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throw great light upon the comparative prevalence of crime and the general state of society of the north of England, during the period over which it extends.

X. The Meditations of Ughtred, a Monk of Durham, during his solitary life upon Farne Island, in the thirteenth century.

In drawing up the above brief list of inedited Authors or Documents, by way of specimen of the objects contemplated by the Society, Durham alone has been taken into consideration: and even with respect to Durham, there is much unpublished matter not here noticed. When the wide field embraced by the Society is considered, it will be manifest, that there can be no apprehension of a lack of Authors, of equal or superior importance, to engage its notice.

If it should be your wish, as a personal friend of the late Mr. Surtees, or as a favourer of the general cause of Literature, to promote the object we have in view, by becoming a Member of our proposed Society, may I beg leave to hear from you at your earliest convenience to that effect, and to solicit your attendance at Durham on the 27th of May next. If you should be unable to comply with the latter part of my request, any alterations in our proposed Rules, which you may deem it expedient to suggest to me, will be carefully taken into considera


I have the honour to remain,

Your most obedient humble Servant,

Crook Hall, Durham, 28th April, 1834.


RULES, &c.

A MEETING was held at the QUEEN'S HEAD INN, DURHAM, at one o'clock P.M., on TUESDAY, the 27th of May, 1834, JOHN RALPH FENWICK, Esq., M.D., in the Chair, for the Establishment of a LITERARY SOCIETY, to be called


In honour of the late ROBERT SURTEES, of Mainsforth, Esquire, the Author of the History of the County Palatine of Durham, and in accordance with his pursuits and plans; to have for its object the Publication of inedited Manuscripts, illustrative of the intellectual, the moral, the religious, and the social condition of those parts of England and Scotland, included on the East between the Humber and the Frith of Forth, and on the West between the Mersey and the Clyde, a region which constituted the Antient Kingdom of Northumberland. The following Rules were then agreed upon:


I. Shall consist of an unlimited number of Members, out of whom shall be triennially elected a President, twelve Vice-Presidents, two Treasurers, and a Secretary, who shall constitute the Council. Of this number five, including the Secretary and one of the Treasurers, shall be capable of acting as a meeting. The President shall be ineligible a second time until three years shall have elapsed from his departure from the office. The other Members of the Council shall be capable of being re-elected.

II. The Officers of the Society shall be elected at each Third Annual Meeting. Any vacancy which may occur in the Offices of Treasurer or Secretary shall be provisionally filled up by the Council.

III. Those gentlemen who have assented, or do now assent, to the general principle of its proposed Rules and Regulations, and have signified their wish to become Members, shall be deemed original Members of the Society. In the case of persons applied to previously to the 27th of May, by Mr. Raine, at the request of the Preliminary Meeting of the 17th of April, and from whom no answer has been received, the list shall be left open till the first of July next. IV. Subsequent Members shall be elected by Ballot at the Anniversary; each Candidate having been proposed by a Member in a letter, post-paid, addressed to the Secretary, two months before the day of meeting. The Members

present at the Anniversary shall alone be entitled to vote. One black ball in ten shall exclude.

V. Each Member shall pay to the Treasurers an Annual Subscription of two guineas in advance. The sum so raised shall be expended in transcribing and publishing, in a closely-printed octavo form, such inedited Manuscripts as illustrate the intellectual, the moral, the religious, and the social condition of those parts of England and Scotland, included within the above lines of demarcation, from the earliest period to the time of the Restoration,-every thing, in short, which has a tendency to throw light upon the mind, the morals, or the habits of our ancestors. No apartments shall be hired, except for the Annual Meeting. No collection of Books or of any other nature shall be formed. The Subscriptions, and the money arising from the sale of Books under a subsequent Rule, shall be solely devoted to the transcribing of MSS., the expenses of the press, and other incidental expenses.

VI. The Council shall itself supply matter for the press for the first year. Afterwards it shall annually call upon twenty Members, in alphabetical order, for notices of MSS. which they who are applied to would recommend to be printed. These notices shall be sent to the Secretary within a prescribed time, accompanied by the Manuscript itself, or an analysis of its contents. But in no instance shall any Member be applied to by the Council a second time until each Member shall have had an opportunity of recommending a MS. or of waiving his turn.

VII. No MS. shall be sent to the press by the Council, without the sanction of a majority of the Members. In order to obtain this sanction, the Council shall, by their Secretary, transmit to each Member, upon a single sheet, a condensed printed account of the various analyses which have been submitted for consideration. This sheet each Member will return to the Secretary, with a mark in the margin opposite to those MSS. of which he approves the publication. The Council may, if it think fit, point out, as a matter of opinion, such in particular as it approves. The votes of Members, who return no answer, shall be at the disposal of the Council. When there is a deficiency of matter in any year, that deficiency shall be supplied by the Council.

VIII. The expense of transcribing for the press every MS. of which the publication is determined upon, under the above Rules, shall be defrayed by the Society, if the Member by whom it has been proposed should require it.

IX. No matter shall be printed in connection with any MS. save what is necessary for its illustration. A short biographical account of its Author, and brief Notes illustrative of his phraseology, and of the customs and manners and opinions of his time, will be permitted to a reasonable extent, with the modern names of the places which he mentions, and occasional notices of persons who occur in his writings. The Council shall have a discretionary power of rejecting any additions of the contributor which do not, in their opinion, come within these limitations.

X. The number of copies of each publication shall be regulated by the Council. Of these one shall be given to each Member, whose subscription is not in arrear. The rest, of which the Council shall in each case determine the number, shall be sold at the price it shall appoint. The money raised by sale to go to the general fund.

XI. The Armorial Bearings of Mr. Surtees and some other characteristic decoration connecting the Society with his name, shall be used in each publication. These embellishments shall be determined upon by the Council.

XII. The selection of a Printer and Publisher shall be left to the Council. XIII. A List of Officers and Members, with an account of the receipts, expenses, and general proceedings of the Society, shall be annually printed, of an uniform size with its publications, and transmitted to each Member.

XIV. An Anniversary shall be held in Durham, on the second Tuesday in July, in each year, for the regulation of the affairs of the Society. The first

Anniversary to be held on the second Tuesday in July, 1835. The Council shall have the power of calling extraordinary Meetings.

XV. The Society shall be answerable for no expenes which may be incurred at the Anniversary Meetings, save the hire of a Room for the transaction of its business.

XVI. No alterations shall be made in these Rules, except at an Anniversary Meeting. Three months' notice of the alterations proposed shall be submitted to each Member.




Till the 2nd Tuesday in July, 1837, as elected at its Foundation, May 27th, 1834.




REV. W. S. GILLY, D.D., Prebendary of Durham and Vicar of Norham. REV. S. GAMLEN, M.A., Vicar of Heighington.

JAMES HAMILTON, Esq., M.A., Lecturer in Languages in the University of


REV. JOSEPH HUNTER, F.S.A., Sub-Commissioner on the Public Records. DAVID IRVING, Esq., LL.D., Keeper of the Advocate's Library, Edinburgh. REV. JOHN LINGARD, D.D., Hornby.

SIR FREDERICK MADDEN, K.H., Keeper of the Manuscripts in the British Museum.

SIR THOMAS PHILLIPPS, Bart., Middle Hill, Broadway.

ROBERT SOUTHEY, Esq., LL.D., Keswick.

GEORGE TAYLOR, Esq., Willington.

REV. GEORGE TOWNŜEND, M.A., Prebendary of Durham and Vicar of Northallerton.







John Adamson, Esq., F.S.A., &c., Secretary to the Society of Antiquaries of New

castle upon Tyne.

Rev. W. Barnes, M.A., F.S.A., Rector of Richmond, Yorkshire.

William Bentham, Esq., F.S.A., London.

Christopher, Blackett, Esq., Oakwood House, Northumberland.

Edward Blore, Esq., LL.D. F.S.A., London.

The Hon. Sir William Bolland, Knight, one of the Barons of the Court of


Ignatius Bonomi, Esq., Durham.

Beriah Botfield, Esq., Norton Hall, Daventry.

John Bowes, Esq., M.P., Streatlam Castle.

Rev. John Brewster, M. A., Rector of Egglescliffe.

Right Rev. John Briggs, D.D., President of Ushaw College

John Trotter Brockett, Esq., F.S.A., Newcastle.

John Burrell, Esq., Durham.

Rev. C. R. Cameron, M.A., Snedshill, Shropshire.
The Earl of Carlisle.

Sir William Chaytor, Bart., Witton Castle.
Thomas Clennell, Esq., Harbotile Castle.
Lieut.-Col. Cookson, Witton Hall.

James Gibson Craig, Esq., W.S., Edinburgk.

Rev. Anthony Cumby, M.A., Scorton.

The Earl of Darlington, M.P.

Rev. F. A. Faber, M.A., Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford.
John Ralph Fenwick, Esq., Durham.

The Earl Fitzwilliam.

Rev. W. A. Fountaine, M.A., Rector of Middleton St. George.

Joseph Frank, Esq., Stockton.

Sir Francis Freeling, Bart., F.S.A., &c.

Rev. Thomas Gisborne, M.A., Prebendary of Durham.

Rev. Robert Green, M.A., Newcastle.

William Thomas Greenwell, Esq., Ford.

Edwin Guest, Esq., M.A., Fellow of Caius College, Cambridge.

William Charles Harland, Esq., M.P., Sutton.

John Hodgson, Esq., Elswick.

Rev. John Hodgson, F.A.S., M.R.S.L., Hartburn.

Rev. N. J. Hollingsworth, M.A., F.A.S., Rector of Boldon.

Thomas Hopper, Esq., Durham.

Henry Howard, Esq., Corby Castle.

Robert Ingham, Esq., M.P., Westoe.

William Ward Jackson, Esq., Normanby.

George Edwin Ward Jackson, Esq., Normanby.

Michael Jones, Esq., F.S.A., London.

Wm. Lawson, Esq., Brough Hall.

Thomas Mason, Esq., Copt Hewick, Ripon.

Francis Mewburn, Esq., Darlington.

Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, K.H., LL.D., Goodrich Court, Hereford.

William Mills, Esq., Durham.

Lord Milton, M.P.

John Morice, Esq., F.A.S., London.

John Bowyer Nichols, Esq., F.A.S., London.

Rev. George Newby, M.A., Vicar of Stockton.

George Ornsby, Esq., Durham.

William Palmer, Esq., M.A., Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford, and Tutor of Durham University.

Rev. George Peacock, M.A., F.R.S., &c., Fellow and Tutor of Trinity College,


John Pemberton, Esq., Sherburn Hall.

Thomas Surtees Raine, Esq., Hurworth Grange.

Rev. William Raine, M.A., Perpetual Curate of Kirkleavington, Yorkshire.
Crosier Raine, Esq., London.

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