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In the name of god amen th xvth day of ffebruary in yo yeare of our lord god 1557 I thomas wailes of tinmothe yoman of hoill mynd and p'fect memorie make this my p'sent testament and last will in forme folowing ffirst I gyue & bequieth my soull to god allmightie my maker and redemer & to all ye blessed companye of heaven my bodie to be buried in such place & wheare it shall please god I dep'te frome this mortall lyfe I gyve & bequieth to ye highe alter fore my mysvssed & forgotten tythes ijs & to ye rep'acions of my p'ishe church iijs iiijd Also I gyve to my sarvant will'm fell a Ryged whye and vj shilling & eight pence in mony Also I gyve to my sarvant sebbell bowgham a hassart whye of ye same aige & sex shillings & eight pence in money & to hir sistars Katterine & annes eche of them iij yeards of whit lykwyse to be delyvered assone as it canbe gotten in fulled clothe. Also I gyve to Ellennore kennet vj peice of puder vessel iij dishes & iij sawssers wth a baysson a candlestick a chayre a matres a bowstar a lyne shete a harden shet a happen and a coverlet. Also I gyue to xp'ofor kennet ij youes ij shepe hoges The second of my fetherbeds two shetes a blanket & a coverlet Also I gyue to Will'm Bowghame my Jaket of brod clothe I give to Robart tayler my canvisse dowblet Also I gyue to my wyfes father my blake Gawbartyne y rest of my rament I gyue to my wyfes systers cheldren called Katherin except my bonnet & syluerring wch I gyve to will'm my eldest sonne Also I gyue to s stewen hallyday prest & vicar of standnyngton vj syluer sponnes we my first bedfellow did gyue to me Also I gyue to my wyfe Janet xxti shillings over & besydes hir thirdes Also my will is yt Elizbethe bolame haue a c'ten of my goods to ye valew of xxi shillings if she at any tyme heare after come to requier ye same Also my will is to haue dirge & messe Imediatlye after my death fore yt I gyue vj shillings & eight pence. Also my mynd is to haue a trentall of messes said fore ye health

my sowle & fore yt I gyue a Cowe to be gyven to ye said vicare of stanyngton in whome I haue most confidenc tenne shillings ye rest of all my goods except one ambling meare my debts & funerall expenss discharged I gyue to my iij children Will'm James & Annes whome I mak my hoill & full executors Jontlye & seu'rally of all my goods & cattalls moveable & vnmoveable except also my wyfes thirds to her by ye law dew & accoustomed Also I gyue & maik ye said s steven holliday prest and vicare of standington aforsaid ye suparvisor of this my said last will & testament vnto whom I comit ye gubarnac'on & bringing

vp of my said children & they to be guided by him together with ye goods vnto ye come to lawfull aige and for his deligenc in ye p'miss I gyue vnto him ye said ambling meare being of ye aige of iij yeares over & besydes ye said vj syluer sponnes & most faithful frend s' steauen hollyday I beseche you for christe saik to se this my will & mynd put in execusion whareby I trust ye shall meret thankes of god And also I trust to god yt they shall pray for you in ye celestiall compayney of heaven witnesses heareof s Robart baxter curat nicholas Robeson thomas selbe Raufe Wall wth other mo So is I haue ye kings maiestes seall of ye tythe corne of East chirton wth a surrender to benson by Robert darknell wch ye most deliver to benson or his suitors before my ij yearees beforth for yt I ame bound to him by obligacion wh ye shall resaue at yo delyuere att your handes.


In the name of God the Father Almightye, Amen. The seconde daye of June, in the yere of our Lord a thousand fyve hundreth fyftie and seven. I Jane Lawson of Nesham, within ye countye of Durysme, not knowing ye hour of my deathe, provydethe for my Soule's health, makyng my last will and testamente as followeth : fyrst I forsake this myserable worlde, the pompes, and all the glorye of it, and I gyve wth a free wyll my soule to the Father of Heaven, besechynge him for his great mercy's sake, and for the love of his Sonne Jesus Christe, to have mercy upon me pardon and forgyve me all my synnes that ever I have commytted and done agaynst the goodness of God and all the worlde, which worlde I yet and ever more forsake, and I beseche the Blyssed Virgin Saynte Marye the Mother of Christe, and all the heavenly company in heaven, to praye for me; and I gyve my bodye to the earthe from whence it came, and to be beryed before the high aulter withyn the quyre of Hurworth Church; and also I gyve to the forsayd hyghe aulter one vestemente of blak velvet; and also my will is, that Sir John Fawcett, prest, pray and singe for my soule the space of one holle yere at Hurworth Church; his wages shall be vj'.

1 Daughter of William Lawson, of Cramlington, Esq., and the last Prioress of the Monastery of Nesham. Mr. Surtees has printed this will, III. 264, and has observed that it contains a curious mixture of worldly wealth and religious feeling. It is given here chiefly as a suitable accompaniment to the Inventory of the deceased Prioress, which Mr. Surtees had not seen, and which proves that the Prioress had, after her ejection, become a farmer. She had, however, her domestic chapel, of which some curious particulars may be gathered from the Inventory.

xiij. iiij. Item, I give and bequeathe to Robart Lawson, in the name of his chylde's porcyon, which is in my hands, xlvj'. one fether bedd, with Sheets and all other clothes belonginge to the same, and sexe sylver spones. Item, I gyve to Barbara Midl❜ton vj'. xiijs. iiijd. two kye and ther calfs. and ij kuyes and calfes, or ells they being wth calfs. Item I bequeth to my brother George Lawson, two oxen, two kye, and iij'. vj3. viijd. Item I gyve to Margare Lawson, dowghter to Thomas Lawson, in recompence of all such goods as I had of his in my hands, xxvj'. xiij3. iiijd.; And also my wyll is, that the forsayd Robert Lawson and Margaret Lawson and the goodes, shall be at the order and government of my loving cosinge Henry Lawson unto they come to yers of full age, prayinge him to be specyall good frinde to them at all tymes, as my truste is in him. And also I bequethe to my cosinge Henry Lawson all my interest and ryghte of my lease at Cramelington endureinge my yeres; and also my corn sowen upon tharthe at lytle Burdon with the holle draught of oxen, with other things belonginge thereto husbandrye; and also I give him the best fether bede I have, with th' appurtenances belonginge therto, and six sylver spoones, and a mattresse, two shetts and other clothes belonging unto a bede, for a servante. It'm, I bequithe to my cosinge William Middleton one meare which he will choise, and four oxen, and xx'. and one fether bed with gere belonging thereto. Item, I gyve to my cosinge Edward Lawson xl. Item, I give to Elizabeth Harper vjs. viijd. Item, I bequithe to Margaret Trollope vj3. viijd. Item to Jane Lowyck vj3. viija. To Elizabeth Hewgell vj. viijd. Item, I gyve to my syster Elizabeth xiij. iiijd. Item, to her sone Francis one felye; and I gyve to my syster Annes xiijs. iiijd.; and I gyve to my syster Barbara xiij3. iiija. Item, I gyve to my cosinge George Lawson for a token xx". Item, to Elizabeth Fenwyke iij'. vj. viija Item, to Barbara Kyllyngworthe x3. Item, to Annes Rede xx".; and to his doughter a cowe. Item, to my cosinge Morgayne one whye wth calfe. Item, to my syster Barbara Colingwode two oxon; and to Margaret Colingwode vj3. viijd.; and to Sir Will. Melmerbye, for to praye for my soule, iijs. viijd.; and to Dorate Staynton x3. Item, to Maryon Staynton x3. Item to Allison Morgayn two yowes and their lames: and I gyve to ev'y servante in my house dwelling xijd. Item, I gyve to Mr. Redman's doughter which I helped to christen, xx3. Item to John Kendall xx3.; to Rob'te Barker xx3.; and I gyve to e'vy one of my Godbarnes within Hurworth parish xija. This done, my debts paid and funerall expences maide, I gyve the reste of my goodes not bequested, frelye unto my right trustie

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and wel-beloved cosinge Henry Lawson, whome I ordayne and make my holl executor of this my last will and testament, and he to dispose all things, as my singular trust is in him, to the pleasor of god and the helth of my soul. In wytness herof John Claxton, Sr Will". Melmerby, curat, Sir Robt. Clerke, wth others mor.


This Inventorye maid the xvj daye of Julye in an'o do'i 1557 of all goods cattells Jewells movable and vnmovable of Jane Lawson of nesham diseased and prased by george warde Thomas acres James gayle and John Wylson, and brought in bye henrye Lawson executer of hir last will and testament.

Imprimis xviij acres of whet and rye and xviij acres of ootts xviij. At Nesham xvj acres of whett and rye and xxxiij acres of ootts xxiiij'. xvj oxon xxxij'. xviij kyen xxiiij'. xj styrks v'. a bowlle xxvj. viijd. a horse and a meare v'. a fylle xx. a coulte stage xx3. iiijxx olde sheppe and xl lam'es xv1. ij yron bune waynes wth two cowppes ij ploughes wth temes and yoks & all other gere therto belonginge viij'. Corn in the barn xxvj'. xiij. iiijd. Gesse, swyn doks and bees liijs. iiij. S'ma j‹iijxxiiij'. iij3. iiijd AT LYTLE BURDON xiiij acres of whett and rye and xiiij acres of otts xiiij'. x oxon and iiij stotts xxviij'. ix kye xij'. ix styrks iiij'. a cowlt stagge xx. iijxx yewes and xl lam'es xij'. a meare and a folle iij'. ij bewlles (bulls) xlvj. viijd. a ploughe and a wayne wth all things therto belonginge xl3. In beryed corn (corn thrashed) in the barne viij'-S'ma iiijxxvj1. vj3. viija. AT HINDELL X kye xiij'. vj. viijd. iiij qwyes iiij'. & iij3. iiija. xvij quinters xj'. vj. viij. viij stotts x'. xiij. iiij. A boulle xxvj3. viiija. iijxx & iiij wethers x'. S'ma tot' lj'. vj3. viija. IN THE HALLE ij flanders counters with ther carpetts xx3. ij chares and iij longe fermes iiij. A longe side table iijs. iiij. iij puter basings and a laver vj. viijd. vj candelsticks vj. ij latten basings iij latten lavers wth one cover ij candlesticks a holy waterfatt vj. viijd. One almerye x. vj new quesshings & iij olde quisshings xxiijs. iij stolles and a ferme xviij. S'ma tot' iiij'. xiiij. IN THE KETCHINGE vj brasse potts & ij possenets xliijs, iiijd. iij pan'es and iij cawderons xxxvj. viijd. A paire of musterde stons & v skells & ij soes ijs. viijd. ij brasse chafinge dishes and a frienge pan ijs. viijd. A brasse ladle and a kechinge borde xxijd. A choppinge knyfe and a droppinge pan xvjd. ij paire of cobyrons and ij branderethes viij. iiijd. A paire of rost yrons and iiij spetts vijs. viijd. iij saltinge kyts & ij stone morters ij. vj. A pare of tongs a rakinge croke & a pare of potclips ij. vj. xxiiij pece of puter vessell xx". iij stolles a fleshe

croke & a washinge tobbe xd. A payre of broylinge yrons iiij. S'ma tot' vj1. x'. viij. IN THE BOWTINGE HOWSE AND BREWE HOWSE A moldinge borde and a bowtinge tonne ij3. iiij. A chespresse & a rakinge croke ijs. iiijd. A wynde clothe and a past shett xvj. iij levinge tobbes xiijd. A maske fatte and a trowe ston iiij. iiij. A brewinge lede and a olde pipe xxja. viija. S'ma tot' xxxiij3. IN THE MYLKE HOWSE A yetlinge of brasse & a basinge v3. xd. x mylke bowles & a kyrne iij3. iiijd. A arke and a small lede iiijs. iiijd. A gyllefatt ij wurtt tobbles a kyt & a stande iijs. A chesse borde & a arke for saltte xviij. vj chesfatts ij milke silles & xj butter cuppis ijs. iiij. A gret trowe xijd. S'ma tot' xxj. iiijd. IN THE CHAMFER OUER THE HALL A fetherbed wth all gere therto belonginge iiij'. A fether bed wth all gere therto belonginge liijs. iiijd. A p'sser wth a mattres in it vj3. viij. A quilt & iij blanketts viij. iiijd. v qwesshinge & a happinge xiijs. iiij. ij saye clothes ij3. vja. ij formes ij chares & a lytle cobborde xviijd. S'ma tot' viij'. v. viij. IN MY AUNTS CHAMBRE Two almeries x. A chest & a arke iiijs. vja. ij chares xijd. A morter and a pestell ijs. vjd. A fether bed & a matres wth a gere therto belonging xlvj. viijd. A cobborde clothe and ij chists vij. iiijd. A old blak silke hatt iij. iiij. ix pare of lyne shetts & iiij pare of streakings iiij'. xvj. viijd. `ij alter clothes & a vestement x. ij heckells & a sercer xviijd a challes of silver xxvj. viijd. xxj pece of puter vessell xx3. In napperye xx'. A geatt xijd Certayn beddings for servants xiij.iiijd. S'ma tot' xij'. xvij. xd. IN THE LOWE CHAMER AND CHAPITER A bedde wth all gere thereto belonging xiij3. iiija. A table for a alter & a alter clothe ij. viij. ij fermes & a chaminge stake and kames viijd. A greet trowe and iij beeffe tobbes vijs. viijd. v lyttle barrells & a payre of webaks with the weyght & skalles iij. x. S'ma tot' xxviij3. ija. IN THE GARDENER A borde wth ij trestes & ij temeses ijs. viijd. ix seves & ryddels & j greet bolle iiij3. vja. & saks and ij walletts xiijs. iiija. v small barrells & a old bishel xx. ij showels iiijd. Great maske tobbe iijs. iiijd. a leppe a kyrne iiij chesfatts & a bolle iiij3. iiija. xxx stones of wolle vij'. x. S'ma tot' viij'. xix. ija. IN THE BUTTERYE ij bordes with ther trests & a allmerye viijs. A barrell and ix potts ijs. iiijd. iij stands and a leppe xxa. A bolle weyght a bottell & vij kanes xiiij. Table clothes and other napperye xiijs. iiijd. ij puder salts xvjd. A lether bottell & a puder basinge xx. vj croses iiijd. iiij wodde doblers iiij. S'ma tot' xxxiij. ijd. S'ma tot' of all the goods aforsaid iijc. xlviij'. iiij. xa. Item more a casle of geld [casule of cloth of gold] price viij'.

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