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contains papers, for instance, they call more worthy of possessing them will the secretaire, and that which holds their arenge bim. - But to return to the balls linen, the commode. Hence you may of the Havanna. perceive that they are no strangers to the Five or six hundred volantes are emdifferent uses to which our various ar- ployed in conveying the ladies and genticles of furniture are appropriated. tlemen to the rooms. These volantes are

In a country where the refinements of not to be compared with the meanest of social life are scarcely known, dramatic our post-chaises ; they are drawn by two entertainments and balls are almost in- horses, and driven by blacks. You enter dispensably necessary. Respecting the the assembly-rooms, but soon perceive former I shall merely tell you, that the that dancing is but a secondary object

Mysteries,” which so highly delighted of the company. The first apartments our ancestors, are still represented here. through which you pass are full of tables I was present at the performance of the completely covered with gold and silver. Triumph of the Ave Maria ;” this tragi- The largest sums are lost and won in a comedy terminates with the sudden ap- minute with a sang-froid wholly unpearance of a valiant knight, mounted knowu in Europe. What renders this on a real horse, and waving the bleeding spectacle the more amusing is, to observe head of an infidel on the point of his this Countess, or that Marchioness, seatlance. I cannot describe the horror ed between a Spanish monk and a Dutch which this sight produced in me; but sailor, and enveloped in clouds of smoke, to the rest of the spectators it afforded which they puff at her from their segars. high gratification - no fainting-tits, no Here gambling is not condemned by the nervous weaknesses, none of those affec- public opinion ; the priest, the gentletations by which you men in Europe man, the magistrate, the merchant, sit are continually imposed upon. How down to the green table with the same could a fiction shock the feelings of fe- composure as they would perform the males accustomed to bull-fights, and most indifferent action. The father of who are daily liable to encounter the a family conducts his wife and daughter corpse of a murdered fellow-creature?

into the ball-room, and then joins the Let me now conduct you to the as- gamesters ; all this is quite a matter of sembly-rooms. These are situated about

It is not accounted degrading half a mile from the town. An avenue to keep the bank; the best proof of leads to them, at the extremity of which which is, that the bankers belong to is a statue of Charles III. It is small, the noblest families in the colony. The and the dress is so faithfully copied as to laws and the commands of the governor, give the king quite a ridiculous appear- indeed, threaten gamblers with severe ance. I am highly displeased with the penalties ; but those who are charged sculptor, whose chisel has thus ex- with the duty of prosecuting transgressposed the best and most enlightened of ors, find it more advantageous to skreen the Spanish monarchs to the public de- them; they, therefore, undertake to perrision. I had almost forgotten to men- suade the governor that gaming is a netion, that upon the road close to this cessary evil, and, doubtless, their argustatue lies a block of marble, upon which ments are convincing, since it is carried is rudely sketched the head of Christo- on with open doors and almost in public. pher Columbus. This shapeless image We are now in the ball-room, which of that great man, relinquished almost is decorated with simplicity and taste. as soon as begun, lies in the dust at the A hundred tapers pour a brilliant light king's feet-a correct emblem of the over the ladies, who form a semicircle ingratitude of the monarch whom he at one extremity of the room.

This is served. About twenty years ago, during the most agreeable moment of the illua momentary enthusiasm occasioned by sion. Large black eyes, faces full of exthe removal of the remains of the dis- pression, and the prettiest little feet in corerer of the new world from San Do- the world, could not fail to shake the mingo to Havanna, it was determined most rigid stoic, to whatever country he to erect a statue in honour of him; might belong. The gentlemen are seated some money was collected for the pur- on the opposite side of the roon. Dupose ; but not a purse was opened on a ring the whole of the ball the sexes second application, and the artist aban- never intermingle. The masters of the doned his work in its present unfinished ceremonies call out the parties to dance, state. The insult thus offered to the and so strict is the decorum maintained memory of Columbus will be repaid ; in the room, that you would almost his ashes will not remain here; a people imagine the formalities observed to be the


same as those which the Jesuits intro- talked to me at this moment of the suduced at the dances of the savages of periority of the whites to the blacks, I Paraguay. The ball opens with a mi- should have replied: "Only open your nuet, which is repeated to disgust, not eyes and judge." The decent gaiety of from choice but from necessity; the these negroes of both sexes, the softness minuet step is more like walking than of their features, and the cordiality that dancing, and this is better suited to a prevails among them, cannot but excite country where the slightest motion de- the most favourable prepossessions. prives you of breath and strength. They are by nature improvisatori and

It is a difficult task to drive the ladies musicians, and I will venture to predict, from their seats. No sooner have they that if the colony should ever have a quitted the attitude of repose, than they literature to boast of, it will be indebted lose all the graces with which your fancy for it to the blacks..“ What!” you invested them; they hop like cripples ; may ask, " are the whites then inferior the tight shoes which pinch their feet to them?” I have no hesitation to adoccasion them severe pain at every step; mit, that this is the case between the their sufferings are so strongly expressed tropics. The black here retains the in their countenances as to distort their whole physical and moral energy which features. Their shape is not supported he received from the Creator. The most by any corset, and they have no notion scorching sun leaves him in full possesof holding their robes, for I must tell sion of his powersnay, his heat, howyou that the French fashion of dress is ever intense, scarcely suffices the negro, of very recent adoption in this country. who not only in the evening, but also Not more than ten years since, females during the day, seeks an increase of were accustomed to appear in public just warmth from his fire, which is conin the same state as they had risen from stantly kept burning. The white, on bed.

the other hand, transported from a temThe men are less awkward, because perate to a tropical climate, manifestly they suffer no annoyance from their degenerates ; for ten hours of the day shoes, but they want that dignity of air he is, as it were, annihilated, and utterly and attitude which is so necessary in incapable of any exertion either of body the minuet; they are, moreover, utter or mind : to read for a quarter of an strangers to the peculiar character of hour is here a martyrdom. 'If an adverthat dance. These barbarians presume sary to the doctrine of the unlimited to present themselves to their partners perfectibility of man were placed bein surtouts, and with round hats, or tween the tropics, he would be obliged none at all. Whites alone are admitted to seek proofs in support of his system to the balls which I have just described, among the whites, not among the and you perceive that they cannot boast blacks. of having adhered to the original inten- The elegance of the dress of the free tion of the minuet. This honour be- negroes of the island of Cuba, nay their longs exclusively to the free negroes. I demeanour alone, indicates that they cannot express the astonishment I felt on are in easy circumstances. This is seeing these blacks, of graceful figure, actually the case, and their highly-laudgoing up to heir partners, holding able industry is the source of their their dress-hats in their hands, and then wealth. The indolence of the Spaniards covering themselves with a dignity that has given the monopoly of the mechabegins to be rare even in ancient Eu- nical arts to the free negroes, who work rope. The negro-women are not sur- without intermission; and as they are passed by the men ; all their motions much more temperate than Europeans, are graceful and noble ; it is evident and handicraft labour obtains very high that they do not torture their feet to de- wages in Cuba, their savings increase prive them of their proper shape: they fast, especially as the lowest rate of indress with taste, and they hold their terest in this country is 20 per cent. robes with an elegance which even the The free negroes in general reside in the admirers of your Opera would not fail to towtis ; they have an unconquerable applaud.

aversion to a country life and rural ocI went to the negro ball with the in- cupations. It is but natural that they tention of amusing myself for a moment should dislike places and objects which at the expense of the company; but I remind them of their servitude and sufwas mistaken in my reckoning. What ferings. The preference which they I found here was infinitely better than manifest for the towns has long excited what I had quitted ; and had any one apprehensions in the government and the more discerning inhabitants of the which attaches a different degree of concolony; but the evil was perceived too sequence to a difference of colour. He late, and now it admits not of remedy, is sure to remark that the black soldier The number of free negroes has in has as military an appearance as the creased to such a degree, that it would white that Christophe's crown bebe impossible for the government to comes him as well as if he had been compel them to live dispersed in the born to a throne; and that a negro country, where, scaltered over an exten- makes as good a count, marquis, and sive space, they would have had fewer duke, as any other man. These fatopportunities of associating together, teries do not fail to produce their effect; and acquiring a knowledge of their the negro already lays claim to civil strength. This they now know--they rights; he desires places and even know their numbers, and they will not honorary distinctions; he begins to be much longer endure a condition, in listened to, because he begins to be which, notwithstanding their manumis- feared ; and as much with a view to sion, they are exposed to daily insult. satisfy him as to raise money, Spain

At Rome the manumission of slaves has now permitted the mulattoes to was not attended with any bad conse purchase the privilege of wearing epan, quences: the slaves were of the same colour as their masters, and as soon as injudicious. It humbles the Spanish they were declared free, they formed a officer, embitters the whites, and be part of the state; every freedman was a trays to the blacks the secret that they citizen added to the republic. As the are feared. taint of their origin was not obvious to In 1811, according to public docuthe eye, it was soon erased from the ments, there were here '114,000 free niemory. In our modern colonies the persons of colour and, 212,000 slaves, case is different; the black cannot forming together a mass of 326,000 change his colour, which is an insu- blacks. The white population annountperable obstacle to the attaininent of ed to 274,000 souls; consequently there civil honours so that he cannot fill the were 55 blacks to 45 whites. The meanest post that in other countries is number of free negroes to slaves is as relinquished to the dregs of the people. I to 2: in the French colonies, before The white will never allow of a political the Revolution, it was as 1 to 32 ; in equality between himself and the negro. the English it is as 1 to 65. The EngThis is a prejudice, I shall be told-50 lish colonial system is undoubtedly the it is ; but never was prejudice so deeply best. Whoever has any particular obrooted. Put M, Destutt de Tracy, than ject in view, must employ adequate whom no man has a stronger abhor- means for its attainment: if the thirst of rence of social distinctions, to the testgain tempts you to keep slaves, your place a negro over him as colonel, and own safety requires you to make them see whether he will pay the most cheer- feel that they are such, to obstruct as ful obedience to his commands. much as possible the recovery of their

These free negroes, whose circum- liberty, and not suffer another negro starices are daily improving, begin also population to spring up beside that to pay more attention to the education which is doomed to labour in serviof their children. They have their pa- tude, enjoying with freedom opportunirasites; for the indigent white, who is ties of acquiring wealth by industry, not above accepting an invitation to and nevertheless not only kept at a distheir table, pays for his entertainment tance by invincible prejudice, but daily by declaiming against the prejudice exasperated by insult and contumely,

REMAINS OF PETER CORCORAN.* A STRANGE reaction seems about to ment of poetry unscrutinized when take place in the world of letters. At the personal seems declining into the the time when all things seem fast tend- literary character-a spirit has arisen ing to mere criticism-when no pro- among the poets and the critics them spect is left unsketehed, no shade of selves, which bids" fair to revive the feeling, unsung, and no image or senti- stoutest realities among us. In the very

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* The Fancy; a selection from the Poetical Remains of the late Peter Corcoran, of Gray's Inn, Student at Law, with a bricf Memoir of his Life. 8vo.

midst of the age of paper we have hints this pugnacious spirit. It purports to of the age of iron. The wits ate begin comprise the remains of a young man, ning, not merely to praise, but to exer- who lost his mistress and his life by his cise the heroic art of boxing- perhaps attachment to the Fancy,” with a from an instinctive dread of the en mémoir by the editor; but wel need eroachments of the literary spirit, anda scarcely say that this is merely one of natural repugnance to the shadowy ex- those tricks which neither deceive nor istence which they possess in their are intended to deceive any one, and writings. On the same principle some of that Peter Corcoran; like "Jedediah them give themselves to racket-playing, Cleishbotham, has never had existence, as though they were entirely devoted to except that which his editor has conthe art married to that immortal bride." ferred on him. The circumstances in Some cherish an enthusiasm for the which the hero is placed during his sports of the field—some for robust ang- brief career are well adapted for the líng- and somé, less venturous, for editor's purpose ;-there is, of course, mere good cheer--and all are anxious abundant room for sketches of the noble to proclaim their skill in racket-play- art, to which the life of Corcoran was deing, shooting, fishing, and eating, as voted-his divided love for fighting and though they were jealous of their per- for his mistress affords fair scope for a sonal identity, and feared that the world variety of pleasant antithesis and lively would imagine them fit for nothing punning and the contrast between his but criticism.' Time was when the fa- original hopes and his sad destiny gives cetious reviewer was jocose on his wig, occasion to starts of real tenderness and his dressing-gown, and his spectacles; pathos, which, after all, are to our tastes but now he lays aside these old symbols the most pleasing part of the volume. of authority, emblematically beats the Among the “ Remains" is an Americovers for game, baits his hook for can Tragedy, the scene of which is laid believing public, and threatens to en in the back settlements, but which we force his decisions by personal strength, suspect is much more agreeable than like a true American judge ! Our bre- any thing which really passes among thren of the north pitch their tent in the infatuated colonists. It is in the the hills through a whole number, and style of “ Tom Thumb" and "Bome play all kinds of mad pranks beneath its bastes Furioso," but has considerably shadow. In another of our periodicals more of intellect and meaning in its wit we find one with whom few can dis- than either of these fantastical vagaries. pute the critical laurel (if such a laurel This is followed by a fragment, called there be) choosing rather to be thought “The Fields of Tothill," a light and the best racket-player than the best pleasant medley in the measure of Don prose-writer in England. In the same Juan, which abounds in good-hátuted work, we see the productions of corre- satire, and is not without its traces of spondents the most opposite—a dainty genuine beauty. The following stanzas effusion of Barry Cornwall, protected by are a specimen of the first : 1 an article on Fighting, by a young

“ The tale I now begin is as romantic Gentleman of the Fancy.” If things As any thing in Tom Moore's Lalla Rookh'; proceed in this way, the Fives Court The lovers are as mystic and as frantic, will soon be the only fair avenue to But they're not Turkish-that's against the Parnassus, and a man must literally fight his way to fame.

I wish they had play'd off some Eastern antic, Reviews and

Or liv'd in any Haram's palmy nook, Magazines will become worthy of their

But they have not—and I would sooner die names—the first will glitter with the Than make them oriental, with a lie. regular rank and file, in martial array, and the latter will be so filled with com

" Southey would put them into India quickly, bustible materials, that, like Acres with

Make them amenable to wooden gods; the challenge, we shall be afraid to open But I, who do not wish to act so strictly, them lest they should go off. Then we Would not expose them to such solemn rods shall only desire to see the bars of gold They can't be foreign, but they might be sickly, issuing from the Bank at Mr. Ricardo's There's something grand, tho', in Hindoo mytho.

Though snug at home as peas are in their pods; bidding, and we niay welcome again the

logy, æra of substantials!**

Yet what to them or me is dusk Theology. v: The work before us is the pleasantest

"They were not Catholics, nor Calvinists, indication which we have yet seen of Nor Swedenborgians, nor yet Arminians ;

They were not amorous with the Methodists,
See the Reading School Epilogue...

O ..!Nor fetter'd heart and hand to the Socinians;


They were not even, what the state insists, But hot heads and slow hands are utterly useless,

Church people in his Majesty's dominions ; When Israelite science and caution awake; They were, in short,

or else their

tales belie us, So prythee go home, Youth L, and pester the Jews Exceeding fond, but very far from pious.

less, “ I wish to heaven they had been born in Turkey, And work for a cutlet and not for a stake. For booksellers despise an English book ;

" Turn


the rars at a fair or a holiday, And though I held my head little perky,

Make your fist free with each Brummagem rib; And cultivated an immortal look,

But never again, Lad, commit such a folly, pray! Unless the hero's mind and face were murky,

As sigh to be one of the messmates of Crib. They'd see me in the Counter ere they took Leave the P. C. purse, for others to handle, A page to sell, although the whole was made for it,

Throw up no hat in a Moulsey Hurst sun; And deuce a penny should I e'er get paid for it."

Bid adieu, by the two-penny post, to Jack Randall,

And take the outside of the coach, one pound The passage which we are about to

one ! quote, affords us a glimpse of what the

Samson ! forget there are such men as Scroggins, author might do if he would condescend

And Shelton, and Carter, and Bob Burns and to be serious :

Spring : “ My heroine's name is at the best call'd Bessy,

Forget toss for sides, and forget all the floggings,A very laughing, rosy sort of creature :

While shirts are pull’d off-to make perfect the The more romantic name of Rose or Jessy

ring. Was due, beyond a douby, to her sweet nature.

Your heart is a real one, but skill, Phil, is wanted ; Her hair is what the Cockney School call tressy ;

Without it, all uselessly bravery begs : **** ** And loveliness, like oil, glosses each feature

Be content that you've beat Dolly Smith, and

been chaunted, Of her mund dimpling countenance, and lends A quakerish look--but warmer than a friend's.

And train'd, -stripp'd, -and pitted, and hit off

your legs !" " While you gaze slily at her eyes, you 're brewing

A cup of dangerous mischief for your drinking; As Randall was manifestly poor CorThey look all full of sweet and maddening ruin, coran's hero, we feel that we must, in

And do a deal of havoc with their winking ;
They re like the darkest flowrets with the dew in; justice to both, insert the following
And if you meet thern fully there's no slinking;

They snare one like the serpent's, till one feels
Very confus'd between the head and heels.

“ None but himself can be his parallel !**! " Around her lips there is a smiling sweetness, # With marble-coloured shoulders and keenteyes, Which much inviteth other lips to kissing :

Protected by a forehead broad and white, I wish I ne'er had witness'd such completeness And hair cut close lest it impede the sight,

Of face there's not a charm of value missing. And clenched hands, firm, and of punishing Her words trip from her tongue with all the neat


Steadily held, or motion'd wary-wise, Of morning dairy-maids, when winds are hissing To hit or stop -- and kerchief too drawn tiglat In the early leaves. I would that I were wittier, O'er the unyielding loins, to keep from flight To liken her to something that is prettier.

The inconstant wind, that all too often bie) “ There is no pieture in the magazines

The Nonpareil stands !-Fame, whose bright eyes Sufficiently divine for such a face; I've seen foc similes of cheeks and chins,

With joy to see a Chicken of her own, But one with all her warmth, or half her

Dips her rich pen in claret, and writes down

Under the letter R, first on the score, grace. Some of the scarcest portraits of choice queens,

“ Randall, John, Irish Parents, Such as the Scottish Mary, give a trace;

known, But her sweet visage always looks tlie Cosier

“ Good with botli hands, and only ten stone

four ! She's something like Miss Stevens (Stephens) only rosier."

The stanzas, on revisiting Shretv'sThe following “ Lines to Philip bury, have a deep and genuine feeling, Samson, the Brummagem Youth, and a solemn quaintness of expression evince a power of handling an unpro- which befits it: mising subject (as we still presume to " I remember well the time, the sweet school-boy think it) gracefully:


run o'er

age not

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time, Go back to Brummagem! go back to Brum

When all was careless thought with me, and magem

summer was my sleep; Youth of that ancient and halfpenny town!

I wish I could recal that school-boy day of prime, Maul manufacturers ; rattle, and ruinmage 'em

For manhood is & sorry thing--and mine is Country swellid heads

you renown:

plunged deep Here in Town-rings, we find Fame very fast go,

In faults that bid me weep. The exquisite light weights are heavy to bruise ; " I remember well the Severn's fair peerless flight, For the graceful and punishing hand of Belasco How can I e'er forget her silent glory and her Foils,—and will foil all attempts on the Jews.

speed! “ Go back to Brummagem, while you have a head

The wild-deer of all rivers was she then unto my on !

sight, For bread from the Fancy is light weight enough;

But now in common lustre doth she hurry Moulsey, whose turf is the sweetest to tread on,

through the mead,Candidly owns you 're a good bit ng stuff:

Her flow I do not heed.

inay afford

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