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principal seats, over which were galleries. Sently the dog, to his amazement, and that In the course of the entertainment, a den of the whole amphitheatre, found himself was opened, out of which stalked, in free alive, and rose with his nose pointed to and ample range, a most majestic lion; the ground, his tail between his hind legs and, soon after, a fallow deer was let pressing his belly, and, as soon as he was into the circus from another den. The certified of his existence, he made off for deer instantly fled, and bounded round the door in a long trot, through which he the circular space, pursued by the lion; escaped with his inore fortunate compabut the quick and sudden turnings of the nions.* former continually baulked the effort of its pursuer. After this ineffectual chase Another Lion Fight at Vienna. had continued for several minutes, a door O f late years the truth of the accounts was opened, through which the deer es- which have been so long current, respectcaped ; and presently five or six of the ing the generous disposition of the lion, large and fierce Hungarian mastiffs were have been called in question. Several sent in. The lion, at the moment of their travellers, in their accounts of Asia and entrance, was leisurely returning to his Africa, describe him as of a more rapaden, the door of which stood open. The cious and sanguinary disposition than had dogs, which entered behind him, flew to formerly been supposed, although few of wards him in a body, with the utmost them have had the opportunity to make fury, making the amphitheatre ring with him a particular object of their attention. their barkings. When they reached the A circumstance that occurred not long lion, the noble animal stopped, and deli- since in Vienna seems, however, to conperately turned towards them. The dogs firm the more ancient accounts. In the 'instantly retreated a few steps, increasing year 1791, at which period the custom of their vociferations, and the lion slowly baiting wild beasts still existed in that resumed his progress towards his den. city, a combat was to be exhibited beThe dogs again approached; the lion tween a lion and a number of large dogs. turned his head ; his adversaries halted; As soon as the noble animal inade his and this continued until, on his nearing appearance, four large bull-dogs were his den, the dogs separated, and ap- turned loose upon him, three of which, proached him on different sides. The lion however, as soon as they came near him, ihen turned quickly round, like one took fright, and ran away. One only whose dignified patience could brook the had courage to remain, and make the aiharrassment of insolence no longer. The tack. The lion, however, without rising dogs fled far, as if instinctively sensible from the ground upon which he was of the power of wrath they had at length lying, showed him, by a single stroke provoked. One unfortunate dog, how with his paw, how greatly his superior ever, which had approached too near to he was in strength; for the dog was effect his escape, was suddenly seized by instantly stretched motionless on the the paw of the lion; and the piercing ground. The lion drew him towards yells which he sent forth quickly caused him, and laid his fore-paws upon him in his comrades to recede to the door of en- such a manner that only a small part of trance at the opposite site of the area, his body could be seen. Every one imalwhere they stood in a row, barking and gined that the dog was dead, and that yelling in concert with their miserable the lion would soon rise and devour him. associate.
But they were mistaken. The dog began After arresting the struggling and yellto move, and struggled to get loose, which ing prisoner for a short time, the lion the lion permitted him to do. He seenicouched upon him with his forepaws and ed merely to have warned him not to mouth. The struggles of the sufferer grew meddle with him any more; but when feebler and feebler, until at length he be- the dog attempted to run away, and had came perfectly motionless. We all con- already got half over the enclosure, the cluded him to be dead. In this com- lion's indignation seemed to be excited. posed posture of executive justice, the He sprang from the ground, and in two lion remained for at least ten minutes, leaps reached the fugitive, who had just when he majestically rose, and with a got as far as the paling, and was whining elow step entered his den, and disap- to have it opened for him to escape. seared. The apparent corpse continued to lie motionless for a few minutes; pre
• Th. Tines.
The flying animal had called the instinc. extricating the man from him ; but the live propensity of the monarch of the keeper, who was attached to the lion, forest into action : the defenceless enemy begged them not to do it, as he hoped he now excited his pity; for the generous should be able to extricate himselt at a lion stepped a few paces backward, and less expense. For nearly a quarter of an ooked quietly on, while a small door hour, he capitulated with his enraged was opened to let the dog out of the friend, who still would not let go his enclosure.
hold, but shook his mane, lashed his sides This unequivocal trait of generosity with his tail, and rolled his fiery eyes. moved every spectator. A shout of ap- At length the man fell himself unable to plause resounded throughout the assem. sustain the weight of the lion, and yet bly, who had enjoyed a satisfaction of a any serious eitort to extricate himself description far superior to what they had would have been at the immediate hazard expected.
of his life. He therefore desired the greIt is possible that the African lion, nadiers to fire, which they did through when, under the impulse of hunger, he the grate, and killed the lion on the spot; goes out to seek his prey, inay not so but in the same moment, perhaps only often exhibit this magnanimous disposi- lay a convulsive dying grasp, he squeezed tion; for in that case he is compelled by the keeper between his powerful claws imperious necessity to satisfy the cravings with such force, that he broke his arms, of nature ; but when his appetite is sa- ribs, and spine; and they both fell down tiated, he never seeks for prey, nor does dead together.* he ever destroy to gratify a blood-thirsty disposition.*
A Woman killed by a Lion.
In the beginning of the last century, d Man killed by a Lion.
there was in the menagerie at Cassel, a Under the reign of Augustus, king of lion that showed an astonishing degree of Poland and elector of Saxony, a lion tameness towards the woman that had was kept in the menagerie at Dresden, the care of him. This went so far, that between whom and his attendant such the woman, in order to amuse the coma good understanding subsisted, that the pany that came to see the animal, w. uld 'atter used not to lay the food which he ofien rashly place not only her hand, but brought to him before the grate, but car- even her head, between his tremendous ried it into his cage. Generally the man jaws. She had frequently performed this wore a green jacket; and a considerable experiment without suffering any injury; time had elapsed, during which the lion but having once introduced her head into had always appeared very friendly and the lion's mouth, the animal made a sudgrateful whenever he received a visit from den snap, and killed her on the spot. him.
Undoubtedly, this catastrophe was uniaOnce the keeper, having been to church tentional on the part of the lion ; for proto receive the sacrament, had put on a bably at the fatal moment the hair of the black coat, as is usual in that country woman's head irritated the lion's throat, upon such occasions, and he still wore it and compelled him to sneeze or cough; when he gave the lion his dinner. The at least, this supposition seems to be con. unusual appearance of the black coat formed by what followed : for as soon as excited the lion's rage; he leapt at his the lion perceived that he had killed his keeper, and struck his claws into his attendani, the good-tempered, gratetul shoulder. The man spoke to him gently, animal exhibited signs of the deepest me. when the well-known tone of his voice lancholy, laid himself down by the side brought the lion in some degree to recol- of the dead body, which he would not lection. Doubt appeared expressed in suffer to be taken from him, refused to his terrific features ; however, he did not take any food, and in a few days pined quit his hold. An alarm was raised : the himself to death.t . wife and children ran to the place with shrieks of terror. Soon some grenadiers
The Lions in the Tower. of the guard arrived, and offered to shoot
Lions, with other beasts of prey and the animal, as there seemed, in this critical moment, to be no other means of
curious animals presented to the king of England, are committed to the Tower on walked away, from mere disinclination to their arrival, there to remain in the cus- be interfered with, out without the least tody of a keeper especially appointed to expression of resentment, although the that office by letters patent; he has apart- calf continued to follow him. ments for himself, with an allowance of On the 13th of August, 1731, a litter sixpence a day, and a further sixpence of young lions was whelped in the Tower, a day for every lion and leopard. Maits from a lioness and lion whelped there six land says the office was usually filled by years before. In the Gentleman's Magasome person of distinction and quality, zine for February,1739, there is an engravand he instances the appointment of Ros ing of Marco, a lion then in the Tower. bert Marsfield, Esq., in the reign of king On the 6th of April, 1775, a lion was Henry VI.* It appears from the patent landed at the Tower, as a pres
• Zoolog.cal Anecdotes,
landed at the Tower, as a present to his rolls, that in 1382, Richard II. appointed late majesty from Senegal. He was taken John Evesham, one of his valets, keeper
in the woods, out of a snare, by a private of the lions, and one of the valets-at-arms soldier, who, being attacked by two nain the Tower of London, during pleasure. tives that had laid it, killed them both, His predecessor was Robert Bowyer.t and brought away the lion. The king Maitland supposes lions and leopards to ordered his discharge for this act, and bave been the only beasts kept there for
further rewarded him by a pension of many ages, except a white bear and an fifty pounds a year for life. On this fact, elephant in the reign of Henry III. That related in the Gentleman's Magazine for monarch, on the 26th of February, 1256, that year, a correspondent inquires of honoured the sheriff of London with the Mr. Urban whether“ a lion's whelp is following precept :-“ The King to the an equivalent for the lives of two humai. Sheriffs of London, greeting: We command you, that of the farm of our city by another, it is answered in the same ye cause, without delay, to be built volume, with rectitude of principle and at our Tower of London one house of feeling, that “if the fact be true, the perforty feet long, and twenty feet deep, for son who recommended the soldier to his our Elephant.” Next year, on the 11th majesty's notice, must have considered of October, the king in like manner com
the action in a military light only, and manded the sheriffs “ to find for the said must totally have overlooked the crimiElephant and his keeper such necessaries
nality of it in a moral sense. The killing as should be reasonable needful.” He two innocent fellow-creatures, unprovoked, had previously ordered them to allow
only to rob them of the fruits of their four pence a day for keeping the white ingenuity, can never surely be accounted bear and his keeper: and the sheriff's meritorious in one who calls himself a were royally favoured with an injunction
christian. If it is not meritorious, but to provide a muzzle and an iron chain to contrary, the murderer was a very imhold the bear out of the water, and also proper object to be recommended as a long and strong cord to hold him while worthy to be rewarded by a humane and he washed himself in the Thames.
christian king." This settled the quesStow relates, that James I., on a visit tion, and the subject was not revived to the lion and lioness in the Tower, caused a live lamb to be put into them;
THE LION'S HEAD. but they refused to harm it, although the Because the inundation of the Nile lamb in its innocence went close to them. happened during the progress of the sun An anecdote equally striking was related in Leo, the ancients caused the water of to the editor of the Every-Day Book by their fountains to issue from the mouth o an individual whose friend, a few years a lion's head, sculptured in stone. The cir ago, saw a young calf thrust into the den cumstance is pleasant to notice at this of a lion abroad. The calf walked to the season; a few remarks will be made op lion, and rubbed itself against him as he fountains by-and-bye. lay: the lion looked, but did not move; The Lion's Head, at Button's coffeethe calf, by thrusting its nose under the house, is well remembered in literary side of the lion. indicated a desire to annals. It was a carving with an orifice suck, and the lion then slowly rose and
at the mouth, through which communications for the “ Guardian” were thrown.
Button had been a servant in the coun # Maitlant'. London, edit. 1772 1.17 + Gent. Mar
tess of Warwick's family, and by the patronage of Addison, kept a coffee-house
St. Anne. on the south side of Russell-street, about two doors from Covent-garden, where
Her name, which in Hebrew signifies the wits of that day used to assemble. gracious, is in the church of England Addison studied all the morning, dined calendar and almanacs on this day, at a tavern, and afterwards went to But- which is kept as a great holiday by the ton's. “ The Lion's Head” was inscribed Romish church. with two lines from Martial:--
The history of St. Anne is an old fic
tion. It pretends that she and her husCervantur magnis isti Cervicibus ungues :
band Joachim were Jews of substance, Non nisi delectâ pascitur ille fera.
and lived twenty years without issue, when This has been translated in the Gentle
the high priest, on Joachim making his ofnan's Magazine thus :
ferings in the temple, at the feast of the Bring here nice morceaus; be it understood dedication, asked him why he, who had The lion vindicates his choicest food.
no children, presumed to appear among Button's « Lion's Head” was afterwards those who had; adding, that his offerings preserved at the Shakspeare Tavern, were not acceptable to God, who had where it was sold by auction on the 8th judged him upworthy to have children, of November, 1804, to Mr. Richardson of nor, until he had, would his offerings be the Grand Hotel, the indefatigable col- accepted. Joachim retired, and bewailed lector and possessor of an immense mass his reproach among his shepherds in the of materials for the history of St. Paul, pastures without returning home, lest his Covent-garden, the parish wherein he re- neighbours also should reproach him. sides. The late duke of Norfolk was his The story relates that, in this state, an ineffectual competitor at the sale: the angel appeared to him and consoled him, noble peer suffered the spirited commoner by assuring him that he should have a to gain the prize for i71. 10s. Subse- daughter, who should be called Mary, and quently the duke frequently dined at Mr. for a sign he declared that Joachim on Richardson's, whom he courted in vain to arriving at the Golden Gate of Jerusalem relinquish the gem. Mr. R. had the head should there meet his wife Anne, who with its inscription handsomely engraved being very much troubled that he had not for his “ great seal,” from which he has returned sooner, should rejoice to see caused delicate impressions to be pre- him. Afterwards the angel appeared to sented in oak-boxes, to a few whom it Anne, who was equally disconsolate, and has pleased him so to gratify; and among comforted her by a promise to the same them the editor of the Every-Day Book effect, and assured her by a like token, who thus acknowledges the acceptable namely, that at the Golden Gate she should civility.
meet her husband for whose safety she had
been so much concerned. Accordingly In the London Magazine the “ Lion's both of them left the places where they Head," fronts each nuinber, greeting its were, and met each other at the Golden correspondents, and others who expect Gate, and rejoiced at each others' vision, announcements, with“short affable roars,” and returned thanks, and lived in cheerful and inviting “ communications" from all expectation that the promise would be “ who may have committed a particularly good action, or a particularly bad one The meeting between St. Anne and St. or said or written any thing very clever. Joachim at the Golden Gate was a faor very stupid, during the month.” By vourite subject among catholic painters, too literal a construction of this compre and there are many prints of it. From hensive invitation, some gut into the one of them in the "sal
one of them in the Salisbury Missal," a head,” who, not having reach enough (1534 fo. xix) the annexed engraving is for the “ body" of the magazine, were copied. The curious reader will find no. happy to get out with a slight scratch,
tices of others in a volume on the “Ancient and others remain without daring to say Mysteries,” by the editor of the Every“their souls are their own"-to the re- Day Book. The wood engraving in the reformation of themselves, and as exam
“ Missal" is improperly placed there to ples to others contemplating like offences. illustrate the meeting between the Virgin The “Lion” of the “ London" is of delic Mary and Elizabeth. cate scent, and shows high masterhood in the great forest of literature.
It is further pretended, that the result “Great mother, always keep in mind of the angel's communication to Joachim The power thou hast, by thy sweet and Anne was the miraculous birth of the
daughter, Virgin Mary, and that she was afterwards And, by thy wonted prayer, let's find dedicated by Anne to the service of the God's grace procur'd to us hereafter." temple, where she remained till the time Another, after high commendations to of her espousal by Joseph.
St. Anne, concludes thus :In the Romish breviary of Sarum there
- Therefore, still asking, we remain, are forms of prayer to St Anne, which
And thy unwearied suitors are, show how extraordinarily highly these
That, what thou canst, thou wouldst obtain, stories placed her. One of them is thus
And give us heaven by thy prayer. translated by bishop Patrick •*
Do thou appease the daughter, thou didst “O vessel of celestial grace,
bear, Blest mother to the virgirls' veen,
She her own son, and thou thy grandson By thee we beg, in the first place,
dear." Remission of all former si 1.
The nuns of St. Anne at Rume show a • Plerick', Veror. of Rom Church.
rude silver ring as the wedding-ring of