shaw Lefevre rose to move an Ad by all possible means; fortunately for us, dress to his Majesty; and after express those means were at hand. The mode of ing his inability to do justice to the aceomplishing an object '80 essential was great achievements which had taken place adopted at the close of the last session. since the opening of the campaign, he But the het then passed, our vast militia observed he had at least the satisfaction of force, however necessary at a former peknowing, that exploits so glorious required riod of the war, was becoming daily less no eloquence to enhance their value. He and less 80, and the country was burthenthen described the gallant efforts of the ed with an army of defence, while its rearchduke, the successes of marshal Su-gular forces could scarce be recruited on warrow, and the essential services of cap- any terms. The act alluded to was adtain Trowbridge in the territory of Naples; mirably framed for giving relief in both and to all these collectively we might these difficulties--by reducing that defenascribe the deliverance of Italy from the sive force, and at the same time converting degrading yoke of France But, important it into an army ready for offensive service as this deliverance us to the general within any part of Europe. If such had interests of Europe, it had been equalled, been the benefits arising from this act, if not surpassed, in another quarter of why not avail ourselves of them to a farthe globe, by a series of conquests won by ther exent? The formidable defensive our own armg--the entire defeat of Tip- array of the country increased within à poo Sultæun's army, the captareof Seringa- short period to bach an honqurable extent,
rendered it unnecessary to keep up a, motely, to that great object of his majesty's greater body of militia than its original paternal care and solicitude, a safe and number. Why, then, not convert all honourable peace. The means of effectu. above that number into troops of the ally obtaining this great object would be, line (with their own free consent, and for by a vigorous prosecution of the war, and a limited service), and thus at once create by convincing the enemy, that we were a well disciplined, disposable army, ready determined to carry it on, as long as their for all European service, and zealous to obstinacy and folly should render it neshare the glory of their gallant comrades? cessary. He concluded with congratulating the Thé Address was agreed to. House on the prosperous state of our public credit, our revenue, and our com- The King's Answer to the Commons merce. Surely the enjoyment of these Address.] To the Address of the Comblessings was of itself an encouragement mons, his Majesty returned this Answer: to persevere in the same line of conduct “ Gentlemen; I return you my partiwhich had obtained them for us. Much, cular thanks for this dutiful address. I on all these accounts, we owed to the receive with the highest satisfaction your firmness and vigour of parliament-much congratulations on the happy improveto the wisdom and energy of his majesty's ment of our affairs, which I shall ever councils-much to the solid good sense principally ascribe, under the blessing of of the nation at large ; but the main pil- Providence, to the wisdom, perseverance, lars of our prosperity and salvation had and spirit of my parliament, guiding and been, and ever must be, attachment to animating the efforts of a brave and loyal our country, loyalty to our king, and de- people, in support of their dearest intervotion to our God! May that God still ests. go forth with our fleets and armies, and continue to bless us with victory and suc- Copies of the Treaties with Russia.] cess. The hon. gentleman then moved Sept. 26. The following Treaties were an address, which was an echo of the laid before both Houses, by his Majesty's speech from the throne.
command : Colonel Elford rose to second the Address. He said, that in considering the PROVISIONAL Treaty between his Majesty propriety of a farther reduction of the mili- the King of Great Britain and his Maiia forces, with a view to increase the power
jesty the Emperor of all the Russias. of prosecuting our late successes, it was
Done at Saint Petersburgh, the 29th-18th
December 1798. impossible not to advert to the advantages which have already accrued from the vo- In the name of the Most Holy and Indiluntary services of that body. When his visible Trinity. Ilis majesty the king of majesty was empowered to accept of the all the Russias, in consequence of the alliance offer made by many militia
corps to serve in and friendship subsisting between them, beIreland, much was said of the attack that ing desirous to enter into a concert of mea was made on the constitutional force of the sures, such as may contribute in the most ef. country, and many predictions and asser- ficacious manner to oppose the suécesses of tions were made, that the ruin of that body the French arms, and the extension of the would be the inevitable consequence of principles of anarchy, and to bring about a the measure. He believed the warmest solid peace, together with the re-establishwell-wishers of that measure had never
ment of the balance of Europe, have judged been absurd enough to assert that no in- it worthy their most serious consideration and conveniences would attend the adoption reduce France within its former limits, as
earnest solicitude to endeavour, if possible, to of it; but where was to be found any they subsisted before the revolution. great political operation, in which all the They have in consequence agreed to con benefits were on one side, and all the evils clude a provisional treaty, and for this puron the other? The advantages which had pose they have named as their plenipoten. arisen from sending regiments of the Bri- tiaries, namely, his majesty the king of Great tish militia to Ireland were beyond all Britain, sir
Charles Whitworth, knight of the calculation. Of the general prosperity of Bath, his envoy extraordinary and minister the country, it was unnecessary for him plenipotentiary at the imperial court of Rusto speak in addition to what had already Russias, the chancellor prince Bezborodko, a
sia; and his majesty the emperor of all the been said. He trusted that our successes privy councillor, director general of the posts, would warrant us in looking, not very re- senator, and knight of the orders of Saint Andrew, of Saint Alexander Newsky, of Saint and most urgent expenses, 225,000l. sterling, Anne, and grand cross of those of Saint John dividing the payments in such manner as that of Jerusalem, and of Saint Vladimir, of the 75,0001. sterling should be paid as soon as first class; the Sieur Kotschoubey, vice chan- those troops shall have passed the Russian cellor, privy councillor and chamberlain, frontiers ; that the second payment, amountknight of the order of Saint Alexander ing to the same sum, should be made on the Newsky, and grand cross of that of Saint expiration of the first three months, and on Vladimir, of the second class; the Sieur the commencement of the fourth; and that Rostopsin, a privy councillor, member of the the third payment, completing the sum total, college for foreign affairs, knight of the order should be made in like manner, after three of Saint Alexander Newsky, and of that of months and on the beginning of the seventh. Saint Anne, of the first class; who, after 2. His majesty the king of Great Britain enhaving reciprocally communicated their full gages also to furnish to his majesty the em. powers, have concluded and agreed upon the peror of all the Russias, a subsidy of 75,0001. following articles :
sterling per month, to be computed from the Art. 1. The two contracting powers, in the day on which the corps of troops above menintention of inducing the king of Prussia to tioned shall pass the Russian frontiers. This take an active part in the war against the subsidy shall be paid at the commencement common enemy, propose to employ all their of each month, and being destined for the apendeavours to obtain that end. Immediately pointments and maintenance of the troops, on his Prussian majesty's consenting to this it shall be continued during the space of measure, his imperial majesty of all the Rus- twelvemonths, unless peace should be made sias is ready to afford him a succour of land sooner. 3. The two high contracting parties, forces, and he destines for that purpose, besides, shall come to an understanding, be45,000 men, infantry and cavalry, with the fore the expiration of the term of a year above necessary artillery, upon the following condi- specified, whether, in case the war should not tions.
be terminated, the subsidy above mentioned Art. 2. This body of troops shall be put in shall be continued. motion as soon as the high contracting parties Art. 5. The two high contracting parties shall be assured of the determination of his engage not to make either peace or armistice, Prussian majesty being conformable to what without including each other, and without has been before stated. With regard to the concerting with each other. But if, through farther movements of this corps, and its com- any unforeseen events, his Britannic majesty bined operations with the Prussian troops, his should be under the necessity of terminating majesty the emperor of all the Russias will ar- the war, and thereby of discontinuing the range them with his majesty the king of Prus- payment of the subsidy before the expiration sia, and communication shall also be made of of the twelve months above stipulated, he enthem to his Britannic majesty, in order that gages, in that case, to pay three months adby such a concert between the high allies, the vance of the subsidy agreed upon, of 75,0001. military operations against the enemy may be sterling, reckoning from the day on which made with the greater success, and that the the information shall be received by the geobject which is proposed may the more easily neral commanding the Russian troops. be attained.
Art. 6. In like manner, if any aggression Art. 3. In order to facilitate to his majesty on Russia should take place, by which his mathe emperor of all the Russias the means to jesty the emperor should be obliged to recall take such an active part in the present war his army into his own dominions, the aboveagainst the French, his Britannic majesty en- mentioned subsidy shall in such case only be gages to furnish the pecuniary succours here- paid up to the day on which the army shall inafter specified; bis imperial majesty of all re-enter the Russian frontiers. the Russias nevertheless reserving to himself Art. 7. His majesty the emperor of all the the right to recall the aforesaid body of troops Russias shall come to an understanding with into his own territories, if by any unforeseen his ally, his majesty the king of Prussia, reevent the whole of this pecuniary succour specting all the other expenses which this should not be furnished him.
corps of troops and its operations may require. Art. 4. The amount and the nature of these His Britannic majesty shall take no farther pecuniary succours have been fixed and regu- share in those expenses than the sum of lated upon the following fooling : 1. In order 37,5001. sterling per month, during all the to enable his imperial majesty of all the Rus- time that the above-mentioned troops shall be sias to expedite as soon as possible, and in the employed, by virtue of this treaty, for the most convenient manner, the troops destined common cause. That sun shall be advanced to be employed in favour of the good cause, by his majesty the emperor of all the Russias ; his majesty the king of Great Britain en- but his Britannic majesty acknowledgesit as a gages, as soon as he shall receive advice that debt due by Great Britain to Russia, which he the Russian troops, in consequence of the will discharge after the conclusion of a peace determination of his majesty the king of Prus- made by mutual agreement. The mode and sia, are to march, in order to co-operate with dates of the payment shall be settled by muthose of his said majesty, to pay, for the first tual concert, according to the reciprocal con(VOL. XXXIV.]
[4F] venience of the iwo allied powers.
Art. 8. The above-mentioned subsidies shall | system of neutrality, the two high contracting in this manner be considered as a sufficient parties, in order to neglect nothing on their succour for all the expenses, including those part which may contribute to the success of which may be necessary for the return of the the good cause, have resolved that the said Russian army.
body of 45,000 men, originally destined to Art. 9. This treaty shall be considered as second the hostile demonstrations of Prussia provisional; and its execution, as it has been against France, shall be equally employed stated above, shall not take place until his ma. against the common enemy in whatever other jesty the king of Prussia shall be determined quarter their majesties may judge it to be to turn his forces against the common enemy; most advantageous to their common operabut in case he should not do so, the two high rations. For this purpose the plenipoten. contracting parties reserve to themselves the tiaries of their said royal and imperial maright and the power to take, for the good of jesties have signed the present declaration, their affairs, and the success of the salutary which is to be considered as forming a part of end they have in view, other measures ana. the provisional treaty abovementioned, conlogous to the times and circumstances, and cluded between the two courts the 29th-18th to agree then upon those which in such a case December, 1798. they shall judge to be most necessary, adopt- Done at St. Petersburgh, this 29th-18th ing always as a basis (inasmuch as it shall be June, 1799. compatible) the stipulations of the present
(L. S.) Chs. WHITWORTH treaty. His imperial majesty of all the Rus
(L. S.) LE COMTE DE KotSCHOUBEY sias, in order nevertheless to give a 'still more
(L. S.) LE COMTE DE ROSTOPSIN. striking proof of his sincere dispositions, and of his desire to be as much as possible useful
CONVENTION between his Majesty the king to his allies, promises to put, during the
of Great Britain, and his Majesty the course of the negotiation with his Prussian
emperor of all the Russias, done at St. majesty, and even previous to its termination,
Petersburgh, the 22d-11th of June, 1799. the above-mentioned corps of 45,000 men, In the name of the most holy and indivi. upon such a footing, that they may imme- sible Trinity. His majesty the king of Great diately be employed wherever, according to a Britain, and his majesty the emperor of all previous concert amongst the allies, the uti- the Russias, in consequence of the friendship lity of the common cause shall require. and the ties of intimate alliance which exist
Art. 10. The present provisional treaty shall between them, and of their common and sinbe ratified by his Britannic majesty and his cere co-operation in the present war against imperial majesty of all the Russias, and the the French, having constantly in their
view ratifications shall be exchanged here in the to use every means in their power most efspace of two months, to be computed from the fectually to distress the enemy, have judged day of the signature, or sooner, if it can be that the expulsion of the French from the done.
Seven united provinces, and the deliverance In witness whereof, we, the under-signed, of the latter from the yoke under which they
furnished with the full powers of his ma- have so long groaned, were objects worthy jesty the king of Great Britain and the of their particular consideration; and wishing emperor of all the Russias, have in their at the same time to give effect, as far as posnames signed the present treaty, and sible, to a design of that importance, their have affixed the seals of our arms thereto. | said majesties have resolved to conclude with Done at Saint Petersburgh, the 29-18th each other a convention relative to this plan, December, 1798.
and to the most proper means for carrying it (L. S.) Cuas. WHITWORTH. into the most speedy execution. For this (L. S.) Are. Pct. de BEZBORODKO. purpose they have named as their plenipo(L. S.) KOTSCHOUBEY.
tentiaries, to wit, his majesty the king of (L. S.) RoSTOPSIN.
Great Britain, sir Charles Whitworth, his DECLARATION.
envoy 'extraordinary and 'minister plenipo
tentiary to the imperial court of Russia, knight "By the provisional treaty concluded be- of the order of the Bath; and his majesty the tween his majesty the king of Great Britain, emperor of all the Russias, the count of Kotand his majesty the emperor of all the Russias, schoubey,his vice-chancellor,actual privy counthe 29th-18th December, 1798, it is stipu- cillor, actual chamberlain, knight of the order lated that the body of 45,000 men furnished of saint Alexander Newsky, commander of by his said imperial majesty for the support that of Saint John of Jerusalem, and Great of the common cause, should be employed in Cross of the order of Vladimir, of the second co-operating with the troops of his Prussian class; and the count of Rostopsin, his actual majesty, if that sovereigu should be induced privy councillor, member of the college of to join his forces to those of their majesties; foreign affairs, director general of the posts, but the endeavours which their royal and im- knight of the order of Saint Alexander Newsky perial majesties have employed for this pur- and of Saint Anne, of the first class, Great pose having been unsuccessful, and that Chancellor and Great Cross of that of Saint pripce persisting in his adherence to his John of Jerusalem; who, after having reci. procally communicated to each other their ment, completing the sum total of 88,0001. full powers, have agreed upon the following sterling, shall take place three months afterarticles :
wards, and at the commencement of the Art. 1. His majesty the king of Great Bri. fourth: 2. His majesty the king of Great tain, thinking that the object above an. Britain
engages, in like manner, to furnish nounced cannot be better attained than by to his majesty the emperor of all the Russias, the aid of a body of Russian troops, his im- a subsidy of 44,000l. sterling per month, tú perial majesty, notwithstanding the efforts be computed from the day on which the which he has already made, and the difficul. above-mentioned corps of troops shall be ties of his employing an additional body of ready. This subsidy shall be paid at the forces, to act at a distance from his dominions, commencement of each month, and destined has nevertheless, in consequence of his con- for the appointments and the entertainment stant solicitude in favour of the good cause, of the troops; it shall be continued until they consented to furnish seventeen battalions of shall return into Russian ports, in English or infantry, two companies of artillery, one other vessels, freighted by his Britannic macompany of pioneers, and one squadron of jesty. hussars, making in all 17,593 men, to be des- Art. 5. If this corps of Russian troops tined for the said expedition to Holland; but should meet with difficulties in procuring, as that number of troops, according to the during the expedition to which it is destined, plan proposed by his Britannic majesty, is not or in case of its wintering as shall be heresufficient, and as it has been judged that after mentioned, in England, or during the 80,000 men would be necessary for that pur- voyages it shall have to make, its necespose, his said majesty will, on his side, fur saiy subsistence, by means of the mear nish' 13,000 men of English troops, or, at sures which the Russian commanders or least, 8,000 men, if that smaller number commissaries may take for that purpose, his should be deemed sufficient; and amongst Britannic majesty, upon the requisition of whom there shall be a proportion of cavalry the minister of his majesty the emperor of all sufficient for the services of such an army. the Russias, residing at his court, shall fure
Art. 2. This corps of troops, of 17,593 men, nish whatever may be necessary to the Rustogether with the necessary artillery, shali sian troops; and an exact account shall assemble at Revel, in order that they may be kept of all the provisions and other be from thence conveyed to their destination, articles so delivered, in order that their either in English or other vessels freighted by value may be afterwards deducted from the his Britannic majesty.
subsidy; such provisions and other articles Art. 3. In order to enable his majesty the being valued at the price paid for them by emperor of all the Russias to afford to the his majesty, for his own troops. common cause this additional and efficacious Art. 6. As the transport of the horses nesuccour, his majesty the king of Great Britain cessary for the officers, the artillery, and the engages to furnish the undermentioned sub- baggage, would require a great many vessels, sidies, upon the condition that his imperial and as that arrangement would lead to many majesty of all the Russias shall have a right other inconveniencies, and more particularly to recall into his dominions the above-men. to that of a delay prejudicial to the abovetioned corps of troops, if, through any unfore- mentioned expedition, his Britannic majesty, seen events, such subsidies should not be re- engages to furnish, at his own expense, the gularly furnished to him.
necessary number of horses, according to the Art. 4. The amount and the nature of those statement which shall be delivered, and to pecuniary succours have been settled and re- have them conveyed to the place where the gulated in the following manner: 1. In Russian troops are to act; his said majesty order to enable his imperial majesty to as. will, in like manner, maintain them at his semble and expedite this corps, as soon and own expense, during the whole time that as well equipped as possible, his majesty the those troops shall be employed, aud until they king of Great Britain engages, as soon as he shall be re-embarked, in order to return to shall receive advice that the above-mentioned the ports of Russia ; his Britannic majesty troops have reached the place of their ren. will then dispose of them in such manner as dezvous, that is to say, at Revel, and that it he shall judge proper. shall be declared that they are ready to em- Art. 7. In case that the Russian troops, bark (whether the transports be arrived or after having terminated in Holland the pronot) to pay for the first and most urgent ex- jected expedition, or in consequence of its penses, the sum of 88,000l. sterling, dividing being deferred, through any unforeseen cirthe payments into two parts; (to wit) that cumstances, should not be able to return into 44,0001. be paid immediately after it shall the ports of his imperial majesty, during the have been declared, either by the commander favourable season, his majesty the king of in chief of that corps to the English com- Great Britain engages to receive them into missary, or by the minister of his imperial his dominions, to provide them there with majesty to the minister of his Britannic ma- good quarters, and all other advantages, until jesty resident at Saint Petersburgh, that the the troops shall be able to return on the opensaid corps is ready, and that the second pay. ing of the navigation, or shall be employed