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Like Patience, thou

ment of his fees ; if convicted, he was set Art quiet in thy earth,

in the stocks on each of the three subseInstructing Hope that Virtue's birth quent market-days in Halifax, with the Is Feeling's vow.

stolen goods on his back, if they were Thy fancied bride!

portable; if not, they were placed before The delicate Snowdrop, keeps

his face. This was for a terror to others, Her home with thee ; she wakes and sleeps

and to engage any who had aught against Near thy true side.

him, to bring accusations, although after Will Man but hear!

the three market-days he was sure to be A simple flower can tell

executed for the offence already proved What beauties in his mind should dwell

upon him. But the convict had the saThrough Passion's sphere.

tisfaction of knowing, that after he was J. R. Prior. CHRONOLOGY

put to death, it was the duty of the coro1793. On the 21st of January, Louis

ner to summon a jury, “and sometimes XVI. was beheaded at Paris, in the thirty

the same jury that condemned him," to

inquire into the cause of his death, and ninth year of his age, and nineteenth of

that a return thereof would be made into his reign, under circumstances which are in the recollection of many, and

the Crown-office; “which gracious and known to most persons. A similar in

sage proceedings of the coroner in that strument to the guillotine, the machine

matter ought, one would think, to abate, by which Louis XVI. was put to death,

in all considering minds, that edge of acri

mony which hath provoked malicious and was formerly used in England. It was first introduced into France, during the

prejudiced persons to debase this laudable revolution, by Dr. Guillotine, a physician, wym

and necessary custom." So says the book.

In April, 1650, Abraham Wilkinson and hence its name.

and Anthony Mitchell were found guilty THE HALIFAX GIBBET AND GIBBET-LAW. of stealing nine yards of cloth and two

The History of Halifax in Yorkshire, colts, and on the 30th of the morth re12mo. 1712, sets forth “ a true account ceived sentence,“ to suffer death, by of their ancient, odd, customary gibbet- having their heads severed and cut off aw; and their particular form of trying froin their bodies at Halifax gibbet," and and executing of criminals, the like not they suffered accordingly. These were us'd in any other place in Great Britain.” the last persons executed under Halifax The Halifax gibbet was in the form of the gibbet-law. guillotine, and its gibbet-law quite as re- The execution was in this manner :markable. The work referred to, which is The prisoner being brought to the scaffold more curious than rare, painfully endea- by the bailiff, the axe was drawn up by a vours to prove this law wise and salutary. pulley, and fastened with a pin to the It prevailed only within the forest of side of the scaffold. “ The bailiff, the Hardwick, which was subject to the lord jurors, and the minister chosen by the of the manor of Wakefield, a part of the prisoner, being always upon the scaffold duchy of Lancaster. If a felon were with the prisoner, in most solemn manner, taken within the liberty of the forest with after the minister had finished his miniscloth, or other commodity, of the value of terial office and christian duty, if it was thirteen-pence halfpenny, he was, after a horse, an ox, or cow, &c. that was taken three market-days from his apprehension with the prisoner, it was thither brought and condemnation, to be carried to the along with him to the place of execution, gibbet, and there have his head cut off and fastened by a cord to the pin that from his body. When first taken, he was stay'd the block, so that when the time brought to the lord's bailiff in Halifax, of the execution came, (which was known who kept the town, had also the keeping by the jurors holding up one of their vf the axe, and was the executioner at the hands,) the bailift, or his servant, whipgibbet. This officer summoned a jury of ping the beast, the pin was pluck'd oui, frith-burghers to try him on the evin and execution done ; but if there were no dence of witnesses not upon oath : if ac- beast in the case, then the bailiff, or his quitte), he was set at liberty, upon pay. servant, cut the rope."

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The Halifar Bibbet. But if the telon, after his apprehension, 1623 to 1650 there were twelve execa or in his going to execution, happened to tions. The machine is destroyed. The make his escape out of the forest of Hard- engraving placed above, represents the wick, which liberty, on the east end of instrument, from a figure of it in an old the town, doth not extend above the map of Yorkshire, which is altogether breadth of a small river ; on the north better than the print of it in the work about six hundred paces; on the south before cited about a mile; but on the west about ten miles ;---if such an escape were made, The worthy author of the Halifax then the bailiff of Halifax had no power gibbet-book seems by his title to be well to apprehend him out of his liberty; but assured, that the machine was limited to, if ever the felon came agaja into the and to the sole use and behoof of, his liberty of Hardwick, and were taken, he district; but in this, as in some other was certainly executed. One Lacy, who particulars, he is mistaken. made his escape, and lived seven years A small print by Aldegraver, one of out of the liberty, after that time coming the little German masters, in 1553, now boldly within the liberty of Hardwick, lying before the writer, represents the was retaken, and executed upon his for- execution of Manlius, the Roman, by the mer verdict of condemnation.

same instrument; and he has a similar The records of executions by tie Ha- print by Pens, an early engraver of that ufax gibbet, before the time of Elizabeth, school. There are engravings of it in are lost; but during her reign twenty- books printed so early as 1510. In five persons sufered under it, and from Hollinshed's Chronicle there is a cut o

a man who had attempted the life of the violence of a blow on the head of the Henry III. suffering by this instrunient. axe, with his heavy maul, forced it through In Fox's “ Acts and Monuments," there the man's neck into the block. I have is another execution in the same manner. seen the draught of the like heading-in

The“ maiden" by which James, earl strument, where the weighty axe (made of Morton, the regent of Scotland, was heavy for that purpose) was raised up put to death for high treason in 1581, and fell down in such a riggetted frame, was of this form, and is said to have been which being suàdenly let to fall, the constructed by his order from a model of weight of it was sufficient to cut off a one that he had seen in England : he was man's head at one blow." the first and last person who suffered by

THE SEASON. it in Scotland; and it still exists in the Remarkable instances of the mildness parliament-house at Edinburgh. In “ The of January, 1825, are recorded in the Cloud of Witnesses ; or the last Speeches provincial and London journals. In the of Scottish Martyrs since 1680," there is first week a man planting a hedge near a print of an execution in Scotland by a Mansfield, in Yorkshire, found a biacksimilar instrument. The construction of bird's nest with four young ones in it. such a machine was in contemplation for The Westmoreland Gazette states, that on the beheading of lord Lovat in 1747 : he the 13th a fine ripe strawberry was gaapproved the notion—“My neck is very thered in the garden of Mr. W. Whiteshort," he said, “ and the executioner head, Storth End, near End-Moor, and will be puzzled to find it out with about the same time a present of the his axe: if they make the machine, I same fruit was made by Thomas Wilson, suppose they will call it lord Lovat's Esq. Thorns, Underbarrow, to Mr. Aldermaiden."

man Smith Wilson, some of them larger in bulk than the common hazel-nut. In

deed the forwardness of the season in the Randle Holme in his “ Armory” de

in his “ Armory" de- north appears wonderful. It is stated in scribes an heraldic quartering thus: the Glasgow Chronicle of the 11th, that on “He beareth gules, a heading - block the 7th, bees were flying about in the garfixed between two supporters, with an den of Rose-mount; on the 9th, the sky was axe placed therein ; on the sinister side a without a cloud ; there was scarcely a maule, all proper.” This agreeable bear

breath of wind, the blackbirds were singing he figures as the reader sees it. ing as if welcoming the spring ; pastures

wore a fine, fresh, and healthy appearance; the wheat-braird was strong, thick in the ground, and nearly covering the soil ; vegetation going on in the gardens ; the usual spring flowers making their appearance; the Christmas rose, the suowdrop, the polyanthea, the single or border anemone, the hepatica in its varieties, and the mazerion were in full bloom; the Narcissus making its appearance, and the crocusses showing colour. On the 11th, at six o'clock, the therino meter in Nelsonstreet, Glasgow, indicated 44 degrees on the 9th, the barometer gained the ex

traordinary height of 31.01 ; on the 11th, it Holme observes, that “this was the was at 30.8. The Sheffield Mercury reJews' and Romans' way of beheading of presents, that within six or seven weeks fenders, as some write, though others say preceding the middle of the month, the they used to cut off the heads of such, barometer had been lower and higher than with a sharp, two-handed sword : how- had been remarked by any living indiviever, this way of decollation was by lay- dual in that town. On the 23d of Noing the neck of the malefactor on the vember it was so low as 27:5; and on block, and then setting the axe upon it, the 9th of January at 11 P. M. it stood at which lay in a rigget in the two side- 30-65. In the same place the following posts or supporters; the executioner with meteorological observations were made


JANUARY, 1825.

Remember on St. Vincent's day

If that the sun his beams display

Dr. Forster, in the “ Perennial Calen-
Ilth ..... 42 ..... 38

dar," is at a loss for the origin of the com12th ..... 43 ..... 37

mand, but he thinks it may have been 13th ..... 44..... 40

derived from a notion that the sun would 14th ..... 44..... 43

not shine unominously on the day whereon BAROMETEK. TEN O'CLOCK A. M. DO. P. M.

the saint was burnt.
11th ..... 30-4 .... 30-3

12th ..... 30:3 .... 30-2
13th ..... 305 , ... 29.9

1800.-On the 22d of January, in this 14th ..... 29.5.... 29.7 year, died George Steevens, Esq. F. R. S. At Paris, in the latter end of 1824, the F. A. S. He was born at Stepney, in barometer was exceedingly high, consi- 1751 or 1752, and is best known as the dering the bad weather that had prevail. editor of Shakspeare, though to the vered, and the moisture of the atmosphere. satility and richness of his talents there are There had been almost constant and in- numerous testimonials. He maintained cessant rain. The few intervals of fair the greatest perseverance in every thing weather, were when the wind got round a he undertook. He never relaxed, but few points to the west, or the northward sometimes broke off favourite habits of of west : but invariably, a few hours long indulgence suddenly. In this way after, the wind again got to the south- he discontinued his daily visits to two west, and the rain commenced falling. It booksellers. This, says his biographer in appeared as if a revolution had taken the Gentleman's Magazine, he did after place in the laws of the barometer. The many years' regular attendance, for no barometer in London was at 30:48 in real cause." It is submitted, however, May, 1824, and never rose higher during that the cause, though unknown to others the whole year.

may have been every way sufficing and

praiseworthy. He who has commenced a January 22.

practice that has grown into a destroyer

of his time and desires to end it, must St. Vincent St. Anastasius.

a snap it in an instant. If he strive to abate St. Vincent was a Spanish martyr, said

a it by degrees, he will find himself relaxto have been tormented by fire, so that he died in 304. His name is in the church "

« Delusions strong as hell will bind of England calendar. Butler affirms that hi

him fast," unless he achieve, not the dehis body was “thrown in a marshy field

termination to destroy, but the act of deamong rushes, but a crow defended it

struction. The will and the power are from wild beasts and birds of prey.” The

two. Steevens knew this, and though he Golden Legend says that angels had

had taken snuff all his life, he never took the guardianship of the body, that the

one pinch after he lost his box in St. crow attended to drive away birds and

Paul's church-yard. Had he taken one fowls greater than himself, and that after

he might have taken one more, and then he had chased a wolf with his bill and beak, he then turned his head towards

only another, and afterwards only a little

bit in a paper, and then, he would have the body, as if he marvelled at the keep

ep died as he lived—a snuff-taker. ing of it by the angels. His relics ne

No ;

Steevens appears to have discovered the cessarily worked miracles wherever they

grand secret, thac a man's self is the were kept. For their collection, separation, and how they travelled from place to

great enemy of himself, and hence his in

tolerance of self - indulgence even in place, see Butler.

degree. Brand, from a MS, note by Mr. Douce, His literary collections were remarkreferring to Scot's “ Discoverie of Witch

ably curious, and as regards the days that craft," cites an old injunction to observe

are gone, of great value. whether the sun shines on St. Vincent'sday: “ Vincenti festo si Sol radiet memor este."


St. Vincent.
It is thus done into English by Abraham

Early Witlow grass. Draba nerno.

ing by degrees.

Calee the com

are been

This being the first day of term, the January 23.

judges of the different courts at Westmin

ter, take their seats in Westminster-hall HILARY TERM begins.

to commence business.
St. Raymund of Pennafort, A. D. 1275. The engraving represents the inte-

St. John the Almoner, A. D. 619. St. rior of the hall at the time when the
Emerentia, a. D. 304. St. Clement of print from whence it is taken was en-
Ancyra. St. Agathangelus. St. Ilde- graved by C. Mosley. The drawing was by
fonsus, A. D. 667. St. Eusebius, Gravelot, who died in 1773.

en would


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Westminster Hall, with its Shops.

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