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ished. And so this work has become a most rare and precious depository of the likenesses of things once associated with the person of the Beloved Patriot, and of facts having the same relation. But for it, all semblance of such objects would have passed from the memory of men and been lost forever.

The reader will bear in mind that when persons or things are spoken of in the body of the work, in the present tense, the time is the year 1859, when the collection and arrangement of the materials were first made. The writer revisited Mount Vernon and Arlington House early in 1870, and has added many pages of interesting matter to the original collection, making,it is believed, a complete reliquary of Washington and his Home. He found the aspect of Mount Vernon very little changed. But the beautiful grounds around Arlington House had been converted into a burial place for many thousands of the young men of the Country who perished while striving to save the imperilled life of the Republic.

THE RIDGE,

DOVER, N. Y., April, 1870.

B. J. L.

CONTENTS.

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The Family of Washington's Mother. His Birth....

His Birth-day and Change in the Calendar...........

Home of the Washington Family on the Rappahannock..

Place of Washington's Birth described....

Letters of Washington and Richard Henry Lee, in childhood.
Death of Washington's Father.....

Lawrence Washington. Admiral Vernon..

Lawrence with Admiral Vernon on a Naval Expedition..
Siege of Carthagena; Lawrence Washington at Home..
Lawrence Washington's Mansion. Mount Vernon Estate..
-The first Mansion at Mount Vernon...

The Surroundings of George Washington's Boyhood...
Account of Lord Fairfax's Life and Death......

~Society at Mount Vernon. Young Washington prepares for Sea.......

His Mother interferes, and he returns to School....

Washington's first Love. Temptation and Constancy.

His Early Sports and regular Occupation.....

Experience as a Surveyor and in Wood-craft..

Appointed a public Surveyor. Disposition of his implements..

Washington's Military Genius awakened..............

Lawrence and George Washington in Barbadoes. Lawrence dies...

George inherits Mount Vernon and Paternal Estate...

Conflicting interests of the English and French in America.

Washington, a Virginia Major, performs a Perilous Errand.

Major Washington leads an Expedition against the French..

Washington continued in the Public Service. Commissioned a Colonel. 55

First meeting of Washington and Braddock.....

Washington with Braddock. Battle of the Monongahela.

His Personal Losses. His Errand to Boston....

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Marriage engagement with Martha Custis....

The Young Widow's First Husband. Her Fortune.

The Marriage; its Place and Circumstances....

The Washington Family at Mount Vernon...

Character of Mrs. Washington. Mt. Vernon Estate.

Articles used in the House during Washington's Bachelorhood..

Orders preparatory to the reception of a Wife.......

Articles ordered by Washington as a Husband.

Articles used by a Virginia Lady, in 1760....

Works of Art ordered for the Mt. Vernon Mansion.

Articles used by a Virginia Boy a Century ago

Articles used by a Virginia Girl a Century ago.

Glimpses of Domestic Arrangements at Mt. Vernon.

Washington's daily Life revealed by his Diaries..

Social Enjoyments, Sports and Amusements..

Mrs. Washington's Equipage for the Road.......

Washington's fine Horses. His appearance on Horseback..

The Equestrian Outfit of a Virginia Gentleman..

Aquatic Sports. Social enjoyments abroad...

Washington in the Civil Service. Life at the Capital....

Washington's Home Habits. Industry, Economy and Method..

He writes with a Gold Pen. Keeps a Diary through Life..

His Accounts, Correspondence and attention to his Farm.

Washington as a Farmer. His Table Habits......

The Product of his Farm. Character of his Flour.

The Mount Vernon Wharf..

Shadows of coming Events.....

Washington's long training for the approaching Struggle..

George Mason, his neighbor and Friend....

Washington's Connection with the Church of England..........

The establishment of Pohick Church......

Washington as an Architect and Draughtsman..

Ministers at Pohick Church. Mason L. Weems.

Character and occupation of Weems....

Washington a Vestryman in Alexandria.

Pohick Church in decay.....

The Author's experience in Pohick Church...

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His Military Garments then laid aside......

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136

History of Washington's Battle Sword. Franklin wills him his Cane.. 134

Morris's Poem on the Sword and Cane.....

Washington's Camp Chest and Contents described...

His Accommodations for a Dinner Party at West Point..

Washington's Camp Goblet. History of his Marquee..

His Writing-Desk and its Associations.....

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The Marquee and its Revolutionary Associations...

Its occasional Uses and Usefulness after the War..

History of the Cincinnati Society...

140

141

The Objects of the Society stated..

State Societies. The Order of the Cincinnati..

Description of the jewelled Order presented to Washington.

Description of the Member's Certificate of the Cincinnati..

Washington chosen first President of the Society......

A Merry and Happy Christmas day at Mount Vernon.

Washington's experience of the Happiness of Retirement.

He resumes the old Social Habits of Mount Vernon.

Lafayette expected there. Letter to Madam Lafayette..

Simplicity of Life at Mount Vernon. Open Hospitality.

Enlargement of the House at Mount Vernon...

Description of the Mansion as Washington left it...

Surroundings of the Mansion. Washington his own Architect..

He provides for importing Pavement Stone from England.....

He makes arrangements for the employment of English Mechanics...

He imports the Tools for their use.....

Preparations for Ornamental Planting at Mount Vernon..

Description of the Lawn at the West front of the Mansion..

Description of the arrangement of the Tree-planting.

Account of the Seed and Tool Houses, and Conservatory..

Account of the Tropical and other Plants that survived Washington.

An ancient Sago Palm described and delineated.....

Destruction of Washington's Conservatory by fire. Its Ruins...

Account of the Ice-house and Dry-well at Mt. Vernon..

Description of the Summer House and its Surroundings..

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