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*Then clasping his hands, and raising his yielded up his breath like a child on its eyes to Heaven, he prayed that his own mother's bosom; and the peace of Headeath might resemble that of his vener ven still smiled on his countenance able friend ;- for Las-Casas had gently amid the shades of death.
THE DEATH OF MARSHAL BRUNE.
[We present our readers with the following affecting details, on the best authority, as a
melancholy example of the mischiefs too often resulting from the abuse of the press. Were those who make a trade of slander susceptible of any feelings of honour, this dreadful catastrophe might serve to warn them from their atrocivus practice.]
AFTER Marshal Brune had sub “ Admire the murderer of the Princess mitted to the royal government, he re- Lamballe!" signed the command of Marseilles and At these words, legions of banditti of the 8th military division, about the seemed to spring up, as if by enchantend of July 1815, to the Marquis de ment. Confused cries were heard. Rivière, the present ambassador of The carriage proceeded, but was detainFrance to the Ottoman Porte, who fur- ed at the gate, where a post of the nanished him with passports to return to tional guard assumed an air of no small Paris. A certain presentiment, which importance at having to examine the men of high spirit are often too proud passport of a Marshal of France. The 10 follow, determined the marshal to officer on duty insisted that this passembark at Toulon for some port of Bre- port, which was wholly in the handtagne, and thence to proceed to the writing of the Marquis de Rivière, capital. His effects had already been ought to be submitted to the inspection conveyed on board, as well as those of of Major Lambot, the provisional comM. Bédos, the chief of his staff. False mandant of the department of Vaucluse. shame, and the fear lest he should be Every moments delay augmented the thought to betray some weakness by danger ; an infuriated multitude obthose who urged him to travel by land, structed the way; a shower of stones was and who described the road as perfectly thrown at the carriage, which had alsafe, induced the marshal to change his ready passed the gate, when some of the mind. Escorted by a squadron of horse, maddened mob seized the reins, and he pursued his way through Provence, conducted the marshal back to the followed by his aid-de-camps. M. Be- hotel which he had just quitted, the dos embarked according to the original doors of which were immediately closed. plan, and the sequel but too well justi The dauntless soldier endeavoured to fied his caution.
cheer his aid-de-camps, who trembled On reaching the Durance, the mar- for his safety alone ; they were parted shal, impelled by a kind of fatality, dis- from him, and he was kept by himself missed his escort. On Tuesday, the in a room, where, with the firmness of 2d of August, 1815, about ten in the a hero, he awaited the catastrophe which morning, he arrived at Avignon, never he foresaw. The inhabitants of the to leave it again alive. He alighted at whole city were assembled before the the Palais Royal hotel, where he and house : the atrocious calumny first his aid-de-camps breakfasted in a room broached in the infamous publication of by themselves. One hour, one unfor. Lewis Goldsmith, passed from mouth tunate hour, had elapsed. The marshal to mouth. Persons, whose names are was just going to remoont his carriage, known, were seen running about among when he was recognized ; a soldier, the populace, repeating and commentstanding with some other persons at the ing upon the slanderous report. A cry door of a coffee-house on the opposite was soon raised, demanding the death side of the street, mentioned his name. of the veteran, whose blood had so often The appearance of the veteran officer flowed for France, though it is but jusexcited among the spectators a respect tice to observe, that some of the officers ful curiosity, which was converted by of the national guard exerted thema word into a very different feeling. Å selves to the utmost to prevent violence. wretch, who joined the populace as In the first moments of the uproar, sembled round the carriage, exclaimed, the marshal wrote a note in the follow
ing terms to the Austrian general, Nu- Brune folded his arms, and awaited the gent, who was then at Aix:-“ You second shot. The pistol hung fire. know our engagements; I am a prisoner “ You have missed," said another of at Avignon, and trust that you will the assassins; “ make room, 'tis iny hasten to release me.”—What became turn now," and with a carbine the of this note is not known.
wretch extended on the floor a warrior, M. de Saint Chamans, the new Pre- whom glory had accompanied in twenty fect of Vaucluse, had arrived in the pre- battles, and crowned with the laurels of ceding night, and was, incognito, at the Mincio, Verona, and Tavernelle. same hotel. Roused by the tremendous It was two o'clock. The murderers noise, he rose, and showed himself to burst into the apartment and plundered the people. His authority was not re- the effects of their victim ; they found, cognized, and one of the ringleaders of among other things, a sabre of great the tumult had even the effrontery to value, which the Grand Signor had predeclare that he was invested with the sented to the Marshal. After the comfunctions of prefect. The generale was. pletion of the bloody deed, one of the beaten; the mayor, the worthy and spi- murderers appeared in the balcony, rited M. Puy, assisted by a company of adorned with the white feathers from the national guard and some gens-d'armes, the general's hat. The savages under repulsed the furious populace for a mo the window set up a hideous shout, and ment; he went to the marshal, and demanded that the booty should be sought in vain to favour his flight. He thrown down to them. The corpse again addressed the rabble, but the lat. was, nevertheless, placed upon a bier, ter endeavoured to force their way and carried towards the church-yard through the national guard, who op- but the fury of the mob was not yet ap. posed the most determined resistance. peased ; twenty paces from the hotel, The mayor at their head, cried out to they seized the body and dragged it by the rioters, “ Wretches! it is only over the heels, with beat of drum, to the my lifeless body that ye can reach the ninth arch of the bridge, where they marshal !” and placed himself in the threw it into the Rhone, having first midst of the bayonets, by which the horribly mangled it with all kinds of door of the house was defended.
weapons. The general's aid-de-camps In the mean tim others of the ban- were withdrawn by the master of the ditti scaled the walls in the rear, and hotel and another person from the rage penetrated into the hotel. The marshal of the populace, and they were kept heard them approaching, and desired concealed for several days, till they could the sentinels before his door to return leave the town in safety. him his arms; they were denied him, All the horrors of this infernal deed and in vain he offered one of the solo are not yet related. Females, not be
of gold for his musket. longing to the lowest class, danced the Some of the assassins forcibly entered farandola in the public square that was the apartment. The marshal, who was yet stained with blood ; and, a being in standing before the fire-place, uncovered human shape composed a song of trihis breast, without uttering a word. A umph in the popular style, in the midst voice repeated in his presence the ca- of these Megæras. It is said that a prolumnious accusation, which served as a ces-verbal was drawn up, attesting that pretext for the rage of the depraved Marshal Brune committed suicide. Ir, populace. “ My blood has flowed for one of the principal actors in this atromy country,” replied he, to his execu cious scene were not yet bidding defitioners, “'I have grown old under the ance to justice, we might almost bebanners of honour. I was sixty leagues lieve that Providence itself had underfrom Paris, when the crime of which I taken to punish them: for the first inam accused was perpetrated.”-“You stigator of the crime expired a few days, must die,” cried one of the villains, in- afterwards in the most agonizing torterrupting him. “ I have learned to tures of remorse and despair, brave death,” replied the general," and The Rhone carried the corpse of the would fain spare you a crime; give me hero to a spot between Tarascon and arms, and allow me five minutes to Arles, and there threw it upon the make my will.” Death !” shouted sandy shore; but such was the terror the murderer, discharging a pistol at which the murderers of Avignon had him ; the ball grazed his forehead, and spread around, that no one durst contore off a lock of hair. The undaunted sign the mutilated body to the earth,
diers a purse
For several days it was left a prey to the mangled remains of a general of the ravens, till at length huniane persons old French army from the birds of prey, removed it by night, and covered it with collected them with religious care, and quick-lime. A citizen, who had taken returned to Paris to deliver to his family a long and dangerous journey to rescue the mournful present.
ON THE POINTED ARCH.
BY ROWLBY LASCELLES, ESQ. THE language of heraldry may be episcopal mitre viewed sidewise. But considered as a sort of historical monu- viewed thus open, or closed, as in the ment: coins, undoubtedly, are so con- tiara all round, and in our episcopal mitre sidered. In these, many ancient forms viewed frontwise, they still present the of buildings, of utensils, and national contour of an imperfectly-spheric cone, costume, are preserved. There is, in any hyperbolic section of which gives us some book of travels or other that I that arch we meet with at every step, have seen lately, a vignette representing repeated in the windows, doors, ceilings, a coin of the Greek empire, whereon the transept, and nave of a Gothic is impressed the figure of a castle, having cathedral. battlements crenated, or very deeply in Our first step therefore is, that there dented. It is certain that such battle has been a peculiar style allotted to ments first suggested the pattern of sacred architecture. It remains to inthose rude crowns worn by Charlemagne vestigate from what pattern that style and our Saxon princes. For the crowns was taken, and why? of coronets of generals and princes are all The first temple was a portable one taken from some prominent feature or other a mere altar-piece. It was borne aloft in civil or military architecture. Thus with poles, supported on men's shoulthe mural and naval crown of the Ro- ders, and was not of larger 'dimensions mans, the crenated crown (after the than our communion-table. This was pattern of the castle battlements in the the first idea or model of a church, at coin above mentioned), are all taken the earliest institution of religious worfrom fortification—whether naval or ship. But before we proceed any furmilitary from the battlements of fos- ther, we must take notice, from Bryant, sées, ships, or castles.
of three remarkable engravings in PoThe dome of St. Sophia at Constan- cocke's Egypt, copied from the sculpture tinople (from which those at Venice, on Memnon, a marble of very high anFlorence, Rome, and London, are tiquity. These represent a boat, concopied, suggested the idea of the frame- taining an old man scated in a shrine. work which surmounts the cap of a This boat is borne along in great pomp royal crown. But the inperial crown, on the shoulders of eighteen or fourborrowed from that of the Greek em score priests; and doubtlessly related to perors, has this remarkable difference; some mysterious preservation of their it is scalloped in front, presenting alsó first traditionary ancestor, who lived in the form of two elongated horns point- a very remote age.
In several parts of ing upwards, and towards each other. Greece, and at the Eleusinian mysteries, And as the military and royal crowns a ship was carried about in the same followed the pattern of their kindred manner, accompanied with lamentaarchitecture, so theriara and episcopal tions, as for some great general calamity, mitre followed some elementary form in followed by rejoicings, as for some sigthe ecclesiastical. The imperial one, nal deliverance. that of the emperors of Ger.nany for The beginning of time, uniformly, example, is mixed; being a composition among the ancients was the delugea of the royal crown and the episcopal fact admitted in the history of all namitre, implying an union of the civil tions. None of their genealogies reach and ecclesiastical power in one person. higher. They considered it as a kind of The mitre of the Jewish high priest is second creation. A ship on the ocean, represented with two horns, curving or the ocean itself, they made the father towards each other, and if elongated, of all things, by whom time, nature, would terminate in a point, like the and man, were renewed, made, or re
Extracted, by the Author's permission, from his late interesting publication on the Heraldic Origin of Gothic Architecture. London, 1820.
stored. The duration of the deluge it- and a horse, contend with each other selfy when a single family only was pres for the tutelary supremacy over thens, served, they computed as an intermedi-: But what has Neptune to do with ate periodisna temporary and passingi* horses? The explanation is given by death the issuing out of it as a new this well-known fact: the Athenians term of existence. i .. . ** were an Egyptian colony, which had
It is also admitted among numisma- emigrated successively from the Sais and ticians, that the head on coins with two the Thebais, i. e. the temple of the olive faces, an old and a young man, turned and the ark. in quite opposite ways, denoted the man I must also remind the reader here," who saw the world before, as well as that Bishop Warburton has observed a after, the deluge. He was the Janus most remarkable circumstance, overBifrons of the ancients, and the Noah looked, till he pointed it out, by every" of ithe Hebrews. Both have been re-, one namely, that there is no direct menspectively handed down as the first insti- ' tion, in words, of a future state in the Old tutors of public worship, a fact it will Testament. But as this is questioned, be found material to remember.. ' we need, for the purpose of this argu.
The story of the deluge had been soment, the doubt only : the 'very doubt inculcated on the minds of men, and on this subject shows that that importhad caused so universal, so deep, and ant truth is not so clearly and promni." so lasting an impression, that mankind nently mentioned in the Old Testamicnt** (the Ammonians and Egyptians particu- as it is throughout the New. To the He: * larly) ever were referring to it, making brews, then, as well as to all the Pagan," it the principal subject of their reli- nations, the phenomenon of the deluge gious representations. The Ogdoas of must have been the most striking Egypt consisted of eight personages, change, in the physical constitution of described to be in a boat, and who were things, since the creation of the world. esteemed the most ancient gods of the And this mighty instance of supernatural country. This number was accordingly destruction and supernatural preservaheld sacred and mysterious. It is one tion must have been the fittest subject! of the characters or words in the Chinese for a memorial of the Deity's power, language implying the same thing. It severity, and favour, all at once the was held to comprise the six planets, great objects of our admiration, fear, together with the sun and moon; while and hope. Nor could this be too em the zodiac itself was represented in the phatically and strikingly represented to!! form of a ship. It is very well known, the senses, during the celebration of that whenever the crescent on coins is public worship, then first instituted, for! placed horizontally--that is, so that a à people whose views were confined exit line joining the two horns is parallel clusively to this globe. It is quite im- ? to our horizontit signifies, not one of material to our argument, that certain the phases of the moon, but a cup, or wise and deep men, (and who are, per-) skill, and is emblematical of the deluge. · haps, not quite so profound philosophers Most of the shrines among the Misraim as they dream they are,) do not choose were formed under the resemblance of a to believe one word about this deluge." ship, in memory of the same event. It It is enough for us that the fathers of ' is remarkable, too, that the Egyptian the style, we are now exploring, not name for a shrine is Baris, the very only believed it, but acted upon it. naine of the mountain, in Armenia, on Certainly the notion which the Pagans, which the ark rested.--Euseb. Præp. and even the Hebrews had of a future Evang. lib. ix. c. 11, p. 414.' . 'state, before the coming of the Messiah,
The Thebais in Egypt was so called was very rude and imperfect; figured in from a temple built not only of the di- ' the person of Janus, above noticed : and mensions, but in the exact form of a referrable to the same tradition of a man ship! A temple was called Thela, the who had seen the world before as well very word used in Scripture for the ark. as after the deluge. He was said, in Hippa means the same thing in Ammo- their fabulous idiom, to have lived or to niau. The Greeks confounded this have been born twice ;' (rather three with the word inhos, a horse, from the times, for his existence during the deluge siinilarity of the sound, and that splen- was accounted an intermediate state of did blunder was immortalized on the being.) They had no idea or expression pediment of the Parthenon. In that of another, and a future, state of exabsurd fable, Minerva and Neptune, isténce but this figured one. It is cerwhose emblems are made to be an olivetain they regarded ihe figure of the ark,
and any likeness of, or allusion to, it in exactitude; but this might be because, their temples, as the emblem of immor- it being the very subject they had under tality in general: as well as, in particular, their eyes, it was too obvious to mena memorial the most suiking of some tion, and therefore superfluous; while very signal, preservation of the human it was requisite to specify the dimensions, race in the first ages.
these being a matter of regulation, and I have said above, in rather too un- variable. The adopting of that shape, qualified a manner, that the first arti- however, to represent the thing signihcial temple of which there is any record fied, must make the historical recollecwas a portable one. For I there alluded tion of so great an event the stronger, to the tabernacle of Moses; which and more striking to the senses. I preceased to be portable for the first time, sume, of course, that the ark of Noah under Solomon : who built the earliest was in the form of a ship or boat. It is immovable temple of stone, capable of too obvious almost to need mentioning, receiving a congregation within its sanc- that no form is so well fitted, not merely tuary. But the first church, strictly to pass through the waters, but, when speaking, was the altar raised by Noah, fixed, to let the waters pass by. A wedge on coming out of the ark : when, it is or plane triangle is not so well fitted : far from improbable, he made it, in its the object of this is to divide only; shape also, an historical emblem of the while the spherical cone not only disupernatural preservation he had just vides, but permits the resisting, or experienced. "Further, it is observable counteracting, body to reunite again. that the Jews till the time of Noah The convenience of this form is likewise lived in tents: the ark was the first self-evident in the pier of a bridge ; in fabric that could coine under the de- the shape of a fish; and in the head of nomination of a building. In Hebrew a lance. The hull of a ship, or a boat, the word for a building and a ship was therefore, I take to have been the form the same. (So also it was in the Saxon of the primitive ark, of the primitive altar, language; for the Saxons were a people and of the tabernacle, of Moses. Now inhabiting the sea-coasts, and" were any horizontal, parabolic, or perpendicular fishermen and mariners before they were section of this form gives the pointed arch. husbandınen.) It is observable, too, Let any one for a moment survey a that Apollonius ascribes the first temples Gothic cathedral, whether of the heavy in Greece to Deucalion. (Argonaut. or of the lightest order, inside or with lib. iii.) This is manifestly some tradi- out; and say, whether the original contion, that had reached Greece, of Noah, ception was not that it was a frame-work immediately after the deluge, instituting of wood of knce-timber: Nor can any public worship
thing prove more the ingenuity of the I say, then, it is not a strained sup- Freemasons, who were for so long a position that the small ark of Moses, or time the itinerant architects of Europe, the tabernacle, might have been in the than that they should have been able to shape of the real ark of Noah. The imitate so frail, and osier-like, a texshape, indeed, is not specified in the ture, so reticulated a frame of rib-work, Old Testament, wherein shapes and di- of such capacity, loftiness, and delicacy, mensions are given with a scrupulous in stone.
“ Simul ec jucunda et idonea dicere vitæ.” . * Mr. Editor,
writer, a dramatist, a manager, and a A MAN'S character may often be gamester, and now appears not only to more easily discovered by the examina- study, but to practise the law, in the tion of minute circumstances in his con- capacity of a conveyancer. Upon such duct, than by the apparent general tenor a subject, there are few people who have of his inore important actions. Of this not sense enough to observe, that the máxim (which is much better expressed restless instability which induces a man in one of Lord Bacon's Essays), 1 felt to be constantly changing his pursuits, the force very sensibly a few mornings generally prevents his attaining eminence since, when I called on a friend in the in any profession ; but there are still Temple, who, after spending his patri- fewer who know that such changes are mony, has figured on the world's wide seldom entirely voluntary, and that a stage as a poet, an actor, a political man who is capable of supporting him
NEW MONTHLY MAG.-No. 79. VOL. XIV.