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did he forget his patron Dr. Watts in his will; for he ordered there, that out of the scholarships of his foundation, the two fellowships, which himself had founded in that college, should be supplied, if the candidates should be fit for them. To omit the legacies which he left to the parish of St. Giles, Cripplegate, St. Martin, Ludgate, where he had lived, St. Andrew's, Holborn, St. Saviour's, Southwark, Allhallows, Barking, where he was born, and others; he gave to Pembroke-hall one thousand pounds to purchase lands for two fellowships, and for other uses in that college, expressed in his will; besides three hundred such folio books of his own as were not in the library there, with several other valuable gifts. His humanity extended to every person who conversed with him ; so that he was admired not only by the men of learning and others in this kingdom, but even by foreigners of the greatest eminence, particularly Casaubon, Cluverius, Vossius, who corresponded with him by letters, Grotius, Peter du Moulin, Barclay, the author of the Argenis, and Erpenius, to whom he of fered an annual stipend to read lectures at Cambridge in the oriental tongues, the professors of which he encouraged very liberally, and particularly Mr. Bedwell, to whom he gave the vicarage of Tottenham in Middlesex. His modesty was so remarkable, that though the whole Christian world admired his profound learning, and particularly his knowledge of the eastern languages, Greek, Latin, and many modern languages, he was so far from being elated with the opinion of it, that he often complained of his defects; and when he was preferred to the bishopric of Chichester, and urged his own insufficiency for such a charge, he caused these words of St. Paul, Et ad hæc quis idoneus? i. e. “And who is sufficient for these things ?” to be engraven about his episcopal seal. One instance of his mo. desty mixed with his humanity may be added, that after his chaplains had preached in his chapel before him, he would sometimes privately request them, that he might have a sight of their notes, and encourage them in the kindest terms imaginable,

Nor did he in the highest dignities, which he possessed, remit of his application to study. Even in those days, when it might have been supposed that he would have relaxed from his former diligence, yet from the hour he rose (his private devotions being finished) to the time he was called to dinner, which, by his own order, was not till twelve at noot be interrun

public prors, who atto

thing in

twelve at noon at the soonest, he continued at his studies, and would not be interrupted by any who came to speak to him, or upon any occasion, public prayer excepted So that he would be displeased with scholars, who attempted to speak with him in the morning, and said, that he doubted they were no true scholars who came to speak with him before noon. After dinner for two or three hours space he would willingly pass the time, either in discourse with his guests or other friends, or in dispatch of his own temporal affairs, or of those who by reason of his episcopal jurisdiction attended him. Having discharged which, he returned to his study, where he spent the rest of the afternoon, till bed-time, except some friend engaged him to supper, and then he ate but sparingly.

He had a particular aversion to all public vices, but es. pecially to usury, simony, and sacrilege. He was so far from the first, that when his friends had occasion for such a sum of money as he could assist them with, he lent it to them freely, without expecting any thing in return but the principal. Simony was so detestable to him, that by refusing to admit several persons, whom he suspected to be simoniacally preferred, he suffered much by law-suits, choosing rather to be compelled to admit them by law, than voluntarily to do that which his conscience made a scruple of. With regard to the livings and other preferments which fell in his own gifts, he always bestowed them freely, as we observed above, upon men of merit, without any solicitation. It was no small compliment that king James had so great an awe and veneration for him, as in his presence to refrain from that mirth and levity in which he indulged himself at other times. What opinion lord Clarendon had of him appears from hence, that, in mentioning the death of Dr. Bancroft, archbishop of Canterbury, he remarks, that “if he had been succeeded by bishop Andrews, or any man who understood and loved

the church, that infection would easily have been kept out . which could not afterwards be so easily expelled.” Our

great poet Milton thought him worthy of his pen, and wrote a Latin elegy on his death.

In conversation, bishop Andrews discovered a facetious turn, which was not more agreeable to his private friends than to his royal master James, who frequently conversed very freely with the learned men of his court. In all previous accounts of the bishop, a story to this purpose bas

simon to admit seve was so detesta

been told, from the life of Waller, which we shall not supa press, although the latter part of it is but a sorry répartee on the part of the monarch.--Mr. Waller having been chosen into the last parliament of king James l. in which he served as burgess for Agmondesham in Buckinghamshire, and that parliament being dissolved, on the day of its dissolution he went out of curiosity or respect to see the king at dinner, with whom were our bishop of Winchester, and Dr, Neal, bishop of Durham, standing behind the king's chair. There happened something very extraordinary in the conversation which those prelates had with the king, on which Mr. Waller often reflected. We shall relate it as it is represented in his life. His majesty asked the bishops, “My lords, cannot I take my subjects money when I want it, without all this formality in parliament?". The bishop of Durham readily answered, “ God forbid, sir, but you should; you are the breath of our nostrils.” Whereapon the king turned, and said to the bishop of Winchester, “ Well, my lord, what say you ?". « Sir," replied the bishop, “ I have no skill to judge of parliamentary cases.” The king answered, “No put-offs, my lord; answer me presently.” “ Then, sir," said he, “I think it lawful for you to take my brother Neal's money, for he offers it.” Mr. Waller said the company was pleased with this answer, and the wit of it seemed to affect the king. For a certain lord coming in soon after, his majesty cried out, “ () my lord, they say you LIG with my lady.” “No, sir,” says his lordship in confusion, “ bút I like her company because she has so much wit.” “Why then," says the king, “ do not you LIG with my lord of Winchester there?"

The works of this learned prelate, which are now best known, are, 1. “A volume of Sermons," London, 1628, and 1631, folio, consisting of ninety-six, upon the fasts, festivals, or on the more important doctrines of Christianity. 2. “ The Moral Law expounded, or Lectures on the Ten Commandments, with nineteen Sermons on prayer,” 1642, fol. 3. “ Collection of posthumous and orphan Lectures delivered at St. Paul's and St. Giles's," London, 1657, fol. These were the most popular of all his productions, and although very exceptionable in point of style, according to the modern criteria of style, they abound in learned and acute remarks, and are by no means so full of pun and quibble, as some writers, from a super



al of Deean

ficial view of them, have reported. His other works were, his “ Manual of Devotions," Gr. and Lat. often reprinted, and translated by dean Stanhope, 12mo; and several Con, ciones ad Clerum, or other occasional sermons preached before the university, and at court-" Responsio ad Apologiam Cardinalis Bellarmini, &c.” 1610, 4to.-" Theological determinations on Usury, Tythes.”-“Responsiones ad Petri Molinæi Epistolas tres." -“ Stricturæ, or a brief Answer to the eighteenth chapter of the first booke of car, dinall Perron's Reply, written in French to king James his Answerwritten by Mr. Casaubon in Latine.”—"An Answer to the twentieth chapter of the fifth book of cardinal Perron's Reply, written in French to king James his Answer, written by Mr. Casaubon to the cardinallin Latine.”—“A Speech delivered in the Starr-chamber against the two Judaicall opinions of Mr. Traske.” The two Judaical opinions advanced by Mr. Traske were, 1. That Christians are bound to abstain from those meats, which the Jews were forbidden in Leviticus. 2. That they are bound to observe the Jewish Sabbath.--"A Speech delivered in the Starr-Chamber concerning Vowes, in the countesse of Shrewesburies case.” This lady was convicted of disobedience, for refusing to answer or be examined, (though she had promised to do it before), alleging, that she had made a solemn vow to the contrary. The design of the bishop's speech is to shew, that such vows were unlawful, and consequently of no force or obligation upon her. These pieces were printed after the author's death at London by Felix Kyngston, in 1629, 4to, and dedicated to king Charles I. by Dr. William Laud bishop of London, and Dr. John Buckridge bishop of Ely.

ANDROMACHUS, a native of the island of Crete, and physician to the emperor Nero, A. D. 65, has been handed down to posterity, as the inventor of a medicine named theriaca, which is now deemed of little use. It however set aside the mithridate, which till then had been held in great esteem. Andromachus wrote the description of his antidote in elegiac verse, which he dedicated to Nero. His son, of the same name, wrote this description in prose. Damocrates turned it into Iambic verse in a poem, which he wrote upon Antidotes. Galen informs us that Andro

1 Biog. Prit, and Addenda, vol. II.-Fuller's Abel Redivivus.-Lloyd and Winstanley's Worthies.-Fuller's Worthies.--Strype's Whitgift, p. 397, 473, 501.-Harrington's Brief View.-Birch's Tillotson, p. 19, 20.-Gutch's Collectanea Curiosa, vol II. p. 19, 20, &c.-Cole's MS Athenæ in Brit. Mus.

machus the father wrote a treatise “ De Medicamentis compositis ad affectus externos," and that he was a man of great learning and eloquence. Erotion dedicated his Lexicon to him, and some writers say he was a good astrologer. He was the first who bore the title of archiater. "

ANDRONICUS, of Rhodes, a peripatetic philosopher, lived at Rome in the time of Cicero, 69 years before the Christian æra. He was the first who made the works of Aristotle known at Rome, which Sylla had brought thither. He had formerly been a professor of philosophy at Athens, but quitted it when the taste for philosophy departed from that city. There is a work, of doubtful authority, ascribed to him, entitled “ Andronici Rhodii et Ethicorum Nịchomacheorum Paraphrasis,” Greek and Latin, Cambridge, 1679, 8vo, a very scarce book, and one of the authors cum notis variorum.” There is, however, a Leyden edition of 1617, which is reckoned more correct. St. Croix, in his “Examen des Historiens d'Alexandre," says that there is a manuscript in the imperial library of Paris, which ascribes this work to Heliodorus of Pruza.

ANDRONICUS, of Thessalonica, was one of the Greek refugees who brought learning into the West in the fifteenth century. He was considered as the ablest professor next to Theodorus Gaza, and, perhaps, he exceeded him in the knowledge of the Greek tongue, for he had read all the authors in that language, and was well skilled in Aristotle's philosophy. He taught at Rome, and lived with cardinal Bessarion. The stipend which was given him was so small, that he was obliged by poverty to depart from Rome; upon this he went to Florence, where he was a professor a long time, and had a vast number of auditors, but upon the expectation of meeting with more generous encouragement in France, he took a journey thither, where he died in 1478, in a very advanced age.

ANDRONICUS, of Cyresthes, a Greek architect, is celebrated for having constructed at Athens the Tower of he Winds, an octagon building, on each of the sides of which was a figure, in sculpture, representing one of the winds. He named them Solanus, Eurus, Auster, Africanus, Favonius, Corus, Septentrio, and Aquilo. On the top of this tower was a small pyramid of marble, which

1 Haller Bibl, Med. Pract.-Gen. Dict. 2 Gen. Dict-Biog. Universelle. Fabric. Bibl. GrinSaxii Onomasticon.

3 Ibid.

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