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upon some other destination, which shall be Separate Article.-1.-Although it be previously settled between their royal and im- stated in Art. 2 of the Convention concluded perial majesties.
this day. That the corps of Russian troops Art. 8. As the principal object of the em- forming 17,593 men, destined for the expedi. ployment of this corps of troops is a sudden tion to Holland, shall be conveyed to its desti, attack to be made on Holland, by means of nation in English, or other vessels, freighted which his Britannic majesty hopes to produce by his majesty the king of Great Britain ; nethere a favourable change; as, besides, no vertheless, in order so much the more to faci. fixed term for the continuance of the subsi- litate this important enterprise, his majesty the dies stipulated, whilst, on the other hand, the emperor of all the Russias consents to furnish said troops, after their return to Russia, must six ships, five frigates, and two transport vesbe re-conducted to their ordinary quarters, sels, which being armed en flutes, will receive mostly at a great distance; and as the on board as many troops as they shall be able marches which they will have to make to contain, whilst the remainder of the said will require considerable expenses; his ma- corps shall be embarked on board English, or jesty the king of Great Britain hereby en- other transport vessels, freighted by his Brigages to make good this charge, by a pay- tannic majesty. ment of subsidies for two months, to be com- Art. 2.- Ilis majesty the emperor of all the puted from the day of the arrival of those Russias willlend these ships upon the following troops in Russian ports : In like manner, his conditions : 1. There shall be paid by Engmajesty the emperor of all the Russias, with !and, upon their quitting the portof Cronstadt out fixing any term, reserves to himself the in order to go to the place of rendezvous, riglit of causing the said corps of troops to which is Revel, the sum of 58,927l. 10s. as a return into his dominions, in the spring of the subsidy for the expenses of equipment, &c. next year, 1800, or if any hostile aggression for three months, to be computed from the upon Russia, or any other important event, day, as it is above stated, of their departure should render it'necessary, in these two cases, from Cronstadt: 2. After the expiration of the above-mentioned engagement of his Bri- these three months, his Britannic majesty tannic majesty, concerning the payment of shall continue the same subsidies (that is to two months subsidy, shall equally take place. say) of 19,6424 pounds sterling à month;
Art. 9. As it is understood that the expe- which shall be paid at the commencement of dition to Holland, which has given rise to each month: 3. Independently of this pecuthe present convention, is to be effected in niary succour, his Britannic majesty shall procommon by Russian and English troops, each vide for the subsistence of the crews; and the party shall follow, relative to the employ- officers and sailors shall be treated on the ment and to the command of the troops, li- samne footing as are the English officers and terally the treaty of defensive alliance con- sailors in time of war, and as are the Russian cluded between the two high contracting par- officers and sailors, who are at present in the ties, the 7th-18th February, 1795 : In like squadron of his imperial majesty which is manner, if any difficulties should arise, either united to the English squadron : 4. All these between the commanders of the respective stipulations shall have full and entire effect, forces, or otherwise, which may regard the until the return of the above-mentioned ships above-mentioned troops of his majesty, the and frigates into Russian ports. emperor of all the Russias, the solution of 3. If it should happen, contrary to all exsuch difficulties shall be looked for in the sti. i pectation, that those six ships, five frigates, pulations of the said treaty of the year 1795; and two transport vessels, should not be able or, likewise, in that concluded with the court through some unforeseen event to return to of Vienna, the 3rd-14th July, 1792.
Russia before the close of the present camArt. 10.-The present convention shall be paign, his Britannic majesty engages to adratified by his majesty the king of Great Bri- mit them into the ports of England, where tain and by his majesty the emperor of all the they shall receive every possible assistance, Russias; and the ratification shall be exchan- both for necessary repairs, and for the accomged here in the space of two months, to be modation of the crews and officers. computed from the day of its signature; or 4. As the six ships, five frigates, and two sooner, if it can be done.
transports above-mentioned, having been ori
ginally intended for another destination, were In witness whereof, we the under-signed, furnished with provisions for three months,
furnished with full powers, by his ma- his Britannic majesty, instead of furnishing jesty the king of Great Britain, and by them in kind, as it is stated in the second ar. his majesty the emperor of all the Rus- | ticle, engages to pay, according to an estimate sias, have, in their names, signed the which shall be made, the value of these propresent convention, and have affixed visions. With regard to the officers, his maihereto the seal of our arms. Done at jesty the king of Great Britain will adopt the Saint Petersburgh, the 22nd-11th June same principle as has been followed until the 1799. (L. S.) Chs. WHITWORTH,
present time respecting the officers of the Rus(L. S.) LE COMTE DE KOTSCHOUBEY sian squadron which is joined to the navalforces (L. S.) LE COMTE DE ROSTOPSIN, of England; that shall serve as rule for in.
demnifying them for the preparations which fairs, of the marine, and of commerce, knight they may have made for the campaign, such of the order of the golden fleece, who after as it had been originally intended to take having communicated and exchanged their place. This separate article shall be consi- respective full powers, have agreed to the fol. dered as forming part of the Convention lowing articles. above-mentioned, as being inserted therein Art.-1. The Convention stipulated beword for word; and it shall be ratified and tween their Britannic and Sicilian majesties, the ratification exchanged, in the same in the year 1793, shall serve as a basis to the manner.
present treaty; in consequence the two high In witness whereof, we the under-signed, contracting parties engage to make common furnished with full powers of his majesty to concert together their naval and mili
cause in the present war against France, and the king of Great Britain, and of his majesty the emperor of all the Russias, have tary operations, particularly in the Mediterin their name, signed the present sepa
Art. 2.—The high contracting parties recirate article, and have affixed thereto ihe seal of our arms. Done at Saint Peters- procally guarantee to each other their domi:
nions against the common enemy, and engage burgh this 22nd-11th June, 1799.
not to lay down their arms, unless by common (L. S.) Chas. WHITWORTH. (L. S.) LE COMTE DE KOTSCHOUBEY and full restitution of all the places, towns,
consent, without having obtained the entire (L. S.) LE COMTE DE ROSTOPSIN.
and territories which respectively belonged to
them before the commencement of the preCopy of the treaty with the king of the sent war, and of which the enemy may Two Sicilies.] The following Treaty was have taken possession during the course of laid before both Houses by his Majesty's the war. Command :
Art. 3.-In consequence of this mutual en: Treaty Of Alliance between his Majesty gagement, their Britannic and Sicilian majes
and the King of the Two Sicilies, signed ties shall concert, in the most confidential at Naples, the 1st December, 1798.
manner, on the military and naval operations
which the ministers of the two powers, resiHis majesty the king of Great Britain, and dent at Naples shall think it expedient to unhis majesty the king of the two Sicilies, seeing dertake, as well as on the employment of the that the peace which they had endeavoured naval and military force which may be apto restore to Italy has only furnished an op- pointed to such service. portunity to the persons exercising the pow- Art. 4.-With this view his Britannic maers of government in France to extend their jesty engages to keep in the Mediterranean conquests still further, to the destruction of sea until a peace, and as long as the danger of all moral and political order; and seeing from the Two Sicilies, and the operations against thence the danger which awaits all other law- the common enemy shall requireit
, a fleet of ful governments, from the design openly ma- ships of war decidedly superior to that of the nifested of subjecting all Italy to the same enemy, in order to provide by that means for spirit of disorder and anarchy; have thought the safety of the dominions of his Sicilian mait expedient to renew the connexion which jesty. had been formed between them by the Con- Art. 5.--All the ports of the Two Sicilies vention of the 12th July 1793 ; and to unite shall be open to the squadron of his Britannic by a strict alliance, the forces and means majesty, without any exception or restriction 'which are at their disposal, in order to oppose whatsoever; and his Sicilian majesty proa solid barrier against the danger with which mises to grant to it the most ample power of they are threatened from an unbounded am providing itself in his dominions with every bition; and in order to provide for the future thing which it may require, both in respect to defence and security of their people, and naval and military stores and to provisions. the restoration of moral and public order in For which purpose his Britannic majesty will Italy.
appointa commissary to superintend the deIn consequence their Britannic and Sicilian tails of such supplies, and the Neapolitan gomajesties have authorized their respective ple- vernment will grant him every assistance to nipotentionaries:(that is to say) his Britannic enable him to acquire them at current and majesty, sir William Hamilton, one of his moderate prices. majesty's most honourable privy council, Art. 6.-His majesty the king of the Two knight of the order of the Bath, his majesty's Sicilies will join to the squadron of his Brienvoy extraordinary and minister plenipoten tannic majesty four ships of the line, four fri. tiary to his said Sicilian majesty; and his gates, and four small ships of war, in order Sicilian majesty, the most illustrious and most that they may be employed in concert with excellent lord Martin Mastrilli marquis of it. But if the two powers should prefer, for Gallo, of the dukes of Marigliano, his gentle the success of their operations, to employ a man of the chamber, knight of the royal or greater number of small vessels in the room der of St. Januarius, his councillor and secre- of the ships, his Sicilian majesty promises to Lary of state for the department of foreign af. substitute in the place of his above-mentioned
contingent, a number of gun boats and bomb | merce equally useful to the subjects of both ketches, and other small armed vessels in pro- countries. portion to the ships which it shall be agreed shall be ratified by the high contracting
Art. 7:—His Sicilian majesty also engages ties, and the ratifications thereof shall be exto recruit the squadron of his Britannic ma- changed in due form at Naples in the space of jesty, with such a number of sailors as it shall three months, or soonerif it can be done, to be require, to the amount of three thousand sai- computed from the day of the signature of the lors, provided that they be put upon the same present act. footing as English sailors on board the said
In witness whereof, we the under-signed squadron of his Britannic majesty, both as to furnished with full powers by our respecbounty money on their entering, and to pay,
tive sovereigns have signed the present during their continuance in his service; and also as to all other advantages and profits en
treaty of alliance, and have affixed
thereto the seal of our arms. Done at joyed by the English sailors on board the said squadron. The sailors furnished by his Sici
Naples, the 1st of December 1798. lian majesty shall not be employed out of the
(L. S.) William HAMILTON. Mediterranean sea, nor engaged for a longer
(L. S.) Martini MĄSTRIKI, period than that of the continuance of the
MARQUIS DE GALLO. present war.
Art. 8.--The ships of war, of the two con- Vote of Thanks to Sir Ralph Aber. tracting powers, employed to act as convoys cromby, Admiral Mitchell, and Sir Sidney to the merchantmen of their respective na Smith, &c.] Sep. 26. On the motion of tions, shall indiscriminately take under their Mr. Secretary Dundas, the House reconvoy and protection the merchantmen of either, which may have the same destina- solved, nem. con.-1. “ That the thanks tion.
of this House be given to lieutenant geneArt. 9.-During the present war the ports ral sir Ralph Abercromby, knight of the of the two Sicilies shall be shut against all Bath, for the distinguished gallantry and French ships, either of war or trade, and his ability with which he effected his landing Sicilian majesty will prohibit his subjects on the Dutch coast, and established his from all trade with France of any kind what position in the face of a powerful enemy;
He will not permit the vessels of and, by securing the command of the prin: other nations to export from his dominions to the ports of France any species of provisions, cipal fort and naval arsenal of the Dutch or of warlike and naval stores.
republic, afforded to his majesty's fleet the Art. 10.—The two high contracting parties means of rescuing from the power of the reciprocally engage to procurefor each other, at French the naval force in the Texel. 2. a peace, every advantage and suitable indemni- That the thanks of this House be given to fication: and his Britannic majesty particularly lieut. general sir James Pulteney, baropromises to his Sicilian majestyto take on that net, major generals Francis D’Oyley, occasion a special care of the interests and of Eyre Coote, Harry Burrard, and John the security of the crown of the Two Sicilies, Moore, and to the several officers of the as well as of the tranquillity and welfare of Italy.
army under the command of lieut. general Art. 11,--If in hatred to the present treaty sir Ralph Abercromby, for their late galof alliance, any power whatsoever should de- | lant conduct and meritorious exertions, clare war against one or other of the two high in effecting a landing on the Dutch coast, contracting parties, they mutually engage to and establishing a position in the face of make cominon cause against such power
, un- a powerful enemy, thereby securing the der the same conditions and reciprocal engagements as are contained in the articles of command of the principal fort and naval the present treaty.
arsenal of the Dutch republic, and affordArt. 12.-The two contracting parties re
ing to his majesty's fleet the means of serve to themselves the power of concerting rescuing from the power of the French, with each other, after a common peace, the the naval force in the Texel.' 3. That means of giving to the present alliąuce be. this House doth highly approve of and tween the two powers, a greater extent, and acknowledge the services of the non-comof agrecing upon such articles and arrange- missioned officers and private soldiers of ments as may ensure in future the tranquil- the army serving under the command of lity and defence of their subjects and domi- lieut. general sir Ralph Abercromby, at nions, as well as of settling the mutual suc- the attack of the Helder, on the coast of cours to be furnished by the two powers with a view to obtain that salutary end. Animated by Holland; and that the same be signified the same zeal for the prosperity of their people, to them by the commanders of the several they will likewise conceri upon such articles corps, who are desired to thank them for as may serve as a basis for a treaty of com- their gallant behaviour. 4. That the
thanks of this House be given to vice ad- | importance of this contest: they had, as miral Andrew Mitchell, for the distin- sir Sidney had stated, a nation for specguished skill and perseverance with which tators, who waited the issue of the conin spite of great and unforeseen difficul- flict, in order to determine which party ties, he kept collected, and conducted to they should join. He did not, in his the coast of Holland, the numerous fleet opinion, say too much when he said, that under his command; for the zeal and rea he believed that the safety of the Turkish diness with which he co-operated with the empire depended upon the event of that land forces in their descent upon the contest. He animated the Turkish forces coast of Holland; and for the promptitude by his conduct, and directed them with and ability by which he rescued the naval his skill. He fought at the head of a few force of the Dutch republic from the British seamen, for more than sixty days power of the French. 5. That the thanks in succession, in defending a breach of this House be given to the several cap- against the whole French force, headed tains and officers in the fleet under the by an enterprising general. He freely command of vice admiral Mitchell, for confessed, that he had not got over the their able support of, and co-operation astonishment that he felt when he was with, the land forces, and for their meri- first informed of these circumstances; he torious and successful exertions in rescu- had read the dispatches again and again; ing from the power of the French the na- he had frequently ruminated upon them, val force in the Texel. 6. That this and to this moment he could scarcely conHouse doth highly approve of, and ac-ceive how human exertion could achieve knowledge, the service of the seamen and what he had done. This gallant officer marines on board the ships under the had in the course of his life met with many command of vice admiral Mitchell, in the difficulties, and there was a time when assistance they afforded to the land forces some persons who did not know him in their descent upon the coast of Holo talked lightly of him. To those who land, and for the steadiness and zeal they could talk or think of such an officer as manifested in pursuit of the Dutch Aeet sir Sidney Smith, he would say nothing; within the Zuyder Sea; and that the of- he would leave them to the contempt they ficers commanding the several ships do deserved, and to the remorse they must signify the same to their respective crews, now feel in contemplating the character of and do thank them for their good beha- that officer. He would not say that his viour."
actions on the coast of Egypt were unMr. Secretary Dundas said, he had now rivalled, but he would say, that there never to move the thanks of the House for ser. were any in which there were displayed vices performed in a different quarter by more heroism, more skill, and greater exthat gallant officer sir Sidney Smith. In ertion. He then moved, and it was respeaking upon this subject, he really felt solved, nem. con.,-1. "That the thanks himself at a loss for terms to express his of this House be given to captain sir sentiments upon the conduct of that offi- William Sidney Smith, for the conspicuous cer. It was impossible for a human indi. skill and heroism by which he animated vidual to conceive a situation of more dif. and directed the efforts of the Turkish ficulty and delicacy than that in which sir forces, and of the small number of British S. Smith was placed: and yet, in this situa officers and seamen under his command, ation, he had brought off a very small in their long and successful defence of St. remnant of force, not by a well-conducted John D'Acre, on the coast of Syria, retreat, but with glory, against the whole against the formidable and desperate atpower of the French at St. John D'Acre. tack of the French army under the comIt was now about twelve months since the mand of general Buonaparte. 2. That intelligence arrived of the landing of that the thanks of this House be given to the army on the coast of Egypt, and what the officers belonging to the ships under the general feeling in this country was upon command of captain sir W. S. Smith, for that occasion must be fresh in every man's the great bravery, and unremitted exermind. After many difficulties, the force tions, which they manifested, both on of the enemy was collected for the pur- shore and on board the ships, in the sucpose of making an attack upon St. John cessful defence of Saint John D'Acre, on D'Acre, garrisoned by a small oumber of the coast of Syria, against the formidable Turks, and assisted by a handful of Bri- and desperate attack of the Freuch army tish troops. Nothing could exceed the under the command of general Buonaparte; and that sir W. S. Smith do signify that of decreasing the militia, as far as the same to them. 3. That this House related to the internal defence of the doth highly approve of, and acknowledge, country, was, in point of fact, to increase the services of the seamen and marines a force which might be effectua ly embelonging to the ships under the command ployed by his majesty, in any part where of captain sir W. S. Smith, in the glorious their services might be necessary in facidefence of Saint John D'Acre, against litating the cause in which we were en. the formidable and desperate attack of gaged. He was so far from being desirous the French army under the command of of diminishing any part of the forces of general Buonaparte; and that sir W. S. the kingdom, that his sole object was, to Smith do signify the same to the crews of enable them to act in such a manner as the respective ships and do thank them for the wisdom of his majesty's councils might their good behaviour.”
suggest. There was no individual in the October 4, similar thanks were moved in House, or in the country, who would the House of Lords, and agreed to nem.dis. wish to lessen that regard which was uni.
versally felt for the militia. It was a Militia Volunteers Bill.] Sept. 26. Mr. force which had been long established, Secretary Dundas moved for leave to in- and its utility had been long recognized troduce a bill to enable his majesty to re- by the wisdom of parliament. He meant ceive himself voluntary services of the to leave the militia force of the country militia. As to the principle of the bill, it equal in point of extent to what it was was by no means novel, for in the course of originally recognized by parliament. That the last session he had had occasion to state there had existed a period in the course of it much more at length than he should the present war, when it was necessary feel any necessity for doing upon the pre- to increase that force for the internal de sent occasion. That principle, as he had fence of the kingdom, he admitted. It then explained it, had, in the opinion of had been thought necessary to raise that the House, justified a measure, the ten- force known by the denomination of the dency of which was, not to lessen the Supplementary Militia ; but then it was force of the country, but to employ the to be recollected, that that measure had greater part of it, not only for home de. been brought forward at a time when the fence, but for effectual operations abroad. forces of this country, calculated for of It had been urged, that the government fensive or defensive operations, were ex. of this country had been too rash in ceedingly small, compared with what they adopting a measure which would have were now; that it was at a period too the effect of lessening the military force when the country was threatened with in. of the kingdom; but he was yet to vasion by its old and inveterate enemies; learn how it could be lessening the force but for some time past the necessity of so of the country, to employ the greater large a defensive force had been gradually part of it beyond the circle of the island : wearing away; particularly by the suche considered that by so doing he was cesses of bis majesty's arms by sea and more effectually securing the safety of the land, and still more so by those meritoriisland, than by suffering that force to re- ous excrtions which the zeal and loyalty main inactive at home; he was yet to of the people of this country had produced learn how employing our forces against in defence of their king, their constituan eneny's country, instead of confining tion, their laws, and their religion. them to our own, was lessening our inter- force raised by that zeal and loyalty, nal security. When he introduced the could only be supposed to have for its former bill last session, he did not pretend more immediate object the protection to point out the particular places against and defence of the capital of the Briwhich the efforts of our forces should be tish empire. Under these circumstances, directed; but he had no hesitation in therefore, adverting to the internal safety saying, that in case the object of the of the country on the one hand, and to allied powers should be the deliverance of the unexampled successes obtained by his Holland, that it would be for the interest majesty's arms on the otlier, he should of this country to entrust, to the enter- conclude with moving - That leave be prise and good conduct of a British force, given to bring in a bill, for enabling his some expedition between the Texel and majesty to accept the services of an addithe Mediterranean, The object of the tioval number of Volunteers from the Mi. present bill, though it appeared to be litia, under certain Restrictions."