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though many of them were saved almost to the eye an ever-varying scene of dif. miraculously, yet no one dared to hope ferent occupations. The keel of the to see his child drawn alive from under vessel in which the catastrophe coma heap of smoking ruins.
menced, was found buried deep in the “Flames soon broke out from four earth at a considerable distance, together different parts of the ruins, and threat with the remains of a yacht from the ened destruction to the remaining part Hague with a party of pleasure, which of Leyden. The multitude seemed as lay close to it. The anchor of the powder it were animated with one common soul vessel was found in a field without the in extricating the sufferers, and stopping city, and a very heavy piece of lead at the progress of the flames. None with the foot of the mast was thrown into a drew from the awful task, and the multi- street at a great distance. tude increased every monient by people One of the most affecting incidents coming from the surrounding country, the was the fate of the pupils of the different explosion having been heard at the dis schools on the Rapenburg. A: the tance of fifty miles. Night set in, the destructive moment, the wife of the darkness of which, added to the horrors principal of the largest of them was of falling houses, the smothered smoke, standing at the door with her child in the raging of the flames, and the roaring her arms; she was instantly covered with of the winds on a tempestuous winter the falling beams and bricks, the child night, produced a scene neither to be was blown to atoms, and she was thrown described nor imagined ; while the heart- under a tree at some distance. Part of rending cries of the sufferers, or the the floor of the school-room sunk into the lamentations of those whose friends or cellar, and twelve children were killed children were under the ruins, broke instantly; the rest, miserably wounded, upon the ear at intervals. Many were shrieked for help, and one was heard to so entirely overcome with fear and call, “ Help me, help me, I will give my astonishment, that they stared about watch to my deliverer." Fathers and them without taking notice of any thing, mothers rushed from all parts of the city while others seemed full of activity, but to seek their children, but after digging incapable of directing their efforts to any five hours they found their labour fruit particular object.”
less; and some were even obliged to In the middle of the night, Louis leave the spot in dreadful suspense, to Bonaparte, then king of Holland, arrived attend to other near relations dug out in from the palace of Loo, having set out as other quarters. They at last succeeded, soon as the express reached him with the by incredible efforts, in bringing up dreadful tidings. Louis was much be- some of the children, but in such a state oved by his subjects, and his name is that many of their parents could not still mentioned by them with great recognise them, and not a few were respect. On this occasion his presence comniitted to the grave without its being was very useful. He encouraged the known who they were. Many of these active and comforted the sufferers, and children, both among the dead and those did not leave the place till he had esta- who recovered, bled profusely, while no blished good order, and promised every wound could be discovered in any part assistance in restoring both public and pri- of their bodies. Others were preserved vate losses. He immediately gave a large in a wonderful manner, and without the sum of money to the city, and granted it least hurt. Forty children were killed. many valuable privileges, besides ex- In some houses large companies were emption from imposts and taxes for a assembled, and in one, a newly married number of years.
couple, from a distance, had met a Some degree of order having been numerous party of their friends. One restored, the inhabitants were divided person who was writing in a small room, into classes, not according to their rank, was driven through a window above the but the way in which they were em- door, into the staircase, and fell to ployed about the ruins. These classes the bottom without receiving much hurt. were distinguished by bands of different Many were preserved by the falling of colours tied round their arms. The the beams or rafters in a particular widely extended ruins now assumed the direction, which protected them, and appearance of hills and valleys, covered they remained for many hours, some so: with multitudes of workmen, producing a whole day and night. A remarkable fact of this kind happened, when the 1573, and by the plague in 1624 and city of Delft was destroyed by an explo- 1635, in which year 15,000 of the inha. sion of gunpowder in 1654; a child, a bitants were carried off within six months. year old, was found two days afterwards In 1415 a convent was burnt, and most of sucking an apple, ånd sitting under a the nuns perished in the flames. An exbeam, with just space left for its body. plosion of gunpowder, in 1481, destroyed Two others at a little distance were in the council-chamber when full of people, their cradles quite safe. At that time and killed most of the magistrates. almost the whole of Delft was destroyed. The misfortunes of this city have be
Leyden is as large a city, but not so come proverbial, and its very name has populous, as Rotterdam, the second city given rise to a pun. “Leyden" is “ Lijin Holland. Upwards of two hundred den;" Leyden, the name of the city, and houses were overthrown on this occasion, Lijden, (to suffer,) have the same pronunbesides churches and public buildings; ciation in the Dutch language. the Stadt, or town-house, was among the latter.
The chirp of the crickets from the kitOne hundred and fifty-one dead bodies chen chimney breaks the silence of still were taken from the ruins, besides many evenings in the winter. They come from that died after. Upwards of two thou- the crevices, when the house is quiet, to sand were wounded more or less danger- the warm hearth, and utter their shrill ously. It is remarkable that none of the monotonous notes, to the discomfiture of students of the university were either the nervous, and the pleasure of those killed or wounded, though they all lodge who have sound minds in sound bodies. in different parts of the city, or wherever This insect and the grasshopper are agreethey please. Contributions were imme- ably coupled in a pleasing sonnet. The diately began, and large sums raised. “ summoning brass” it speaks of, our The king of Holland gave 30,000 gilders, country readers well know, as an allusion and the queen 10,000; a very large sum to the sounds usually produced from some was collected in London.
kitchen utensil of metal to assist in swarmLeyden suffered dreadfully hy siege in ing the bees :--
To the Grasshopper and the Crickel.
Catching your heart up at the feel of June,
Sole voice that's heard amidst the lazy noon,
With those who think the candles come too soon,
Loving the fire, and with your tricksome tune
One to the fields, the other to the hearth,
At your clear hearts; and both were sent on earth
In doors and out, summer and winter, Mirth. L. Hunt.
ture, an orator, a poet, wrote against the
Arians, was banished for his orthodoxy, CAMBRIDGE LENT TERM begins. but returned to his see, worked miracles, St. Veronica of Milan. St. Kentigern. and died on the 13th of January, 368. St. Hilary.
Ribadeneira says, that in a certain island, The festival of St. Hilary is not, at uninhabitable by reason of venemous this time, observed by the Romish church serpents, they fled from his holiness; that until to-morrow, but it stands in old ca- he put up a stake as a boundary, comlendars, and in Randle Holmes's Herald- manding them not to pass it, and they ry, on this day, whereon it is also placed obeyed; that he raised a dead child to in the English calendar. Butler says, he life, prayed his daughter to death, and was born at Poictiers, became bishop of did other astonishing things; especially that rily, was a commentator on Scrip- after his decease. when two merchants
at their own cost and by way of venture, time and harvest, the long vacation be. offered an image at his shrine, but as one tween Midsummer and Michaelmas. be grudged the cost of his share, St. Each term is denominated from the Hilary caused the image to divide from festival day immediately preceding its top to bottom, while being offered, keep- commencement; hence we have the terms ing the one half, and rejecting the nig of St. Hilary, Easter, the Holy Trinity, gard's moiety. The Golden Legend says, and St. Michael. that St. Hilary also obtained his wife's There are in each term stated days death by his prayers; and that pope Leo, called dies in banco, (days in bank,) that who was an Arian, said to him, “ Thou is, days of appearance in the court of art Hilary the cock, and not the son of a common bench. They are usually about hen;" whereat Hilary said, “ I am no a week from each other, and have refercock, but a bishop in France;" then said ence to some Roinish festival. All orithe pope, “ Thou art Hilary Gallus (sig- ginal writs are returnable on these days, wifying a cock) and I am Leo, judge of and they are therefore called the return the papal see;" whereupon Hilary re- days. plied, “ If thou be Leo tbov art pot (a The first return in every term is, prolion) of the tribe of Juaa." After this perly speaking, the first day of the railing the pope died, and Hilary was term. For instance, the octave of St. comforted.
Hilary, or the eighth day, inclusive, after St, l'eronica.
the saint's feast, falls on the 20th of Ja.
nuary, because his feast is on the 13th of She was a nun, with a desire to live
January. On the 20th, then, the court sits always on bread and water, died in 1497,
to take essoigns, or excuses for non-apand was canonized, after her claim to
pearance to the writ; “but,” says Blacksanctity was established to the satisfac
stone, “ as our ancestors held it beneath tion of his holiness pope Leo X.
the condition of a freeman to appear or St. Kentigern.
to do any thing at the precise time apHe was bishop of Glasgow, with juris- pointed," the person summoned has three diction in Wales, and, according to But- days of grace beyond the day named in ler, “ favoured with a wonderful gift of the writ, and if he appear on the fourth miracles.” Bishop Patrick, in his “ De- day inclusive it is sufficient. Therefore votions of the Romish Church," says, at the beginning of each term the court “St. Kentigern had a singular way of does not sit for despatch of business till kindling fire, which I could never have the fourth, or the appearance day, which hit upon.” Being in haste to light can- is in Hilary term, for instance, on the dles for vigils, and some, who bore a 23d of January. In Trinity term it does spite to him, having put out all the fire not sit till the fifth day ; because the in the monastery, he snatched the green fourth falls on the great Roman catholic bough of an hazel, blessed it, blew upon festival of Corpus Christi. The first apit, the bough produced a great fame, and pearance day therefore in each term is he lighted his candles: “ whence we called the first day of the term; and the may conjecture,” says Patrick, “ that court sits till the quarto die post, or aptinder-boxes are of a later invention than pearance day of the last return, or end of St. Kentigern's days."
In each term there is one day whereon THE LAW TERMS.
the courts do not transact business; Term is derived from Terminus, the namely, on Candlemas day, in Hilary heathen god of boundaries, landmarks, term; on Ascension day, in Easter term; and limits of time. In the early ages of on Midsummer day, in Trinity term ; Christianity the whole year was one con- and on All Saints' day, in Michaelmas tinued term for hearing and deciding term. These are termed Grand days in causes; but after the establishment of the inns of court; and Gaudy days at the Romish church, the daily dispensa- the two universities; they are observed tion of justice was prohibited by canoni- as Collar days at the king's court of St. cal authority, that the festivals might be James's, for on these days, knights wear 1 ept holy.
the collars of their respective orders Advent and Christmas occasioned the winter vacation; Lent and Easter the An old January journal contains a repring ; Pentecost the third ; and hay- markable anecdote relative to the decease
of a M. Foscue, one of the farmers-gene- The wind unsteady veers around,
The glow-worms num’rous, clear and bright, ordered by the governinent to raise a
Illum'd the dewy hill last night.
At dusk the squalid toad was seen, considerable sum : as an excuse for not
Like quadruped, stalk o'er the grcen. complying with the demand, he pleaded Th
The whirling wind the dust obeys, extreme porerty ; and resolved on hiding And in the rapid eddy plays, his treasure in such a manner as to escape The frog has chang'd his ye!low vest, detection. He dug a kind of a cave in And in a russet coat is drest. his wine-cellar, which he made so large The sky is green, the air is still, and deep, that he used to go down to it The mellow blackbird's voice is shrill. with a ladder ; at the entrance of it was The dog, so alter'd is his taste, a door with a spring lock on it, which Quits mutton-bones, on grass to feast. on shutting would fasten of itself. He Behold the rooks, how odd their fight was suddenly missed, ar.d diligent search
They imitate the gliling kite, made after him; ponds were drawn, and
And seem precipitate to fall,
As if they felt the piercing ball. every suggestion adopted that could rea
The tender colts on back do lie,
The sonably lead to his discovery, dead or Nor heed the traveller passing by. alive. In a short time after, his house In fiery red the sun doth rise, was sold; and the purchaser beginning to Then wades through clouds to mount the make some al erations, the workmen dis skies. covered a door in the wine-cellar with a 'Twill surely rain, we see't with sorrow, key in the lock. On going down they No working in the fields to-morrow. found Foscue lying dead on the ground,
Darwin, with a candlestick near him, but no candle in it. On searching farther, they
January 14. found the vast wealth that he had amassed. It is supposed, that, when he bad OXFORD LENT Term begins. entered his cave, the door had by some St. Hilary. Sts. Felix. Sts. Isaias and accident shut after him; and thus being Sabbas. St. Baróasceminus, &c. out of the call of any person, he perish
St. Felix of Nola, an exorcist, and afed for want of food, in the midst of his
terwards a priest, was, according to treasure.
Butler and Ribadeneira, a great miracu
list. He lived under Decius, in 250 ; SIGNS OF FOUL WEATHER. being fettered and dungeoned in a cell, The hollow winds begin to blow;
covered with potsherds and broken glass, The clouds look black, the glass is low ;
a resplendent angel, seen by the saint The soot falls down, the spaniels sleep; alone, because to him only was he sent, od spiders from their cobu'ebs peep.
freed him of his chains and guided him Last niglat the sun went pale lo bed ;
to a mountain, where bishop Maximus, The moon in halos hid her head.
aged and frozen, lay for dead, whom The boding shepherd heaves a sigh,
Felix recovered by praying ; for, straightFor, see, a rainbow spans the sky,
way, he saw a bramble bear a bunch of The walls are damp, the ditches smell,
grapes, with the juice whereof he reClos'd is the pink.ey'd pimpernel
covered the bishop, and taking him on his Hark! how the chairs and tables crack,
back carried him home to his diocese. Old Betty's joints are on the rack: Her corns with shooting pains torment her,
Being pursued by pagans, he fled to And to her bed untimely send her.
some ruins and crept through a hole in Loud quack the ducks, the sea fowl cry, the wall, which spiders closed with their The distant hills are looking nigh.
webs before the pagans got up to it, and How restless are the snorting swine:
there lay for six months miraculously The busy flies disturb the kine.
supported. According to the Legend, his Low o'er the grass the swallow wings body, for ages after his death, distilled a The cricket too, how sharp he sings!
liquor that cured diseases. Puss on the hearth, with velvet paws, Sits wiping o'er her whiskerid jaws.
CaronOLOGY. The smoke from chimneys right ascends
In January, 1784, died suddenly in Then spreading, back to carth it bends. Macclesfield-street, Soho, aged 70, Sam,
Crisp, esq., a relation of the celebrated Decius to a cavern, near which grew a sir Nicholas Crisp. There was a remark- palm-tree, that supplied him with leaves able singularity in the character of this for clothing, and fruit for food, till he was gentleman. He was a bachelor, had forty-three years of age ; after which he was been formerly a broker in 'Change-alley, daily fed by a raven till he was ninety, and many years since had retired from and then died. St. Anthony, in his old business, with an easy competency. His age, being tempted by vanity, imagined daily amuseinent, for fourteen years before, himself the first hermit, till the contrary was going from London to Greenwich, was revealed to him in a dream, wherefore, and immediately returning from thence, the next morning, he set out in search in the stage; for which he paid regularly of St. Paul. “St. Jerome relates from L27 a year. He was a good-humoured, his authors,” says Butler, “ that he met a obliging, and facerious companion, al- centaur, or creature, not with the nature ways paying a particular attention, and and properties, but with something of the a profusion of compliments, to the lamixt shape of man and horse ; and that dies, especially to those who were agree- this monster, or phantom of the devil, able. He was perpetually projecting (St. Jerome pretends not to determine some little schemes for the benefit of the which it was,) upon his making the sign of public, or, to use his own favourite the cross, Aed away, after pointing out maxiin, pro bono publico; he was the in- the way to the saint. Our author (St. stitutor of the Lactarium in St. George's Jerome) adds, that St. Anthony soon after Fields, and selected the Latin mottoes for met a satyr, who gave him to understand the facetious Mrs. Henniver, who got a that he was an inhabitant of those deserts, little fortune there. He projected the and one of the sort whom the deluded mile and half stones round London ; and gentiles adored for gods.” Ribadeteased the printers of newspapers into neira describes this satyr as with writhed the plan of letter-boxes. He was re- nostrils, two little horns on his forehead, markably humane and benevolent, and, and the feet of a goat. After two days' without the least ostentation, performed search, St. Anthony found St. Paul, and a many generous and charitable actions, raven brought a loaf, whereupon they which would have dignified a more am- took their corporal refection. The next ple fortune.
morning, St. Paul told him he was going
to die, and bid him fetch a cloak given to THE WINTER ROBIN
St. Anthony by St. Athanasius, and wrap A suppliant to your window comes,
his body in it. St. Anthony then knew, Who trusts your faith, and fears no guile : that St. Paul must have been informed of He claims admittance for your cruinbs, the cloak by revelation, and went forth
And reads his passport in your smile. from the desert to fetch it; but before his For cold and cheerless is the day,
return, St. Paul had died, and St. Anthony And he has sought the hedges round;
found two lions digging his grave with No berry hangs upon the spray,
their claws, wherein he buried St. Paul, Nor worm, nor ant-egg, can be found. first wrapping him in St. Athanasius's
cloak, and preserving, as a great treasure, Secure his suit will be preferred,
St. Paul's garment, made of palm-tree No fears his slender feet deter;
leaves, stitched together. How St.Jerome, For sacred is the household bird That wears the scarlet stomacber.
in his conclusion of St. Paul's life, praises Charlotte Smith.
this garment, may be seen in Ribadeneira.
A writer, who signs himself “ Crito" in St. Paul, the first Hermit. St. Maurus. the “ Truth Teller," No. 15, introduces us
St. Main. St. John, Calybite. St. Isi- to an honest enthusiast, discoursing to his dore. St. Bonitus. St. Ita, or Mida hearers on the snow-drop of the season, St. Paul, A. D. 342.
and other offerings from Flora, to the rollThe life of St. Paul, the first hermit, is ing year. “ Picture to your imagination, a said, by Butler, to have been written by poor, dirty' mendicant, of the order of St. St. Jerome in 365, who received an ac- Francis, who had long prayed and fasted count of it from St. Anthony and others. in his sanctuary, and long laboured in his According to him, when twenty-two years garden, issuing out on the morning of his old, St Paul fled from the persecution of first pilgrimage, without inoney and with