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altered ; sir John Barleycorn is the man pears it is from their own greedy desires that is highly esteemed in every place. all these troubles arise, and not from I am now but poor James Wheatly, and wicked designs of our own. he is sir John Barleycorn at every word; Court.-Truly, we cannot see that you and that word hath undone many an ho are in the fault. Sir John Barleycorn, we nest man in England; for I can prove it will show you so much favour, that if you to be true, that he has caused many an can bring any person of reputation to honest man to waste and consume all that speak to your character, the court is dishe hath.
posed to acquit you. Bring in your eviThe prisoner, sir John Barleycorn, dence, and let us hear what they can say being called on for his defence, urged, in your behalf. that to his accusers he was a friend, until Thomas, the Ploughman.-May I be they abused him; and said, if any one is allowed to speak my thoughts freely, since to be blamed, it is my brother Malt. My I shall offer nothing but the truth. brother is now in court, and if your lord. Court.—Yes, thou mayest be bold to ships please, may be examined to all speak the truth, and no more, for that is those facts which are now laid to my the cause we sit here for ; therefore speak charge.
boldly, that we may understand thee. Court.-Call Mr. Malt.
Ploughman.-Gentlemen, sir John is Malt appears.
of an ancient house, and is come of a Court.-Mr. Malt, you have (as you noble race; there is neither lord, knight, have been in court) heard the indictment nor squire, but they love his company, and that is laid against your brother, sir John he theirs; as long as they don't abuse Barleycorn, who says, if any one ought him, he will abuse no man, but doth a to be accused, it should be you; but as great deal of good. In the first place, sir John and you are so nearly related few ploughmen can live without him; for to each other, and have lived so long to- if it were not for him, we should not pay gether, the court is of opinion he cannot our landlords their rent; and then what be acquitted, unless you can likewise would such men as you do for money and prove yourself innocent of the crimes clothes? Nay, your gay ladies would care which are laid to his charge.
but little for you, if you had not your Malt.-My lords, I thank you for the rents coming in to maintain them; and liberty you now indulge me with, and we could never pay, but that sir John think it a great happiness, since I am so Barleycorn feeds us with money; and yet strongly accused, that I have such learned would you seek to take away his life! judges to determine these complaints. As For shame, let your malice cease, and for my part, I will put the matter to the pardon his life, or else we are all undone. bench. First, I pray you consider with Bunch, the Brewer.-Gentlemen, I beyourselves, all tradesmen would live; and seech you, hear me. My name is Bunch, a although Master Malt does make some- brewer; and I believe few of you can live times a cup of good liquor, and many without a cup of good liquor, no more than men come to taste it, yet ihe fault is nei- I can without the help of sir John Barley. ther in me nor my brother John, but in corn. As for my own part, I maintain a such as those who make this complaint great charge, and keep a great many men against us, as I shall make it appear to at work; I pay taxes forty pounds a year you all.
to his majesty, God bless him, and all this In the first place, which of you all can is maintained by the help of sir John; say but Master Malt can make a cup of then how can any man for shame seek to good liquor, with the help of a good take away his life. brewer; and when it is made, it will be Mistress Hostess. To give evidence sold. I pray which of you all can live in behalf of sir John Barleycorn, gives without it? But wben such as these, who me pleasure, since I have an opporcomplain of us, find it to be good, then tunity of doing justice to so honourable a they have such a greedy mind, that they person. Through him the administration think they never have enough, and this receives large supplies; he likewise greatly overcharge brings on the inconveniences supports the labourer, and enlivens the complained of, makes them quarrelsome conversation. What pleasure could there with one another, and abusive to their be at a sheep-clipping without his com. very friends, so that we are forced to lay pany, or what joy at a feast without hi* them down to sleep. From hence it ap- assistance? I know him to be an hones
man, and he never abused any man, if they the church of England was the saint of abused not him. If you put him to death, that name mentioned yesterday. all England is undone, for there is not
St. Gudula another in the land can do as he can do,
Is the patroness of Brussels, and is said and hath done; for he can make a cripple
to have died about 712. She suffered the go, the coward fight, and a soldier neither
misfortune of having her candle blown feel hunger nor cold. I beseech you, gen
out, and possessed the miraculous power tlemen, let him live, or else we are all undone; the nation likewise will be distress
of praying it a-light again, at least, so
says Butler; “whence," he affirms, “ she ed, the labourer impoverished, and the
is usually represented in pictures with a husbandman ruined.
lantern." He particularizes no other miCourt.-Gentlemen of the jury, you role che nerformes
ou racle she performed. Surius however rehave now heard what has been offered
lates, that as she was praying in a church against sir John Barleycorn, and the evi
without shoes, the priest compassionately dence that has been produced in his defence. If you are of opinion he is guilty
put his gloves under her feet; but she of those wicked crimes laid to his charge, hu
threw them away, and they miraculously
ge; hung in the air for the space of an hourand has with malice propense conspired
whether in compliment to the saint or the and brought about the death of several of
priest does not appear. his majesty's loving subjects, you are then to find him guilty; but if, on the contrary,
CHRONOLOGY. you are of opinion that he had no real 1821. A newspaper of January 8, menintention of wickedness, and was not the tions an extraordinary feat by Mr. Huddy, immediate, but only the accidental, cause the postmaster of Lismore, in the 97th of these evils laid to his charge, then, ac- year of his age. He travelled, for a wager, cording to the statute law of this kingdom, from that town to Fermoy in a Dungarvon you ought to acquit him.
oyster-tub, drawn by a pig, a badger, two Verdict, Not GUILTY. cats, a goose, and a hedgehog; with a From this facetious little narrative may
large red nightcap on his head, a pig
driver's whip in one hand, and in the other be learned the folly of excess, and the injustice of charging a cheering beverage,
a common cow's-horn, which he blew to with the evil consequences of a man tak
encourage his team, and give notice of
this new mode of posting. ing a cup more of it than will do him
Let us turn away for a moment from
the credulity and eccentricity of man's January 8.
feebleness and folly, to the contemplation
of “ the firstling of the year" from the St. Lucian-Holiday at the Exchequer. bosom of our common mother. The
Snow-drop is described in the “ Flora St. Appollinaris. St. Severinus. St. Domestica" “ as the earliest flower of all Pega. St. Vulsin. St. Gudula. St. Na
our wild flowers, and will even show her thalan.
head above the snow, as if to prove her St. Lucian.
rivalry in whiteness ;" as if The St. Lucian of the Romish church – Flora's breath, by some transforming power, on this day was from Rome, and preached Had chang'd an icicle into a flower. in Gaul, where he suffered death about
Mrs. Barbauld. 290, according to Butler, who affirms that One of its greatest charms is its “coming he is the St. Lucian in the English Pro- in a wintry season, when few others visit testant calendar. There is reason to us : we look upon it as a friend in adversuppose, however, that the St. Lucian of sity; sure to come when most needed.”
Like pendeat flakes of vegetating srow,
The early herald of the infant year,
Beneath the o.chard-boughs, thy buds appear.
And scarce the hazel in the leafless copse,
The grass is spangled with thy silver drops. Craite Smark.
WINTER. St. Peter of Sebaste. St. Julian and From “ Poetic Vigils,” by BERNARD BART *
The flowret's bloom is faded, Basilissa. St. Marciana. St. Brithwald.
Its glossy leaf grown sere; St. Felan. St. Adrian. St. Vaneng.
The landscape round is shaded Of the seven Romish saints of this day
By Winter's frown austere. scarcely an anecdote is worth mentioning.
The dew, once sparkling lightly
On grass of freshest green,
In heavier drops unsightly 1766. On the 9th of January died Dr.
On matted weeds is seen. Thomas Birch, a valuable contributor to
No songs of joy, to gladden, history and biography. He was born on the
From leafy woods emerge; 23d of November, 1705, of Quaker parents.
But winds, in tones that sadden, His father was a coffee-mill maker, and
Breathe Nature's mournful dirge. designed Thomas for the same trade; but
All sights and sounds appealing, the son “ took to reading," and being put
Through merely outward sense, to school, obtained successive usherships;
To joyful thought and feeling, removing each time into a better school,
Seem now departed hence. that he might improve his studies; and
But not with such is banished stealing hours from sleep to increase his
The bliss that life can lend; knowledge. He succeeded in qualifying
Nor with such things hath vanished himself for the church of England, with
Its truest, noblest end. out going to the university ; obtained or
The toys that charm, and leave us, ders from bishop Hoadley in 1731, and
Are fancy's fleeting elves; several preferments from the lord chan All that should glad, or grieve us, cellor Hardwicke and earl Hardwicke :
Exists within ourselves. became a member of the Royal Society
Enjoyment’s gentle essence before he was thirty years of age, and of Is virtue's godlike dower; the Antiquarian Society about the same Its most triumphant presence time; was created a doctor of divinity,
Illumes the darkest hour. and made a trustee of the British Museum; and at his death, left his books and MSS. to the national library there. Enu
January 10. meration of his many useful labours would occupy several of these pages. His indus- St. William. St. Agatho, Pope. St try was amazing. His correspondence Marcian. was extensive; his communications to
St. William. the Royal Society were various and This saint, who died in 1207, was numerous, and his personal application archbishop of Bourges, always wore a may be inferred from there being among hair shirt, never ate flesh meat, when he his MSS. no less than twenty-four quarto found himself dying caused his body to volumes of Anthony Bacon's papers tran- be laid on ashes'in His hair shirt, worked scribed by his own hand. He edited Thur- miracles after his death, and had his relics loes' State Papers in 7 vols. folio; wrote venerated till 1562, when the Hugonots the Lives of Illustrious Persons of Great burnt them without their manifesting miBritain, and a History of the Royal So
racles at that important crisis. A bone ciety; published miscellaneous pieces of of his arm is still at Chaalis, and one ord Bacon, before unprinted, and pro- of his ribs at Paris; so says Butla duced a large number of other works. who does not state that either of these The first undertaking wherein he engag- remains worked miracles since the French ed, with other learned men, was the revolution. • General Dictionary, Historical and Critical,”—a most useful labour, containing
1820. The journals of January relate the whole of Bayle's Dictionary newly
some particulars of a gentleman remarktranslated, and several thousand additional
able for the cultivation of an useful quality lives. He was enabled to complete his
to an extraordinary extent. He drew from great undertakings by being a very early
actual memory, in twenty-two hours, at two Hser, and by usually executing the bu
sittings, in the presence of two well-known siness of the morning before most persons
gentlemen, a correct plan of the parish had coinmenced it.
of St. James, Westminster, with parts of the parishes of St. Mary-le-bone, St. Ann, and recollecting what he hears. The dialogue St. Martin; which plan contained every of a comedy heard once, or even twice, square, street, lane, court, alley, market, would, after an interval of a few days, be church, chapel, and all public buildings, entirely new to him. with all stable and other yards, also every public-house in the parish, and the
January 11. corners of all streets, with every minutiæ, as pumps, posts, trees, houses that pro St. Theodosius. St. Hyginus. St ject and inject, bow-windows, Carlton- Egwin. St. Salvius. house, St. James's palace, and the interior
St. Theodosius of the markets, without scale or reference This saint visited St. Simeon Stylites to any plan, book, or paper whatever. on his pillar and had his fortune told. He did the same with respect to the parish He ate coarse pulse and wild herbs, never of St. Andrew, Holborn, in the presence of tasted bread for thirty years, founded a four gentlemen, from eight to twelve, one
elve, one monastery for an unlimited number of evening at a tavern; and he also under- monks, dug one grave large enougb to took to draw the plan of St. Giles-in-the- hold the whole community, when he fields, St. Paul's, Covent-garden, St. received strangers, and had not food Mary-le-strand, St. Clement's, and three- enough, he prayed for its miraculous infourths of Mary-le-bone, or St. George's.
crease and had it multiplied accordingly, The plans before alluded to were drawn in
prophesied while he was dying, died in the presence of John Willock, Esq. Golden 529, and had his hair shirt begged by a square; Mr. Robinson, of Surrey-road; count, who won a victory with it. He William Montague, Esq. of Guildhall; was buried according to Butler, who Mr. Allen, vestry clerk of St. Ann's; relates these particulars, in the cave John Dawson, Esq. of Burlington-street; wherein the three kings of Cologne were N. Walker, Holborn; and two other gen- said to have lodged on their way to tlemen. He can tell the corner of any Bethlehem. great and leading thoroughfare-street from Hyde Park-corner, or Oxford-street, to St. Paul's; or from the New-road to
In hard frosts holes must be broken in Westminster abbey; and the trade or
the ice that forms upon fish ponds, or the profession carried on at such corner house.
fish will die. It is pleasing to watch the He can tell every public shop of business in Piccadilly, which consists of two hun
finny tenants rising half torpid beneath a dred and forty-one houses, allowing him
new-formed hole for the benefit of the
air. Ice holes should be kept open only twenty-four mistakes ; he accom
during the frost: one hole to a pond is plished this in the presence of four gentle
sufficient. men, after five o'clock, and proved it before seven in the same evening. A house being named in any public street, he will At Logan or Port Nessock in Wigs name the trade of the shop, either on the townshire, North Britain, a large saltright or left hand of the same, and whe- water pond was formed for Cod in 1800. ther the door of such house so named is It is a basin of 30 feet in depth, and in the centre, or on the right or left. He 160 feet in circumference, hewn out can take an inventory, from memory only, from the solid rock, and communicating of a gentleman's house, from the attic to with the sea by one of those fissures the groundfloor, and afterwards write it which are common to bold and pre. out. He did this at lord Nelson's, at cipitous coasts. Aitached to it is a neat Merton, and likewise at the duke of Gothic cottage for the accommodation of Kent's, in the presence of two noblemen. the fisherman, and the rock is surmounted He is known by the appellation of “ Me- all round by a substantial stone wall at mory-corner Thompson." The plan of least 300 feet in circumference. In his house, called Priory Frognall, Hamp- every state of the wind or tide, winter stead, he designed, and built it externally and summer, when not a single boat and internally, without any working- dare venture to sea, Colonel M‘Dowal drawing, but carried it up by the eye can command a supply of the finest fish, only. Yet, though his memory is so acand study at his leisure the instincts and curate in the retention of objects sub- habits of the “finny nations," with di nitted to the eye, he has little power of least all the accuracy of those sage natı.
FISH IN WINTER
ralists, who rarely trave. farther than fisherman remarked, “he is ta soupler Exeter 'Change. From the inner or back than any o' the rest,” and by virtue of door of the lodge, a winding stair-way this one quality, chases, bites, and otherconducts to the usual halting place a wise annoys a whole battalion of large flat stone projecting into the water, gigantic cod, that have only, one would and commanding a view of every part of think, to open their mouths and swallow the aquatic prison. When the tide is him. To supply them with food is an out, this stone is left completely dry, and important part of the fisherman's duty; here a stranger perceives with surprise, a and with this view, he must ply the hundred mouths simultaneously opened net, and heave the line, during two or to greet his arrival.
three days of every week. He has also The moment the fisherman crosses to renew the stock, when the pond his threshold, the pond is agitated appears to be getting thin, from the con by the action of some hundred fins, tributions levied on it by the cook. and otherwise thrown into a state of anarchy and confusion. Darting from A letter from Cairo, in a journal o this, that, and the other corner, the whole January 1824, contains a whimsical exempopulation move as it were to a common plification of Turkish manners in the procentre, elevate their snouts, lash their vinces, and the absurdity of attempting tails, and jostle one another with such to honour distant authorities, by the disviolence, that on a first view they actually tinctions of civil society. A diploma of seem to be menacing an attack on the honorary member of the Society of Frankpoor fisherman, in pl.ice of the creel full fort was presented to the Pacha, at the of limpets he carries. Many of the fish are divan (or council.) The Pacha, who can so tame, that they will feed greedily from neither read nor write, thought it was a fir. the hand, and bite your fingers into the man (despatch) from the Porte. He was bargain, if you are foolish enough to much surprised and alarmed; but the allow them; while others again are so interpreter explained to him that it was shy, that the fisherman discourses of their written in the Nemptchee (German) landifferent tempers, as a thing quite as guage, contained the thanks of the ulepalpable as the gills they breathe, or the mas (scholars) of a German city named fins they move by. One gigantic cod, Frankfort, for his kindness to two Nemptwhich seems to answer to the name of chee travelling in Egypt. “Tom," and may well be described as the But the most difficult part was yet to patriarch of the pond, forcibly arrests come; it was to explain to him that he attention. This unfortunate, who passed had been appointed a member of their his youth in the open sea, was taken society; and the Turkish language having prisoner at the age of five, and has since no word for this purely European idea, sojourned at Port Nessock, for the long the interpreter, after many hesitations and period of twelve years, during all which circumlocutions, at last succeeded in extime he has gradually increased in bulk plaining, “ that as a mark of respect and weight. He is now wholly blind and gratitude, the society had made him from age or disease, and he has no one of their partners.” At these words chance whatever in the general scramble. the eyes of the Pacha flashed with anger, The fisherman, however, is very kind to and with a voice of thunder he roared him, and it is affecting as well as curious, that he would never again be the partner to see the huge animal raise himself in of any firm ; that his partnership with the water; and then resting his head on Messrs. Briggs and Co. in the Indian the flat stone, allow it to be gently patted trade, cost him nearly 500,000 hard piasor stroked, gaping all the while to implore ters; that the association for the manufacthat food which he has no other means of tory of sugar and rum paid him nothing obtaining. In this pond, cod appears to at all; and, in short, that he was combe the prevailing species; there are pletely tired of his connections with Frank also blochin or glassin, haddocks, floun- merchants, who were indebted to him ders, and various other kinds. Salmon, 23,000,000 of piasters, which he consiwhich at spawning time visit the highest dered as completely lost. In his rage, he ‘ivers, could not of course obey their even threatened to have the interpreter instincts here, and accordingly there is drowned in the Nile, for having presumed only one specimen of this favourite to make offer of a mercantile connection, fisit in the pond at present. As the against his positive orders.